What is Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is a course which deals with the development of the practical skills required to plan, design and execute the construction of public infrastructure. Throughout the course, students will get a deeper understanding of the various concepts involved under the broad spectrum of civil engineering and will be tasked with ways to improve existing infrastructure and modernise them to meet present requirements.

Civil Engineering as a course is always in demand as it is a very promising career path to tread, especially with India being a continuously developing country with major budgets being allocated towards public infrastructure development. Students will learn to apply their theoretical knowledge to solve real-time challenges and will be prepared to enter the industry and work on practical applications.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Civil Engineering

Similar to many other engineering courses, the eligibility criteria for Civil Engineering courses are similar. Following is the criteria that must be satisfied to be considered eligible:

Undergraduate Civil Engineering Courses

i) Aspirants must complete their 10+2 exam from a recognised board in India.

ii) A minimum average score of 50-60% is expected along with the completion of a secondary board examination in science subjects plus mathematics.

iii) The specific cut-off for the course is subjective to the university in question, but the passing percentile usually lies with the 50-60 percentile.

iv) The results of various entrance exams such as JEE Mains/Advanced, MH CET and KCET, which takes place across India and has its cut-off is also taken into consideration.

Postgraduate Civil Engineering Courses

i) Diploma of an undergraduate degree from a recognised university in India with a relevant course such as B.Tech is required.

ii) Universities have their respective cut-offs of achieved percentile to get admission into M.Tech and Civil Engineering Courses.

Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

i)  GATE

GATE stands as an entrance point to India's top IITs and NITs colleges. This 3-hour online exam takes place on an annual basis and has approximately 10 lakh applicants which upon clearing the cut-off get access to about 1497 colleges.

ii) Joint Entrance Exam Main (JEE Main)

JEE Main is an MCQ type examination conducted twice a year across India to select a limited number of candidates to admit them into several different engineering colleges. This entrance exam is the main entry point into any Engineering college. Students seeking admission in Civil Engineering can appear for the exam.

iii) Joint Entrance Exam Advanced (JEE Advanced)

JEE Advanced is an entrance examination for engineering that is conducted once a year across India and has comparatively lesser number of students that are eligible to take the examination. Those meeting the top cut-off of JEE Main entrance exam are only further allowed to undertake this examination.


BITSAT is an entrance exam solely for admissions into the Birla Institute of Technology and Science. A specific cut-off is set according to which those meeting and exceeding the cut-off are selected. Approximately 500,000 students take this entrance exam with less than 3000 seats. Students willing to take up civil engineering in BITS university must undergo this examination process.


KCET is a Karnataka based common entrance exam. The nature of the examination is offline and takes place once a year. This specific entrance exam is for those students who wish to get into any engineering stream in Karnataka based colleges. Approximately 2 lakh applicants take part in this examination upon clearing the cut-off to get access to about 211 engineering colleges.

Scope of Civil Engineering in India and Abroad

Civil Engineering has an immense long-term scope with chances of recruitment from various sectors such as major multinationals, the construction industry and even defence or military services. Therefore, there are numerous promising opportunities for civil engineering  in both the private and public sector. With their innovative sense, they must deal with individuals and solve current and ongoing problems with their analytical thinking.

Civil Engineering  courses will strengthen students to not just holistically develop themselves for the practical industry but to also work in large teams and cooperate accordingly. With regards to the sector employed in, the range for the average salary lies  around Rs. 3-5 lakhs per annum. Students can also pursue masters in Civil Engineering. 

Course Fees Civil Engineering

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
20.00 K
B.E /B.Tech in Civil Engineering at AKT Memorial College of Engineering and Technology, Villupuram
6.00 K
B.E /B.Tech in Civil Engineering at Government Engineering College, Bhuj
21.57 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Civil Engineering at Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management and Engineering, Mumbai
11.46 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Civil Engineering at Punjabi University, Patiala
19.98 K
M.E /M.Tech. in Civil Engineering at NSS College of Engineering, Palakkad
3.00 K
M.E /M.Tech. in Civil Engineering at Government Engineering College, Dahod
17.50 Lakhs
M.B.A in Civil Engineering at Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management and Engineering, Shirpur
4.98 Lakhs
M.E /M.Tech. in Civil Engineering at Delhi Technological University, Delhi
26.00 K
Diploma in Civil Engineering at Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
6.00 K
Diploma in Civil Engineering at Government Polytechnic College, Udhagamandalam
6.11 Lakhs
Ph.D in Civil Engineering at Royal Global University, Guwahati
1.85 Lakhs
Ph.D in Civil Engineering at National Institute of Technology Andhra Pradesh
Diploma in Civil Engineering at MIMT Polytechnic, Saharanpur
1.80 K
Diploma in Civil Engineering at Ratua SN Bose Government Polytechnic, Malda
11.94 Lakhs
Diploma in Civil Engineering at Shree Vinayaka Polytechnic, Kolar Gold Fields
1.20 Lakhs
Diploma in Civil Engineering at Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Jammu

