SAAT 2022 Exam  Application Form (Out), Dates, Admit Card, Result, Counselling
Latest Update for SAAT
 25 Jun 2022:
SAAT 2022 phase 2 result has been announced.
 17 Jun 2022:
SAAT 2022 application window for phase 3 has been made available.
 27 Apr 2022:
SAAT 2022 result for phase 1 to be out soon.
Stay upto date with SAAT News
About SAAT 2022
Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University has started declaring the SAAT 2022 phase 2 result at admission.soa.ac.in. The SAAT 2022 for phase 2 was held from June 9 to 12, The university has opened the SAAT application window 2022 for phase 3 exam in online mode. The last date to apply for SAAT 2022 phase 2 was June 7. Before starting the application process, candidates are advised to go through the SAAT eligibility criteria 2022 to check if they are eligible for admission or not.
LATEST SAAT 2022 UPDATES: To fill SAAT application form 2022 for phase 3  Click here
The admit card of SAAT 2022 for phase 3 will be released in online mode. Candidates who completed the application process will be able to download the SAAT 2022 admit card by using their login credentials. The entrance exam of SAAT 2022 for phase 1 was conducted from April 7 to 10 in both online and offline mode.
It mandatory for candidates to carry their admit card along with valid ID proofs to enter the SAAT 2022 exam centres. The Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University Admission Test (SAAT) 2022 is held at numerous SAAT exam centres 2022 located in 40 different cities. Candidates qualifying the SAAT 2022 are enrolled into various UG and PG programmes offered by Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University. Shortlisted students need to participate in the SAAT 2022 counselling process in offline or online mode, depending upon their preferences.
SAAT 2022 Highlights
Full Exam Name  Siksha O Anusandhan University Admission Test 
Short Exam Name  SAAT 
Conducting Body  Siksha O Anusandhan University 
Frequency of Conduct  Once a year 
Exam Level  University Level Exam 
Languages  English 
Mode of Application  Online 
Mode of Exam  Online and Offline 
Mode of Counselling  Offline 
Participating Colleges  5 
SAAT B.Tech  Duration  2 Hours +4 More 
SAAT 2022 Important Dates
Past Dates and Events
22 Aug, 2022  24 Aug, 2022
Exam  Phase IV  Mode: Online
18 Aug, 2022
Application  Phase IV last date  Start Date  Mode: Online
14 Jul, 2022  16 Jul, 2022
Exam  Phase  III  Mode: Offline and Online
08 Jun, 2022  12 Jul, 2022
Application  Phase  III  Mode: Online
09 Jun, 2022  12 Jun, 2022
Exam  Phase  II  Mode: Offline and Online
05 Apr, 2022  07 Jun, 2022
Application  Phase  II  Mode: Online
07 Apr, 2022  10 Apr, 2022
Exam  Phase  I  Mode: Offline and Online
01 Feb, 2022  04 Apr, 2022
Application  Phase  I  Mode: Online
SAAT 2022 Eligibility Criteria
SAAT B.Tech Eligibility Criteria
SAAT B.Tech eligibility criteria includes the exam which you have qualified, the subjects which they need to have in their 10+2 and the marks which they have to score in the qualifying exam.
SAAT B.Tech 2022 Eligibility Criteria
S. No.  Particular  Details 
1.  Subject Combination  It is mandatory for candidates to have Physics and Chemistry in 10+2 Candidates can also have any one of the following subjects:

2.  Qualifying Exam  Candidate should have passed 10+2 or equivalent exam Candidates who for appearing in the final exam of 10+2 will also be eligible to appear in SAAT B.Tech 2019 
3.  Minimum marks required in the qualifying exam  Candidates belonging to the general category will have to score at least 45% marks in the subjects that are mentioned above. Candidates belonging to the reserved candidate, they have to score at least 40% marks. The reserved category comprises of ST,SC,OBC 
SAAT B.B.A Eligibility Criteria
In order to be eligible to appear in the SAAT BBA entrance exam, candidates should have passed Class XII in any stream or they should be appearing for their Class XII exam in 2022.
SAAT B.B.A. L.L.B Eligibility Criteria
Only candidates who have cleared Class 12 or will be appearing for their 10+2 exam in 2022 will be eligible to take the entrance test. Those who belong to the general category should score at least 45% aggregate marks in any Class 12 stream. Those who belong to SC or ST categories have to score at least 40% marks and OBC category candidates have to score 42%.
SAAT B.C.A. Eligibility Criteria
According to the SAAT BCA 2022 eligibility criteria, candidate should have passed Class XII in any stream with Mathematics as a compulsory subject.
SAAT B.H.M.C.T. Eligibility Criteria
Candidates belonging to the general category will have to score at least 45% marks in 10+2 in any discipline.
Candidates belonging to the reserved category will be eligible to appear for BHMCT eligibility criteria 2022. They must, however, score art least 40% marks in their Class XII
SAAT B.Pharma Eligibility Criteria
Candidates should have passed or appeared in the Class XII Exam from the board or the university which is accorded recognition the Association of Indian Universities (AIU). It is compulsory for candidates to have English in +12.
Candidates must have any one of the following subjects in 10+2:
Physics, Chemistry or Maths (PCM)
Physics, Chemistry or Biology
Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology
SAAT B.Sc. Agriculture Eligibility Criteria
Before candidates sit down to fill the application form, they are advised to check out the SAAT eligibility criteria 2022 laid down by the university. Only those candidates who fulfill the SAAT 2022 eligibility criteria can fill the application form. If a candidate fails to satisfy the eligibility criteria of SAAT 2022 then their application will be rejected by the university.
The SAAT eligibility criteria 2022 is the minimum requirement that a candidate must meet to be eligible for admission to the various UG and PG courses offered at Siksha O Anusandhan University. The SAAT 2022 eligibility criteria differs for candidates depending upon their category. Check out the SAAT eligibility criteria 2022 in the table given below.
SAAT Eligibility Criteria 2022
S. No  Category  Minimum Qualifying marks 
1.  General  50% in PCB/PCM 
2.  OBC  50% in PCB/PCM 
3.  SC  40% in PCB/PCM 
4.  ST  40% in PCB/PCM 
5.  PH  40% in PCB/PCM 
Note: As per the SAAT B.Sc 2022 eligibility criteria, the lower age limit of candidates must be at least 17 years as on December 31, 2021.
SAAT M.Tech Eligibility Criteria
As part of the eligibility criteria of SAAT M.Tech, candidates belonging to the general category should have either completed their B.Tech or are in their final year. They must also score at least 50% marks, while those who are in the reserved category, they have to score at least 45 % marks. SAAT MTech Eligibility Criteria 2022
S. No.  Name of the M.Tech Programme  Eligibility Criteria 
1  M.Tech in VLSI Designing and Embedded System M.Tech in Microelectronics M.Tech in Digital Signal & Image Processing M.Tech in Communication System Engineering  Pass or appearing in B.Tech or equivalent exam or M.Sc (Electronics) 
2  M.Tech in Structural Engineering M.Tech in Geotechnical Engineering  Pass or appearing in B.Tech or equivalent exam 
3  M.Tech in Computer Science & Data Processing  B.Tech or equivalent exam Pass or appearing (2018) in MCA M.Sc. (Mathematics) 
4  M.Tech in Power Electronics & Drives M.Tech in Energy Technology & Management M.Tech in Renewable Energy Engineering & Management M.Tech in Power Systems & Power Electronics.  Pass or appearing in B.Tech or equivalent exam 
5  M.Tech in Computer Science & Engineering M.Tech in Computer Science & Informatics.  Pass or appearing in B.Tech or equivalent exam

6  M.Tech in Thermal Science & Heat Power Engineering M.Tech in Manufacturing Sciences & Engineering M.Tech in Mechanical System Design  Pass or appearing in B.Tech or equivalent exam 
7  M.Tech in Environmental Science & Technology  B.Tech (Environmental) Chemical/Civil/Mechanical/Metallurgy) or M.Sc. (Environmental Science/Chemistry/Biotechnology/Geology/Life Sciences/Botany/Zoology) 
8  M.Tech Material Science & Technology  M.Sc (Physics) M.Sc (Chemistry) B.Tech (Electronics & Communication Engg.) B.Tech (Electrical Engg.) 
9  M.Tech in Biotechnology  B.Tech/BE in Biotechnology or related fields/M.Sc in Physics, Chemistry, Biotechnology, Life Science or equivalent/MBBS/B.Pharm/B.V.Sc with Biology 
GATE qualified candidates are not required to appear in the entrance exam.
SAAT 2022 Application Process
Mode of Application : Online
Mode of Payment : Other
The SAAT application form 2022 (phase  III) has been released in online mode. Only those candidates who meet the eligibility criteria can fill the SAAT application form 2022. Candidates could fill and submit the SAAT 2022 application form for phase 3 till the submission deadline. The first step of SAAT 2022 application process is the registration process. Once candidates have completed the registration process, they can fill the SAAT application form 2022 by entering their academic details, personal details and other necessary information related to exam.
Furthermore, candidates also have to upload the scanned copy of the necessary documents. After candidates have filled and submitted the SAAT application form 2022, a confirmation mail will be sent on their registered email ID regarding the submission of their application form. For more information regarding the application process of SAAT 2022 read the following article.
Documents to keep ready before filling the SAAT Application Form 2022
S. No.  Document  Size of the file  Format 
1.  Scanned Photograph  Less than 1 MB  PNG, JPG, JPEG 
2.  Scanned Image  Less than 1 MB  PNG, JPG, JPEG 
How to fill SAAT 2022 Application Form
Follow the steps given below to fill the SAAT application form 2022:
Step 1  Visit the official website for registration.
Steps 2  Enter your name, valid email ID and mobile number to register yourself.
Step 3  Candidates will receive a One Time Password (OTP) at the registered mobile number. They have to enter the aforementioned OTP in an online portal for verification and a login ID will be created.
Step 4  Now, candidates have to login using their registered email ID to fill the SAAT application form 2022.
Step 5  To Fill the SAAT 2022 application form, candidates have to enter their personal details, academic details and upload necessary documents.
Step 6  Candidates can submit the SAAT application form 2022 once they have filled it completely and correctly.
Step 7  Download and print the SAAT application form 2022.
Step 8  After submitting the application form, candidates will receive a email regarding the submission of the form.
SAAT 2022 Syllabus
SAAT B.Tech Syllabus
Physics
Physics and measurement 

