- Mode: Distance
- Duration: 1 Year
- Offered by: JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru
The discipline “TISSUE CULTURE” a novel concept of culturing totipotent single cells and developing the plants that is challenging to the environmental habitat including to the dominating pathogens that cause diseases. Gottlieb Haberlandt, the father of plant tissue culture, established this unique process that involves the cultivation of embryo and culturing of vegetative cells in vitro and acclimatizing in vivo. Tissue culture has at most priority in the fields of Plant Breeding, Plant Propagation and Plant Biotechnology. It has become one of the most reliable and dependent technology among the plant science study. Inclusive of Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering this branch of science can revolutionize the existing system. This branch has been exploited and explored in different contexts viz., Industrial, Commercial production of saplings and Research and development etc.,
On the other hand, cell culture technique enables to understand the structure and functions of cells which is programmed by Genetic Engineering tools and techniques for the production of vaccines, interferon, clinical substances viz., growth hormones, monoclonal antibody production, stem cells etc.,
In the current scenario tissue cultured plantlets are on demand in the country. It is estimated that around 200 crores of turnover in the domestic market is proving its potency with 20% annual growth. There are more than 70 commercial tissue culture units established in the country. This field of science is also supported by Department of Biotechnology (DBT) in various research institutions and Universities for improving the protocols that can be extralopated to the different fields viz., State Agriculture Department, Agri ExportZones (AEZs), Spice Board, Sugar industry, Paper industry, Medicinal plant industry and StateForest Departments etc.,
Graduation in science recognized by UGC with biology as one of the subjects.