Degrees offered: B.A., B.A.(Hons), B.J., B.Sc., B.Voc., BCJ, Diploma

What is Journalism

Journalism is gathering information, collating it and creating something informative out of it. Apart from these basic roles, a journalist is also required to comment on events being reported but diplomatically, to not influence any reader too strongly.  

Journalism and Mass Communication are usually offered together in courses in Journalism. The main courses offered at the Undergraduate level are Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication (BAJMC), Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Journalism, BA in Journalism, Bachelor of Journalism, BA in Convergent Journalism, BA in Journalism and Communication Studies.

At the Post Graduate level, the courses offered are MA in Journalism and Communication, MA in Multimedia and Masters in Journalism and Mass Communication. There are also various diploma courses offered, such as Post Graduate Diploma in Journalism, Post Graduate Diploma in TV and Radio Journalism, and Post Graduate Diploma in Print and Broadcast Journalism. 

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Journalism

For Undergraduate courses, the eligibility criteria are:

  • Candidate needs to have completed 10+2 years of education.

  • Must have a minimum of 50% in 12th from a recognised board, and any stream (Arts, Science, Commerce)

  • Some colleges have the criteria which require candidates to possess good communication, reading and English skills.

Admissions are usually made based on merit or a university-level examination.

For Post Graduate courses, the eligibility criteria are:

  • Candidates must hold a valid Bachelor's degree from a recognised university or college.

  • Entrance tests are sometimes required.

Entrance Exams for Journalism

There are various entrance exams that universities and autonomous colleges usually conduct at their university-levels. Some of the main exams that students have to give to secure admissions in Journalism courses are:

  • IIMC Entrance Exam-  National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts the IIMC entrance exam in online mode. The IIMC entrance exam or IIMC test is held for offering admissions to eligible candidates in postgraduate diploma programmes in many specializations of Journalism across its 6 campuses. 

  • MICAT- Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad conducts MICAT for all the eligible candidates to screen them for the admission process. MICA admission test is held twice a year for admission to 36 PGDM and 180 PGDM-C seats at Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad.

  • SET – The Symbiosis Entrance Test. This is also a well-known entrance test for admissions to journalism and mass communication courses in the Symbiosis Centre for Mass Communication (SCMC).

  • JET- Satyajit Ray Film & Television Institute (SRFTI) conducts FTII JET to screen all the eligible candidates for admission. The candidates who qualify the entrance test are offered admission in any of the two participating institutes- Film and Television Institute of India, Pune (FTII, Pune) and Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute, Kolkata (SRFTI).   

There are also other university-level entrance examinations at colleges such as Christ University, St. Xavier's College, and a few others.

At PG levels, for Master's Degrees, there are separate examinations conducted by universities and autonomous colleges. They typically test a person's abilities in the following areas:

  • General English

  • Reading Comprehension

  • Logical Reasoning

  • Current Affairs

  • Verbal Reasoning

  • Media and Communication 

Scope of Journalism in India and Abroad

With the increase and advance in technology which led to the broadening of communication networks such as social media, television, newspapers, e-magazines, and radio, the scope and reaches of journalism have also risen.

This has caused journalism to also gain a huge, global audience for even the smallest of events. There is coverage of all events worldwide. Broadcasting of news reporting isn't limited to local, regional or national ranges anymore.

When people think of Journalism, they merely picture news reporters and newspaper articles. But that isn't what journalism is limited to.

It extends way beyond those realms and brings various opportunities and various paths to follow, in terms of jobs.

While there are basic jobs such as those of reporters and writers in newspapers, there are also several other jobs, and the scope of journalism is thus very wide.

  • Editor

  • Proof-Reader/ Sub-editor

  • Researcher

  • Critic

  • Photojournalist

  • Cartoonist

  • Illustrator, and various other options. 

Course Fees Journalism

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
4.14 K
B.A.(Hons) in Journalism at Balurghat Mahila Mahavidyalaya Balurghat
6.00 K
B.J. in Journalism at Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur
11.32 Lakhs
B.A.(Hons) in Journalism at Apeejay Stya University, Sohna
4.07 Lakhs
B.A. in Journalism at Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune
2.30 K
M.A. in Journalism at Bengaluru City University, Bengaluru
1.01 K
P.G.D in Journalism at University of Allahabad Allahabad
8.47 Lakhs
P.G.D in Journalism at Pearl Academy, Mumbai
1.60 Lakhs
M.A. in Journalism at Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
2.25 Lakhs
Ph.D in Journalism at JS University, Shikohabad
Data not available
6.11 Lakhs
Ph.D in Journalism at Royal Global University, Guwahati
Data not available
12.00 K
Diploma in Journalism at Maharishi University of Management and Technology, Bilaspur
4.47 K
Diploma in Journalism at Krishna Kanta Handiqui State Open University, Guwahati
20.00 Lakhs
Diploma in Journalism at Pearl Academy, West Delhi Campus, New Delhi
25.00 K
Diploma in Journalism at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Course Subjects