Physics, technology, and society, SI units, fundamental, and derived units 
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, errors in measurement, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications 
Kinematics 

Frame of reference 
Motion in a straight line: Positiontime graph, speed, and velocity 
Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime, positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion 
Scalars and vectors, vector addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, unit vector, resolution of a vector 
Relative velocity, motion in a plane, projectile motion, uniform circular motion 
Law of motions 

Force and inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum, Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion 
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, equilibrium of concurrent forces 
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction 
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications 
Work, energy, and power 

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem, power 
Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative, and nonconservative forces; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions 
Rotational motion 

Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, centre of mass of a rigid body; basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration 
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications 
Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion 
Gravitation 

The universal law of gravitation 
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth 
Kepler's laws of planetary motion 
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential 
Escape velocity 
Orbital velocity of a satellite 
Geostationary satellites 
Properties of solid and liquids 

Elastic behaviour, stressstrain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity 
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications 
Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number 
Bernoulli's principle and its applications 
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tensiondrops, bubbles and capillary rise 
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat 
Heat transfer conduction, convection, and radiation, Newton's law of cooling 
Thermodynamics 

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature 
Heat, work, and internal energy 
First law of thermodynamics 
Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes 
Carnot engine and its efficiency 
Kinetic theory of gases 

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas 
Kinetic theory of gasesassumptions, concept of pressure 
Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equi partition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; mean free path, Avogadro's number 
Oscillations and waves 

Periodic motionperiod, frequency, displacement as a function of time 
Periodic functions 
Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a springrestoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M.kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulumderivation of expression for its time period 
Free, forced, and damped oscillations, resonance 
Wave motion 
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave 
Displacement relation for a progressive wave 
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, beats, Doppler effect in sound 
Electrostatics 

Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb's lawforces between twopoint charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution 
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field 
Electric flux, Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell 
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of twopoint charges in an electrostatic field 
Conductors and insulators, dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor 
Current electricity 

Electric current, drift velocity, Ohm's law, electrical resistance, resistances of different materials, VI characteristics of Ohmic and non Ohmic conductors, electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, colour code for resistors 
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance 
Electric cell and its internal resistance, potential difference and EMF of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel 
Kirchhoff's laws and their applications 
Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge 
Potentiometerprinciple and its applications 
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism 

BiotSavart law and its application to current carrying circular loop 
Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid 
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields 
Cyclotron 
Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field 
Force between two parallel currentcarrying conductorsdefinition of ampere 
Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter 
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment 
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements 
Para,dia,and ferromagnetic substances 
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, hysteresis, electromagnets and permanent magnets 
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents 

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, eddy currents 
Self and mutual inductance 
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current 
AC generator and transformer 
Electromagnetic waves 

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics 
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves 
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, xrays, gamma rays) 
Applications of E.M. waves 
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, total internal reflection and its applications, deviation and dispersion of light by a prism, lens formula, magnification, power of a lens 
Combination of thin lenses in contact, microscope and astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers 
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens' principle, laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle 
Interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width 
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum 
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and polaroids 
Dual nature of matter and radiation 

Dual nature of radiation 
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation; particle nature of light 
Matter waveswave nature of particle, de Broglie relation 
DavissonGermer experiment 
Atoms and nuclei 

Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum 
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones 
Radioactivityalpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law 
Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion 
Electronic devices 

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator 
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator 
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR) 
Transistor as a switch 
Communication systems 

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; sky and space wave propagation, need for modulation, amplitude and frequency modulation, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium 
Basic elements of a communication system (block diagram only) 
Chemistry
Physical chemistrySome basic concept of chemistry 

Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory; concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; physical quantities and their measurements in chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. units, dimensional analysis 
Laws of chemical combination; atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae, chemical equations and stoichiometry 
Physical chemistryStates of matter 

Classification of matter into solid, liquid, and gaseous states 
Gaseous state: Measurable properties of gases; Gas lawsBoyle's law, Charle's law, Graham's law of diffusion, Avogadro's law, Dalton's law of partial pressure; concept of absolute scale of temperature; ideal gas equation 
Gaseous state: Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; real gases, deviation from ideal behaviour, compressibility factor and Van der Waals equation 
Liquid State: Properties of liquidsvapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only) 
Solid state: Classification of solidsmolecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg's law and its applications; unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc, and hcp lattices), voids 
Solid state: Calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties 
Physical chemistryAtomic structure 

Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atomits postulates 
Derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; dual nature of matter, DeBroglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle 
Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; variation of and 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals 
Various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance, shapes of s, p, and dorbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; rules for filling electrons in orbitalsAufbau principle 
Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of halffilled and completely filled orbitals 
Physical chemistryChemical bonding and molecular structure 

KosselLewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds 
Ionic bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy 
Covalent bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan's rule, dipole moment; valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules 
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theoryits important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; resonance 
Molecular orbital theoryits important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pibonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order 
Molecular orbital theorybond length and bond energy 
Elementary idea of metallic bonding 
Hydrogen bonding and its applications 
Physical chemistryChemical thermodynamics 

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes 
First law of thermodynamicsconcept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess's law of constant heat summation; enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition 
First law of thermodynamicshydration, ionization and solution 
Second law of thermodynamics; spontaneity of processes; S of the universe and G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, G0 (standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant 
Physical chemistrySolutions 

Different methods for expressing concentration of solutionmolality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s lawIdeal and nonideal solutions, vapour pressurecomposition 
Plots for ideal and nonideal solutions; colligative properties of dilute solutionsrelative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure 
Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; abnormal value of molar mass, Van't Hoff factor and its significance 
Physical chemistryEquilibrium 

Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium 
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solidliquid, liquidgas, and solidgas equilibria, Henry's law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes 
Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of G and G0 in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature 
Equilibria involving chemical processes: Effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier's principle 
Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, BronstedLowry, and Lewis) and their ionization, acidbase equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants 
Ionic equilibrium: Ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly, soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions 
Physical chemistryRedox reaction and electrochemistry 

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions 
Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch's law and its applications 
Electrochemical cellselectrolytic and galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, halfcell and cell reactions, EMF of a galvanic cell and its measurement 
Nernst equation and its applications; relationship between cell potential and Gibbs energy change; dry cell and lead accumulator; fuel cells 
Physical chemistrychemical kinetics 

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: Concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units 
Differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and halflives, effect of temperature on rate of reactionsArrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation 
Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation) 
Physical chemistrySurface chemistry 

Adsorptionphysisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solidsFreundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions 
Colloidal statedistinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloidslyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloidsTyndall effect 
Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; emulsions and their characteristics 
Inorganic chemistryClassification of elements and periodicity in properties 

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d, and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity 
Inorganic chemistryGeneral principles and processes of isolation of metals 

Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; steps involved in the extraction of metalsconcentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe 
Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals 
Inorganic chemistryHydrogen 

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen; physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide; hydrogen as a fuel 
Inorganic chemistrysblock elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) 

Group1 and 2 elements general introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships 
Preparation and properties of some important compoundssodium carbonate and sodium; industrial uses of lime, limestone, plaster of Paris and cement; biological significance of Na, K, Mg, and Ca 
Inorganic chemistrypblock elements 

Group13 to Group 18 elements general introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group 
Groupwise study of the pblock elements group13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; properties of boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums 
Group14: Allotropes of carbon, tendency for catenation; structure and properties of silicates, and zeolites 
Group15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; allotrophic forms of phosphorus; preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5) 
Group15: Structures of oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus 
Group16: Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of ozone; allotropic forms of sulphur; preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); structures of oxoacids of sulphur 
Group17: Preparation, properties, and uses of hydrochloric acid; trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; structures of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens 
Group18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon 
Inorganic chemistrydand fblock elements 

Transition elements general introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics 
General trends in properties of the first row transition elementsphysical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation 
Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4, inner transition elements lanthanoidselectronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction 
Actinoidselectronic configuration and oxidation states 
Inorganic chemistryCoordination compounds 

Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner's theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; bondingvalence bond approach and basic ideas of crystal field theory 
Colour and magnetic properties; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems) 
Inorganic chemistryEnvironmental chemistry 

Environmental pollutionatmospheric, water, and soil 
Atmospheric pollutiontropospheric and stratospheric, tropospheric pollutantsgaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; green house effect and global warming; acid rain 
Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention 
Stratospheric pollutionformation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layerits mechanism and effects 
Water pollutionmajor pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention 
Soil pollutionmajor pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention 
Strategies to control environmental pollution 
Organic chemistryPurification and characterisation of organic compounds 

Purificationcrystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatographyprinciples and their applications 
Qualitative analysisdetection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens 
Quantitative analysis (basic principles only)estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus 
Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis 
Organic chemistrySome basic principles of organic chemistry 

Tetravalency of carbon; shapes of simple moleculeshybridization (s and p); classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C h C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; homologous series 
Isomerismstructural and stereoisomerism 
Nomenclature (trivial and IUPAC), covalent bond fissionhomolytic and heterolytic: Free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles 
Electronic displacement in a covalent bondinductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation 
Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement 
Organic chemistryHydrocarbons 

