What is Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery- Bachelor of ayurvedic medicine and surgery, also known as BAMS, is an undergraduate programme that is intended to make students familiar with the concepts of ayurveda and its use in the treatment of patients. Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery course blends ayurveda with the concepts of modern medicine and trains students in a combination of both as part of the course curriculum.
The Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery course teaches one of the oldest techniques of healing. Ayurveda practice is generally based on the curative properties of herbs and its medicines are renowned for the natural elements that are present in them. Ayurveda is considered as an alternative way of treatment which not only cures and prevents an ailment but also reduces the frequency of the disease. The self-healing system of the body is utilised by the ayurveda.
Presently, people all over the world have accepted this alternative method of healing. In a landmark decision, the World Health Organization (WHO) has also acknowledged ayurveda’s role in healthcare and wellness. The international body has set up a forum for promoting traditional medicine systems like ayurveda. As a result, many outstanding opportunities have opened up for students aspiring to pursue ayurveda courses. Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery course is appreciated as a holistic healing approach that enables a practitioner to set right the balance of mind, body and spirit of an individual with the help of knowledge in modern anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, ENT, surgery, forensic medicines, herbal science and so on.
Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery- Degrees and Levels
Bachelor of ayurvedic medicine and surgery course (UG): It is a 5.5-year course with a 1-year internship incorporated into it. Aspirants can choose this course after completing 10+2.
Master of surgery in Ayurveda (MS Ayurveda) (PG): It is a 3-year course. Candidates can go for this course after completing graduation.
Minimum and Maximum Duration of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery and MS Ayurveda courses
The minimum duration of bachelor of ayurvedic medicine and surgery course is 5 years or 60 months including a 12 months’ internship. The minimum duration of masters in ayurveda and surgery course is 36 months. However, the maximum duration of the said courses varies from college to college.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
Eligibility criteria for BAMS: Minimum educational qualification for enrolling in ayurvedic medicine and surgery course is qualifying class 12 boards or an equivalent exam with physics, chemistry and biology as compulsory subjects. Candidates must obtain at least 50% to 60% marks in aggregate for being eligible to take admission in an Ayurveda college but this may vary from institute to institute. The maximum permissible age for BAMS programme is 20 years for general category candidates and 24 years for reserved category candidates.
Eligibility criteria for MS Ayurvedic medicine and surgery: For being eligible to enroll in MS ayurvedic medicine and surgery, students have to score at least 50% in aggregate at the higher secondary level or equivalent exam from a recognised educational board. Only graduates with BAMS degrees awarded by the Central Council of Indian Medicine can apply for this course. Candidates must have completed an internship on a 12-month rotation basis. Those who have an MBBS degree can also apply for the master’s course.
Admission Criteria for Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery Courses after Class 12
BAMS admission in India is made through entrance exams. The aspirants are required to sit for NEET-UG and qualify with the required percentile. After the publication of the result, a merit list is prepared by the competent authority and a counselling process is conducted on the basis of the merit list. Successful candidates, that is, those who have scored above the required cut-off for that year, are allocated seats in the counselling process for BAMS courses in various colleges.
Entrance Examinations for Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery Courses:
There are different exams that are conducted for the selection of students for various courses in the field of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery. Aspirants are selected through all-India NEET to secure a place in the BAMS course. For admission in the postgraduate programmes, candidates have to sit for JPGET, JPGEE and PGET exams. In the case of MS Ayurveda, the eligible candidates have to qualify in the relevant entrance examination followed by a series of group discussions. The exams conducted for admission in masters in Ayurveda are as follows:
JPGET: Joint Post Graduate Entrance Test to Ayurveda Vachaspati – MD/MS (Ayurveda).
JPGEE: Joint Post Graduate Entrance Examination for admission to Ayurveda Vachaspati.
PGET: AHPNP Post Graduate Entrance Test Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Pharmacy, Nursing, Physiotherapy as organised by Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka.
Fees and Expenses of the Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery Courses
BAMS course fee varies from college to college; however, the range of course fee is Rs.10,000 to Rs.1,00,000 per annum. The average annual fee for MS Ayurveda course is Rs.2 lakhs to Rs.10 lakhs.
Scope of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery in India and Abroad
The scope of ayurvedic medicine and surgery course in India is stupendous. The pass-outs can easily find a job in both the private or government sectors as ayurveda specialists and can even begin their private practice. Generally, BAMS graduates are required as a medical representative, category manager, ayurveda pharmacist, sales manager, sales representative, product manager, ayurvedic doctor. India being the birthplace of the principles of ayurveda, the scope of research works is ample. Moreover, the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) is relentlessly trying to develop and propagate ayurveda and other traditional systems of medicine and healthcare in the country. This is further going to create numerous job opportunities for the students of ayurvedic medicine and surgery courses.
