LLB (Bachelor of Legislative Law) Courses, Admissions, Eligibility, Syllabus, Career
What is LLB?
LLB, also known as Bachelor of Legislative Law, is an undergraduate law programme of three-year or five-year duration that can be pursued after graduation and 10+2 respectively. The Bachelor of Legislative Law is a foundational course in law that teaches students about legal procedures followed in the profession. The course helps the student develop a logical, analytical and critical understanding of legal affairs and teaches him/her how to use these skills for resolving social, legal issues of the society.
What is LLB Full Form?
The full form of LLB is a bachelor of law. LLB is derived from Legum Baccalaureus. Candidates who have completed their graduation in any discipline are eligible to pursue three-year LLB, The five-year LLB is an integrated law program that can be pursued after intermediate.
The course is offered by colleges that are approved by the Bar Council of India (BCI). Also note that to pursue law in India, the LLB degree holder also has to qualify in the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) conducted by the BCI.
The 3-year Bachelor of Legislative Law typically is divided into six semesters, and students start with the basics of law before gradually moving into other subjects like constitutional law, family law, jurisprudence, IPC, CrPC, law of contracts. As part of the course, students also have to undertake internships and training programmes at law firms, corporate organisations and courts to further their knowledge and gain real-life experience of the legal profession.
Advantages of doing LLB Degree
A solid foundation for further education - Many courses empower students to combine their law studies with business or accounting, as well as to combine law and non-legal degrees.
Lots of job options - In addition to being a lawyer, law graduates are potential candidates for various fields such as media and law, academics, commerce and industry, social work, politics and more.
Financial stability - Obtaining a law degree can guarantee immediate success or a very large amount of money but it is imminent. This professional title allows one to enjoy more job security and a higher salary compared to those who do not.
Master critical thinking and analytical skills - The knowledge and skills acquired in the study of law enable students to analyse both sides of complex situations or problems and to make effective solutions based on solid reasoning and critical thinking.
Power to make a difference by law - You can have a strong sense of justice and wish to improve the disability in the system. Studying law gives you the legal education and qualifications to finally make that important change.
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Top LAW Colleges in India offering LLB
Types of LLB
Before the advent of the five-year integrated law programme, the three-year LLB was the default option for law aspirants. Also, with the five-year course gaining in popularity the Bachelor of Legislative Law course has lost some shine.
Speaking of types of LLB, a law course after graduation, there is the typical three-year LLB programme which is almost ubiquitous, as it is offered by most of the prominent and not-so-prominent universities. That being said, the course in recent times is getting competition from the five-year integrated programme, which is fast gaining acceptance.
four-year LLB programmes also exist, like the ones offered by some colleges in the UK. In this case, the LLB course is combined with other subjects and takes one additional year to complete. The subject combination could include law and politics, or law and human rights
But note that the four-year LLB programme is not common in India.
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The eligibility criteria for Bachelor of Legislative Law may vary across colleges, especially those related to minimum marks; refer to the points below for full details. It is important that the candidate knows the eligibility criteria beforehand because otherwise one's candidature can be nullified at any stage of the admission process.
Eligibility criteria of LLB programme
Qualifying exam: Since three-year LLB is a law course offered after graduation, candidates aspiring for a law degree must have passed graduation from a recognized institute in any discipline like BA, B.Com, B.Sc, BBA, BCA.
Minimum marks in qualifying exam: The minimum marks may vary, as some colleges demand 50%, while others require only 45%. Further, in the case of public law colleges, there is a relaxation in minimum marks for reserved category candidates.
Age limit: There is no upper age limit for the course
Other cases: Such candidates who are appearing in the final year/semester exam of their graduation course may also apply for the law degree, but they need to meet the other eligibility requirements postulated by the college to which the candidate is seeking admission.
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Browse List of LLB Colleges by States
Browse List of LLB Colleges by Location
One can take admission to an LLB law degree course after graduation. Admission to LLB courses can be done through two channels: 1) based on scores of entrance exams like PU LLB, DU LLB, and MH CET Law, and 2) based on scores of qualifying exams. Candidates looking for admission to 5-year LLB programmes can appear in the entrance exams such as CLAT, AILET, SLAT, KLEE and others.
The candidate can choose an entrance exam based on the college they want to get admission to; for example for admission to Delhi University, one has to qualify DU LLB entrance exam. Before applying for an exam, make it a point to go through the prescribed eligibility criteria. Based on marks scored by candidates in the exam, merit lists will be prepared for counselling and seat allotment.
Direct admission based on qualifying exam marks is also a common admission route, with KSLU admission being a good example. In this case, there is no entrance exam, and the candidate is only expected to fulfil eligibility requirements like qualifying exam passed, minimum marks, and also nativity requirements. The merit list, in this case, is prepared considering marks of the qualifying (graduate) exam.
Note that the National Law Universities (NLSs) do not offer the 3-year Bachelor of Legislative Law degree programme. They only have 5 year integrated programmes at the undergraduate level.
