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Software Developer Job Description & Roles and Responsibilities

Software Developer Job Description & Roles and Responsibilities

Edited By Team Careers360 | Updated on May 23, 2024 03:14 PM IST

A software developer is a person whose job involves designing and constructing computer programmes. While some create foundational operating systems, others are mainly concerned with building new mobile and desktop applications. He or she is responsible for developing computer games as well as other digital architecture. A Software Developer can either work as a freelancer or in a team.

Software Developer Job Description

A Software developer's work can vary depending on the company, organisation or team one works with. He or she designs and preserves systems that keep devices and networks functioning. Some write applications which allow people to do a specific job on computer systems, smartphones, or other devices.

A Software Developer Job Description includes carrying out daily tasks such as creating software by composing code, modifying software to fix errors, adjusting it to new hardware, enhancing its performance, or upgrading its interfaces. He or she is also involved in directing software engineering testing and working with clients or departments on technical matters including software system design and maintenance.

Software Developer Roles and Responsibilities

A Software Developer designs, develops, and maintains software applications. He or she analyses the user requirements, writes code using any programming languages, and tests the application to ensure functionality and reliability. Some of the essential aspects of his or her career field are collaboration with teams, following the project timeline, and learning to develop innovative software solutions. Some of the key Software Developer Roles and Responsibilities are mentioned below:

Create and Design Software: A software developer usually employs a software development life cycle approach to creating new products that meet client’s desires. He or she plans, tests, and analyses everything before actually starting the project. Then, he or she determines the timeline for project completion. This is one of the core software developer job duties.

Upgrading and Adjusting Current Application: Businesses have many different software requirements. For example, a company may need to create software entirely from scratch. Alternatively, they could only require an updated version of their existing software and the addition of new features to do so. In such a case, a software developer needs to upgrade the entire current application.

Application Testing and Quality Check: The new or upgraded software must be thoroughly tested. A Software Developer constantly assesses the work’s quality, typically via two types of testing. The first one, Functional testing, verifies whether the application or website performs its functionality. This type of testing usually is done by the development team. Second, Non-Functional Testing makes sure an application operates to a user’s standards.

Software Maintenance: When a Software project is completed, the team will be tasked with ensuring us confidently the software will continue to function as needed. Maintaining the software to sustain the efficient running of programmes is critical. Thus, a software developer already expects the software as a service he or she offers.


Career Path Progression For a Software Developer

The career of a software developer grows from the entry-level towards a mid-level position. Afterwards, he or she can become a senior developer or lead developer until the managerial role. Certain software developers become the Director of Engineering or the Chief Technology Officer which is the executive role of the company, and they have high expertise and leadership in the field.

Entry-Level Software Developer: An Entry-Level Software Developer's responsibilities include writing code, debugging and assisting with basic software development tasks under the senior developer’s guidance. He or she works on small-scale projects such as bug fixes and code optimisation to gain practical experience and build technical skills.

Senior Software Developer: A Senior software developer is a professional who has significant experience and expertise in Software Development. He or she leads technical designs, supervises junior developers and takes ownership of complex projects. His or her role involves resolving technical challenges and optimising software performance.

Lead Developer or Technical Lead: A Software developer in this position has a greater responsibility for project leadership and technical decision-making. He or she works closely with stakeholders to define project goals, establish technical architectures and prioritise development tasks. He or she also participates in the hiring process and ensures that the team remains skilled and connected.

Software Development Manager: As a software developer grows in his or her career, he or she might progress to a managerial role. In that position, he or she is responsible for leading and coordinating software development projects. His or her role involves managing project timelines, budgets and resources. He or she also ensures that deliverables are completed on time and within scope.

What are the qualifications required to become a Software Developer?

To become a Software Developer, one typically begins with formal education or training. It usually involves completing 10+2 education in any stream from a recognised board. Pursuing a bachelor's degree in Computer Science or a related field is the next step. After completing a bachelor’s degree, individuals can opt for a master’s or specialisation course in Software Development.

