Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Degrees offered: B.E /B.Tech, B.Voc., Diploma, Dual Degree, M.E /M.Tech., M.Phil., M.S

What is Electrical Engineering

Electrical Engineering deals with the understanding, designing of electronic devices and equipment, and application of concepts to electricity. They test and supervise electrical equipment production too. Electrical engineering is a branch of science concerned with power electronics and creates efficient and reliable electronic systems. It focuses on physics, mechanics, optics, and related mathematics.

As technology is rapidly increasing, the demand for electrical engineers is also growing. The study of Electrical engineering is often combined in the stream with Electronics engineering as they learn about similar concepts.

To be an electrical engineer, one must get enrolled in an engineering college for graduation in technology. The duration of Bachelor of Technology in Electrical engineering program is for four years, and its master’s program is for two years.

Many institutes provide electrical engineering course and teach them about electrical devices, semiconductors and microprocessors as well. Switching the lights on and off in your room or checking the time on your smartphone, it takes a group of electrical engineers to make that happen. Electric energy is one of the most used energy in our day to day life.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Electrical Engineering

To get into an engineering field, one must satisfy some basic criteria laid down by the authorities associated. These standards are required to be fulfilled by every student to appear for their entrance examination, for the preferred college he/ she wants to take admission in and pursue electrical engineering.

For undergraduates:

  • An aspirant must have passed class 12th board examination from a recognized board.

  • In 12th standard, the student must secure passing mass in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics.

  • The candidate must have at least 60% marks in his/her 12th board exams.  This may vary from college to college.

  • There is no age limit.

For Post-graduates:

  • The applicant must be a graduate in electrical engineering from a recognized university/ college

  • Must have secured a minimum of 60% marks during the graduation program

Electrical Engineering Entrance Exams

Joint Entrance Exam (JEE Main) JEE Main is an online assessment organized by the National Testing Agency for aspirants who wish to study in the esteemed Indian Institute of Engineering (IITs) or other government colleges like NITs and GITs. A student can appear twice for the exam (January and April) in one year. With the best score out of the two is considered when preparing the merit list. It is a preliminary test for the IIT JEE Advanced exam. Out of, approximately 9 lakh students, 2.5 lakh are shortlisted for the advanced exam.

Joint Entrance Exam (JEE Advanced) -JEE Advanced is the second round of examination, after JEE Mains. It is also an online exam conducted by IIT, Delhi. Students, who wish to pursue engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Science and IISER, take this test. The level of difficulty is tough and every year 2.5 lakh applicants participate. The test has two papers for 3 hours each.

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) - This exam is conducted by Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, every year. It is an online test which lasts for 3hours. The minimum marks to be scored in 10+2 are 75%, to be able to apply for the examination. This institute has three branches- Pilani, Hyderabad and Goa.

Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE) - Around 10 lakh students apply for this computerized test every year for Master of Engineering, Master of Technology and PhD at government colleges in India. It is conducted by all the IITs and Nation Coordination Board. Final year graduation students can apply too. 

Scope of Electrical Engineering in India and Abroad

There are numerous job opportunities soon after graduating from electrical engineering. As almost everything is run on electrical devices, one can’t do without an electrical engineer in the organization.

An Electrical Engineering student can work in varied industries including Automotive Industry, Defense Industry, Electronics Industry, Marine Industry, Oil and Gas Industry, Power generation industry, Railways, Marine, Telecom industry and many more.

One can get into the public sector, given that, the initiative by the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises – ‘Vision 2022 for Indian Electrical Equipment Industry’ is going to magnify the scope of electrical engineering in India.

Also, to get a job in the Indian railways or the Indian army, an aspirant can prepare for the Indian Engineering Services exam after graduation. By preparing for GATE exams, an electrical engineering graduate can get placed in BHEL, Metro Railways, IOCL or NTPC with a nice pay package.

In the private sector, one can work in product companies like Siemens, and manufacture transformers, CT, and Isolators. Or he/she can get a job in the Information Technology sector and get placed in Tata, HCL, and Cognizant. The scope in this field is vast. After working for a couple of years, one can even apply for jobs abroad. With the rise of electronic devices and the dependency of our lives on electricity is so much that not even a single industry can do without electricity and so an electrical engineer.

So, it’s pretty much clear that the demand for electrical engineers will always be high, be it in the public and private sector, in India as well as abroad.