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions 
Alkanesconformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); mechanism of halogenation of alkanes 
Alkenesgeometrical isomerism; mechanism of electrophilic addition: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff's and peroxide effect); ozonolysis and polymerization 
Alkynesacidic character; addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; polymerization 
Aromatic hydrocarbonsnomenclature, benzenestructure and aromaticity; mechanism of electrophilic substitution: Halogenation, nitration, FriedelCraft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing halogens 

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; nature of CX bond; mechanisms of substitution reactions 
Uses; environmental effects of chloroform and iodoform 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing oxygen 

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Alcoholsidentification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration. Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: Halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, ReimerTiemann reaction 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Ethersstructure. Aldehyde and ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Aldehyde and ketonesimportant reactions such asnucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of hydrogen 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Aldehyde and ketonesaldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, haloform reaction; chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones 
Carboxylic acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing nitrogen 

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses 
Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character 
Diazonium salts: importance in synthetic organic chemistry 
Organic chemistryPolymers 

General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerizationaddition and condensation, copolymerization; natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization 
Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and usespolythene, nylon, polyester, and Bakelite 
Organic chemistryBiomolecules 

General introduction and importance of biomolecules 
Carbohydratesclassification: Aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose) 
Proteinselementary idea ofamino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; proteins: Primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes 
Vitaminsclassification and functions 
Nucleic acidschemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids 
Organic chemistryChemistry in everyday life 

Chemicals in medicinesanalgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistaminstheir meaning and common examples 
Chemicals in foodpreservatives, artificial sweetening agentscommon examples 
Cleansing agentssoaps and detergents, cleansing action 
Mathematics
Sets, relations, and functions 

Sets and their representation; union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; power set; relation, types of relations, equivalence relations functions; oneone, into and onto functions, composition of functions 
Complex number and quadratic equations 

Complex numbers as ordered pair of reals, representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number 
Square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions 
Relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots 
Matrices and determinant 

Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three 
Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants 
Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices 
Permutations and combinations 

Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications 
Mathematical induction 

Principle of mathematical induction and its simple applications 
Binomial theorem and its simple application 

Binomial theorem for positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of binomial coefficients and simple applications 
Sequences and series 

Arithmetic and geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers 
Relation between a.m. and g.m 
Sum upto n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3 
ArithmeticoGeometric progression 
Limit, continuity, and differentiability 

Realvalued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions 
Graphs of simple functions 
Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions 
Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two 
Rolle's and Lagrange's mean value theorems 
Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonicincreasing and decreasing functions, maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals 
Integral calculus 

Integral as an antiderivative 
Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions 
Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions 
Integration using trigonometric identities 
Integral as limit of a sum 
Fundamental theorem of calculus 
Properties of definite integrals 
Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form 
Differential equations 

Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree 
Formation of differential equations 
Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type: dy/dx+p(x)y=q(x) 
Coordinate geometry 

Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes 
Straight lines various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines 
Coordinates of centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines 
Circles, conic sections standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given 
Points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent 
Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency 
Three dimensional geometry 

Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines 
Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation 
Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines 
Vector algebra 

Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product 
Statistics and probability 

Measures of dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data 
Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye's theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and binomial distribution 
Trigonometry 

Trigonometrical identities and equations 
Trigonometrical functions 
Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties 
Heights and distances 
Mathematical reasoning 

Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if 
Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive 
SAAT B.B.A Syllabus
English including comprehension
General knowledge/ Current affairs
Elementary numerical aptitude
Legal aptitude/ legal awareness
Logical reasoning
SAAT B.B.A. L.L.B Syllabus
English including comprehension
General knowledge/ Current affairs
Elementary numerical aptitude
Legal aptitude/ legal awareness
Logical reasoning
SAAT B.C.A. Syllabus
English including comprehension
General knowledge/ Current affairs
Elementary numerical aptitude
Legal aptitude/ legal awareness
Logical reasoning
SAAT B.H.M.C.T. Syllabus
Reasoning
Service aptitude
General English
General knowledge
General science
Numerical aptitude
SAAT B.Pharma Syllabus
Physics
Physics and measurement 

Physics, technology, and society, SI units, fundamental, and derived units 
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, errors in measurement, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications 
Kinematics 

Frame of reference 
Motion in a straight line: Positiontime graph, speed, and velocity 
Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime, positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion 
Scalars and vectors, vector addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, unit vector, resolution of a vector 
Relative velocity, motion in a plane, projectile motion, uniform circular motion 
Law of motions 

Force and inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum, Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion 
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, equilibrium of concurrent forces 
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction 
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications 
Work, energy, and power 

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem, power 
Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative, and nonconservative forces; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions 
Rotational motion 

Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, centre of mass of a rigid body; basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration 
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications 
Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion 
Gravitation 

The universal law of gravitation 
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth 
Kepler's laws of planetary motion 
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential 
Escape velocity 
Orbital velocity of a satellite 
Geostationary satellites 
Properties of solid and liquids 

Elastic behaviour, stressstrain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity 
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications 
Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number 
Bernoulli's principle and its applications 
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tensiondrops, bubbles and capillary rise 
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat 
Heat transfer conduction, convection, and radiation, Newton's law of cooling 
Thermodynamics 

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature 
Heat, work, and internal energy 
First law of thermodynamics 
Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes 
Carnot engine and its efficiency 
Kinetic theory of gases 

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas 
Kinetic theory of gasesassumptions, concept of pressure 
Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equi partition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; mean free path, Avogadro's number 
Oscillations and waves 

Periodic motionperiod, frequency, displacement as a function of time 
Periodic functions 
Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a springrestoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M.kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulumderivation of expression for its time period 
Free, forced, and damped oscillations, resonance 
Wave motion 
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave 
Displacement relation for a progressive wave 
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, beats, Doppler effect in sound 
Electrostatics 

Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb's lawforces between twopoint charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution 
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field 
Electric flux, Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell 
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of twopoint charges in an electrostatic field 
Conductors and insulators, dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor 
Current electricity 

Electric current, drift velocity, Ohm's law, electrical resistance, resistances of different materials, VI characteristics of Ohmic and non Ohmic conductors, electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, colour code for resistors 
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance 
Electric cell and its internal resistance, potential difference and EMF of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel 
Kirchhoff's laws and their applications 
Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge 
Potentiometerprinciple and its applications 
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism 

BiotSavart law and its application to current carrying circular loop 
Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid 
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields 
Cyclotron 
Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field 
Force between two parallel currentcarrying conductorsdefinition of ampere 
Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter 
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment 
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements 
Para,dia,and ferromagnetic substances 
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, hysteresis, electromagnets and permanent magnets 
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents 

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, eddy currents 
Self and mutual inductance 
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current 
AC generator and transformer 
Electromagnetic waves 

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics 
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves 
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, xrays, gamma rays) 
Applications of E.M. waves 
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, total internal reflection and its applications, deviation and dispersion of light by a prism, lens formula, magnification, power of a lens 
Combination of thin lenses in contact, microscope and astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers 
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens' principle, laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle 
Interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width 
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum 
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and polaroids 
Dual nature of matter and radiation 

Dual nature of radiation 
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation; particle nature of light 
Matter waveswave nature of particle, de Broglie relation 
DavissonGermer experiment 
Atoms and nuclei 

Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum 
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones 
Radioactivityalpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law 
Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion 
Electronic devices 

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator 
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator 
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR) 
Transistor as a switch 
Communication systems 

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; sky and space wave propagation, need for modulation, amplitude and frequency modulation, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium 
Basic elements of a communication system (block diagram only) 
Chemistry
Physical chemistrySome basic concept of chemistry 

Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory; concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; physical quantities and their measurements in chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. units, dimensional analysis 
Laws of chemical combination; atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae, chemical equations and stoichiometry 
Physical chemistryStates of matter 

Classification of matter into solid, liquid, and gaseous states 
Gaseous state: Measurable properties of gases; Gas lawsBoyle's law, Charle's law, Graham's law of diffusion, Avogadro's law, Dalton's law of partial pressure; concept of absolute scale of temperature; ideal gas equation 
Gaseous state: Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; real gases, deviation from ideal behaviour, compressibility factor and Van der Waals equation 
Liquid State: Properties of liquidsvapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only) 
Solid state: Classification of solidsmolecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg's law and its applications; unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc, and hcp lattices), voids 
Solid state: Calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties 
Physical chemistryAtomic structure 

Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atomits postulates 
Derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; dual nature of matter, DeBroglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle 
Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; variation of and 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals 
Various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance, shapes of s, p, and dorbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; rules for filling electrons in orbitalsAufbau principle 
Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of halffilled and completely filled orbitals 
Physical chemistryChemical bonding and molecular structure 

KosselLewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds 
Ionic bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy 
Covalent bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan's rule, dipole moment; valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules 
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theoryits important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; resonance 
Molecular orbital theoryits important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pibonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order 
Molecular orbital theorybond length and bond energy 
Elementary idea of metallic bonding 
Hydrogen bonding and its applications 
Physical chemistryChemical thermodynamics 

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes 
First law of thermodynamicsconcept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess's law of constant heat summation; enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition 
First law of thermodynamicshydration, ionization and solution 
Second law of thermodynamics; spontaneity of processes; S of the universe and G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, G0 (standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant 
Physical chemistrySolutions 

Different methods for expressing concentration of solutionmolality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s lawIdeal and nonideal solutions, vapour pressurecomposition 
Plots for ideal and nonideal solutions; colligative properties of dilute solutionsrelative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure 
Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; abnormal value of molar mass, Van't Hoff factor and its significance 
Physical chemistryEquilibrium 

Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium 
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solidliquid, liquidgas, and solidgas equilibria, Henry's law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes 
Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of G and G0 in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature 
Equilibria involving chemical processes: Effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier's principle 
Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, BronstedLowry, and Lewis) and their ionization, acidbase equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants 
Ionic equilibrium: Ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly, soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions 
Physical chemistryRedox reaction and electrochemistry 

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions 
Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch's law and its applications 
Electrochemical cellselectrolytic and galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, halfcell and cell reactions, EMF of a galvanic cell and its measurement 
Nernst equation and its applications; relationship between cell potential and Gibbs energy change; dry cell and lead accumulator; fuel cells 
Physical chemistrychemical kinetics 

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: Concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units 
Differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and halflives, effect of temperature on rate of reactionsArrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation 
Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation) 
Physical chemistrySurface chemistry 

Adsorptionphysisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solidsFreundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions 
Colloidal statedistinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloidslyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloidsTyndall effect 
Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; emulsions and their characteristics 
Inorganic chemistryClassification of elements and periodicity in properties 

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d, and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity 
Inorganic chemistryGeneral principles and processes of isolation of metals 

Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; steps involved in the extraction of metalsconcentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe 
Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals 
Inorganic chemistryHydrogen 

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen; physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide; hydrogen as a fuel 
Inorganic chemistrysblock elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) 

Group1 and 2 elements general introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships 
Preparation and properties of some important compoundssodium carbonate and sodium; industrial uses of lime, limestone, plaster of Paris and cement; biological significance of Na, K, Mg, and Ca 
Inorganic chemistrypblock elements 

Group13 to Group 18 elements general introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group 
Groupwise study of the pblock elements group13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; properties of boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums 
Group14: Allotropes of carbon, tendency for catenation; structure and properties of silicates, and zeolites 
Group15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; allotrophic forms of phosphorus; preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5) 
Group15: Structures of oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus 
Group16: Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of ozone; allotropic forms of sulphur; preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); structures of oxoacids of sulphur 
Group17: Preparation, properties, and uses of hydrochloric acid; trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; structures of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens 
Group18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon 
Inorganic chemistrydand fblock elements 

Transition elements general introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics 
General trends in properties of the first row transition elementsphysical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation 
Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4, inner transition elements lanthanoidselectronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction 
Actinoidselectronic configuration and oxidation states 
Inorganic chemistryCoordination compounds 

Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner's theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; bondingvalence bond approach and basic ideas of crystal field theory 
Colour and magnetic properties; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems) 
Inorganic chemistryEnvironmental chemistry 

Environmental pollutionatmospheric, water, and soil 
Atmospheric pollutiontropospheric and stratospheric, tropospheric pollutantsgaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; green house effect and global warming; acid rain 
Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention 
Stratospheric pollutionformation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layerits mechanism and effects 
Water pollutionmajor pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention 
Soil pollutionmajor pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention 
Strategies to control environmental pollution 
Organic chemistryPurification and characterisation of organic compounds 

Purificationcrystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatographyprinciples and their applications 
Qualitative analysisdetection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens 
Quantitative analysis (basic principles only)estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus 
Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis 
Organic chemistrySome basic principles of organic chemistry 

Tetravalency of carbon; shapes of simple moleculeshybridization (s and p); classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C h C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; homologous series 
Isomerismstructural and stereoisomerism 
Nomenclature (trivial and IUPAC), covalent bond fissionhomolytic and heterolytic: Free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles 
Electronic displacement in a covalent bondinductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation 
Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement 
Organic chemistryHydrocarbons 

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions 
Alkanesconformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); mechanism of halogenation of alkanes 
Alkenesgeometrical isomerism; mechanism of electrophilic addition: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff's and peroxide effect); ozonolysis and polymerization 
Alkynesacidic character; addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; polymerization 
Aromatic hydrocarbonsnomenclature, benzenestructure and aromaticity; mechanism of electrophilic substitution: Halogenation, nitration, FriedelCraft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing halogens 

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; nature of CX bond; mechanisms of substitution reactions 
Uses; environmental effects of chloroform and iodoform 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing oxygen 

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Alcoholsidentification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration. Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: Halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, ReimerTiemann reaction 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Ethersstructure. Aldehyde and ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Aldehyde and ketonesimportant reactions such asnucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of hydrogen 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Aldehyde and ketonesaldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, haloform reaction; chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones 
Carboxylic acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing nitrogen 

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses 
Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character 
Diazonium salts: importance in synthetic organic chemistry 
Organic chemistryPolymers 

General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerizationaddition and condensation, copolymerization; natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization 
Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and usespolythene, nylon, polyester, and Bakelite 
Organic chemistryBiomolecules 

General introduction and importance of biomolecules 
Carbohydratesclassification: Aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose) 
Proteinselementary idea ofamino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; proteins: Primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes 
Vitaminsclassification and functions 
Nucleic acidschemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids 
Organic chemistryChemistry in everyday life 

Chemicals in medicinesanalgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistaminstheir meaning and common examples 
Chemicals in foodpreservatives, artificial sweetening agentscommon examples 
Cleansing agentssoaps and detergents, cleansing action 
Biology
BotanyHistory 

History, botanical studies, branches of botany, brief classification of plant kingdom 
Scope of botany, cell biology, cell theory 
BotanyPlant cell 

Structure of typical plant cell, cell wall and cell membrane, protoplasmphysical and chemical nature, cell organellestructure and functions, nucleus, iysosomes, golgi bodies, plastids, ribosomes, mitochondria, chromosomes, spherosomes 
Important compounds of cell, water, amino acids, carbohydrates, fats, nucleotides, nucleic acids 
Cell inclusions, physical and chemical nature and functions of enzymes, vitamins and hormones, mode of enzyme action, cell cycle, mitosis; meiosis 
BotanyComplexities of plant life 

Meristematic tissues, permanent, simple and complex tissues, internal structure of dicot and monocot systems and roots, internal structure of isobilateral and dorsiventral with functions of different tissues, normal, secondary growth in dicot stems 
BotanyMorphology of angiosperms 

Normal and modified stems, roots and leaves, inflorescence, flower and its parts, floral diagram and floral formula, pollination, fertilization, fruits 
BotanyTaxonomy of flowering plants 

Principle and units of classification (species, genus, family), knowledge of important families and their economic importance 
BotanyContinuity of plant life 

Genetics (elementary knowledge), mitosis and meiosis and their significance, principle of Mendel's law of inheritance, monohybrid and dihybrid ratio, concept of gene, elementary idea of gene action, evolution, evidence, theories and mechanism of evolution 
Variation and mutation, role of mutation in agriculture, origin of species 
BotanyMicroorganisms and diversities of plant life 

Elementary idea and economic importance of virus, bacteria, fungi, algae, and lichen, elementary idea of gryophytes, pterodophytes, and gymnosperms 
BotanyProcesses in plants 

Absorption and transport of water and minerals, transpiration, stomatal mechanism, life energy and ATP, respiration and fermentation, photosynthesis, elementary idea of protein synthesis, growth, reproduction 
Movements (with special reference to geotropism and phototropism) 
BotanyEnvironmental biology 

Man and his environment, biotic community, ecological adaptations (hydrophytes and xerophytes) 
BotanyBotany and human welfare 

Agricultural cropsbrief description and economic importance of crop plants like rice, gram (green gram) jute, groundnut, sugarcane, and potato 
BotanyCommon plant diseases 

Control of blight in rice, rot of sugarcane, forestry, genetic conservation and crop improvement 
BotanyGenetic engineering and biotechnology 

Recombinant DNA, gene library, transgenic plants, fermentation, bakery, antibiotics, monochloral antibodies 
ZoologyAnimal world 

Definition, scope, and branch of zoology 
Species concept, bionomical nomenclature, classification, scientific name of some common animals: Fishesrohu, bhakura, mrigal, amphibiansfrog, toad, reptileshouse lizard, garden lizard, crocodile, turtle, snakescobra, krait, birdsfowl 
Peacock, pigeon, mammalstiger, lion, elephant, cat, dog, cow, rabbit and man 
ZoologyDiversity of life: Kingdomprotasia 

General characters of the phylum, protozoa, classificationamoeba, entamoeba, paramoecium, euglena, trypanosoma, plasmodium 
ZoologyKingdomanimalia 

Concept of body plan, symmetry, coelom, germ layers homeothermic and poikilothermic animals 
General characters of nonchordata likeporifera, coelenterata, platy helminthes, nematahelminthes, annelida, arthopoda, mollusca, echinodermata and hemichordata 
ZoologyMulti cellularity in animals 

Animal tissuestypesepithelial, connective (details about blood and lymph), muscular and nervousorgans and organ systems 
ZoologyLocomotion 

Locomotory organelles in protozoans, hydra, annelid, brief account of joints and muscles in movement of man, modes of nutritionnutrition in amoeba 
Digestive system of manstructure and function of alimentary canal associated glands, physiology of digestion and absorption 
ZoologyTypes of respiration 

Structure and function of respiratory system in man: Respiratory organs, mechanics of pulmonary respiration, pulmonary exchange of gas, transport of gases, glycolysis and Kreb's cycle, respiratory quotient 
ZoologyDigestive system 

Organs, digestion, and absorption 
ZoologyTypes of circulation 

Open circulation, closed circulatory system in man: Structure of heart, cardiac cycle, arteries, veins, capillaries, portal system, coronary circulation, blood pressure, respiratory pigments, group, and coagulation 
ZoologyExcretory reproduction in man 

Structure and function of kidney 
ZoologyControl and coordination in man 

Nervous systemcentral, peripheral and autonomic sense organs, endocrine system, mechanism of hormone action 
ZoologyTypes of reproduction 

