# KEAM 2023 Exam - Dates, Application Form (Out), Eligibility, Pattern, Question Papers

*17 Mar, 2023 - 10 Apr, 2023*

**Latest Update for KEAM**

**18 Mar 2023:****KEAM 2023 application form****released; Direct link****13 Mar 2023:****KEAM 2023 exam date****announced. Check here.****04 Aug 2022:**

Stay up-to date with KEAM News

## About KEAM 2023

**KEAM 2023 **-** **Commissioner of Entrance Examination (CEE) has started the KEAM application form submission 2023 alongwith the release of KEAM official notification on the official website from March 17, 2023. The interested candidates can apply for the KEAM registration process till April 10, 2023. The KEAM 2023 exam date was announced earlier at, cee.kerala.gov.in. KEAM 2023 exam will be held on May 17, 2023. The candidates have to apply for KEAM application form 2023 to get admission to various courses in engineering colleges in Kerala.

The candidates have to register themselves to participate in the KEAM 2023 entrance test. Candidates are advised to fill out the application form before the last of applying to the KEAM 2023 application form. The application process for KEAM 2023 comprise many stages such as registration, filling application form, uploading documents, and payment of fees. Applicants looking for admissions to B.Tech & B.Arch courses offered by KEAM participating institutions must check the eligibility criteria before applying for the process.

To fill out the KEAM 2023 application form, applicants must have passed the Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala with a minimum aggregate of 45%. As per the KEAM exam 2023 eligibility criteria, the minimum age limit to fill the application form is 17 years. There is no upper age limit to fill KEAM application form 2023.

After completing the application form, the CEE Kerala will announce the KEAM correction date in 2023. Candidates can make corrections to their photo, signature, or name by logging in to KEAM 2023 candidate portal at cee.kerala.gov.in. The candidates will have to login into the website portal and click on the KEAM 2023 correction facility link to make corrections.

It is important for the aspirants appearing in KEAM 2023 exam to make a preparation strategy to crack the KEAM 2023 exam on the first attempt. To make an effective exam strategy, candidates are advised to go through KEAM 2023 syllabus and the solve previous year's question papers as much as they can. Applicants must also refer to the best books for KEAM 2023 for their preparations.

### What is KEAM Exam?

Every year the Commissioner Entrance Exam (CEE) Kerala conducts the Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical exam for the admissions to Engineering, Pharmacy, and Architecture courses. The KEAM exam duration is 2 hours and 30 minutes. The exam pattern consists of Multiple choice questions. and consists of Multiple Choice Questions.

Authorities will release the KEAM 2023 admit card at cee.kerala.gov.in. The candidates who complete the KEAM 2023 registration will be able to download the admit card through KEAM candidate login. The candidates will require login credentials such as application number and password to download KEAM hall ticket 2023.

The KEAM entrance exam is conducted to get admission into various UG courses such as Engineering/ Architecture/ Pharmacy/ Medical and allied sciences. The KEAM result will be announced on the website, the candidates have to visit the candidate portal and log in with the application number and password. After qualifying the result, the candidates will be able to participate in the counselling and will confirm their seat in the allotted institute/college. Read the article to know more about KEAM 2023 entrance examination, application form, result, cutoff eligibility criteria, counselling, seat allotment process, etc.

**KEAM Contact Details**

**Address:** The Commissioner for Entrance Examinations, Fifth Floor, Housing Board Buildings, Santhi Nagar, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 001.

**Phone:** 0471 2525300

**Fax: **0471 2337228

**Email:** ceekinfo.cee@kerala.gov.in

## KEAM 2023 Highlights

Full Exam Name | Kerala Engineering Architecture & Medical Examination |

Short Exam Name | KEAM |

Conducting Body | Commissioner for Entrance Examinations |

Frequency of Conduct | Once a year |

Exam Level | State Level Exam |

Languages | English |

Mode of Application | Online |

Application Fee (General) | 700 Rs [Online] |

Mode of Exam | Offline |

Mode of Counselling | Online |

Participating Colleges | 152 |

KEAM B.Tech - Duration | 5 Hours +1 More |

Number of Seats | B.Tech : 57680 Seats +1 More |

**Download all details about KEAM 2023**

## KEAM 2023 Important Dates

Upcoming Dates and Events

17 Mar, 2023 - 10 Apr, 2023

Application - Registration and fee payment | Mode: Online ^{Ongoing}

17 Mar, 2023 - 20 Apr, 2023

Application - Document uploading | Mode: Online ^{Ongoing}

10 May, 2023

Admit Card | Mode: Online

17 May, 2023

Exam | Mode: Offline

20 Jun, 2023 (Tentative)

Result | Mode: Online

20 Jul, 2023 (Tentative)

Rank list - Start Date | Mode: Online

The exam conducting authority has released the KEAM 2023 eligibility criteria in the official notification. Applicants appearing for the exam must check the eligibility criteria of KEAM 2023 before applying. The KEAM eligibility criteria for 2023 will include age limit, educational qualification, domicile, and other parameters. Applicants who would not be eligible will be disqualified from the admission process at the time of counselling. Check the detailed eligibility criteria below.

**Nationality**

Candidates must be of Indian nationality.

However, Persons of Indian Origin (PIO)/ Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) will also be eligible for KEAM 2023.

**Domicile**

Candidates must belong to the following categories -

Keralite, Non-Keralite Category I (NK I)

Non-Keralite Category II (NK II).

The candidates must have the domicile as proof of residence.

**KEAM 2023 Age Limit**

As per KEAM eligibility criteria 2023, the candidates must have attained the age of 17 years before December 2023.

No maximum age limit.

**Educational Requirements**

The applicants must have qualified for the Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala or equivalent exam with a minimum 45% aggregate in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

If a student has not studied a Chemistry subject during the 12th standard, then Computer Science marks will be considered. Further, if the candidate has also not studied Computer Science along with Chemistry, then the marks in Biotechnology will be considered. Finally, the Biology marks will be considered if the candidate has not studied any of the given subjects.

