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What is Physics
Physics is that aspect of science in general that deals with the physical structure of matter which can be living or non-living and different substances interact with each other. Physics is studying anything ranging from small particles (quantum and atomic physics) to studying much bigger machines such as cars and trucks.
The main goal while studying physics is to devise how the universe acts and behaves. To pursue physics in their careers, students go for an undergraduate degree in Physics which is Bachelor of Science in Physics (B.Sc. Physics). It is a three-year degree and includes specialized studies in the area of Physics.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Physics
To gain admission into a B.Sc. Physics course, a person needs to meet the eligibility criteria. If the person does not meet the admission criteria, his or her admission can be revoked. The admission criteria for an aspiring student looking to study B.Sc. Physics is:
The student needs to have a minimum percentage of 60% at the Senior Secondary/ 10+2 level.
Entrance Exams for Physics Courses
DUCET- The Dravidian University Common Entrance Test (DUCET) is conducted by the Dravidian University for students to gain admission in their postgraduate courses.
GITAM Admission Test (GITAM GAT) is conducted by the Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM) to gain admission into both undergraduate and postgraduate courses
Admissions based on 10+2 result- This is the most popular method of admission in B.Sc. Physics is merit-based admission through the results from Senior Secondary / 10+2. Based on the performance of students in the 10+2, a merit list is prepared and cutoffs are announced.
Scope of Physics in India and Abroad
After completing a Bachelor's degree in Physics, a student can go down any of the three following avenues: -
The student can pursue a Master's degree in Physics. The Master's degree that a student can pursue after doing B.Sc. Physics is mainly M.Sc. Physics and M.Phil. Physics.
The student can take up a job as a research assistant and can go for research in the area of Physics.
Students who are willing to go into the market and look for a job also have a bunch of different job profiles they can look at.
To be eligible for M.Sc. Physics, the candidate must have a minimum percentile of 55% during his or her undergraduate degree and must satisfy all the eligibility criteria required by the B.Sc. Physics. Completing a Master's degree increases the employability of the student by a significant amount.
When we look at international superpower countries such as the USA, the UK, Japan and Germany, we can assess the job opportunities available there in the physics field. These countries provide state of the art cutting edge facilities and inculcation of innovations from time to time.
This means that the professionals working in these facilities would be compensated accordingly. There is a huge scope of Physics abroad and in India, as it is a well-set field and innovations are continually happening.
Course Fees Physics
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When students are taught physics at the Senior Secondary/ 10+2 level, students are taught the subject often clubbed with mathematics and along with other subjects. When students are taught this course, they are taught more subjects which are more purely linked to physics, a student who is interested in physics will have a great time studying this subject.
These main physics subjects are only touched at the Senior secondary level but are taught quite deeply at the undergraduate level. The subjects taught to students during the duration of this course are: -
Electricity and Magnetism
Waves and Oscillations
Nuclear and Particle Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics
Quantum Mechanics and its applications
Also Read: Physics Certification Courses
Careers in Physics
B.Sc. Physics is a very sought after course and opens various career avenues upon completion. Graduates can get jobs as Scientists or Researchers at many leading research facilities such as the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), they can get job offers from many sectors such as banking and railway. Graduates can also opt to teach and become School teachers or college professors.
Physics is a very vast field and may not be as emerging a field as it was about 25-30 years back, but due to the size of the field and the potential, innovations and trends keep lining up and it makes this field a pretty interesting field.
The various upcoming trends in this field are listed below: -
Usage of Physics in Space- Due to the depletion in the resources of this planet's resources, companies like NASA and SpaceX have taken pole position into space-venturing. Aeronautics is a very significant field in physics, and many future physics graduates and post-graduates will be interested in outer space.
Artificial Intelligence- Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are becoming trending topics since the past couple of years. Although the main part of AI and ML is the coding and the It part but to design the machines, one shall know physics and the machines must be designed efficiently.
Remote vehicles- Remotely driven cars and drones have gained much popularity just over the last couple of years. Physics needs to be known to properly design and maintain the proper functioning of these vehicles.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Physics Job Profile
Some popular Job Profiles for Physics graduates are listed below: -
After completing the course, students can teach physics in high school or give private tuition classes to school children.
Radiologists are expert professionals whose job is to interpret and study various images such as MRI scan, CT Scan and Ultrasound, which are used for medical purposes.
The job of a statistician is to collect statistics and do data analysis on those statistics before presenting them to their respective clients.
Treasury is the surplus funds of a particular institution. Treasury Specialists are people that manage these funds.
Quality Control Manager
Graduates from this field can get hired as Quality Control Managers in industries and laboratories in many industries.
Top Recruiters in Physics
Bachelors of Science in Physics is one of the most popular courses among students after they complete their school. So, there is a considerable amount of demand for such professionals in the market. Many top companies look for professionals in this field, some of these companies are: -
Reliance Industries Limited
Average salary (in Rs.)