Course Subjects

The basic B.Tech civil engineering course is for 4 years. Majority of universities that offer an onboard course, commonly follow an 8-semester model.

Each semester is designed in a way to equip students with knowledge on a variety of topics related to the field. Some of the subjects are listed below:

   1)          Electronics

   2)          Programming and data structure

   3)          Physics

   4)          Chemistry

   5)          Mechanics

   6)          IT and CAD

   7)          Design of steel structures

   8)          Structural analysis

   9)          Foundation engineering

10)          Industrial training 

Careers in Civil Engineering

Keeping in mind today's technologically advanced and ever-changing times, organisations are constantly on the lookout for individuals to better their existing products and come up with better, advanced and efficient product models.

The civil engineering stream is one that has been given great importance for the longest of times.

Individuals can be rewarded with long term career opportunities with space for growth in terms of position as well as the monetary rewards that come alongside.

The economy of civil engineering professionals has not seen a major dip and will similarly continue to boom for the future years to come.

Certifications for Civil Engineering

AutoCAD Civil 3D Certified Professiona
Building Security Certified Professional
Certification in Construction Contract Management
Course Quantity Surveying
Project Management Professional Certification
Revit Structure Certified Professional

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Civil Engineering Job Profiles

It is important to identify the possible prospects before entering any chosen career path and hence, placements and recruitments play a key role. The civil engineering sector witnesses a lot of individuals on the look for jobs. Top organisations are always on a hunt to look for outstanding candidates who could turn around their companies towards the trend successfully.

Research shows that the most common job opportunities available to civil engineering graduates from major companies with a favourable salary offering areas listed below.

Job Profile

Job Description

Structural Engineer

Structural engineers as the name suggest deals with the designing, plan and construction of public infrastructure like buildings, bridges and so on.

Geotechnical Engineer

Geotechnical engineers handle things related to the earth's physical structure and components. They create projects and find solutions for the same.

Site Engineer

As a site engineer, you are responsible for the site overall in terms of security, health and safety as well as supervising raw materials.

Construction Engineer

Construction Engineers are in charge of supervising major construction sites and projects. They ensure that the process is safe and smooth.


As a civil engineer graduate, the individual can take the opportunity to teach and train students to be ready for the industry.

Civil engineering Top Recruiters

As seen with the varied job profiles that are available to a Civil engineering Graduate, many top companies are on the lookout to hire the best of the best and especially those who can bring out a valued change to their organisations and systems. Some of the most popular companies who hire design graduates are listed below.

  • TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd
  • Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd
  • Maytas Infra Ltd
  • Jones Lang LaSalle
  • Schlumberger
  • Shapoorji Pallonji

Required Skillset for Civil Engineering

The human resource team of any organisation is always on the lookout for the certain required skills in the candidates to get an idea about how well an individual can fit into their company's job profiles. Therefore, aspiring candidates must have an idea about the skills expected of them. Following are a list of some of the most integral skills to develop in the field of Civil Engineering:

1)  Technical Skills: First and foremost, technical skills are very essential as civil engineering professionals need to have a strong foundation of core subjects like mathematics and physics to identify and solve related problems.

2)  Attention to Detail: With the task of facing complex situations and challenges, it's not only important to come up with the right solution but to also pay attention to the smallest of details that are not visible to the common eye and see to it that the task is executed to the fullest capability.

3)  Creativity: This skill is key when it comes to this course of Civil Engineering  as many can execute the engineering process, but recruiters are looking out for those candidates who are outstanding with their creative twists to the same old basic structures.