**KEAM 2023 Required Marks**

Candidates must have secured minimum aggregate marks of 45% in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Chemistry is an optional subject whereas Physics and Mathematics are compulsory.

Mode of Application : Online

Mode of Payment : Net Banking | Credit Card | Debit Card | Other

The KEAM 2023 application form is available on the official website cee.kerala.gov.in. The interested candidates have to apply for the KEAM 2023 online mode. The candidates have to fill out the application form including information such as personal and academic details, upload scanned copies of photographs signature, documents, and payment of fees. Applicants are advised to check the eligibility criteria first before applying for KEAM 2023.

### Steps to fill out the KEAM application form 2023

Follow the steps to fill out the KEAM 2023 application form with guidelines:

**KEAM Registration:**Visit the official website for KEAM registration 2023. Applicants will have to fill in the basic details like email ID, mobile number, and personal details, to register themselves. A mail will be sent to the application email ID after successful registration along with login ID and password details.**Filling out the KEAM application form:**Candidates will have to log in to the website again using the login ID and password sent to their emails. After that applicants have to fill in their personal, communication, education, and other details in the application form.**Payment of Fees:**After filling out the application form, candidates will have to pay the KEAM 2023 application fee to complete the application process. Candidates can pay the fees using Credit Card, Debit Card, Net Banking, or e-Challan. Candidates belonging to the ST category will be exempted from paying any application fees.**Uploading Photo and Signature:**In the next step, upload the documents as per the specified format. Applicants will have to upload the scanned image of the photograph and signature and other academic documents in the KEAM 2023 application form.

#### KEAM 2023 Document Uploading Format

Document | Dimension | Size & Format |

Signature | 150 x 100 pixels | 10 - 100 KB & JPEG/JPG |

Photograph | 150 x 200 pixels | 15 - 100 KB & JPEG/JPG |

Other Documents | - | 10 - 500 KB & PDF |

5. **Submitting the application form: **After completing all the steps of application form, finally to preview all the details carefully and submit the KEAM application form 2023.

#### Documents required to upload in KEAM 2023 application form

Candidates will have to upload the following documents as per the specified format in the KEAM application form.

Proof for Nativity (mandatory).

Proof for Date of Birth (mandatory).

Non-Creamy Layer Certificate/Community Certificate (if applicable).

Special Reservation Certificate (if applicable).

Income Certificate (if applicable).

10+2 exam certificate or equivalent

Scanned copy of your recent passport-sized photograph.

Scanned copy of your signature.

Aadhar card as proof of age

PAN card as an address proof

Other Relevant Certificates for claiming any other claims like NRI, Minority, etc.

### Application Fees

Category | Quota | Mode | Gender | Amount |
---|---|---|---|---|

OBC, General | Online | Female, Transgender, Male | ₹ 700 | |

SC | Online | Female, Transgender, Male | ₹ 300 |

### KEAM B.Tech Syllabus

### Mathematics

## Algebra |
---|

Sets, relations, and functions: Sets and their representations: Finite and infinite sets; empty set; equal sets; subsets; power set; universal set; Venn diagrams; complement of a set; operations on sets (union, intersection, and difference of set) |

Sets, relations, and functions: Applications of sets-ordered pairs, Cartesian product of two sets; relations, reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations |

Sets, relations, and functions: Domain, co-domain, and range-functions: Into, on to, one-one in to, one-one on to functions; constant function; identity function; composition of functions; invertible functions; binary operations |

Complex numbers: Complex numbers in the form a +ib; real and imaginary parts of a complex number; complex conjugate, Argand diagram, representation of complex number as a point in the plane; modulus and argument of a complex number |

Complex numbers: Algebra of complex numbers; triangle inequality; polar representation of a complex number and square root of a complex number. Solution of a quadratic equation in the complex number system |

Sequences and series: Sequence and examples of finite and infinite sequences; arithmetic progression (A.P.): First term, common difference, nth term and sum of n terms of an A.P.; arithmetic mean (A.M.) |

Sequences and series: Insertion of arithmetic means between any two given numbers; geometric progression (G.P): First term, common ratio, and nth term, sum to n terms, infinite GP and its sum. Geometric mean (G.M) |

Sequences and series: Insertion of geometric means, relation between A.M. and G.M. between any two given numbers. Formula for finding the sum of first n natural numbers |

Sequences and series: Sum of the squares of first n natural numbers and sum of the cubes of first n natural numbers |

Permutations, combinations, binomial theorem, and mathematical induction: Fundamental principle of counting; the factorial notation; permutation as an arrangement; meaning of P(n,r); combination: Meaning of C(n,r) |

Permutations, combinations, binomial theorem, and mathematical induction: Applications of permutations and combinations. Statement of binomial theorem |

Permutations, combinations, binomial theorem, and mathematical induction: Proof of binomial theorem for positive integral exponent using principle of mathematical induction and also by combinatorial method; general and middle terms in binomial expansions |

Permutations, combinations, binomial theorem, and mathematical induction: Properties of binomial coefficients; binomial theorem for any index (without proof); application of binomial theorem. The principle of mathematical induction, simple applications |

Matrices and determinants: Concept of a matrix; types of matrices; equality of matrices (only real entries may be considered): Operations of addition, scalar multiplication and multiplication of matrices |

Matrices and determinants: Statement of important results on operations of matrices and their verifications by numerical problem only; determinant of a square matrix; minors and cofactors; singular and non-singular matrices |

Matrices and determinants: Applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Concept of elementary row and column operations. Transpose, adjoint and inverse of a matrix; consistency and inconsistency of a system of linear equations |

Matrices and determinants: Solving system of linear equations in two or three variables using inverse of a matrix (only up to 3X3 determinants and matrices should be considered) |

Linear inequalities: Solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and its graphical representation; solution of system of linear inequalities in one variable; graphical solutions of linear inequalities in two variables |

Linear inequalities: Solution of system of Linear Inequalities in two variables |

Mathematical reasoning: Mathematically acceptable statements and their negation. Connecting words/phrases consolidating the understanding of if and only if condition, implies, and/or, implied by, there exists |