Presently, ayurveda with yoga is gaining popularity all over the world. Countries like the USA, France, Germany and the UK are prioritising ayurveda medicines and surgery on a large scale. Alternative healing practices are being accepted largely in these countries abroad. Hence, there is also a huge scope to flourish abroad after completing a BAMS degree.
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Course Fees Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
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Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) course subjects and syllabus are given in the following table on the basis of each professional year:
1st Professional Year (1.5 Year):
Physiology (Kriya Sharira)
History of Ayurveda
Anatomy (Rachna Sharira)
History of modern medicine
2nd Professional Year (1.5 Year):
Pharmaceuticals of Ayurveda (Rasa Shastra Evam Bhaisajya Kalpana)
Jurisprudence (Vidhi Vaidyaka)
Pathology (Nidan Vigyana)
Pulse Diagnosis (Nadi Pariksha)
Medica of Ayurveda (Dravyaguna)
3rd Professional Year (1.5 Year):
Gynaecology (Prasuti Tantra)
Medical ethics & yoga
ENT, eye & dentistry (Shalakya Tantra)
Kaya Chikitsa (General Medicine )
Obstetric (Stri Yoga)
MS in Ayurveda medicine and surgery course subjects and syllabus are given in the following:
Dravya GunaKumar Bhritya
Prasuti Tantra and Stri Roga
Roga & Vikrit Vigyan
Careers in Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
After completing the BAMS degree, there are numerous lucrative jobs available in the market that a fresher can apply for. They can start with the position of a resident medical officer or Jr. clinical trial coordinator and then go on to become a senior doctor in any ayurvedic healthcare organisation. Or they can choose a completely different but related career path and become a business development officer, category manager, or medical representative in a reputable Ayurveda company. Further, if the candidate pursues an MS Ayurveda degree then he/she can continue his/her career as a therapist, surgeon, production manager, nutrition expert, nurse, medical officer, physician, consultant, or ayurvedic supervisor.
Also Read: Ayurveda Certification Courses
Ayurvedic medicine is a quintessential component of alternative medicine. Day by day it is becoming more popular because of people’s increasing faith in natural remedies. Ayurvedic medicine is now widely used all over the world. Almost 80% of people in Africa depend upon ayurvedic medicine.
As far as the growing trends are concerned, ayurvedic medicine and surgery, along with several healthcare products, may become the only way of treatment in the near future for both the developed and developing countries. But, there is a problem regarding safety, efficacy, quality, availability, preservation and further development of the products. There is also a rapidly growing demand for the public. To counter the above-mentioned problems various research works on ayurvedic medicines are applied. These are:
Therapeutic efficiency of various ayurvedic medicine
Adverse drug reaction
Stability testing of herbal medicine
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
A few years back, there were only two areas to be explored by the freshly graduating Ayurveda doctors- higher studies or personal practice by opening a clinic. But, now the scenario has entirely changed. There are numerous job opportunities available for BAMS graduates in both public as well as private sectors. The relevant industries which BAMS graduates can explore are:
Life Science Industry
Medical Tourism Industry
The various job profiles available for BAMS fresh graduates are as follows:
Physician: It is always best to work under some senior practitioners before starting your own clinical practice. This boosts the chance to acquire relevant experience. Students can also choose specialised practice (like treatment for spinal disorders, skin diseases) along with the regular practice under a practitioner after acquiring complete knowledge.
Teacher: If an aspirant wants to pursue his/her career in the domain of teaching it is essential to complete post-graduation. In this profession, the teachers can impart knowledge to the aspirants.
Manager: If one wants to enter into the domain of management then he/she can take the courses like Masters in Public Health (MPH), Masters in Health Administration (MHA) and MBA in hospital and healthcare management.
Clinical research associate: If a student wants to pursue his/her career as a clinical research associate then he/she should complete post-graduation in the said course. In this sector, the candidate can delve into research works in the ayurvedic field.
Drug manufacturer: One of the booming businesses in recent days is the manufacturing of Ayurveda medicines and related products such as cosmetics. The candidates have to pursue M. Sc in pharmaceutical medicine and diploma in herbal medicinal manufacturing after the completion of the BAMS course.
Health supervisor/therapist: Presently there is a huge demand among international tourists for availing natural Ayurveda treatments in health resorts and spas in India. BAMS fresh graduates can choose to work as supervisors in such health centres of different hotels and resorts.