Asexual, binary, and multiple fission, budding, cellular growth, regeneration, ageing 
Sexual reproduction in manmale and female reproductive system, menstrual cycle 
ZoologyGenetics 

Chromosomes and heredity: Heredity and variation, Mendelian principle, laws of heredity, chromosomes, interaction of genes, chromosomal variation 
ZoologyEvolution 

Origin of life anatomical, embryological biochemical, paleontological, and biogeographical evidences of evolutions, Darwin's theory of natural selection, modern synthetic theory 
ZoologyEnvironmental biology 

Meaning of ecology environment, habitat and niche, biosphere and ecosystem, ecological adaptations, biodiversity 
Environmental pollutionsource, effects and control of air, water, and sound pollution, deforestation, global warming, climate change 
ZoologyCommon human disease 

Non communicable diseasesdiabetes and cardiac diseases 
Communicable diseases like, amoebiasis, filariasis, malaria (mode of inflectionpathogens, prevention, and treatment) 
ZoologyDefence mechanism of body 

Cells, immune system, and their function, immune deficiency in AIDS 
ZoologyWildlife conservation 

Importance of wildlife, causes of extinction, threatened speciesendangered, vulnerable and rare species, conservation of wild life 
SAAT B.Sc. Agriculture Syllabus
Physics
Physics and measurement 

Physics, technology, and society, SI units, fundamental, and derived units 
Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, errors in measurement, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications 
Kinematics 

Frame of reference 
Motion in a straight line: Positiontime graph, speed, and velocity 
Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime, positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion 
Scalars and vectors, vector addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, unit vector, resolution of a vector 
Relative velocity, motion in a plane, projectile motion, uniform circular motion 
Law of motions 

Force and inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum, Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion 
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, equilibrium of concurrent forces 
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction 
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications 
Work, energy, and power 

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work energy theorem, power 
Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative, and nonconservative forces; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions 
Rotational motion 

Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, centre of mass of a rigid body; basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration 
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications 
Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion 
Gravitation 

The universal law of gravitation 
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth 
Kepler's laws of planetary motion 
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential 
Escape velocity 
Orbital velocity of a satellite 
Geostationary satellites 
Properties of solid and liquids 

Elastic behaviour, stressstrain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity 
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications 
Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number 
Bernoulli's principle and its applications 
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tensiondrops, bubbles and capillary rise 
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat 
Heat transfer conduction, convection, and radiation, Newton's law of cooling 
Thermodynamics 

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature 
Heat, work, and internal energy 
First law of thermodynamics 
Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes 
Carnot engine and its efficiency 
Kinetic theory of gases 

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas 
Kinetic theory of gasesassumptions, concept of pressure 
Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equi partition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; mean free path, Avogadro's number 
Oscillations and waves 

Periodic motionperiod, frequency, displacement as a function of time 
Periodic functions 
Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a springrestoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M.kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulumderivation of expression for its time period 
Free, forced, and damped oscillations, resonance 
Wave motion 
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave 
Displacement relation for a progressive wave 
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, beats, Doppler effect in sound 
Electrostatics 

Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb's lawforces between twopoint charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution 
Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field 
Electric flux, Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell 
Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of twopoint charges in an electrostatic field 
Conductors and insulators, dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor 
Current electricity 

Electric current, drift velocity, Ohm's law, electrical resistance, resistances of different materials, VI characteristics of Ohmic and non Ohmic conductors, electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, colour code for resistors 
Series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance 
Electric cell and its internal resistance, potential difference and EMF of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel 
Kirchhoff's laws and their applications 
Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge 
Potentiometerprinciple and its applications 
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism 

BiotSavart law and its application to current carrying circular loop 
Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid 
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields 
Cyclotron 
Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field 
Force between two parallel currentcarrying conductorsdefinition of ampere 
Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter 
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment 
Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements 
Para,dia,and ferromagnetic substances 
Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, hysteresis, electromagnets and permanent magnets 
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents 

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, eddy currents 
Self and mutual inductance 
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current 
AC generator and transformer 
Electromagnetic waves 

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics 
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves 
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, xrays, gamma rays) 
Applications of E.M. waves 
Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, total internal reflection and its applications, deviation and dispersion of light by a prism, lens formula, magnification, power of a lens 
Combination of thin lenses in contact, microscope and astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers 
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens' principle, laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle 
Interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width 
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum 
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and polaroids 
Dual nature of matter and radiation 

Dual nature of radiation 
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation; particle nature of light 
Matter waveswave nature of particle, de Broglie relation 
DavissonGermer experiment 
Atoms and nuclei 

Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum 
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones 
Radioactivityalpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law 
Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion 
Electronic devices 

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator 
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator 
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR) 
Transistor as a switch 
Communication systems 

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; sky and space wave propagation, need for modulation, amplitude and frequency modulation, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium 
Basic elements of a communication system (block diagram only) 
Chemistry
Physical chemistrySome basic concept of chemistry 

Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory; concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; physical quantities and their measurements in chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. units, dimensional analysis 
Laws of chemical combination; atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae, chemical equations and stoichiometry 
Physical chemistryStates of matter 

Classification of matter into solid, liquid, and gaseous states 
Gaseous state: Measurable properties of gases; Gas lawsBoyle's law, Charle's law, Graham's law of diffusion, Avogadro's law, Dalton's law of partial pressure; concept of absolute scale of temperature; ideal gas equation 
Gaseous state: Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; real gases, deviation from ideal behaviour, compressibility factor and Van der Waals equation 
Liquid State: Properties of liquidsvapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only) 
Solid state: Classification of solidsmolecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg's law and its applications; unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc, and hcp lattices), voids 
Solid state: Calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties 
Physical chemistryAtomic structure 

Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atomits postulates 
Derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; dual nature of matter, DeBroglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle 
Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; variation of and 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals 
Various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance, shapes of s, p, and dorbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; rules for filling electrons in orbitalsAufbau principle 
Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of halffilled and completely filled orbitals 
Physical chemistryChemical bonding and molecular structure 

KosselLewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds 
Ionic bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy 
Covalent bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan's rule, dipole moment; valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules 
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theoryits important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; resonance 
Molecular orbital theoryits important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pibonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order 
Molecular orbital theorybond length and bond energy 
Elementary idea of metallic bonding 
Hydrogen bonding and its applications 
Physical chemistryChemical thermodynamics 

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes 
First law of thermodynamicsconcept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess's law of constant heat summation; enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition 
First law of thermodynamicshydration, ionization and solution 
Second law of thermodynamics; spontaneity of processes; S of the universe and G of the system as criteria for spontaneity, G0 (standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant 
Physical chemistrySolutions 

Different methods for expressing concentration of solutionmolality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s lawIdeal and nonideal solutions, vapour pressurecomposition 
Plots for ideal and nonideal solutions; colligative properties of dilute solutionsrelative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure 
Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; abnormal value of molar mass, Van't Hoff factor and its significance 
Physical chemistryEquilibrium 

Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium 
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solidliquid, liquidgas, and solidgas equilibria, Henry's law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes 
Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of G and G0 in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature 
Equilibria involving chemical processes: Effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier's principle 
Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, BronstedLowry, and Lewis) and their ionization, acidbase equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants 
Ionic equilibrium: Ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly, soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions 
Physical chemistryRedox reaction and electrochemistry 

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions 
Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch's law and its applications 
Electrochemical cellselectrolytic and galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, halfcell and cell reactions, EMF of a galvanic cell and its measurement 
Nernst equation and its applications; relationship between cell potential and Gibbs energy change; dry cell and lead accumulator; fuel cells 
Physical chemistrychemical kinetics 

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: Concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units 
Differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and halflives, effect of temperature on rate of reactionsArrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation 
Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation) 
Physical chemistrySurface chemistry 

Adsorptionphysisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solidsFreundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions 
Colloidal statedistinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloidslyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloidsTyndall effect 
Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; emulsions and their characteristics 
Inorganic chemistryClassification of elements and periodicity in properties 

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d, and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity 
Inorganic chemistryGeneral principles and processes of isolation of metals 

Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; steps involved in the extraction of metalsconcentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe 
Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals 
Inorganic chemistryHydrogen 

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen; physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide; hydrogen as a fuel 
Inorganic chemistrysblock elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) 

Group1 and 2 elements general introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships 
Preparation and properties of some important compoundssodium carbonate and sodium; industrial uses of lime, limestone, plaster of Paris and cement; biological significance of Na, K, Mg, and Ca 
Inorganic chemistrypblock elements 

Group13 to Group 18 elements general introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group 
Groupwise study of the pblock elements group13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; properties of boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums 
Group14: Allotropes of carbon, tendency for catenation; structure and properties of silicates, and zeolites 
Group15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; allotrophic forms of phosphorus; preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5) 
Group15: Structures of oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus 
Group16: Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of ozone; allotropic forms of sulphur; preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); structures of oxoacids of sulphur 
Group17: Preparation, properties, and uses of hydrochloric acid; trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; structures of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens 
Group18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon 
Inorganic chemistrydand fblock elements 

Transition elements general introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics 
General trends in properties of the first row transition elementsphysical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation 
Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4, inner transition elements lanthanoidselectronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction 
Actinoidselectronic configuration and oxidation states 
Inorganic chemistryCoordination compounds 

Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner's theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; bondingvalence bond approach and basic ideas of crystal field theory 
Colour and magnetic properties; importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems) 
Inorganic chemistryEnvironmental chemistry 

