|Employment in India
According to Economic Survey 2011-12, the projected employment figures state that while ‘agriculture’ continues to be the primary job-providing sector, the ‘services’ sector (including construction) is in second place. According to the Survey, the overall employment in September, 2011 over September, 2010 increased by 9.11 lakh, with the highest increase recorded in IT/ BPO sector (7.96 lakh) followed by 1.07 lakh in Metals, 0.71 lakh in Automobiles, 0.08 lakh in Gems & jewellery and 0.07 lakh in Leather industries during the period. The overall estimated employment in all selected sectors experienced a net addition of 23.58 lakhs during October, 2008 to September, 2011. The Economic Survey observed that employment growth in the organized sector, public and private combined, increased by 1.9 % in 2010, which was lower than the annual growth for the previous year. The annual growth rate for the private sector, however, was much higher than that for the public sector.
As per the latest available National Sample Survey Organisation’s (NSSO) report on Employment and Unemployment Situation in India 2009-10, the situation has improved over the last few quarters.
On the basis of usually working persons in the principal status and subsidiary status, for every 1000 people employed in rural and urban India, 679 and 75 people are employed in the agriculture sector, 241 and 683 in services sector (including construction) and 80 and 242 in the industrial sector, respectively.