Bachelor’s Degree Programmes

Master’s Degree Programmes

Software Developer Skills

Here are some of the skills that you must possess to become a Software Developer. We have mentioned below both soft skills and hard skills for becoming a Software Software. Some of the software developer skills that are required to opt for a career as a Software Developer are as follows:

Hard Skills:

  • Programming Language(Python,C++,Java)
  • Proficiency Databases
  • Cloud Computing
  • Data Structures and Algorithms
  • Operating Systems
  • Networking Basic
  • Software Framework
  • Object-Oriented Programming & System

Soft Skills:

  • Creativity
  • Communication
  • Time Management
  • Adaptability
  • Collaboration
  • Problem-Solving

Top Recruiters for Software Developers

Software developers are more in demand by tech giants such as Google, Microsoft, and Amazon and leading IT companies such as TCS, Infosys, and Wipro. Multinational Corporations like Accenture and IBM companies are also the most wanted employers in the software developer field due to their pay more than the other employers.

  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • Amazon
  • TCS
  • Infosys
  • Wipro
  • IBM


Software Developer Salary in Top Companies

In India, software developers have bright outcomes. Freshers get Rs. 4-10 lakhs per annum, senior developers earn more than Rs 20 lakhs per annum. The Software Developer Salary depends on the experience, company and the location. IT companies, MNCs, and tech giants hire software developers and pay a higher salary.


Average Annual Salary


Rs. 26.7 Lakhs


Rs. 17 Lakhs


Rs. 32 Lakhs


Rs. 9.1 Lakhs


Rs. 8.4 Lakhs

Source: AmbitionBox and Glassdoor

Related: Software Developer Salary in India - Per Month, Based on Experience, Specialisation, Top Cities & Companies


A software developer plays an important role in the development, creation, and maintenance of unique and innovative software. He or she can fix the error because he or she knows how to code. Working together, always learning, and sticking to high standards are all crucial components of his or her work. The article gives information on Software Developer Job Description, qualification and skills.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. Who is eligible for software development?

To become a Software Developer, one typically begins with formal education or training. It usually involves completing 10+2 education in any stream from a recognised board. Pursuing a bachelor's degree in Computer Science or a related field is the next step.

2. What is software developer skill?

A person should possess both technical and soft skills to become a software developer. Hard Skills include any one programming language, Data Structures and Algorithms, Operating System, Software Framework, etc. Soft Skills include problem-solving skills and  collaboration with the team.

3. Which software developer is best?

Full Stack Developer is the best Software Developer. It requires knowledge of various programming languages, an understanding of memory storage and intern functioning.

4. Which course is best for software developers?

Bachelor of Technology (Computer Science and Engineering) is the best course for software development as most companies hire Btech students for this role.

5. What is the monthly salary of a software engineer?

The Average Monthly Salary for fresher software engineers ranges from Rs 4-10 lakhs per annum while senior software engineers earn more than Rs 20 lakhs per annum.


Questions related to

Get answers from students and experts

Hello Aspirant ,

For a beginner Inkscape is the answer as it is a free and open source software and the features are almost same as that of Adobe Illustrator , Adobe Illustrator is a very expensive software and costs around $ 21 per month which will be around 240$ per year both apps have tons of users and a very large forum .

If you have money then you should go for Illustrator as it has plenty of free tutorials and course which a beginner needs.

Hope this helps.

Dear Student,

There are many options to get placed in top MNC's . The first and the well known is that, tak eadmission in good college where many companies recruit students every year with a handsome package.

And the second one if you are not from a good college then you can try to make your connection strong on many social media website. try to connect with the people who are working in the top MNC's, show then your skill proof and resume and ask them to give the referral code of their company so that they can call you directly for the interview. And then it will up to you whether you will crack that job or not.

Best Of Luck!!!

Hi Karthik!

Yes, no doubt you can create your own app/advance app in any operating system such as Linux (Ubuntu or any other), Windows, IOS, Android etc. However, you will need emulator, studio or other basic frameworks to create an app which you can install/download easliy on any operating system.


Hello aspirant,

SDM college of business management,manglore is professional management  private education institution affiliated to manglore university.This college is accreditated by NAAC with grade A and  CGPA of 3.3/4.It has good infrastructure with good facilities like library,wifi,cafeteria etc.The highest CTC offered during  placements 2021 is Rs 3.60 LPA and average is Rs 2.40 LPA. The top recruiters include Infosys, Cognizant, Mphasis, Wipro, Oracle, etc. for more information regarding the college you can refer to:

hope this helps,



* Bachelor of Computer Applications or ( BCA as it is more commonly known as a three-year full-time graduate degree program in Computer Applications. BCA is one of the most sought-after courses in Computers for graduation in a huge number of students who want to shape their careers in the world of Information Technology and its allied services. A large number of aspirants looking for career options after BCA often complete their Masters in the same field but, BCA itself is a course which has enough potential to generate employment for fresh graduates right after their college. Enrolling into BCA enables a student to get exposed to a great number of opportunities in the job sectors such a banking, govt. Offices apart from the very obvious IT Industry.