Environmental pollutionatmospheric, water, and soil 
Atmospheric pollutiontropospheric and stratospheric, tropospheric pollutantsgaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; green house effect and global warming; acid rain 
Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention 
Stratospheric pollutionformation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layerits mechanism and effects 
Water pollutionmajor pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention 
Soil pollutionmajor pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention 
Strategies to control environmental pollution 
Organic chemistryPurification and characterisation of organic compounds 

Purificationcrystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatographyprinciples and their applications 
Qualitative analysisdetection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens 
Quantitative analysis (basic principles only)estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus 
Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis 
Organic chemistrySome basic principles of organic chemistry 

Tetravalency of carbon; shapes of simple moleculeshybridization (s and p); classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C h C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; homologous series 
Isomerismstructural and stereoisomerism 
Nomenclature (trivial and IUPAC), covalent bond fissionhomolytic and heterolytic: Free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles 
Electronic displacement in a covalent bondinductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation 
Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement 
Organic chemistryHydrocarbons 

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions 
Alkanesconformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); mechanism of halogenation of alkanes 
Alkenesgeometrical isomerism; mechanism of electrophilic addition: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff's and peroxide effect); ozonolysis and polymerization 
Alkynesacidic character; addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; polymerization 
Aromatic hydrocarbonsnomenclature, benzenestructure and aromaticity; mechanism of electrophilic substitution: Halogenation, nitration, FriedelCraft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing halogens 

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; nature of CX bond; mechanisms of substitution reactions 
Uses; environmental effects of chloroform and iodoform 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing oxygen 

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Alcoholsidentification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration. Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: Halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, ReimerTiemann reaction 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Ethersstructure. Aldehyde and ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Aldehyde and ketonesimportant reactions such asnucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of hydrogen 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers: Aldehyde and ketonesaldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, haloform reaction; chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones 
Carboxylic acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it 
Organic chemistryOrganic compounds containing nitrogen 

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses 
Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character 
Diazonium salts: importance in synthetic organic chemistry 
Organic chemistryPolymers 

General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerizationaddition and condensation, copolymerization; natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization 
Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and usespolythene, nylon, polyester, and Bakelite 
Organic chemistryBiomolecules 

General introduction and importance of biomolecules 
Carbohydratesclassification: Aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose) 
Proteinselementary idea ofamino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; proteins: Primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes 
Vitaminsclassification and functions 
Nucleic acidschemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids 
Organic chemistryChemistry in everyday life 

Chemicals in medicinesanalgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistaminstheir meaning and common examples 
Chemicals in foodpreservatives, artificial sweetening agentscommon examples 
Cleansing agentssoaps and detergents, cleansing action 
Biology
BotanyHistory 

History, botanical studies, branches of botany, brief classification of plant kingdom 
Scope of botany, cell biology, cell theory 
BotanyPlant cell 

Structure of typical plant cell, cell wall and cell membrane, protoplasmphysical and chemical nature, cell organellestructure and functions, nucleus, iysosomes, golgi bodies, plastids, ribosomes, mitochondria, chromosomes, spherosomes 
Important compounds of cell, water, amino acids, carbohydrates, fats, nucleotides, nucleic acids 
Cell inclusions, physical and chemical nature and functions of enzymes, vitamins and hormones, mode of enzyme action, cell cycle, mitosis; meiosis 
BotanyComplexities of plant life 

Meristematic tissues, permanent, simple and complex tissues, internal structure of dicot and monocot systems and roots, internal structure of isobilateral and dorsiventral with functions of different tissues, normal, secondary growth in dicot stems 
BotanyMorphology of angiosperms 

Normal and modified stems, roots and leaves, inflorescence, flower and its parts, floral diagram and floral formula, pollination, fertilization, fruits 
BotanyTaxonomy of flowering plants 

Principle and units of classification (species, genus, family), knowledge of important families and their economic importance 
BotanyContinuity of plant life 

Genetics (elementary knowledge), mitosis and meiosis and their significance, principle of Mendel's law of inheritance, monohybrid and dihybrid ratio, concept of gene, elementary idea of gene action, evolution, evidence, theories and mechanism of evolution 
Variation and mutation, role of mutation in agriculture, origin of species 
BotanyMicroorganisms and diversities of plant life 

Elementary idea and economic importance of virus, bacteria, fungi, algae, and lichen, elementary idea of gryophytes, pterodophytes, and gymnosperms 
BotanyProcesses in plants 

Absorption and transport of water and minerals, transpiration, stomatal mechanism, life energy and ATP, respiration and fermentation, photosynthesis, elementary idea of protein synthesis, growth, reproduction 
Movements (with special reference to geotropism and phototropism) 
BotanyEnvironmental biology 

Man and his environment, biotic community, ecological adaptations (hydrophytes and xerophytes) 
BotanyBotany and human welfare 

Agricultural cropsbrief description and economic importance of crop plants like rice, gram (green gram) jute, groundnut, sugarcane, and potato 
BotanyCommon plant diseases 

Control of blight in rice, rot of sugarcane, forestry, genetic conservation and crop improvement 
BotanyGenetic engineering and biotechnology 

Recombinant DNA, gene library, transgenic plants, fermentation, bakery, antibiotics, monochloral antibodies 
ZoologyAnimal world 

Definition, scope, and branch of zoology 
Species concept, bionomical nomenclature, classification, scientific name of some common animals: Fishesrohu, bhakura, mrigal, amphibiansfrog, toad, reptileshouse lizard, garden lizard, crocodile, turtle, snakescobra, krait, birdsfowl 
Peacock, pigeon, mammalstiger, lion, elephant, cat, dog, cow, rabbit and man 
ZoologyDiversity of life: Kingdomprotasia 

General characters of the phylum, protozoa, classificationamoeba, entamoeba, paramoecium, euglena, trypanosoma, plasmodium 
ZoologyKingdomanimalia 

Concept of body plan, symmetry, coelom, germ layers homeothermic and poikilothermic animals 
General characters of nonchordata likeporifera, coelenterata, platy helminthes, nematahelminthes, annelida, arthopoda, mollusca, echinodermata and hemichordata 
ZoologyMulti cellularity in animals 

Animal tissuestypesepithelial, connective (details about blood and lymph), muscular and nervousorgans and organ systems 
ZoologyLocomotion 

Locomotory organelles in protozoans, hydra, annelid, brief account of joints and muscles in movement of man, modes of nutritionnutrition in amoeba 
Digestive system of manstructure and function of alimentary canal associated glands, physiology of digestion and absorption 
ZoologyTypes of respiration 

Structure and function of respiratory system in man: Respiratory organs, mechanics of pulmonary respiration, pulmonary exchange of gas, transport of gases, glycolysis and Kreb's cycle, respiratory quotient 
ZoologyDigestive system 

Organs, digestion, and absorption 
ZoologyTypes of circulation 

Open circulation, closed circulatory system in man: Structure of heart, cardiac cycle, arteries, veins, capillaries, portal system, coronary circulation, blood pressure, respiratory pigments, group, and coagulation 
ZoologyExcretory reproduction in man 

Structure and function of kidney 
ZoologyControl and coordination in man 

Nervous systemcentral, peripheral and autonomic sense organs, endocrine system, mechanism of hormone action 
ZoologyTypes of reproduction 

Asexual, binary, and multiple fission, budding, cellular growth, regeneration, ageing 
Sexual reproduction in manmale and female reproductive system, menstrual cycle 
ZoologyGenetics 

Chromosomes and heredity: Heredity and variation, Mendelian principle, laws of heredity, chromosomes, interaction of genes, chromosomal variation 
ZoologyEvolution 

Origin of life anatomical, embryological biochemical, paleontological, and biogeographical evidences of evolutions, Darwin's theory of natural selection, modern synthetic theory 
ZoologyEnvironmental biology 

Meaning of ecology environment, habitat and niche, biosphere and ecosystem, ecological adaptations, biodiversity 
Environmental pollutionsource, effects and control of air, water, and sound pollution, deforestation, global warming, climate change 
ZoologyCommon human disease 

Non communicable diseasesdiabetes and cardiac diseases 
Communicable diseases like, amoebiasis, filariasis, malaria (mode of inflectionpathogens, prevention, and treatment) 
ZoologyDefence mechanism of body 

Cells, immune system, and their function, immune deficiency in AIDS 
ZoologyWildlife conservation 

Importance of wildlife, causes of extinction, threatened speciesendangered, vulnerable and rare species, conservation of wild life 
SAAT M.Tech Syllabus
Electronics and communication
Engineering mathematics 

Linear algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigen values and eigen vectors 
Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, directional derivatives, line 
Calculus: Surface and volume integrals, stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems 
Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems 
Differential equations: Partial differential equations and variable separable method 
Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent' series, residue theorem, solution integrals 
Probability and statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, normal and binomial distribution, correlation and regression analysis 
Probability and statistics: Numerical methodssolutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Transform theory: Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Ztransform 
Electronics and communication engineering 