Top LLB Exams
Entrance exams for admission to the 3-year LLB law degree programme can be categorized under various heads - national level (DU LLB), university-level ( BVP CET law), and state-level ( MH CET law). The national level exams can be taken by any candidate, but state-level exams are typically meant for natives of that state only, leaving or taking a few seats which may be available for other state candidates.
However, the entrance exams for admission to private colleges can be taken by any candidate, provided he or she is an Indian national.
Top exam for admission to 3-year LLB programme
The candidate pursuing an LLB degree will study subjects like labour law, intellectual property rights, corporate law, family law, criminal law, human rights, international law. The duration of the course is 3 years, with most colleges these days dividing these three years into six semesters.
The syllabus for the program is fundamentally the same but may offer different optional subjects, like in the case of Delhi University. The student, in this case, has the choice to pick from the pool of such optional papers.
During the Bachelor of Legislative Law (LLB) program, the candidate will be required to participate in moot courts and do internships. Delhi University, for example, has a Moot Court Society, where students can improve their mooting skills. Then many law colleges, especially the good ones, also have Legal Aid Societies for undertaking pro bono activities in favour of the weaker sections of society. The student can learn many important lessons by being a member of these societies.
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There is generally no such thing as specialisation in a Bachelor of Legislative Law programme. That being said, the candidate has the flexibility to pick some subject combinations which help them to specialize in certain subjects in their LLM degree.
The undergraduate degree usually covers core modules like Criminal Law, Tort Law, Contract Law, Constitutional/Administrative Law, Equity and Trusts, Land Law, and European Law.
At the postgraduate level, the candidate can do specialization in a chosen subject, which may be:
Corporate Law and Governance (including International Business)
The syllabus for the DU LLB programme will vary across colleges. Knowing the syllabus will help the candidate make an informed decision as to whether the course is in tune with career goals and matches one’s abilities and interests.
Syllabus of LLB degree
English Language Comprehension
grammar & comprehension
antonyms & synonyms
one word substitute
sentence and word correction
Percentage & Average
Time Speed and Distance
People Work and Time
Sets, Missing Numbers & Series
Legal Awareness and Aptitude
Bare Acts of the Indian Constitution
static general knowledge
Source: DU LLB exam
MH CET Law Syllabus for 3-year LLB
Legal aptitude and legal reasoning
Indian polity includes Executive, Judiciary and Legislature, Law prepositions with facts, Constitution.
General knowledge of current affairs
History (with special reference to modern history and legal history such as GOI acts, Freedom struggle).
Indian geography (up to 12th standard).
Latest rules and amendments
Current affairs like new events of national and international importance, appointments, sports, awards.
Logical and analytical reasoning
Completing arguments, drawing well-supported conclusions,
reasoning by analogy,
applying principles or rules.
Sets and statements,
Synonyms & Antonyms
Idioms and Phrases
Sentence Improvement and rearrangement
Fill in the blanks
Errors - Common errors, Spotting errors, inappropriate usage of words, spelling mistakes, English Comprehension.
Scope of LLB
Since the law is regarded as a safe professional path, many individuals choose to pursue it after college. If the candidate successfully completes the LLB programme, they may go on to practise as attorneys and advocates. The LLB degree holder has the choice of working for the government or as a private attorney. Usually, a candidate must clear an entrance exam conducted by the Public Service Commission in order to work in the government sector.
Then some may also decide to go for higher studies and pursue LLM and even PhD. At the master's level, one may opt for specialisation, which can give more muscle to one’s resume and job prospects. Again, some may decide to become teachers, a profession which is getting more attention in recent times.
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Careers Opportunities after LLB
After obtaining an LLB degree, there is no restriction on the level one can progress to. Because the sky is the limit when it comes to social personalities who are influencing the public, from the late Arun Jaitley and Ram Jethmalani to modern icons like Harish Salve and Aryama Sundaram to the former Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi.
One can work as a corporate lawyer, judge, legal counsellor, or legal manager after earning an LLB degree. But how far one gets is determined by things like experience, occupation, and skill levels. Some people reengage in social activism and take up the cause of the weaker groups in society. The work may not always be glamorous, but it often entails making significant sacrifices and opposing authority figures.
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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - LLB (Bachelor of Legislative Law) Courses, Admissions, Eligibility, Syllabus, Career
Question: Is LLB a law course after graduation?
Yes, LLB is offered only after graduation. The 5-year integrated law programmes are the law course after Class 12
Question: Does every college have the same LLB curriculum, or are there variations?
Every university has a unique LLB curriculum that may differ slightly from other institutes. Nevertheless, the essential features are still present.
Question: What professions are available to LLB graduates?
After completing the programme, the candidate may work as a lawyer or advocate, a corporate advisor, or in a number of other positions.
Question: Is it mandatory to take the AIBE exam to practice law in India?
To practice law in any court of law, the aspirant needs to have qualified in the AIBE exam. So, yes, you must qualify the AIBE exam post completion of the LLB degree to practice law.
Question: What is the LLB program's admissions procedure?
There are two ways to get into LLB programmes: either by taking an entrance exam or getting admission directly based on the results of the qualifying exam.
Question: What is the eligibility criteria to study LLB degree in India?
The basic LLB eligibility criteria is a graduate degree in any discipline from a recognized institute.