* In India, good many students often undertake positions in the industry after BCA as there are now ample scopes to shape their career after they complete their undergraduate course in computer applications. An obvious good news is that recently, even organizations in the IT/ITES fields including some big names as TCS, Wipro and Cognizant are showing increasing interest in recruiting graduates with a BCA degree ( for various posts in their organizations.

*  IT is a massively growing industry and with a Bachelor's in Computer Application, there is no hindrance in finding good job opportunities. The BCA scope is in every field as it is an era of computers and their advancements.

*  I.T Sector is one of the major employment providers in India and is expected to grow more in the coming years. BCA trains students in developing, programming, networking, computer and mobile softwares, app development, etc. If you’re hard working and talented enough, your 3-year BCA degree can stand at par with a 4-year B.Tech degree.

Career after completing BCA

* What you learn :

- In BCA, you will learn about some interesting subjects like Mathematics, Computer Programming, Computer Networking, Database Management Systems and, Software Engineering. Besides the core compulsory subjects, students can choose from a wide variety of subjects as their pathway elective or minor elective.

* How choosing electives can shape your career :

- Although, choosing electives thoughtfully might not sound like a big deal in your first year. However, they make a huge difference to your career. For example, if you want to study further after BCA, you can choose pathway electives like Artificial Intelligence, or if you’re looking forward to adding more skills to your resume to find a good job, you can opt for pathway electives like Javascript, Front-End Web Development, App Development, etc.

* Jobs for BCA graduates :

- BCA graduates have good scope in jobs as a Web Developer, Web Designer, Network Administrator, System Manager, Computer Programmer, Software Developer, Software Tester, etc depending on the skills you acquire during your BCA.

- Various companies, organizations, and MNCs offer the above-mentioned jobs to BCA candidates. Some of the top MNCs that hire BCA graduates are Wipro, Infosys, HCL Technologies, TCS, Capegemini, Tech Mahindra, etc.

- The average salary of BCA graduates in India as per is INR 3.4 lac per annum.

* Higher education after BCA :

-  Pursuing Master of Computer Application (MCA) ( after BCA adds to your computer and programming skills.

- With MCA, you can get an even better salary package.

* Career prospects after a degree in BCA with specialization are huge. It opens many doors to a bright future for students. BCA is a popular course option for many students because it does provide ample opportunities.

* As far as the salary is concerned, a fresher working for a leading MNC might get a salary ranging from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month. However, it was reported that IT giants like Facebook, Microsoft, etc pay a six-figure salary even to a fresh graduate.

* BCA MCA graduates with excellent computer skills and a good grasp of programming languages like C, C++, java, etc., are highly demanding. Aspirants can get job designations like Software Application Architect, Software Consultant, Web Designer/Web Developer as per their knowledge and skills. The entry-level salary of a BCA MCA aspirant is around INR 2 - 9 LPA, and it increases as one grows in experience, skills, and knowledge in their career.

* If you are a hard-working, focused and quick learner then BCA opens new lands of opportunities. We prepare you for leadership roles that provide you with an edge in getting a bright career. However, remember getting a graduation degree in BCA won’t open the exclusive employment market but your skill-set will.

* If you dream of working in companies like Wipro, Infosys, Java, Oracle, AWS or in government organizations it is imperative that you should be open to learning new skills and acquiring all the opportunities presented in front of you.

*  BCA Government Jobs :

- Bachelor of Computer Application [BCA] can get a wide opportunity in government sectors. They can be able to apply for the RRB, UPSC Bank Clerk, Probationary officer, Short service commission for Army and Navy, IAS, IPS, CBI, Groups examinations.

* Concluding words on scope of BCA :

-  BCA offers loads of opportunities to students who are always ready to learn and are not afraid to work hard. It’s worth noting that acquiring a graduation certificate in BCA isn’t enough to compel the employers to hire you. One needs to be open to learning new skills and grabbing opportunities coming their way. Usually, students start working on online gigs during their college. This helps them gain experience and learn about real-world challenges. If you’re someone who is always open to new experiences, then the I.T. sector will welcome you with open arms!

* Hope this information worked for you !!

Thank you.

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