The subjects that are mainly taught in most courses in Journalism and Mass Communication are:

  • Introduction to Journalism

  • Introduction to Mass Communication

  • Editing Techniques

  • Media Laws and Indian Constitution

  • Reporting Methods

  • Media Management

  • Advertising and Public Relations

  • History of Journalism, and more 

The syllabus for Bachelor's in Journalism and Mass Communication is: 

  • Writing for Media

  • Socio-Economic & Political Scenario

  • Introduction to Communication

  • Basics of Design & Graphics

  • History of Print & Broadcasting in India

  • Media Laws & Ethics

  • Photography

  • Print Journalism

  • Development & Communication

  • Radio Journalism & Production

  • Basics of Camera, Lights & Sound

  • Television Journalism & Production

  • Public Relations

  • New Media

  • Advertising Practices

  • Media Research

  • Media Organisation & Management

  • Global Media Scenario 

Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Journalism provides the following subjects: 

  1. History of Communication Media

  2. Indian State and Democratic Polity

  3. Communication and Mass Communication: Concept and Process

  4. Introduction to Journalism

  5. Development Communication and Rural Journalism

  6. Media and Cultural Studies

  7. IT and Online Journalism

  8. Reporting for Print

  9. Broadcast Journalism

  10. International Politics

  11. Media Laws and Ethics

  12. Print Journalism and Production

  13. International Media Scenario 

MA in Journalism offers: 

  1. Print Journalism

  2. Radio Journalism

  3. TV Journalism

  4. Online Journalism

  5. Photojournalism

  6. English for Communication 

There are also courses such as MA in Broadcast Journalism which offers subjects such as:

  1. Introduction to Mass Media and Society

  2. Introduction to Audio- Visual Media

  3. Growth and Development of Media

  4. Specialised Reporting

  5. Broadcast News Production (Radio & TV)

  6. Broadcast Media Technology

  7. Media Analysis and Criticism

  8. Photo Journalism

  9. Development Journalism

  10. Communication Research and Methods

  11. Introduction to Film: Form, Content, Narrative

  12. Broadcast Media Management and Operations

  13. Lifestyle and Travel Journalism

  14. Political Communication

  15. Multimedia Journalism and Content Management

  16. Business and Finance Journalism 

There are also other Master's courses such as MA in Journalism and Mass Communication, and MA in Convergent Journalism. 

Careers in Journalism

The field of Journalism is ever-expanding. What with the social activism, the riots all around the world, growths, developments, political changes and everything else that keeps happening, the work of a person in this field doesn't end.

There are endless opportunities with no limit to what one can do. From being on television as a reporter, bringing news to people live, one could also work as a print journalist, bringing more detailed news to people, after the event has already occurred.

There are also options where people can go beyond just words, they can use photography, cartoons and other illustrations to express or depict a story.

Some people edit these stories and make them perfectly suited to the basic style of a newspaper. 

Apart from this, some people work behind the scenes on TV news channels, such as production managers, researchers, and newscast directors, among others.

In conclusion, this boundless field has given rise to many greats over the years, and it will continue to do so.

With endless possibilities, increasing popularity, this field is expanding even more than before and is creating a better environment for us to live in by making us aware of global citizens. 

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Job Profile 



A reporter writes and delivers news, stories and events to people, via broadcast, print, radio or internet. This job involves gathering and authenticating facts, following up on leads and investigating them, and writing or delivering news to the audience through any other medium.


The job of an editor includes reading, re-reading, analysing news reports or articles, and pin-pointing any errors to correct them.

The basic framework and layout of the newspaper or magazine are also determined and decided by the editor.


Reporters and correspondents have similar jobs, but one of the main differences is that a correspondent mainly works with print media.

Feature Writer

This involves working with newspapers, magazines, or any online publication platform. Under this job, people are usually assigned topics to write about, and they can also pitch topics to the editor of the publication.

Investigative Journalist

This relates mainly to controversial and/or political topics. The job of an investigative journalist is to bring out the real truth, expose any lies, corruptions etc.


Top Recruiters in Journalism

  • Hindustan Times

  • The Times Group

  • The Pioneer

  • The Hindu

  • India Today Group

  • Zee Network

  • Outlook

  • India TV

  • All India Radio (AIR)

  • Indian Express

  • Star India

  • Balaji Telefilms Ltd.