Course Fees Electrical Engineering

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
34.61 K
B.E /B.Tech in Electrical Engineering at Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Tezpur
4.80 K
B.E /B.Tech in Electrical Engineering at Jorhat Institute of Science and Technology, Jorhat
18.75 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Electrical Engineering at Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar
11.36 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Electrical Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
18.30 K
M.E /M.Tech. in Electrical Engineering at Sreenivasa Institute of Technology and Management Studies, Chittoor
3.00 K
M.E /M.Tech. in Electrical Engineering at Government Engineering College, Bhuj
13.74 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Electrical Engineering at Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai
3.40 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Electrical Engineering at College of Engineering and Technology, BGSB University, Rajouri
45.00 K
Diploma in Electrical Engineering at Government Polytechnic College, Silli
11.60 K
Diploma in Electrical Engineering at Government Polytechnic, Balasore
6.11 Lakhs
Ph.D in Electrical Engineering at Royal Global University, Guwahati
1.84 Lakhs
Ph.D in Electrical Engineering at College of Technology and Engineering, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur
3.90 K
Diploma in Electrical Engineering at Bipradas Pal Chowdhury Institute of Technology, Nadia
1.80 K
Diploma in Electrical Engineering at Ratua SN Bose Government Polytechnic, Malda
3.97 Lakhs
Diploma in Electrical Engineering at Chitkara University, Patiala
19.69 Lakhs
Diploma in Electrical Engineering at Mahamaya IT Polytechnic, Maharajganj

Course Subjects

Bachelor of Technology in Electrical Engineering is a four-year degree, which is divided into two semesters each. It comprises not only theoretical subjects but also practical application, Laboratory work, dissertation/project work and internship.

Some of the subjects taught are named below:

  • Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering

  • Electromechanics

  • Analog and Digital Electrical Circuits

  • Engineering Electromagnetics

  • Circuit Theory

  • Power Electronics Devices and Circuits

  • Communications Engineering

  • Physical Electronics

  • Computer Architecture

  • Control Engineering

  • VLSI Technology and Design

  • Antennas and Propagation

  • Electric Transportation

  • Permanent Magnet Motors

  • Computer-Aided Testing of Electric Motors

  • Soft Computing

  • Microprocessors Based Industrial Control

  • Sonar System Engineering

  • Computer Vision 

Careers in Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is a core division of engineering and therefore has remarkable career opportunities like in Power Generation Company with a handsome pay package.

It is the backbone for many MNCs, Information Technology companies, construction industry, shipping, and automobile industry which offer a lot of jobs to electrical engineers.Graduates can easily bag a job with a high salary abroad too, as opportunities outside India are surprisingly huge.Electrical engineering is the foundation of many innovations in healthcare, automobile, robotics and construction industry.

It impacts the day to day life of every individual daily considering we are surrounded and highly dependent on electronic gadgets. The overall employment of electrical engineers is expected to grow by 3% from 2019 to 2029.

The profession is in its evolving stage, as now software is playing its key role too, in electrical engineering. The growth of this profession will be mainly in scientific and technical service firms. The speedy innovation of technology will likely drive the demand for electrical engineers in research and development more. The need to upgrade power grids and assisting with automating various processes and consumer products will keep increasing the demand for electrical engineers in the market. It can be well concluded that the job prospect in this field of engineering is amazing and is going to be even better in the coming years.

Certifications for Electrical Engineering

Certificate course in DC and AC motors
Certificate course in Power Electronics
Certification in Analog Circuits
Certification in Networks and Systems
Revit MEP Certified Professional

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Electrical Engineering Job Profiles

The job prospect in the field of electrical engineering is like an ocean, through which one can swim and can venture into any sphere and still have various chances to look forward to and work. The job profiles include the duties, responsibilities and skills needed to perform a specific job. The recruiter appoints the right engineer at the right job based on his/ her abilities and work experience.

Job Profiles

Job Description

Electrical Engineer

They design electrical circuits, develop electrical systems, solve problems and test devices.

Power Engineer

They are accountable for generating, transmitting and utilizing electricity or related electronic devices like- electric motors and generators.

Instrumentation Engineer

The study, create and develop new electrical systems and equipment to be used for controlling, screening industrial operations

Operations Manager

They have information about the complete operation of the manufacturing process. They manage all repairs and upgrades of devices and work parallel to other departments

Telecommunications Engineer

They design and create equipment to transfer cabled and wired, cellular, broadband data.

Electrical Design Engineer

They make electrical systems and devices as per guidelines, based on cost, reliability, quality and security.

Electrical Product Design Engineer

They are accountable to create and develop new electrical products. The research, design and develop such products and brings it into the market

Top Recruiters of electrical Engineering Graduates

The requirements for electrical engineering graduates in Indian and foreign markets are soaring day by day; given that technology is advancing and our dependence on devices are increasing at an equal pace. Job offers and placements are also on the higher side, be it in the public sector or private sector. Electrical engineers are a necessity to growth and development of a nation.

Some top recruiters of electrical engineers are:

  • SAIL (Steel Authority of India Limited)

  • BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited)

  • General Electric

  • Google

  • NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd)



  • ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization)

  • L&T Construction and Steel

  • IBM (International Business Machines)

  • SIEMENS technology Services

  • Durgapur Steel Plant

  • GAIL (Gas Authority of India Limited)

  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited

  • Omega Elevator 

Required Skillset for Electrical Engineering

Whether someone is a fresh engineering graduate or an experienced engineer, with knowledge, one must have some skill set, making it easier to work at their office. It’s important to develop job-specific hard skills, but to achieve success, soft skills are also necessary for smooth work life. So, if an electrical engineering graduate is looking to accelerate in their career, he/ she must have the following set of hard and soft skills.

