- Fees: ₹ 5,731
- Exams: INI CET
What is Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases pertaining to the eye and the visual system as a whole. The eye is the most crucial organ in the visual system and is sensitive to many different clinical conditions.
Doctors who specialize in ophthalmology are known as ophthalmologists, and their work revolves around the therapy of these conditions.
As the population ages, eye care becomes all the more important with the higher risks of age-related eye diseases such as macular degeneration and cataracts. The field of ophthalmology is dedicated to extensive study and research of these conditions, and incorporating relevant technologies to treat them efficiently.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Ophthalmology
Aspirants who wish to specialize in Ophthalmology will first have to complete a UG course in MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery), followed by a postgraduate degree in Ophthalmology like MD (Doctor of Medicine), and MS (Master of Surgery), depending on what practice they would like to build a career in.
For MBBS (UG-level): Aspiring candidates must have passed their 12th Board examination with a minimum aggregate of 50%. The core subjects in the said examination must be Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
For MS/MD/other PG courses in Ophthalmology: Aspiring candidates must possess an MBBS degree. Also, they must sit for PG-level entrance examinations and procure a good score in the same.
Entrance Exams for Ophthalmology Course
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET): This is a medical entrance examination conducted at the national level for granting admission to students who wish to study medical/dental courses in the top government and private medical colleges in India.
NEET PG: The PG-level NEET examination is a qualifying examination for those who want to study postgraduate medical or dental courses such as Doctor of Medicine, Master of Surgery, etc. Students seeking to study Diploma courses, too, must take this exam.
Diplomate of National Board Post-Diploma Centralised Entrance Test (DNB PDCET): Conducted by the National Board of Examination, the DNB PDCET is a prerequisite computer-based examination for students who are seeking admission to post-diploma DNB (broad specialities) postgraduate courses.
Note: Other national medical entrance examinations are AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science Entrance Exam) and JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research) for the candidates to appear for.
Scope of Ophthalmology in India and Abroad
A career in ophthalmology requires multiple special skills such as patient care, surgery and medicine because the discipline has many sub-fields. There are many good reasons to opt to study Ophthalmology after an MBBS, one of them being that the discipline maintains a good balance between medical and surgical practice, giving aspirants the choice to focus on either.
With the right training on either track combined with basic eye-hand coordination, one can adapt easily to this field.
The demand for Ophthalmologists is high in both the private and public sectors. Railways-run departmental hospitals and hospitals run by PSUs provide fantastic work opportunities to ophthalmologists.
NGOs, charitable hospitals, missionary hospitals etc. options are also explored by many, and there is plenty of scope for ophthalmologists to set up their clinics as well.
Ophthalmologists have plenty of career scope and scope for career growth in India as well as in foreign countries, particularly the UK, USA, Australia, and the Gulf countries.
With the Coronavirus pandemic having forced the entire world to go into lockdown, restricted indoors with nothing but technology to keep people connected, the time that we ordinarily spend looking at electronic screens have increased enormously.
Not only for maintaining virtual social lives, but these screens have also become the single most important thing in keeping us connected with our workplaces, since the introduction of work-from-home.
As a result, eye-related problems are predicted to, and probably already have, become much more frequent and now more than ever, ophthalmologists are in high demand all over the world. This inflation in demand for eye treatment is not expected to subside anytime soon.
Course Fees Ophthalmology
|Minimum Fees||Maximum Fees|
Some of the most important subjects covered in this field of study at the MBBS level as well as the Master’s level include:
Anatomy and Development of the Eye
Elementary and Physiological Optics
Errors of Refraction
Physiology of Eye and Vision
Diseases of Lens
Diseases of Cornea
Diseases of Conjunctiva
Diseases of Sclera
Disorders of Ocular Motility
Diseases of Retina and Vitreous
Trauma and Emergency Ophthalmology
Disorders of the eyelids, orbit, lacrimal drainage apparatus, Occuloplasty
Disorders of the Optic Nerve, and more.
Careers in Ophthalmology
The fear of losing eyesight to blindness is tremendous among people. Nothing seems to be more terrifying than the idea of going about life without the ability to see. We know that as people enter old age, their chances of suffering from eye diseases or other visual system problems increase exponentially. Today, this isn’t true only of the elderly.