Medical supervisor: Aspirants can work as medical supervisors in the companies that make Ayurveda medicines.
The top recruiters in Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery Field
Government and private hospitals are the top recruiters for BAMS fresh graduates. Apart from the hospital jobs, there are also numerous openings for the ayurvedic medicine and surgery course students in the following companies:
Patanjali Ayurveda Limited
Zandu Pharmaceuticals Works Limited
The Himalayan Drug Company
Charak Pharma Private Limited
Surya Herbal Limited
Ayurvedic medicine and surgery course, also known as BAMS, is one of the largest growing fields in the recent medical studies in India. Huge job opportunities, numerous research-related works make the subject so much lucrative. Ayurveda has spread its wings all over the world. Most of the foreign countries adopt this kind of treatment because of its use of natural remedies without any side effects. The Government of India has also launched several schemes to encourage the study and application of ayurvedic medicine and surgery.
Expected minimum average salary after completion of BAMS degree is Rs.3 lakhs and the maximum average salary is Rs.15 lakhs. Average initial salary after obtaining an MS Ayurveda degree is Rs.3 lakhs per year. It can go up to Rs.8 lakhs per annum.
Required Skillset for Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
BAMS is like a golden opportunity for the candidates who have a great interest in the medical industry and would love to explore alternative techniques of treatment. the aspirants must have the following skills to build their career in ayurvedic medicine and surgery:
Interest in the medical properties of herbs: Herbs and their medicinal values are what ayurvedic medicine and surgery are based upon. Thus lack of interest in these will not enable the candidate to find energy in what he/she is pursuing.
Patience: Ayurvedic healing takes time to showcase the effects. But the users often want quick results. A practitioner of ayurvedic medicine and surgery must have the patience to wait for the results and also make the user understand the importance of ayurvedic healing.
Concentration: In any sector of work concentration is important as it helps to keep up with responsibilities. Problem-solving and formulating solutions to difficult situations can also be done smoothly if a candidate possesses enough concentrating power.
Decision-making ability: Effective management can only be attained by decision-making skills. It helps in achieving leadership too. Quick and effective decision-making skills help the workforce attain the organisational goals.
Empathy: This particular skill helps one understand the situation of others and that way they can respond more aptly. When an individual seeks the help of ayurvedic medicine and surgery, the service provider has to be empathetic or else the problem cannot be understood properly.
Observation: Observation is important for ayurvedic medicine and surgery practitioners as this particular skill will enable them to understand what the user actually wants and what he/she may be actually suffering from.
Counselling ability: Ayurvedic medicine and surgery users need in-depth counselling in some cases. It is the duty of the practitioner to do counselling of the patients and lead them through the way of treatment.
Course Curriculum for Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
BAMS is a 5.5-year long bachelor degree course which includes 4.5 years of academic sessions and 1 year of internship. The 4.5 years of academic sessions are segregated into three professional courses of 1.5 years each. The subjects are taught in various professional courses on each year basis are given in the following:
History of the ayurvedic system
Basic principles of Ayurveda
Ayurvedic pharmaceutical science
Principle of surgery
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: Is there any government or government-aided colleges that offer AMS courses?
Yes, there are quite a few government colleges in India which offer AMS courses. These are:
Question: Which are the colleges to pursue BAMS?
A large number of colleges offer BAMS courses in India. A few well-known names in this category are as follows:
Question: What is the scope of becoming a lecturer of ayurvedic medicine and surgery?
One can finish a masters' degree in the subject and appear for examinations to qualify as lecturers. These job holders teach various subjects of the BAMS course in Ayurveda colleges and universities. With the increasing demand for the ayurvedic treatment process, the demand for lecturers and other faculty members will also rise. A lecturer can earn Rs.2.97 lakhs on an average per annum.
Question: What are the different salaries offered for various job posts after completing the ayurvedic medicine and surgery course?
An ayurvedic physician can earn up to Rs.3.58 lakhs per annum. The average salaries per annum of an ayurvedic doctor, medical officer and sales representative are Rs.13.70 lakhs, Rs.4.98 lakhs and Rs.2.46 lakhs respectively. An ayurvedic pharmacist can earn around Rs.2.26 lakhs per year. A scientist and ayurvedic researcher can get a remuneration of Rs.6.45 lakhs and Rs.3.20 lakhs per annum respectively.
Question: What is the role of an ayurvedic researcher?
An ayurvedic researcher performs the duty of continuing with research and development in the field of ayurvedic medicine and surgery. Often the development of new products and services are also designed by the research works of an ayurvedic researcher.