Hard Skills:

Analytical thinking to identify and define problems, collect data and design a solution to the issue.

Critical thinking to understand intricate circuits and complicated mechanisms of modern machinery.

Proficient in using:

  • Computer-aided design (CAD)

  • Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB) for deep learning and machine learning, signal processing and communications, control systems, test and measurement.

  • Autodesk or AutoCAD is a software which helps make software products and software for architecture and engineering.

Soft Skills:

  • Attentive- Electrical engineers work on multiple projects at one time. They must be alert and focused as they juggle with different elements and their different characteristics.

  • Interpersonal Skills- Ability to work in a team is an important skill for electrical engineers during the production process to make sure that procedures are being conducted properly and simultaneously according to the schedule. This also comprises the capability to interact and discuss among colleagues about the issues and solutions to the problems.

  • Quantitative Aptitude- The talent for solving advanced mathematical problems and calculus to be able to examine and create equipment.

  • Initiative- Electric engineers must have the quality of inventiveness and apply their creativity while working on new projects. They must also keep updating themselves about new inventions in the industry and technology.

  • Communication skills – Electrical engineers need to interact with a lot of people including technicians and other engineers to explain their ideas, designs and instruct during the manufacturing and development process.

Course Curriculum for Electrical Engineering

The curriculum of Bachelor of Technology in Electrical engineering comprises of the following to impart knowledge to not only be a successful and efficient engineer but also a worthy and ethical electrical engineer abiding by the rules of honest worker:

  • Is an expert at mathematical modelling, analysis and design of control systems

  • Is fluent in English, verbally and good writing skills

  • They can provide solutions for electrical engineering problems by designing and conducting experiments, determining and examining data, and reporting the results.

  • Will have complete information on latest electronic devices, analogue and digital circuits, microprocessors/ microcontrollers, data structures, and computer programming and simulation software.

  • Proficient in transmission and distribution systems, power system

  • They will strive to invent renewable energy systems for developing clean energy and sustainable technologies.

Questions related to Electrical Engineering

Showing 5603 out of 5603 Questions

electrical defination in engineering

Aditi amrendra Student Expert 23rd Feb, 2021

The branch of engineering that deals with the technology of electricity, especially the design and application of circuitry and equipment for power generation and distribution, machine control, and communications is called electrical engineering.
It also deals with design and application of equipment, devices and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

I hope this helps.

I all information about electrical engineering like scope, opportunities,...

harshita sharan Student Expert 22nd Feb, 2021

Hello Dear,

BE electrical engineering is a 4 year programmes deals with the topic of electrics, electronic, electro-magnetic, mathematics, thermal power plant, hydro-electric plant model, electric power, electric energy system and control etc.  An electrical engineer is responsible for designing and developing new electrical systems, test equipment and finds solutions to electrical problems and devices. After completion of course these engineers work on multiple projects throughout their career which includes the computer, robots, cell phones, navigation among others. For more information you can visit the link below.


Good Luck


Im expecting a score around 31 in gate 2021, electrical department. which govt college (with stipend) are there i can get in? response immediately.

Manidipa Kundu Student Expert 20th Feb, 2021


see as per previous years qualifying score analysis, if you belongs to general category you have less chances to qualify in gate exam from electrical department . however every year cutoff score changes and it depends on certain factors like number of applicants, questions difficulty level, students category etc. all of the candidates who get the qualifying score or above score then qualifying score is eligible to get gate stiipend bu aicte.

to know about your chances of college please give a shot to careers360 gate college predictor tool:



Among BITSAT, MIT(Manipal), VIT AND SRM UNIVERSITY, what are the fees for electrical engineering?

Guljabin Quadri 17th Feb, 2021


  • Fee Structure of VIT  for electrical engineering  is Rs: 1,95,000  (per annum).
  • Fee Structure of BITS Pilani for electrical engineering  is Rs 1,59,000 per semester.
  • Fee Structure of VIT  for electrical engineering  is Rs: 1,55,000/-   (per annum).
  • Fee Structure of  MIT(Manipal)    for electrical engineering  is Rs: 16 Lakhs (total).


can i get ECE/EEE/EE at any nit at 92%tile of an obc student??

harshita sharan Student Expert 15th Feb, 2021

Hello Dear,

If we consider your general ran on this profile then it is around 80,000 and in obc It will be around 20000-22000. On this rank there is a chance you can get a seat in your home state NIT. The cut off depends upon the number of seats available, the difficulty level of paper and number of candidates writing the examination. And, hence varies every year depending on these factors. For more details you can follow the link :


Good Luck

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