Networks: Network graphsmatrices associated with graphs; incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution methods: Nodal and mesh analysis 
Networks: Network theoremssuperposition, Thevenin and Norton's maximum power transfer, WyeDelta transformation. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Linear constant coefficient differential equations 
Networks: Time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits, solution of network equations using Laplace transform: Frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. 2port network parameters: Driving point and transfer functions. State equations for networks 
Electronic devices: Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. Carrier transport in silicon: Diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers 
Electronic devices: pn junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, pIn and avalanche photo diode, basics of LASERs 
Electronic devices: Device technologyintegrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, ntub, ptub, and twintub CMOS process 
Analog circuits: Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs and analog CMOS. Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers 
Analog circuits: Amplifierssingle and multistage, differential and operational, feedback, and power. Frequency response of amplifiers. Simple opamp circuits. Filters. Sinusoidal oscillators; criterion for oscillation 
Analog circuits: Singletransistor and opamp configurations. Function generators and waveshaping circuits, 555 timers. Power supplies 
Digital circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinatorial circuits: Arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, PROMs and PLAs 
Digital circuits: Sequential circuitslatches and flipflops, counters and shiftregisters. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs, DACs. Semiconductor memories. Microprocessor (8085): Architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing 
Digital circuits: Signals and systemsdefinitions and properties of Laplace transform, continuoustime and discretetime Fourier series, continuoustime and discretetime Fourier Transform, DFT and FFT, Ztransform. Sampling theorem 
Digital circuits: Linear timeinvariant (LTI) systemsdefinitions and properties; causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay 
Digital circuits: Signal transmission through LTI systems 
Control systems: Basic control system components; block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems 
Control systems: Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems; transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response 
Control systems: Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysisroot loci, RouthHurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots 
Control systems: Control system compensatorselements of lead and lag compensation, elements of proportionalintegralDerivative (PID) control. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems 
Communications: Random signals and noiseprobability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Analog communication systems: Amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems 
Communications: Analog communication systemsspectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers; elements of hardware, realizations of analog communication systems 
Communications: Analog communication systemssignaltonoise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem 
Communications: Digital communication systemspulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), digital modulation schemes: Amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers 
Communications: Digital communication systemsbandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA, and CDMA and GSM 
Electromagnetics: Elements of vector calculusdivergence and curl; Gauss and Stokes theorems, Maxwell's equations: Differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector 
Electromagnetics: Plane wavespropagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth. Transmission lines: Characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters 
Electromagnetics: Transmission linespulse excitation. Waveguides: Modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cutoff frequencies; dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers 
Electromagnetics: Basics of antennasdipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain 
Mechanical engineering
Engineering mathematics 

Linear algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigen values and eigen vectors 
Calculus: Functions of single variable, limit, continuity, and differentiability, mean value theorems, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, total derivative, maxima and minima, gradient, divergence and curl 
Calculus: Vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms 
Differential equations: Solutions of onedimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation 
Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series 
Probability and statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions 
Numerical methods: Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rule, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Applied mechanics and design 

Engineering mechanics: Free body diagrams and equilibrium; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of particles and of rigid bodies in plane motion, including impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations; impact 
Strength of materials: Stress and strain, stressstrain relationship and elastic constants, Mohr's circle for plane stress and plane strain, thin cylinders; shear force and bending moment diagrams; bending and shear stresses; deflection of beams 
Strength of materials: Torsion of circular shafts; Euler's theory of columns; strain energy methods; thermal stresses 
Theory of machines: Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis of slidercrank mechanism; gear trains; flywheels 
Vibrations: Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems; effect of damping; vibration isolation; resonance, critical speeds of shafts 
Design: Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the SN diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints, shafts, spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings 
Design: Brakes and clutches 
Fluid mechanics and thermal sciences 

Fluid mechanics: Fluid properties; fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy; controlvolume analysis of mass, momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and momentum; Bernoulli's equation; viscous flow of incompressible fluids 
Fluid mechanics: Boundary layer; elementary turbulent flow; flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends etc 
Heattransfer: Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept, electrical analogy, unsteady heat conduction, fins; dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer 
Heattransfer: Various correlations for heat transfer in flow over flat plates and through pipes; thermal boundary layer; effect of turbulence; radiative heat transfer, black and grey surfaces, shape factors, network analysis; heat exchanger performance 
Heattransfer: LMTD and NTU methods 
Thermodynamics: Zeroth, first, and second laws of thermodynamics; thermodynamic system and processes; Carnot cycle. Irreversibility and availability; behaviour of ideal and real gases, properties of pure substances 
Thermodynamics: Calculation of work and heat in ideal processes; analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion 
Applications: Power engineeringsteam tables, Rankine, Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat. I.C. engines: Airstandard Otto, Diesel cycles 
Applications: Refrigeration and airconditioningvapour refrigeration cycle, heat pumps, gas refrigeration, reverse Brayton cycle; moist air: Psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes 
Applications: TurbomachineryPeltonwheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines, impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams 
Manufacturing and industrial engineering 

Engineering materials: Structure and properties of engineering materials, heat treatment, stressstrain diagrams for engineering materials 
Metal casting: Design of patterns, moulds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design, design considerations 
Forming: Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes 
Forming: Principles of powder metallurgy 
Joining: Physics of welding, brazing and soldering; adhesive bonding; design considerations in welding 
Machining and machine tool operations: Mechanics of machining, single and multipoint cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of nontraditional machining processes 
Machining and machine tool operations: Principles of design of jigs and fixtures 
Metrology and inspection: Limits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; gauge design; interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly 
Computer integrated manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools. Production planning and control: Forecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning 
Inventory control: Deterministic and probabilistic models; safety stock inventory control systems 
Operations research: Linear programming, simplex and duplex method, transportation, assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM 
Electrical engineering
Engineering mathematics 

Linear algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigen values and eigen vectors 
Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, directional derivatives, line 
Calculus: Surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems 
Differential equations: Partial differential equations and variable separable method 
Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent' series, residue theorem, solution integrals 
Probability and statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, normal and binomial distribution, correlation and regression analysis 
Numerical methods: Solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Transform theory: Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Ztransform 
Electrical engineering 

Electric circuits and fields: Network graph, KCL, KVL, node and mesh analysis, transient response of DC and AC networks; sinusoidal steadystate analysis, resonance, basic filter concepts; ideal current and voltage sources 
Electric circuits and fields: Thevenin's, Norton's and superposition and maximum power transfer theorems, twoport networks, three phase circuits; Gauss theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions 
Electric circuits and fields: Ampere's and BiotSavart's laws; inductance; dielectrics; capacitance 
Signals and systems: Representation of continuous and discretetime signals; shifting and scaling operations; linear, timeinvariant and causal systems; Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals; sampling theorem 
Signals and systems: Fourier, Laplace and Z transforms 
Electrical machines: Single phase transformerequivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency; three phase transformersconnections, parallel operation; autotransformer; energy conversion principles 
Electrical machines: DC machinestypes, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors; three phase induction motorsprinciples, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control 
Electrical machines: Single phase induction motors; synchronous machinesperformance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics and applications; servo and stepper motors 
Power systems: Basic power generation concepts; transmission line models and performance; cable performance, insulation; corona and radio interference; distribution systems; perunit quantities; bus impedance and admittance matrices; load flow 
Power systems: Voltage control; power factor correction; economic operation; symmetrical components; fault analysis; principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection; solid state relays and digital protection; circuit breakers 
Power systems: System stability concepts, swing curves and equal area criterion; HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts 
Control systems: Principles of feedback; transfer function; block diagrams; steadystate errors; Routh and Nyquist techniques; Bode plots; root loci; lag, lead and leadlag compensation; state space model; state transition matrix 
Control systems: Controllability and observability. Electrical and electronic measurements: Bridges and potentiometers; PMMC, moving iron, dynamometer and induction type instruments; measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor 
Control systems: Instrument transformers; digital voltmeters and multimeters; phase, time and frequency measurement; Qmeters; oscilloscopes; potentiometric recorders; error analysis. 
Analog and digital electronics: Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET; amplifiersbiasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifierscharacteristics and applications; simple active filters 
Analog and digital electronics: VCOs and timers; combinational and sequential logic circuits; multiplexer; Schmitt trigger; multivibrators; sample and hold circuits; A/D and D/A converters 
Analog and digital electronics: 8bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming and interfacing 
Power electronics and drives: Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and IGBTsstatic characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers 
Power electronics and drives: Bridge convertersfully controlled and half controlled; principles of choppers and inverters; basis concepts of adjustable speed DC and AC drives 
Computer science engineering
Engineering mathematics 

Mathematical logic: Propositional logic; first order logic 
Probability: Conditional probability; mean, median, mode and standard deviation; random variables; distributions; uniform, normal, exponential, Poisson, binomial 
Set theory and algebra: Sets; relations; functions; groups; partial orders; lattice; Boolean algebra 
Combinatorics: Permutations; combinations; counting; summation; generating functions; recurrence relations; asymptotics 
Graph theory: Connectivity; spanning trees; cut vertices and edges; covering; matching; independent sets; colouring; planarity; isomorphism 
Linear algebra: Algebra of matrices, determinants, systems of linear equations, eigen values and eigen vectors 
Numerical methods: LU decomposition for systems of linear equations; numerical solutions of non linear algebraic equations by Secant, Bisection and NewtonRaphson methods; numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rules 
Calculus: Limit, continuity, and differentiability, mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, total derivatives, maxima and minima 
Formal languages and automata 

Regular languages: Finite automata, regular expressions, regular grammar 
Context free languages: Push down automata, context free grammars 
Computer hardware 

Digital logic: Logic functions, minimization, design and synthesis of combinatorial and sequential circuits, number representation and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point) 
Computer organization: Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU and data path, hardwired and microprogrammed control, memory interface, I/O interface (interrupt and DMA mode), serial communication interface, instruction pipelining, cache 
Computer organization: Main and secondary storage 
Software systems 