In lifestyles where we spend between 50-90% of our days looking at screens, the risks of eye problems are high for people of all ages, starting from preteens who have just begun to understand the technology and receive their first smartphones, to working professionals whose jobs are majorly contained within a laptop/monitor screen.
With this growing fear of the risk of losing one’s eyesight spreading through the population, the need for ophthalmology is at its peak.
A career in ophthalmology means taking on immense responsibility. Ophthalmology is a medical field wherein professionals usually have long-standing relationships with customers.
An enormous amount of trust is invested in these relationships. As a good ophthalmologist, one can probably never run out of patients. The field is highly lucrative and can be extremely rewarding to those who take pleasure in helping others.
The current trends in Ophthalmology focus on key areas such as lens implantation and cataract surgery; corneal and external eye disorders; oculoplastic and orbital surgery; glaucoma; neuro-ophthalmology; refractive surgery, and numerous others.
MicroRNA-126 (MiR-126): The MicroRNA-216 is a non-coding, highly conserved RNA primarily expressed in the endothelial cells in humans. This RNA maintains the Blood-Retina barrier in the eye and protects against retinal vascular leakage, retinal endothelial cell apoptosis, and retinal permeability. Recent analyses of serum samples collected from proliferative diabetic retinopathy patients revealed that the levels of MiR-126 in the serum are proportional to the extent of retinal damage. As the retinal damage progresses, MiR-126 in the serum declines. These findings introduced the possibility of using the RNA as a non-invasive biomarker for screening for retinal endothelial injury and early diagnosis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
Launch of voretigene neparvovec-rzyl: A recent advance credited to Luxturna, Spark Therapeutics, the voretigene neparvovec-rzyl was launched for the treatment of confirmed biallelic RPE65 retinal dystrophy. It represents proof-of-concept of eye disease treatment using gene therapy, making way for more exciting future therapies for ocular diseases.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
After completing studies in any field of study, the very next question posed to every candidate is, what comes next? Upon completing a degree in Ophthalmology, while the most intuitive course of action would be to work as an Ophthalmologist, a few other job profiles that candidates may explore are:
Diagnosis and treatment of all eye diseases, prescription of contact lenses and spectacles as well as medicines for eye-related problems
Treatment of a wide range of head and neck conditions, they can treat problems in nerves that control vision, among other problems.
Performing surgery to treat glaucoma and cataracts and correct refractive errors. Diagnosis of medical conditions impacting the eyes
Assisting doctors with patient management, record keeping, and basic diagnostic tests
Involved in research, managing resources and practising development, training junior doctors and other healthcare professionals, leading members of the ophthalmology team
Teaching Ophthalmology in colleges and universities
Top Recruiters in Ophthalmology
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, multiple cities
Fortis Healthcare Ltd.
SIMS Healthcare Pvt. Ltd.
Rotary Narayana Eye Hospital
Violet rays, Bangalore
Sri Ganesh Vinayak Eye Hospital, Dehradun
Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya
While salaries may vary widely considering factors such as level of seniority, experience, and profession type; the average annual salaries of the different job roles in Ophthalmology are approximated as given below:
Average Annual Salary
RS. 12.10 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
RS. 21.90 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
RS. 10.24 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
RS. 3.93 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
RS. 24.60 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
RS. 1.4-2.0 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Ophthalmology
To build a successful career in Ophthalmology, a postgraduate degree is only one of many pillars necessary. For specialists in surgery, precision and plenty of practice are required, whereas in medicine, having a broad base of knowledge is necessary. Some of the other essential skills in Ophthalmology include:
Good eye-hand coordination
Significant proficiency in Mathematics and Physics
Excellent knowledge in medicine
Working knowledge of all the visual system-related diseases, the anatomy of the eye and all its functions
Up-to-date knowledge of ongoing research topics in the field
Strong decision-making, organization, analytical, and problem-solving skills
Strong communication skills
Ability to perform administrative and managerial functions well
Course Curriculum for Ophthalmology
After acquiring the MBBS degree, students can opt to pursue a postgraduate course in Ophthalmology, typically in either the Master of Surgery / Doctor of Medicine domain. Usually, either of these courses has some common curriculum which is aimed at equipping the student with knowledge and skills such as:
Basic knowledge of the human body structure and functions related to the visual system, along with factors which may disrupt/cause harm to these mechanisms
Ability to handle day-to-day ophthalmology problems independently, with full recognition of the limitations of one’s clinical knowledge
Understanding of environmental effects on health and familiarity with the epidemiology of common diseases in the ophthalmology field.