Required Skillset for Journalism

This field requires and demands skills without which one will be rendered helpless in certain situations. These skills are necessary to help one be a better, more truthful journalist.

  • General Awareness – Any individual working in the field of journalism is required to have thorough general awareness. This is because being aware of anything and everything happening around one, helps to identify potential news-worthy situations (politically/socially/culturally, etc.). It also helps one remain informed about all events and situations, and it could also help resolve issues in those situations. 

  • Keen Observer– This is another important skill because being a keen observer helps spot the tiniest details in any given situation that another person might have missed. These details help paint a verbal picture of the situation being reported, more effectively.  

  • Language Fluency – This skill is a must for anyone who chooses to work in this field because journalism is a lot about communication, both written and verbal, and teamwork. If one is not fluent in conversing, s/he will face difficulties in successfully and effectively communicating a point or decision. 

  • Confidence – Whether it is while writing or speaking, confidence is imperative. In both aspects of communication, confidence is seen and recognised as soon as one begins conversing. It is important to be confident while speaking, because viewers and co-workers want to listen to somebody who knows exactly what s/he is saying and believes in it. 

While writing too, the level of confidence is evident from the writing style, selection of words etc. To make any feature/report/article power-packed and hard-hitting, it is important to show confidence.

Some other important skills include Alertness, Self-motivation, Creativity, and the ability to work on strict deadlines.

Course Curriculum for Journalism

Bachelor's and Bachelor of Arts in Journalism/ Journalism and Mass Communication are 3-year long, undergraduate courses. The number of semesters/trimesters that they are divided into usually differ.

Master's in Journalism and Mass Communication and other PG Master's courses are 2 years long.

The aim of these courses is basically to create more aware end alert minds. They provide detailed information and knowledge on journalistic and reporting methods, and ethical journalism along with ethics in all countries. The aim is to shape the minds of students in ways that they understand the mechanics of our world, and they learn how to be ethical, moral and honest.

Questions related to Journalism

Showing 659 out of 659 Questions

I am very confused i dont know which university will be release there application form and on which date.. I want to do journalism related to dates and application forms? Could any one please help me out.??

Subhrajit Mukherjee 13th Feb, 2021

Don't be confused. You should mention the name of the universities where you want to take admission for Journalism. You didn't mentioned that else we have provided you the links through which you can get notified regarding the application starting.

I would recommend you to get back to (// with proper specifics so that we can help you out regarding your problem.

I hope my answer helps. All the very best for your future endeavors!


which college in Kerala is best for Political science and journalism?

sunkehimabindu2603 8th Feb, 2021

Hello aspirant

The best colleges in Kerala are

For Political Science:

1. Maharaja's College

2. Mahatma Gandhi University

3. Calicut University

4. St. Mary's College Sulthan Bathery

5. Mar Thoma College

For Journalism:

1. Amity University Online

2. Kerala University

3. Calicut University

4. Kannur University

5. Devaswom Board College

Hope it helps. All the best.


iam gopi b. tech 2010 passed out intrested journalism course iam eligible or not please sujest

Ambika Ashok 6th Feb, 2021

Hello Aspirant ,

Yes you are eligible. Since you have your engineering course you are eligible to take up another graduation. Graduation in general requires only 12th as the minimum qualification , so you can do either do BA in Journalism/Mass communication/ Mass Media /Journalism and Communication Studies /Journalism and Advertising /Media Science  and many more.You can even do diploma courses in various areas of journalism if not interested in graduation. Just find out a good college and approach them regarding admission procedure. You can do in distance mode if regular is not possible.You must check for eligibility criteria in the official website of the college to know the minimum age limit.

All the best


which collage is best for doing BA honours in psychology, journalism and english?

Prachi Pant 26th Jan, 2021

Hello student,

Here I'm listing the names of few top colleges in India for pursuing BA honours in Psychology, Journalism and English :

  • Reva University, Bangalore
  • Garden City College, Bangalore
  • St. Joesph's Degree and PG College, Hyderabad
  • Lady Shri Ram College, New Delhi
  • Madras Christian College, Chennai
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Mount Carmel College, Bangalore
  • Jain University, Bangalore

Thank you!


My daughter is a student of final yr journalism & appearing for C certificate in NCC. want to know about Masters in Journalism fee structure.

suprava.65 25th Jan, 2021


MA in Journalism is a post graduate program which focuses on aspects of journalism in modern media. This course is open for students with a bachelor degree in journalism.

The duration of course is 2 years and admission is through entrance exam. The average tuition fee is ranges from INR 50,000 to 2 lakhs. It may vary from college to college.

All the best

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