Rs. 5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 15 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 5.5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 4.5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Quality Control Manager
Rs. 7.5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Physics
B.Sc. Physics is a very meticulous course and requires a very specific skill set. Students opting to go for B.Sc. in Physics are expected to possess the following skill traits: -
Observational Skills – The students shall be well- informed about his surroundings and his subject using more than one of his senses. He or she should be able to gather information well.
Experimental Skills – Experimental Skills are skills that a person acquires over time testing hypotheses, making assumptions, doing experiments and using scientific theories to do all these.
Avid Learning – Students should have an ever-learning attitude as the field is an ever-growing field, and new research is happening every day. To keep up with this, a person should be an avid learner.
Problem Solving skills – The students willing to pursue this course must be able to solve problems using simple and ad hoc methods. Students should bring something on the table that is outside the box.
Course Curriculum for Physics
B.Sc. in Physics is a three-year course which is divided into six semesters and deals with the complete scientific study of physics as the main subject. The course can be done on the campus or by distance education option via correspondence courses.
Many top universities like the Indira Gandhi Open University (IGNOU) Delhi, Netaji Subhash Open University (NSOU) Kolkata and School of Distance Education and Learning, Jaipur offer correspondence courses in Physics.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the best B.Sc. Physics colleges abroad?
- National University of Singapore, Singapore
- University of Oxford, United Kingdom
- Princeton University, United States of America
- University of Tokyo, Japan
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States of America
Question: What are the best women's colleges for B.Sc. Physics in India?
- Miranda House, New Delhi
- Shaheed Rajguru College of Applied Sciences for Women, New Delhi
- Ethiraj College for Women, Chennai
- Women's Christian College, Chennai
Question: What is the average fee of a B.Sc. Physics course?
The average fee of a B.Sc. Physics course can range from Rs.15,000 per annum to about Rs. 1,00,000 per annum.
Question: What are the top M.Sc. Physics colleges in India?
- Jadavpur University, Kolkata
- Madras Christian College, Chennai
- Loyola College, Chennai
- Ramjas College, New Delhi
- Fergusson College, Pune
Question: What are the top B.Sc. Physics colleges in India?
- St. Xavier's College, Mumbai and Ahmedabad
- Christ University, Bengaluru
- Hansraj College, New Delhi
- Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda College, Chennai
- Jadavpur University, Kolkata
Questions related to Physics
What are the UG courses available after 12th CBSE Physics, Chemistry & Biology as core subjects taken. Thanks
Hello hello ,
I am hoping that you are absolutely fine and doing well. As per your mentioned query, i would like to know you that there are ample of opportunities in medical field after class 12th. But due to lack of knowledge only few people know about these courses. So , here i am mentioning high salary courses after 12th.
- Medicine (MBBS)
- Dentistry (BDS)
- Nursing (B.Sc)
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Biomedical Sciences
- lpa Pharmacy (B. Pharm)
To know about the salary package kindly go through the given link :
I hope this helps you!!
if i am intrested in maths and physics which stream will suit me ?
The most popular after-tenth-grade programme is science, which is excellent for students who wish to work in engineering, medicine, or the pure sciences. The science stream covers topics like biology, mathematics, chemistry, and physics.
If you posses the interest in Maths and physics then Science stream can be a perfect option for you. The career scope in this field is also very great.
Hope this information helps you.
Whats the minimum eligibility percentage for bsc. Physics
The three-year, full-time Bachelor of Science in Physics program is designed to educate students the principles of physics and other disciplines that revolve around it. Electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, waves, calculus, semiconductors, optics, and statistics are among the disciplines covered in BSc Physics. The three-year BSc in Physics program is structured into six semesters, each of which includes a few theoretical subjects, laboratory subjects, and practical exams.
Students must pass Class 12 with a 50 percent aggregate in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as required subjects in order to be eligible for a BSc in Physics.
For more information, please visit the following link:
Sir, I have joined class 11th in a hsc board college. I am preparing for jee with physics wallah. after 11th in class 12th I want to change my college and want to join allen integrated coaching. Is it possible to get integrated coaching in 12th class?
As you have joined class 11th in a HSC board and you want to change your college to Allen integrated coaching so I would like to tell that you need to talk with the college authorities for that .
Only they can guide you in this matter ,about the process to get admitted,about the amount that would be needed during admission. All these things would be better if you can talk with those authorities.
what is the minimum cutoff of physics in WBJEE?
There are three categories of WBJEE Cut Off for the year 2024:
Eligibility Cut Off: This is the minimum score necessary to be eligible to take the WBJEE exam. Students must have achieved a minimum of 45% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and other major subjects in their 10+2 examinations.
Qualifying Cut Off: This represents the minimum mark required to pass the WBJEE examination. Students must meet this cut-off to become eligible for admission to various colleges in West Bengal.
Admission Cut Off: Admission rounds will be conducted at participating institutes based on the WBJEE 2024 qualifying marks and merit. These institutes will publish branch-wise and category-wise opening and closing ranks to determine admission eligibility.
For more information, please visit
I hope this answers your question.