Mathematical reasoning: Validating the statements involving the connecting words, difference among contradiction, converse, and contrapositive |

## Trigonometry |
---|

Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Degree measures and radian measure of positive and negative angles; relation between degree measure and radian measure, definition of trigonometric functions with the help of a unit circle |

Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Periodic functions, concept of periodicity of trigonometric functions, value of trigonometric functions of x for x=0, trigonometric functions of sum and difference of numbers |

Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Trigonometric functions of multiple and submultiples of numbers. Conditional identities for the angles of a triangle, solution of trigonometric equations of the type Sin x = Sin a; Cos x = Cos a |

Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Tan x = Tan a and equations reducible to these forms. Proofs and simple application of sine and cosine formulae. Inverse trigonometric functions |

Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Range, domain, principal value branch, and graphs of inverse trigonometric functions |

Simple problems: Graph of the following trigonometric functions; y=Sin x; y=Cos x; y=Tan x; y= a Sin x; y = a Cos x, y = a Sin bx; y = a Cos bx |

## Geometry |
---|

Lines and family of lines: Cartesian system of coordinates in a plane, shifting of origin. Distance formula, slope of line, parallel, and perpendicular lines. Various forms of equations of a line parallel to axes, slope-intercept form |

Lines and family of lines: The slope point form, intercept form, normal form, general form, intersection of lines. Equation of bisectors of angle between two lines, angles between two lines, condition for concurrency of three lines |

Lines and family of lines: Distance of a point from a line, equations of family of lines through the intersection of two lines |

Conic sections: Sections of a cone. Circles, standard form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre. Equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard form and simple properties |

Vectors: Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector, types of vectors (equal vectors, unit vector, zero vector). Position vector of a point, localized and free vectors, parallel and collinear vectors, negative of a vector |

Vectors: Components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of point dividing a line segment in a given ratio, application of vectors in geometry. Scalar product of two vectors |

Vectors: Projection of a vector on a line, vector product of two vectors |

Three-dimensional geometry: Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensional space, coordinate of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction cosines, and direction ratios of a line joining two points |

Three-dimensional geometry: Projection of the join of two points on a given line, angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given, Cartesian and vector equation of a line through (i) a point and parallel to a given vector |

Three-dimensional geometry: Cartesian and vector equation of a line through (ii) through two points, collinearity of three points, coplanar, and skew lines, shortest distance between two lines, condition for the intersection of two lines |

Three-dimensional geometry: Cartesian and vector equation of a plane (i) when the normal vector and the distance of the plane from the origin is given, (ii) passing through a point and perpendicular to a given vector |

Three-dimensional geometry: Cartesian and vector equation of a plane (iii) passing through a point and parallel to two given lines through the intersection of two other planes (iv) containing two lines, (v) passing through three points |

Three-dimensional geometry: Angle between (i) two lines (ii) two planes (iii) a line and a plane, condition of coplanarity of two lines in vector and Cartesian form, length of perpendicular of a point from a plane by both vector and Cartesian methods |

## Statistics |
---|

Statistics and probability: Mean deviation, variance, standard deviation for grouped an ungrouped data. Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances. Random experiments and sample space, events as subset of a sample space |

Statistics and probability: Occurrence of an event, sure and impossible events, exhaustive events, algebra of events, meaning of equality likely outcomes, mutually exclusive events. Probability of an event; theorems on probability |

Statistics and probability: Addition rule, multiplication rule, independent experiments and events. Finding P (A or B), P (A and B), Bayes' theorem, random variables, probability distribution of a random variable and its mean and variance |

Statistics and probability: Repeated independent (Bernoulli) trials and binomial distribution |

## Calculus |
---|

Functions, limits, and continuity: Concept of a real function; its domain and range; modulus function, greatest integer function: Signum functions; trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions and their graphs |

Functions, limits, and continuity: Composite functions, inverse of a function. Limit of a function; meaning and related notations; left and right hand limits; fundamental theorems on limits without proof |

Functions, limits, and continuity: Continuity of a function at a point, over an open/ closed interval; sum, product, and quotient of continuous functions |

Functions, limits, and continuity: Continuity of special functions-polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, and inverse trigonometric functions |

Differentiation: Derivative of a function; its geometrical and physical significance; relationship between continuity and differentiability; derivatives of polynomial, basic trigonometric, exponential |

Differentiation: Logarithmic and inverse trigonometric functions from first principles; derivatives of sum, difference, product, and quotient of functions; derivatives of polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic |

Differentiation: Inverse trigonometric and implicit functions; logarithmic differentiation; derivatives of functions expressed in parametric form; chain rule and differentiation by substitution; derivatives of second order |

Application of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities; tangents and normals; increasing and decreasing functions and sign of the derivatives; maxima and minima; greatest and least values; Rolle's theorem and nean value theorem |

Application of derivatives: Approximation by differentials. Simple problems |

Indefinite integrals: Integration as inverse of differentiation; properties of integrals; integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions; integration by substitution; integration by parts |

Indefinite integrals: Integration of rational functions; partial fractions and their use in integration |

Definite integrals: Definite integral as limit of a sum; fundamental theorems of integral calculus without proof |

Definite integrals: Application of definite integrals in finding areas bounded by a curve, circle, parabola, and ellipse in standard form between two ordinates and x-axis; area between two curves, line and circle; line and parabola: Line and ellipse |

Differential equations: Definition; order and degree; general and particular solutions of a differential equation; formation of differential equations whose general solution is given; solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables |

Differential equations: Homogeneous differential equations of first order and their solutions |

Linear programming: Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimisation, different types of linear programming problems, mathematical formulation of linear programming problems |

Linear programming: Graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints) |

### Physics

## Physical world and measurement |
---|

Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; physics, technology, and society |

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures |

Need for measurement: Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications |

## Kinematics |
---|

Frame of reference, motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity |

Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment) |

Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion |

Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity |

Unit Vectors |

Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components |

Scalar and vector products of vectors |

Motion in a plane |

Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion |

Uniform circular motion |

## Laws of motion |
---|

Intuitive concept of force |

Inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum and Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion |

Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications |

Equilibrium of concurrent forces |

Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication |

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road) |

## Work, energy, and power |
---|

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power |

Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces |

Motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimension |

## Motion of system particles and rigid body rotation |
---|

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion |

Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod, circular ring, disc, and sphere |

Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples |

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration |

Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation) |

Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications |

## Gravitation |
---|

Kepler's laws of planetary motion |

The universal law of gravitation |

Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth |

Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential |

Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite |

Geostationary satellites |

## Properties of bulk matter |
---|

Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson's ratio; elastic energy |

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes) |

Effect of gravity on fluid pressure |

Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, Reynold's number, streamline and turbulent flow |

Critical velocity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications |

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise |

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases |

Anomalous expansion |

Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv-calorimetry; change of state-latent heat |

Heat transfer-conduction and thermal conductivity, convection, and radiation |

Qualitative ideas of black body radiation, Wien's displacement law, and green house effect |

Newton's law of cooling and Stefan's law |

## Thermodynamics |
---|

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics) |

Heat, work, and internal energy |

First law of thermodynamics |

Isothermal and adiabatic processes |

Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes |

Heat engines and refrigerators |

## Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory |
---|

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas |

Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure |

Avogadro's number |

Kinetic energy and temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path |

## Oscillations and waves |
---|

Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time |

Periodic functions |

Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM-kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period |

Free, forced, and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance |

Wave motion |

Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion |

Displacement relation for a progressive wave |

Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics |

Beats |

Doppler effect |

## Electrostatics |
---|

Electric charges and their conservation |

Coulomb's law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution |

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field |

Electric flux, statement of Gauss's theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside) |

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field |

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor |

Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor |

Van De Graaff generator |

## Current electricity |
---|

Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power |

Electrical resistivity and conductivity |

Carbon resistors colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance |

Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel |

Kirchhoff 's laws and simple applications |

Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge |

Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell |

## Magnetic effects of current and magnetism |
---|

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment |

Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop |

Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids |

Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields |

Cyclotron |

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field |

Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors, definition of ampere |

Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter |

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment |

Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron |

Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis |

Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid |

Magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements |

Para-, dia-, and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples |

Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths |

Permanent magnets |

## Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents |
---|

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced EMF and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents |

Self and mutual inductance |

Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current |

AC generator and transformer |

## Electromagnetic waves |
---|

Need for displacement current |

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only) |

Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves |

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses |

## Optics |
---|

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula |

Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker's formula |

Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror |

Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism |

Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset |

Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses |

Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers |

Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens' principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens' principle. Interference |

Wave optics: Young's double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light |

Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum |

Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes |

Polarisation, plane polarised light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarised light and polaroids |

## Dual nature of matter and radiation |
---|

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light |

Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation |

Davisson-Germer experiment |

## Atoms and nuclei |
---|

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum |

Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones |

Radioactivity-alpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law |

Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission and fusion |

## Electronic devices |
---|

Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode |

Zener diode as a voltage regulator |

Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier, transistor as a switch (common emitter configuration) and oscillator |

Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR) |

## Communication systems |
---|

Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV, and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium |

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation |

Need for modulation |

Production and detection of an amplitude-modulated wave |

### Chemistry

## Some basic concepts of chemistry |
---|

General introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry |

Historical approach to particulate nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of elements, atoms, and molecules |

Atomic and molecular masses |

Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry |

## Structure of atom |
---|

Discovery of electron, proton, and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars |

Thompson's model and its limitations, Rutherford's model and its limitations, Bohr's model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, De Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle |

Concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals-Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of atoms |

Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals |

## Classification of elements and periodicity in properties |
---|

Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table |

Periodic trends in properties of elements-atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence |

Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100 |

## Chemical bonding and molecular structure |
---|

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory |

Concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only) |

Hydrogen bond |

## States of matter: Gases, liquids, and solids |
---|

Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle's law, Charle's law, Gay Lussac's law, Avogadro's law, ideal behaviour |

Empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, ideal gas equation |

Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature |

Liquid state-vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations) |

Solid state-classification of solids based on different binding forces: Molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids(elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices |

Solid state-calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, band theory of metals ,conductors |

Solid state-semiconductors and insulators, and n and p type semiconductors |

## Thermodynamics |
---|

Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions |

First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess's law of constant heat summation |

Enthalpy of: Bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution |

Introduction of entropy as a state function, second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium |

Third law of thermodynamics-brief introduction |

## Equilibrium |
---|

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier's principle; ionic equilibrium-ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes |

Degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples) |

## Redox reactions and electrochemistry |
---|

Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers, applications of redox reactions |

Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and galvanic cells |

Lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells |

Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion |

## Solutions |
---|

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties-relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law, elevation of B.P., depression of freezing point |

Osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Vant Hoff factor |

## Chemical kinetics |
---|

Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction |

Rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment) |

Activation energy, Arrhenius equation |

## Surface chemistry |
---|

Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids; catalysis: Homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: Enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: Distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions |

Lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions-types of emulsions |

## Hydrogen and s-block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) |
---|

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water |

Hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, use, and structure; hydrogen as a fuel |

Group 1 and group 2 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship |

Group 1 and group 2 elements: Trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses |

Group 1 and group 2 elements: Preparation and properties of some important compounds-sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium |

Group 1 and group 2 elements: CaO, CaCO3, and industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca |

## P-block elements |
---|

General Introduction to p-block elements |

Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron- physical and chemical properties |

Group 13 elements: Some important compounds-borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: Uses, reactions with acids and alkalis |

Group 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element |

Group 14 elements: Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: Oxides. Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: Silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses |

Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen-preparation, properties and uses |

Group 15 elements: Compounds of nitrogen: Preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous-allotropic forms |

Group 15 elements: Compounds of phosphorous-preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only) |

Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: Preparation, properties, and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur-allotropic forms |

Group 16 elements: Compounds of sulphur-preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: Industrial process of manufacture, properties, and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only) |

Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid |

Group 17 elements: Interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structures only) |

Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses |

## D and f block elements |
---|

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals-metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour |

Catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation |

Preparation and Properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4 |

Lanthanoids-electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction, and its consequences |

Actinoids-electronic configuration, oxidation states, and comparison with lanthenoids |

## Coordination compounds |
---|

Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, bonding, Werner's theory VBT,CFT |

Coordination compounds: Isomerism (structural and stereo) importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and biological systems) |

## General principles and processes of isolation of elements |
---|

Principles and methods of extraction-concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc, and iron |

## Organic chemistry-some basic principles and techniques |
---|

General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds |

Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation |

Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: Free radicals, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions |

## Hydrocarbons |
---|

Classification of Hydrocarbons |

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkanes-nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis |

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkenes-nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation |

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkenes-chemical reactions: Addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition |

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkynes-nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: Acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of-hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water |

Aromatic hydrocarbons-Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; benzene: Resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution-nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft's alkylation and acylation |

Aromatic hydrocarbons-directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity |

## Haloalkanes and Haloarenes |
---|

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation |

Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects of-dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT |

## Alcohols, phenols, and ethers |
---|

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses, with special reference to methanol and ethanol |

Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols |

Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses |

## Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids |
---|

Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses |

Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses |

## Organic compounds containing nitrogen |
---|

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and isocyanides-will be mentioned at relevant places in context |

Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry |

## Biomolecules |
---|

Carbohydrates-classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): Importance |

Proteins-elementary idea of a-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes |

Hormones-elementary idea (excluding structure) |

Vitamins-classification and functions |

Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA |

## Polymers |
---|

Classification-natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization |

Some important polymers: Natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters, bakelite, rubber |

Biodegradable and non-Biodegradable polymers |

## Chemistry in everyday life |
---|

Chemicals in medicines-analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines |

Chemicals in food-preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants |

Cleansing agents-soaps and detergents, cleansing action. |

## Environmental chemistry |
---|

Environmental pollution-air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants |

Acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes |

Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution; strategy for control of environmental pollution |

### KEAM B.Pharma Syllabus

### Physics

## Physical world and measurement |
---|

Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; physics, technology, and society |

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures |

Need for measurement: Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications |

## Kinematics |
---|

Frame of reference, motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity |

Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment) |

Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion |

Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity |

Unit Vectors |

Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components |

Scalar and vector products of vectors |

Motion in a plane |

Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion |

Uniform circular motion |

## Laws of motion |
---|

Intuitive concept of force |

Inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum and Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion |

Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications |

Equilibrium of concurrent forces |

Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication |

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road) |

## Work, energy, and power |
---|

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power |

Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces |

Motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimension |

## Motion of system particles and rigid body rotation |
---|

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion |

Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod, circular ring, disc, and sphere |

Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples |

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration |

Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation) |

Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications |

## Gravitation |
---|

Kepler's laws of planetary motion |

The universal law of gravitation |

Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth |

Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential |

Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite |

Geostationary satellites |

## Properties of bulk matter |
---|

Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson's ratio; elastic energy |

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes) |

Effect of gravity on fluid pressure |

Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, Reynold's number, streamline and turbulent flow |

Critical velocity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications |

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise |

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases |

Anomalous expansion |

Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv-calorimetry; change of state-latent heat |

Heat transfer-conduction and thermal conductivity, convection, and radiation |

Qualitative ideas of black body radiation, Wien's displacement law, and green house effect |

Newton's law of cooling and Stefan's law |

## Thermodynamics |
---|

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics) |

Heat, work, and internal energy |

First law of thermodynamics |

Isothermal and adiabatic processes |

Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes |

Heat engines and refrigerators |

## Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory |
---|

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas |

Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure |

Avogadro's number |

Kinetic energy and temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path |

## Oscillations and waves |
---|

Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time |

Periodic functions |

Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM-kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period |

Free, forced, and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance |

Wave motion |

Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion |

Displacement relation for a progressive wave |

Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics |

Beats |

Doppler effect |

## Electrostatics |
---|

Electric charges and their conservation |

Coulomb's law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution |

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field |

Electric flux, statement of Gauss's theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside) |

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field |

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor |

Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor |

Van De Graaff generator |

## Current electricity |
---|

Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power |

Electrical resistivity and conductivity |

Carbon resistors colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance |

Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel |

Kirchhoff 's laws and simple applications |

Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge |

Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell |

## Magnetic effects of current and magnetism |
---|

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment |

Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop |

Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids |

Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields |

Cyclotron |

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field |

Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors, definition of ampere |

Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter |

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment |

Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron |

Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis |

Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid |

Magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements |

Para-, dia-, and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples |

Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths |

Permanent magnets |

## Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents |
---|

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced EMF and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents |

Self and mutual inductance |

Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current |

AC generator and transformer |

## Electromagnetic waves |
---|

Need for displacement current |

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only) |

Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves |

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses |

## Optics |
---|

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula |

Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker's formula |

Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror |

Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism |

Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset |

Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses |

Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers |

Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens' principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens' principle. Interference |

Wave optics: Young's double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light |

Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum |

Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes |

Polarisation, plane polarised light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarised light and polaroids |

## Dual nature of matter and radiation |
---|

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation-particle nature of light |

Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation |

Davisson-Germer experiment |

## Atoms and nuclei |
---|

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum |

Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones |

Radioactivity-alpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law |

Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission and fusion |

## Electronic devices |
---|

Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode |

Zener diode as a voltage regulator |

Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier, transistor as a switch (common emitter configuration) and oscillator |

Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR) |

## Communication systems |
---|

Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV, and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium |

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation |

Need for modulation |

Production and detection of an amplitude-modulated wave |

### Chemistry

## Some basic concepts of chemistry |
---|

General introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry |

Historical approach to particulate nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of elements, atoms, and molecules |

Atomic and molecular masses |

Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry |

## Structure of atom |
---|

Discovery of electron, proton, and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars |

Thompson's model and its limitations, Rutherford's model and its limitations, Bohr's model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, De Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle |

Concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals-Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of atoms |

Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals |

## Classification of elements and periodicity in properties |
---|

Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table |

Periodic trends in properties of elements-atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence |

Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100 |

## Chemical bonding and molecular structure |
---|

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory |

Concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only) |

Hydrogen bond |

## States of matter: Gases, liquids, and solids |
---|

Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle's law, Charle's law, Gay Lussac's law, Avogadro's law, ideal behaviour |

Empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, ideal gas equation |

Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature |

Liquid state-vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations) |

Solid state-classification of solids based on different binding forces: Molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids(elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices |

Solid state-calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, band theory of metals ,conductors |

Solid state-semiconductors and insulators, and n and p type semiconductors |

## Thermodynamics |
---|

Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions |

First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess's law of constant heat summation |

Enthalpy of: Bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution |

Introduction of entropy as a state function, second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium |

Third law of thermodynamics-brief introduction |

## Equilibrium |
---|

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier's principle; ionic equilibrium-ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes |

Degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples) |

## Redox reactions and electrochemistry |
---|

Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers, applications of redox reactions |

Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and galvanic cells |

Lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells |

Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion |

## Solutions |
---|

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties-relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law, elevation of B.P., depression of freezing point |

Osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Vant Hoff factor |

## Chemical kinetics |
---|

Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction |

Rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment) |

Activation energy, Arrhenius equation |

## Surface chemistry |
---|

Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids; catalysis: Homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: Enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: Distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions |

Lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions-types of emulsions |

## Hydrogen and s-block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) |
---|

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water |

Hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, use, and structure; hydrogen as a fuel |

Group 1 and group 2 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship |

Group 1 and group 2 elements: Trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses |

Group 1 and group 2 elements: Preparation and properties of some important compounds-sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium |

Group 1 and group 2 elements: CaO, CaCO3, and industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca |

## P-block elements |
---|

General Introduction to p-block elements |

Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron- physical and chemical properties |

Group 13 elements: Some important compounds-borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: Uses, reactions with acids and alkalis |

Group 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element |

Group 14 elements: Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: Oxides. Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: Silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses |

Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen-preparation, properties and uses |

Group 15 elements: Compounds of nitrogen: Preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous-allotropic forms |

Group 15 elements: Compounds of phosphorous-preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only) |

Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: Preparation, properties, and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphur-allotropic forms |

Group 16 elements: Compounds of sulphur-preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: Industrial process of manufacture, properties, and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only) |

Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid |

Group 17 elements: Interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structures only) |

Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses |

## D and f block elements |
---|

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals-metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour |

Catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation |

Preparation and Properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4 |

Lanthanoids-electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction, and its consequences |

Actinoids-electronic configuration, oxidation states, and comparison with lanthenoids |

## Coordination compounds |
---|

Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, bonding, Werner's theory VBT,CFT |

Coordination compounds: Isomerism (structural and stereo) importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and biological systems) |

## General principles and processes of isolation of elements |
---|

Principles and methods of extraction-concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc, and iron |

## Organic chemistry-some basic principles and techniques |
---|

General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds |

Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation |

Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: Free radicals, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions |

## Hydrocarbons |
---|

Classification of Hydrocarbons |

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkanes-nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis |

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkenes-nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation |

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkenes-chemical reactions: Addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition |

Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkynes-nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: Acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of-hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water |

Aromatic hydrocarbons-Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; benzene: Resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution-nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft's alkylation and acylation |

Aromatic hydrocarbons-directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity |

## Haloalkanes and Haloarenes |
---|

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation |

Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects of-dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT |

## Alcohols, phenols, and ethers |
---|

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses, with special reference to methanol and ethanol |

Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols |

Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses |

## Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids |
---|

Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses |

Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses |

## Organic compounds containing nitrogen |
---|

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and isocyanides-will be mentioned at relevant places in context |

Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry |

## Biomolecules |
---|

Carbohydrates-classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): Importance |

Proteins-elementary idea of a-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes |

Hormones-elementary idea (excluding structure) |

Vitamins-classification and functions |

Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA |

## Polymers |
---|

Classification-natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization |

Some important polymers: Natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters, bakelite, rubber |

Biodegradable and non-Biodegradable polymers |

## Chemistry in everyday life |
---|

Chemicals in medicines-analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines |

Chemicals in food-preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants |

Cleansing agents-soaps and detergents, cleansing action. |

## Environmental chemistry |
---|

Environmental pollution-air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants |

Acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes |

Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution; strategy for control of environmental pollution |

#### Following the below KEAM 2023 preparation tips to score better in the examination:

Make a timetable to study in such a way so that you can cover all the subjects and topics before the exam.

Read the complete exam pattern and syllabus carefully and make preparations accordingly.

Go through the previous year’s question papers to get an idea of what type of questions were asked.

Solving mock tests regularly will be helpful in your preparations. It will also help you in discovering your weak points.

Make sure to cover all the topics and understand the basic concept of every topic. By making a strong foundation, you will be able to understand complex topics as well.

Revision plays an important role to boost preparation. Revise the topics on the daily basis before proceeding to new topics.

Read from fewer sources, but the best sources and books and revise the same as much as you can.

#### Recommended Books for KEAM 2023 Preparation

The following are some best-recommended books for preparation for the KEAM 2023 exam:

Mathematics: NCERT, S. Aggarwal and R.D. Sharma

Physics: NCERT, C. Verma, and D.C. Pandey

Chemistry: NCERT, P. Tandon (Physical and Inorganic Chemistry) and Arihant Publication (Organic Chemistry)

The CEE has released the KEAM 2023 exam pattern in the official notification. Applicants preparing for the exam must know the KEAM exam pattern 2023. The candidates can make their exam preparation strategy on the basis of the exam pattern. The exam pattern include the making scheme, number of questions, mode of examination, duration of exam, and other details. Read and understand the KEAM exam pattern 2023 carefully, as this will be helpful for candidates to be confident about their studies. According to CEE guidelines, B. Pharma candidates will have to attempt only Paper I of KEAM 2023. KEAM exam pattern is given in the table below.