4)  Team Player: Civil engineering students are required to work in teams, and hence communication is an important factor that will aid teamwork. It is also important to put the team's goals above self-goals to achieve success as a team.

5)  Ability to visualise: One of the fundamental skills required to be a civil engineer is the ability to visualise as without the skill, the overall blueprint will not be clear, and the plan will not be executed with a smooth flow. Therefore, the ability to visualise the final structure or output is essential to strategise work to get it done as per the clear vision.

6) Analytical thinking: civil engineering graduates continually change little aspects of a model or a framework that can, in turn, have huge effects. Distinguishing issues, investigating and creating and executing solutions requires analytical thinking at each stage. 

Course Curriculum for Civil Engineering

The civil engineering course is planned in a way to impart technical knowledge and skills to candidates who are required to excel in the respective field.

Civil engineering courses integrating the principles of mathematical engineering, hydraulics, mechanics and electrical engineering allow scientific expertise and modern technology to be implemented in various structural construction processes.

According to the level of education, the basic course curriculum is subject to change across institutions. The overall curriculum, however, aims to empower students with the practical information needed to maintain and reduce the industry gap in the continuously changing field..

Questions related to Civil Engineering

Showing 5124 out of 5124 Questions

what subjects I need to study in 11th for civil engineering?

Aditi amrendra Student Expert 28th Feb, 2021

If you want to do Civil engineering after 12th then you will have to take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subject in class 12th. After 12th you can appear in various entrance exams like JEE mains, MHT CET, WBJEE, BCECE, IPU CET, KCET, COMEDk etc and through these exams you can get admission in engineering colleges.

I hope this helps.

i got around 45 marks in civil engineering gate....will i get m.tech seat for bc a category in Nits?

sowmya.konkala19 27th Feb, 2021

hello aspirant,

To help you with your query we need few details like your graduation percentage,score etc .refer to the link below with your complete details to get a list of colleges you have chances to fetch seat in: https://engineering.careers360.com/gate-college-predictor

hope this helps,



Can anyone please tell me difference between M.Tech Vs B.Tech ? Full information please

Neha Kanwar 25th Feb, 2021

Hello Hitanshu,

The basic difference in M.Tech and B.Tech is in its name itself. As the name suggests, B.Tech means Bachelor of Technology which is an undergraduate course that you can pursue after completing your Class 12. M.Tech means Masters in Technology which is a post graduate course that you can pursue once you complete your graduation.

Hope it helps.

Good Luck!


What is the NITs civil engineering cutoff through JEE Mains?

Aditya Kumar Student Expert 25th Feb, 2021

You have not mentioned the category you belong to so I am assuming you from general category

This is a bit difficult to predict the cut off for nits for civil engineering as it keeps changing every year depending upon various factors like number of students that appeared in the exam, kind of marks obtained by them , toughness level of the jee main examination , number of seats available for the branch you want etc.

Also, cut off varies from one nit to the other.

But yes,

When we go through previous year trend then ,In round 6 of josaa counselling 2020,closing rank for open state for some of the NITs for civil engineering for gender neutral is a provided below

  • NIT Rourkela :- 21,004
  • National Institute of Technology Bhopal:- 31,719
  • NIT Agartala :- 45385

You can check the same and can have closing rank for all NITs for civil engineering and other branches as well at the official page of Josaa for which link is provided below


So , from above data it is clear that if you want to get into top nits like NIT Rourkela for civil engineering then you should try to get a rank of around 21,000 which when translated in marks is around 120-130 marks

while you can get in lower NITs like NIT Agartala etc for electrical engineering for a rank of around 45,000 which when translated in to marks is around 100 marks .

.For rank vs marks vs percentile you can refer to our page for which link is provided below:-


Also, you can use rank predictor for the same at


To have a clear picture of the colleges in which you have chances and to get the complete list of colleges in which you have chances on the basis of the category you belong to, your home state, your gender etc, you can go through our jee main college predictor at


If you have any other doubt then you can always reach us to clear them :) we are always available to help you out and guide you


what subjects should I choose to do civil engineering? can I opt CS or electronics ?

Guljabin Quadri 21st Feb, 2021


The questioned asked by you is not correct because CS or Electronics are itself two different branches of Engineering and you are asking which subjects should I choose to do civil engineering ? Can please ask a valid question once again so that I can help you in a more accurate way.

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