Data structures and algorithms : The notion of abstract data types, stack, queue, list, set, string, tree, binary search tree, heap, graph, tree and graph traversals, connected components, spanning trees, shortest paths, hashing, sorting, searching 
Data structures and algorithms : Design techniques (greedy, dynamic, divide and conquer), asymptotic analysis (best, worst, average cases) of time and space, upper and lower bounds, intractability 
Programming methodology: C programming, program control (iteration, recursion, functions), scope, binding, parameter passing, elementary concepts of objectoriented programming 
Operating systems (in the context of Unix): Classical concepts (concurrency, synchronization, deadlock), processes, threads and interprocess communication, CPU scheduling, memory management, file systems, I/O systems, protection and security 
Information systems and software engineering: Information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, input/output design, process life cycle, planning and managing the project, design, coding, testing 
Information systems and software engineering: Implementation, maintenance. Databases: relational model, database design, integrity constraints, normal forms, query languages (SQL), file structures (sequential, indexed), btrees 
Information systems and software engineering: Databasestransaction and concurrency control 
Data communication: Data encoding and transmission, data link control, multiplexing, packet switching, LAN architecture, LAN systems (ethernet, token ring), network devices: Switches, gateways, routers 
Network: ISO/OSI stack, sliding window protocols, routing protocols, TCP/UDP, application layer protocols and systems (http, smtp, dns, ftp), network security 
Web technologies: Three tier webbased architecture; JSP, ASP, J2EE, .NET systems; HTML, XML 
Civil engineering
Engineering mathematics 

Linear algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigen values and eigen vectors 
Calculus: Functions of single variable, limit, continuity, and differentiability, mean value theorems, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, total derivative, maxima and minima, gradient, divergence and curl 
Calculus: Vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms 
Differential equations: Solutions of onedimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation 
Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series 
Probability and statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions 
Numerical methods: Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rule, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Structural engineering 

Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr's circle 
Mechanics: Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses 
Structural analysis: Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods 
Structural analysis: Analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis 
Concrete structures: Concrete technologyproperties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete designbasic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear 
Concrete structures: Concrete designcompression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads 
Steel structures: Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam columns, column bases. Connectionssimple and eccentric, beamcolumn connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames 
Geotechnical engineering 

Soil mechanics: Origin of soils, soil classification, threephase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability and seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength 
Foundation engineering: Subsurface investigationsscope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopesinfinite slopes, finite slopes 
Foundation engineering: Foundation typesfoundation design requirements. Shallow foundationsbearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands and clays 
Foundation engineering: Deep foundationspile types, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, negative skin friction 
Water resources engineering 

Fluid mechanics and hydraulics: Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli's equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes 
Fluid mechanics and hydraulics: Pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump 
Fluid mechanics and hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines 
Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics 
Hydrology: Irrigationduty, delta, estimation of evapotranspiration. Crop water requirements. Design of lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation 
Hydrology: Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils 
Environmental engineering 

Water requirements: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water 
Water requirements: Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary, and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards 
Water requirements: Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal 
Air pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits 
Municipal solid wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal) 
Noise pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution 
Transportation engineering 

Highway planning: Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements 
Traffic engineering: Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity 
Surveying 

Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves 
SAAT 2022 Exam Pattern
SAAT B.Tech Exam Pattern
The exam pattern of SAAT 2022 comprises of the mode in which exam will be conducted, the duration of the exam, marking scheme, the subjects and the questions that will be asked in each section.
SAAT B.Tech 2022 Exam Pattern
S. No.  Particular  Details 
1.  Mode of Exam  Online, offline 
2.  Medium of Exam  English 
3.  Marking Scheme  For every correct answer, the candidate will be given 4 marks and for every wrong answer, 1 mark will be deducted. 
4.  Duration of the Exam  Two Hours 
According to the exam pattern of SAAT B. Tech 2022, candidates will be asked questions from the following subjects:
• Mathematics
• Physics
• Chemistry
SAAT B.B.A Exam Pattern
According to the exam pattern of SAAT BBA 2022, candidates will have to answer 120 questions. The duration of the exam will be two hours. The exam was held in both online and offline modes and questions will be asked in English.
SAAT BBA Exam Pattern 2022
S. No.  Section  Questions 
1  General Knowledge/Current Affairs  20 
2  Elementary Numerical Aptitude  20 
3  English including comprehension  20 
4  Logical Reasoning  30 
5  Legal Aptitude/Legal Awareness  30 
SAAT B.B.A. L.L.B Exam Pattern
According to the exam pattern of SAAT 2022 BA LLB, candidates will have to respond to 120 questions in two hours.
Exam Pattern of SAAT BA LLB 2022
S. No.  Section  Questions 
1  English including comprehension  20 
2  General Knowledge/Current Affairs  20 
3  Elementary Numerical Aptitude  20 
4  Legal Aptitude/Legal Awareness  30 
5  Logical Reasoning  30 
SAAT B.C.A. Exam Pattern
The topics and the total number of questions that will be asked are mentioned in the exam pattern of SAAT BCA.
SAAT BCA Exam Pattern 2022
S. No.  Section  Questions 
1  Legal Aptitude/Legal Awareness  30 
2  Logical Reasoning  30 
3  General Knowledge/Current Affairs  20 
4  English including comprehension  20 
5  Elementary Numerical Aptitude  20 
SAAT B.H.M.C.T. Exam Pattern
According to the exam pattern of SAAT BHMCT 2022, candidates will have to answer 120 questions in two hours. The medium of exam will be English.
BHMCT Exam Pattern 2022
S.No  Sections  Total Number of questions 
1.  Reasoning  20 
2.  Service Aptitude  20 
3.  General English  20 
4.  General Knowledge  20 
5.  General Science  20 
6.  Numerical Aptitude  20 
The university releases the SAAT 2022 admit card, in online mode. Candidates who have completed the application process can download the SAAT admit card 2022 by entering their application number and date of birth in the login window. While download the SAAT admit card 2022, candidates should check and ensure that all the details mentioned in the card are correct. In any case where candidates find any kind of discrepancy in their SAAT admit card 2022, they are advised to contact the authorities immediately to get the card rectified as soon as possible. Candidates can find various details in the SAAT admit card 2022 such as their name, photograph, applied course, allotted exam centre, exam date and reporting time.
The admit card of SAAT 2022 is released on the official website of the university. No candidates will be allowed to enter the exam centre without their SAAT 2022 admit card and other required ID proofs. Candidates are advised to preserve their SAAT admit card 2022 till the admission process is over.
SAAT 2022 Exam Centers
SAAT B.Tech Exam Centers
State  City 

Odisha  Angul 
Balasore  
Bargarh  
Baripada  
Bhawanipatna  
Balangir  
Bhadrak  
Bhubaneswar  
Cuttack  
Dhenkanal  
Jagatsinghpur  
Jajpur  
Jeypore  
Kendrapara  
Keonjhar  
Koraput  
Nayagarh  
Paradipa  
Phulbani  
Puri  
Rayagada  
Rourkela  
Sambalpur  
Sundergarh  
Berhampur  
Andhra Pradesh  Guntur 
Vijayawada  
Visakhapatnam  
Assam  Guwahati 
Bihar  Bhagalpur 
Patna  
Chhattisgarh  Raipur 
Delhi  New Delhi 
Gujarat  Ahmedabad 
Surat  
Haryana  Gurugram 
Himachal Pradesh  Shimla 
Jammu and Kashmir  Srinagar 
Jharkhand  Ranchi 
Kerala  Thiruvananthapuram 
Karnataka  Bengaluru 
Madhya Pradesh  Bhopal 
Indore  
Maharashtra  Mumbai City 
Pune  
Manipur  Mayang Imphal 
Meghalaya  Shillong 
Nagaland  Dimapur 
Punjab  Chandigarh 
Rajasthan  Jaipur 
Kota  
Sikkim  Gangtok 
Tamil Nadu  Chennai 
Telangana  Hyderabad 
Tripura  Agartala 
Uttar Pradesh  Allahabad 
Lucknow  
Noida  
Uttarakhand  Dehradun 
West Bengal  Durgapur 
Kolkata  
Siliguri 
Documents Required at Exam
 Admit card
 Valid Photo Identity Proof
The university ha started announcing the SAAT result 2022 phase 2 for few programmes from June 25 in online mode. The university has also released the rank card of SAAT 2022 for phase 2 along with the result. Candidates who have appeared in the entrance test can check the SAAT 2022 result entering their application number in the login window. They can also download the rank card of SAAT 2022 by using their application number. It must be noted that the SAAT result 2022 has been released in the form of a merit list.
The university has prepared the SAAT merit list based on the marks scored by candidates in the Physics, Chemistry and Maths. The SAAT 2022 merit list vary for candidates depending upon their category. The result of SAAT 2022 carry various details such as candidate’s category, date of birth, name, roll number, subject wisemarks, total marks, category rank and overall rank obtained by them. After the declaration of SAAT result 2022, shortlisted candidates are invited to participate in the counselling process.
SAAT 2022 Counselling Centers
SAAT B.Tech Counselling Centers
State  City 

Odisha  Bhubaneshwar 
Documents Required at Counselling
 10th mark sheet and certificate
 12th mark sheet and certificate for passed out students. (Students Appearing 12th exam should bring admit card).
 Undergraduate certificate (If applying for Post graduate programme)
 Caste certificate
 Transfer certificate
 SAAT 2022 rank card
 Two sets of photocopies of the above documents.
 2 recent passport size colour photographs
 Demand draft of ₹30, 000/ drawn from any nationalized bank in favour of Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Payable at Bhubaneswar.
 A valid photo identity proof (Aadhaar UID)
 PH certificate from medical board, IMS & SH, attached & PH Certificate issued by competent authority.
General Information
Questions related to SAAT
what is saat cse branch cutoff in iter soa
There is no such cutoff for specific branches in ITER. They take admission till seats are filled. If your rank is within the range 11000 you can easily get into the branch you choose. And if you don't get into branch you can easily change your branch after first semester and the only criteria is you have to score equal or above 8.5 SGPA.
Hope this is useful.
All the best!
what is saat cse branch cutoff in iter soa
There is no such cutoff for specific branches in ITER. They take admission till seats are filled. If your rank is within the range 11000 you can easily get into the branch you choose. And if you don't get into branch you can easily change your branch after first semester and the only criteria is you have to score equal or above 8.5 SGPA.
Hope this is useful.
All the best!