#### KEAM Exam Pattern 2023 - Paper 1

KEAM 2023 Exam for B. Tech is divided into two parts - Paper I and Paper II. The exam pattern for Paper I is as follows :

Paper Name | Paper I |

Subjects | Physics and Chemistry |

Number of questions | 120 |

Marks | 480 marks |

Total Duration | 2 hours 30 minutes (150 minutes) |

Question Type | Multiple Choice, Objective-based questions |

Negative Marking | 4 marks awarded for every right answer and 1 mark is deducted for every wrong answer |

**NOTE:** The students who have selected Pharmacy have to appear for Paper I of KEAM 2023.

#### KEAM Exam Pattern 2023 - Paper 2

The exam pattern for Paper II is as follows:

Paper Name | Paper II |

Subjects | Mathematics |

Number of questions | 120 |

Marks | 480 marks |

Total Time Duration | 2 hours 30 minutes (150 minutes) |

Question Type | Multiple Choice, Objective-based questions |

Negative Marking | 4 marks awarded for every right answer and 1 mark is deducted for every wrong answer |

The exam conducting authority will release the KEAM admit card 2023 on the official website. Applicants will be able to download the KEAM admit card 2023 using their application number and password. The KEAM 2023 admit card will have the details of the exam such as personal details, date of exam, examination center, exam day guidelines, and others. Candidates can contact the authorities in case of any discrepancy in the admit card. Check below the steps to download the KEAM 2023 admit card.

#### How to download KEAM admit card 2023

Visit the KEAM official website.

Click on the KEAM 2023 admit card link to download the admit card.

Enter the login credentials in the required fields - application number and password.

KEAM admit card 2023 will appear on the screen.

Download the KEAM admit card for future reference.

#### Details printed on the KEAM 2023 Admit Card

Candidates can check the following details on their admit card,

Candidate's Name

Roll Number

Application Number

KEAM 2023 Exam Date & Time

Venus of Exam Centre

Photograph

Signature

#### KEAM 2023 Exam Day Guidelines

Candidates must bring their print copy of KEAM 2023 admit card at the examination centre.

The candidates will have to carry an original photo ID proof along with recent passport-size photographs and a blue ballpoint pen.

The candidates will not be allowed to carry any items inside the examination centre such as pencil, correction fluid, eraser, calculator, logarithm table, mobile phones, electronic gadgets, etc.

Candidates are advised to reach the examination center at least 30 minutes before the reporting time.

Candidates will be allowed to leave the exam hall before the end of the KEAM 2023 examination.

## KEAM 2023 Exam Centers

State | City |
---|---|

Kerala | Alappuzha |

Thiruvananthapuram | |

Kollam | |

Pathanamthitta | |

Thodupuzha | |

Kottayam | |

Ernakulam | |

Thrissur | |

Palakkad | |

Malappuram | |

Kozhikode | |

Kannur | |

Kasaragod | |

Kattappana | |

Maharashtra | Mumbai |

Delhi | New Delhi |

## Documents Required at Exam

- Government issued photo id
- Admit card of KEAM 2023

The Commissioner of Entrance Examination (CEE), Kerala will release the KEAM 2023 answer key in PDF format. To check the anser key, candidates will have to login to the website using the application number and password. In case of any objection, the candidates will be allowed to raise objections against the KEAM answer key before the last date.

### Steps to download KEAM answer key 2023

Visit the KEAM official website at cee.kerala.gov.in

Click on the KEAM answer key 2023 official link.

The KEAM 2023 answer key pdf will appear on the screen.

Download the answer key and use it to calculate scores.

Save it for future reference.

**152**Engineering Colleges Accepting Admission through KEAM

The authorities will release the KEAM result 2023 at cee.kerala.gov.in. The candidates who appeared in the exam will be able to check the result using the application number and password. The KEAM 2023 result will include the marks scored by candidates. The score will decide their admission to various Engineering and Pharmacy colleges of students. After the declaration of the KEAM results, the counseling process will start in a few weeks. The qualified students will be able to participate in the KEAM 2023 counselling session. Candidates will be allotted colleges based on their KEAM score 2023. Steps to check KEAM results are given below.

### How to check KEAM 2023 Result/Score?

Visit the KEAM official website at cee.kerala.gov.in.

Click on the KEAM 2023 results link to check the result.

Enter the application number and password.

KEAM result 2023 will appear on the screen.

Download the KEAM rank card/result for future reference.

### Details mentioned on the KEAM Result 2023

Applicants can check the following details mentioned on the result of KEAM:

Candidate's Name

Application Number

Roll Number

Marks secured by the candidates

Qualifying Marks

Category

### KEAM Toppers 2021

Rank | Toppers Name |

1 | FAIZ HASHIM |

2 | HARISHANKAR M |

3 | NAYAN KISHORE NAIR |

4 | SAHAL K |

5 | GOVIND G S |

6 | AMJAD KHAN U K |

7 | AARUSHI PRASHANTH |

8 | PRIYANKA PALERI |

9 | ANURADHA ASOKAN NAIR |

10 | NAUFRAN NEYAS |

The KEAM cutoff 2023 will be released after a few weeks of the answer key. Candidates will have to qualify for the cutoff for admission into the participating institutes. The Cutoff of KEAM 2023 will be released rank-wise where students can check their ranks based on their KEAM scores. The KEAM admission will be based on the rank secured in the entrance test. Only the qualified candidates will be eligible for counselling and the seat allotment process.

### KEAM Cutoff 2023 - Determining Factors

The key factors which determine the KEAM 2023 cutoff are:

Marks secured in KEAM 2023.

Marking Scheme.

Cutoff trends of the previous year.

Number of Available seat colleges.

The difficulty level of KEAM 2023.

