How to Become a Judge in India After LLB
A Judge is a legal professional. Almost every aspirant wants to become a Judge in his or her career. A Judge is considered as one of the prestigious civil services in India. In this article we will discuss who is a Judge, what a Judge does and how to become a Judge in India. The position of Judge comes with respect and honour. A Judge presides over the court proceedings and listens to both the defendants and prosecutors. He or she gives a verdict in the court after listening to both the parties with applicable laws on the concerned matters.
Young aspirants having their eyes glued to their dream career Judge usually ask how to become judge, what is the procedure to become judge and so on.
What does a Judge do?
A Judge is a professional who gets appointed to preside over the court proceedings. Judge passes the final verdict listening to both the parties in the court. He or she rules on questions of law as an act as a referee between both the parties in court and render decisions in legal disputes. A Judge has to hear the allegations of both the prosecuting and defending parties. He or she listens to the witness testimony, rules admissibility of evidence and informs defendants about their rights. A Judge gives instructions to the Jury. A Judge is responsible for determining the guilty convict or innocent of criminal defendants. He or she imposes the sentences on defendants who are found guilty. A Judge is responsible for determining liability or damages in the civil cases. Keep scrolling and reading.
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Salary of Judge
The salary of Judges vary depending on their career progression, appointment in courts and others.
Current Pay Scale
Proposed Pay Scale
First Class Magistrate/ Junior Civil Judge
Rs. 27700 to Rs. 47700
Rs. 77840 to Rs. 136520
First Class Magistrate/ Junior Civil Judge (after 5 years in the service)
Rs. 33090 to Rs. 45850
Rs. 92960 to Rs. 136520
First Class Magistrate/ Junior Civil Judge (5 years after first career progression or during the tenure of IInd after career progression)
Rs. 39530 to Rs. 54010
Rs. 111000 to Rs. 163030
Senior Civil Judge
Rs. 39530 to Rs. 54010
Rs. 111000 to Rs. 163030
Senior Civil Judge after 5 years in the service
Rs. 43690 to Rs. 56470
Rs. 122700 to Rs. 180200
Senior Civil Judge (5 years after first career progression)
Rs. 43690 to Rs. 56470
Rs. 122700 to Rs. 194660
Rs. 51550 to Rs. 63070
Rs. 144840 to Rs. 194660
District Judge (Selection Grade after 5 years of Entry Grade)
Rs. 57700 to Rs. 70290
Rs. 163030 to Rs. 219090
District Judge (3 years after the Selection Grade)
Rs. 70290 to Rs. 76450
Rs. 199100 to Rs. 224100
Let’s take a look at how to become a Judge
Step 1: Earn a bachelor’s degree
Description: After successful completion of 10+2, aspirants who want to become a Judge are required to get themselves enrolled in a bachelor’s degree. Completion of a bachelor’s degree in any discipline such as B.Com., BBA, BA, BCA or B.Tech. is sufficient.
Also Read: Career as Civil Lawyer
Step 2: Enroll in a Law School
Description: After completion of 10+2+3 or 10+2+4 level of degree, candidates are required to appear in the law entrance examinations such as CLAT, AILET, ACLAT, DU LLB and others to get qualified for enrolling in the LLB course. Successful completion of LLB is mandatory to pursue a career as Judge.
Aspirants pursuing LLB usually hit their search browser and type how to become a Judge in India after LLB. Scroll and Read to know how to become judge after LLB.
Step 3: Qualify the Judicial Services Examination
In order to become a Judge in India, one needs to appear for the Judicial Services Examination or PCS (J) commonly known as Provincial Civil Service Judicial Examination. It is the examination through which law graduates can become practising members of subordinate judiciary. It is the only way for fresh graduates to become a Subordinate Court Judge.
After clearing PCS (J), examination, there are other two types of examinations-
Lower Judicial Services
Higher Judicial Services
There are 3 rounds for each examination following the recruitment process. We have provided below the details of three rounds for LJS and HJS examination.
Preliminary Examination: Preliminary examination is an objective based examination. In this examination, questions are based on multiple choice formats. The minimum passing percentage is 60 per cent general candidates and 55 per cent for reserved category candidates.
Main Examination: It is a subjective based examination. In this, candidates are provided with a written examination. They are required to write answers. Those who manage to acquire a minimum of 40 per cent in each subjective examination and 50 per cent in total are invited for the next round.
Viva Voce: It is the final round. Those who have qualified both Preliminary and Mains examination appear for the interview round with the recruitment panel.
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Lower Judicial Services (LJS)
The Lower Judicial Services (J) Examination is conducted to appoint the civil judges in state courts. It is conducted by the State Public Service Commission or the High Court.
Eligibility: Candidates must have a 3 year LLB degree or 5 year integrated LLB degree.
Age Limit: Candidates must not be less than 21 years of age or more than 35 years of age. Relaxation in upper age limit is provided to candidates from OBC/SC/ST/PwD categories as per government norms. Age limit may vary from state to state.
Syllabus: The syllabus of LJS Examination can be found on the official website of the commissions that conduct the examination. The LJS Examination syllabus is based on Indian Penal Code (IPC), Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), Code of Civil Procedure (CPC), Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Property Law and others along with the local laws of the region.
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Higher Judicial Services (HJS)
Higher Judicial Services Examination is conducted to promote Civil Judges to District Judges or appointing Advocates as District Judges. An Advocate is a lawyer who practices law of court. Advocates must have successfully cleared the All India Bar Examination to be eligible for practicing law at court.
Eligibility: Advocates must have been practicing in the court of law for a minimum of 7 continuous years. The eligibility criteria may vary from state to state.
Age Limit: Candidates must be a minimum of 35 years of age and maximum 45 years of age. The age limit varies from state to state.
Syllabus: HJS Examination syllabus is more or less similar to the LJS Examination syllabus. Appearing for HJS Examination has an advantage over LJS Examination that applicants may get posted as additional district judge. It increases the promotional prospect of being a Judge.
How to become Supreme Court Judge
The Indian Judiciary system comprises the Supreme Court, High Courts and Subordinate Courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court, located in Mumbai. The verdict passed by the Supreme Court can-not be challenged or overruled by any other court in India. We have provided here details of eligibility criteria to become a Supreme Court Judge.
You must be the citizen of India
You must have qualified an LLB or LLM
You must have been a Judge of the High Court for a minimum of 5 years or an High Court Advocate for a minimum period of 10 years.
Note: One can also be eligible to become a Supreme Court Judge, if he or she is an exceptional Jurist, according to the President of India.
How to become High Court Judge
High Courts are state-level courts. There are 25 High Courts in India. In each state and union territory of India, the highest courts of appellate jurisdiction are High Courts of India. You must fulfil a certain eligibility criteria to become a High Court Judge.
You must be a citizen of India.
You must have qualified for an LLB or LLM degree.
You must be held at a Judicial office in India for 10 years or you must be an advocate of a High Court for 10 years.
Conclusion: We hope all your doubts have been cleared and now you better understand to give directions to your career path as you understand how to start a career as Judge. You need to complete the minimum required qualification LLB to become a Judge. Further you are required to clear several law examinations to start practising law in the court or to become a Subordinate Court Judge.