Ability to integrate promotive and preventive methods with curative and rehabilitation measures in disease treatment
Familiarity with and understanding of common eye-related problems occurring in rural areas where facilities are limited
Familiarity with current developments and research topics in the field
Popular Ophthalmology Entrance Exams in India
Popular Ophthalmology Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What are the subspecialties in Ophthalmology for which I can do a fellowship?
Some of the fellowship programmes offered by top institutes are Cornea and Ocular Surface, Cataract, Medical Retinal, Vitreo Retina, Retinopathy of Prematurity, Glaucoma, Oculoplasty, Pediatric Ophthalmology, and numerous other options.
Question: Why is ophthalmology so important?
In an ideal world, we would not have any diseases, disorders of disabilities but all of them exist, and in the modern world, human eyes face a lot of strain due to constantly seeing light which causes the human eye to have more strain than what was present earlier. Thus Ophthalmologists are important and a necessity.
Question: What is the scope of Ophthalmology?
As long as people have eyes, the scope of Ophthalmology is indeed great and a necessity which should be explored to ensure a better, healthier life.
Question: How are Internship, Residency, and Fellowship different?
Residency in any medical discipline is a training program, typically lasting about 3 years. The first year of training immediately after medical school is known as the internship or postgraduate year 1.
After completing a residency, the training that students undergo in a subfield or sub-speciality is known as the fellowship.
Question: What to expect during the Ophthalmology Residency?
60% of resident training for Ophthalmology in India is done under government organizations, while the remaining are private organizations. Training imparted during this period is in various settings, mostly medical colleges and private institutes.
The training does not follow a coherent system, as a result of which the quality of training can vary enormously from institute to institute.
The basic idea, however, is to ensure that residents are made to observe varieties of ophthalmic surgeries in medical retina, refractive procedures, oculoplastic surgery, squint surgery, implant, routine ocular trauma, and other related procedures to help them develop an interest when the time comes to select a field of interest for a fellowship.
Wherever possible, residents are also made to perform some of these procedures under supervision.
Questions related to Ophthalmology
how is ophthalmology n anesthesia in this clg n is it better than jjm davengere?
Jjm Medical College Debangere Karnataka established by Jagadguru Jaidev Muru ga rajendra in the year of 1965. There are 23 medicine right courses and in this courses ophthalmology and anaesthesia courses are also included.College is a renowned private medical college was set up by Jagadguru Jayadeva muruga Rajendra for imparting medical education to the future generation to provide them expert knowledge of medical education and is a rat subjects and to serve the nation in a social service related notion. College is better than it's contemporary medical colleges in every aspect of education, research and facilities.
Hope this will help.
What are the best private medical colleges in kerala for Ms ophthalmology in order of preference?
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems.
Some the colleges in Kerala for MS ophthalmology along with their ranks are mentioned in link attached below.
Hope this helps!!
i got rank of 23K in neetpg22 chances of getting Ms ophthalmology in govt medical college
Looking at the previous year NEET PG Cutoff for MS Opthalmology, you have decent chances to get Government medical colleges. You have chances to get MS Opthalmology in these below mentioned colleges :
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi,
Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai,
Government Medical College, Kozhikode,
Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
Further, please note that the above prediction of colleges and cutoff rank was based totally on the Previous year NEET PG Cutoff and it may vary for this year as the NEET PG Cutoff bound to change every year.
THE NEET PG Cutoff marks and percentile score for various category students is mentioned below :
GENERAL >------------------- 50th Percentile >---------------- 275 Marks
SC/ST/OBC >------------------ 40th Percentile >---------------- 245 Marks
GENERAL -PH ------------------ 45th Percentile >---------------- 260 Marks
SC/ST/OBC - PH ------------------------ 40th Percentile >---------------- 245 Marks
The NEET PG Cutoff varies for every year and is different for different category student. The NEET PG Cutoff depends on various factors like :
Number of candidates appearing for the test
The difficulty level of the exam
Further, to know more about the NEET PG Cutoff you can follow the below mentioned link to know more about it in detail : https://medicine.careers360.com/articles/neet-pg-cut-off
Further, you can also know your admission chances in various colleges with the help of NEET PG College predictor tool by following the below mentioned link below : https://medicine.careers360.com/neet-pg-college-predictor?utm_source=qna&utm_medium=neet_pg_cp
I hope that this will help.
i have 86% Inter i Got Govt.seat MS ophthalmology in Andhara medical condition
You cannot get admission in MS Ophthalmology on the basis of 12th/intermediate marks in Andhra medical college or any college.