### KEAM Cutoff - Previous Year's

The table below shows the previous year's cutoff of KEAM,

Rounds | KEAM 2021 last ranks | KEAM 2020 Last Ranks | KEAM 2019 Cutoff | KEAM 2018 Cutoff |

Trial Round | ||||

Round 1 | ||||

Round 2 | ||||

Round 3 | ||||

Round 4 | - |

Mode of Counselling: Online

After the declaration of the KEAM results, the exam conducting authority will commence the KEAM 2023 counselling within few weeks. The counselling process of KEAM 2023 will include registration, choice filling, seat allotment, document verification, and admission confirmation. Applicants will have to apply for the KEAM counselling registration and choice filling from the official website. The seat allotment result of KEAM 2023 will be released on the basis of choices filled by the candidates. KEAM 2023 counselling process is given below.

### How To Apply for KEAM 2023 Counselling Registration Process?

**Online Registration -**Candidates will have to login to the website using their Application Number and Password.**Filling the Options -**Fill out the form and select the college as much as you can. Candidates will have to choose colleges and courses as per their preference. Moreover, They can edit their options as well using the edit button. Once the selection of college and courses preference is done click on the ‘Save’ button.**Review and Take Printout -**Take the printout of the counselling regristration form for admission purposes.

## KEAM 2023 Selection Process

### KEAM B.Tech Selection Process

Admissions to BTech programs are to be done on the basis of merit. An equal weightage of 50:50 is to be given to marks in the Entrance Examination for Engineering (Paper I & Paper II both) and the grade or marks for Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry together in twelfth grade or senior secondary. If the applicant has not studied Chemistry, Computer Science will be considered.

If the applicant has not studied Chemistry and Computer Science, Biotechnology will be considered. If the applicant has not studied Chemistry, Computer Science, and Biotechnology, the marks obtained in Biology will be taken into consideration.

### KEAM B.Pharma Selection Process

Selection process for B. Pharma defines the steps taken by the authorities for allotment of seats to students. Seats are allotted to the B. Pharma course on the basis of marks obtained in the Paper-I (Physics & Chemistry) of the KEAM 2023 and the rank list is prepared based on these criteria.

## Documents Required at Counselling

- Physical fitness test
- KEAM admit card 2023
- KEAM Score Card 2023
- Proof of date of birth
- Allotment memo issued by CEE
- Fee receipt issued by bank
- 10+2th standard mark sheet and pass certificate
- Transfer certificate from last attended institute
- Conduct certificate from last attended institutes
- Eligibility certificate (for applicants who have passed more than one qualifying examination conducted by CEE)
- Migration certificate (if applicable)

## General Information

## Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**Question:**What is the KEAM 2023 cutoff?

**Answer:**

The candidates will have to qualify for the KEAM Cutoff 2023 to be eligible for admission.

**Question:**If I forget the KEAM 2023 password, how do I retrieve it?

**Answer:**

Candidates will have to click on the ‘Forgot password’ option in the candidate portal and follow the procedure.

**Question:**How the seat allotment process will be done?

**Answer:**

Candidates will be allotted seats as per their merit, preference, category, and availability of seats. Candidates will have to confirm their admission by verifying their documents and paying the tuition fee.

**Question:**What is the counselling process of KEAM 2023?

**Answer:**

To participate in KEAM 2023 counselling process candidates will have to fill the registration form, and choose the courses and colleges as per their preferences.

**Question:**How will the rank list be prepared for KEAM 2023?

**Answer:**

The KEAM 2023 rank list will be prepared on the basis of rank secured in the KEAM exam and class 12th in the ratio of 50:50, i.e equal weightage will be given to both scores.

**Question:**I belong to the General category. Is it mandatory to submit an Income certificate?

**Answer:**

Candidates who belong to the general category will not require an income certificate. But the candidates (General Category) who wish to avail benefits such as concession/scholarships must have to upload an Income Certificate to the online application portal.

**Question:**Will I be able to change my KEAM 2023 exam center?

**Answer:**

Yes, the exam authorities will open the facility to change KEAM 2023 exam centres for a certain time period.

**Question:**What if I mentioned the wrong details in the KEAM application form? Will it be rejected?

**Answer:**

No. The candidates will be given another chance as KEAM correction facility 2023 on the website in which they can make corrections to their application form.

**Question:**What is the process for applying KEAM 2023 online?

**Answer:**

Candidates have to follow five steps to apply for KEAM 2023.

Step 1: Registration

Step 2: Fill Application Form

Step 3: Pay Application Fee

Step 4: Upload Images and Certificates

Step 5: Print Confirmation Page

**Question:**When will the application form for KEAM 2023 be available?

**Answer:**

CEE Kerala has released the application form of KEAM 2023 in online mode on March 17, 2023.

**Question:**What is the marking scheme of KEAM 2023?

**Answer:**

There will be MCQ questions. For each correct answer, Four marks will be awarded and one mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.

**Question:**What is the mode of KEAM 2023 exam?

**Answer:**

KEAM 2023 exam will be conducted in offline mode (OMR Sheet).

**Question:**I forget my KEAM password. Can I reset it?

**Answer:**

Yes, candidates will be able to reset a password. Click on "Forget Password" and submit the application number, date of birth, and email ID. A link will be sent via email to reset the password. Click on it and set a new password.

**Question:**What is the exam date of KEAM 2023?

**Answer:**

KEAM 2023 will be held on May 17, 2023.

## Questions related to KEAM

### Can I get admission in Rajagiri college of engineering without KEAM?

Students are required to qualify the KEAM/JEE exam to get admission in the Rajagiri college. Students are required to register themselves through colleges official website, and submit the required documents.

### Can I get admission in TKM without KEAM?

Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Engineering considers applicants who have not appeared in KEAM. the college reserved 15% of management quota. TKM College of engineering Admission

### What is the age limit of KEAM 2023?

The candidate’s minimum age should be 17 years on or before 31st December 2023. There will be no upper age limit for Engineering, Architecture, and B.Pharm Courses.

### Where can applicants apply for KEAM 2023?

The KEAM 2023 application form is available on CEE Kerala's official website.

### What is KEAM?

It is a state-level entrance examination administered by the Office of the Admissions Commission under the auspices of the Government of Kerala.