This is because
MS Ophthalmology i. e Master of Surgery in Ophthalmology is a PG course.
To get admission in a medical college for MS ophthalmology, you need to first clear neet and do mbbs, then qualify pg entrance exams like neet pg and then on the basis of its rank, you can get admission in MS ophthalmology .
Here's in detail how you can get admission in MS Ophthalmology:-
-----------------------------) Appear in Neet examination
To be eligible one must pass 12th board examination with physics, chemistry ,biology/biotechnology and English and must have got at least 50 % in aggregate of PCB i.e Physics, Chemistry and Biology /biotechnology in 12th examination if belongs to general category , or at least 40% in aggregate of PCB if belongs to Obc/ Sc /st category. Also, needs to be at least 17 years old as on 31st December of the year of appearing for neet. You can get complete eligibility criteria details at https://medicine.careers360.com/articles/neet-eligibility-criteria
-----------------------------------) Qualify neet examination. Qualifying cut off in neet is given below
General :- 50th Percentile
OBC:- 40th Percentile
SC :-40th Percentile
ST :- 40th percentile
To be on the safer side, out of 720 marks, target at least around 575 - 625 marks for state quota mbbs seats and 650 marks in neet for All india quota mbbs seats if you belong to general category to get a seat in a Government Medical College
-----------------------------------) Participate in neet counselling. There are 2 counsellings -
Mcc counselling :- It is conducted for 15% AIQ seats, 100% Deemed Universities seats, Central Universities seats (Delhi University, AMU & BHU ), 100% ESIC seats , AFMC seats (only Registration Part) & I.P University (VMMC & SJH AND ABVIMS & RML & ESIC Dental, Delhi ,100% AIIMS seats & 100% JIPMER seats
state counselling for 85% state quota seats :- you are eligible in the state you hold the domicile of. You can get domicile criteria at https://medicine.careers360.com/articles/neet-domicile-criteria
Detailed information about counselling is available at
-----------------------------------) In the counselling, you can get a seat in a college on the basis of your rank in NEET examination and the category you belong to .
-----------------------------------) Then you have to report to the college and get your documents verified.
-----------------------------------) After document verification, finally you get admission in mbbs in college
----------------------------------) Pursue your mbbs which is a 5.5 year long course in which the last 1 year consists of internship
----------------------------------) After MBBS , give PG entrance examinations & qualify it.
NEET PG:- For admission in all govt & private colleges in India for MS, MD, DNB, except AIIMS, JIPMER, NIMHANS, PGIMER, Chandigarh :- https://medicine.careers360.com/articles/neet-pg-exam
INI CET ( For admission in pg in AIIMS, JIPMER, NIMHANS, PGIMER, Chandigarh, INICET has replaced the individual entrance exams of these colleges like AIIMS PG, JIPMER PG etc ) :- https://medicine.careers360.com/articles/ini-cet
----------------------------------) Participating in counselling
----------------------------------) in the counselling on the basis of your rank in the PG entrance examination you will be allotted a college for MS ophthalmology.
----------------------------------) Finally report to the alloted college, get admission and pursue Ms ophthalmology.
To help you in your neet preparation , we have neet knockout for you for which link is given below :-
how many management seats are available for MS ophthalmology in Tamilnadu private medical colleges
Hope you are doing well.
There are many private colleges in Tamil Nadu for MS ophthalmology and every private offers admission through management quota So, there are many management seats available.
I am listing some of the private colleges in Tamil Nadu for MS Ophthalmology.
- CMC Vellore- Christian Medical College.
- MMC Chennai- Madras Medical College.
- SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chennai.
- SRMCI Chennai- Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute.
- PSGIMSR Coimbatore- PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research.
For more details you can go through the link below.
Hope you are clear now. Feel free to ask if you have any other queries. All The Best!!!