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Which Engineering Branch is Best For Future - Job Role & Salary

Which Engineering Branch is Best For Future - Job Role & Salary

Edited By Team Careers360 | Updated on Feb 27, 2024 09:55 AM IST

When you think of the future, what is the first thing that comes to your mind while glancing at the rapidly changing world and thinking about what brought such great changes that were hard to imagine a few decades ago? It is engineering and technology that are evolving every now and then. All industries are progressing because they adopted the technology that has made everything possible that once was impossible. It has scaled up productivity.

Which Engineering Branch is Best For Future - Job Role & Salary
Which Engineering Branch is Best For Future - Job Role & Salary

The future is greatly dependent on information technology. While the cyber world and the internet have advanced connectivity at a greater level and made the world a small village. On the other hand, the future lies in Artificial Intelligence. When computer science was first introduced, nobody knew what sort of magic it would create. With the development in it and the constant evolution of information technology, the job market has greatly changed serving to improve the living standards of humans.

We are constantly moving towards a new world knowingly or unknowingly. Human intelligence will one-day face competition from artificial intelligence. Since we are all connected to the internet through the world wide web, human behaviour is continuously being observed. Numerous businesses will gain great profits with artificial intelligence as it will always know what we are next up.

Learn How Artificial Intelligence works

AI can be defined as the branch of computer science that replicates or simulates human intelligence in machines. It is an interdisciplinary science with multiple approaches. The advancement in machine learning and deep learning has created a paradigm shift in every sector of the tech industry.

AI is all about building intelligent machines but what makes machine intelligence is a big question. To answer this question, AI further has another definition. It is “the study of agents that receive precepts from the environment and perform actions”.

Types of Artificial Intelligence

Through this article, we will try to make it easier for engineering aspirants with a detailed explanation of which is the best engineering branch for the future, engineering courses after 12th PCMB, and the highest-paid engineering jobs in India.

Reactive Machines

A Reactive Machine is restricted to storing memory and hence it cannot rely on past experiences. It follows the most basic principle of artificial intelligence. A Reactive Machine uses its own intelligence to perceive and react to the world in front of it. Perceiving the world directly signifies that it is designed to complete a limited number of specialised duties. Thus, it makes it trustworthy and reliable as it will always react in the same way to the same stimuli.

Limited Memory

Limited Memory Artificial intelligence is capable of storing previous data and predictions. It gathers information and weighs potential decisions. Limited Memory Artificial Intelligence is considered more complex and presents greater possibilities than reactive machines. Limited Memory AI is created by continuously training a model to analyse and utilise its data.

There are several steps that must be followed in order to utilise Limited Memory AI in machine learning. The first step is to create training data. In the second step, a machine learning model is required to be created. The third step involves assurity to model and make predictions. In the fourth step, it must be able to receive environmental or human feedback. The feedback must be stored as data. It is crucial to reiterate these steps as a cycle.

Theory of Mind

Do machines have minds of their own? The concept is based on the understanding of machines on the psychological premise that other living things have thoughts and emotions that might affect the behaviour of one’s self. Artificial intelligence can comprehend how humans, animals, and other machines feel and make informed decisions. It will further utilise the information to make their own decisions.

Self Awareness

The final step leads to the concept of Artificial Intelligence to become self-aware. In this, Artificial intelligence possesses human-level consciousness and understands its own existence including the presence and emotional state of others. In this, it becomes capable of understanding what they need or what others need. Self Awareness in artificial intelligence relies on both understanding the premise of consciousness by human researchers and learning how to replicate it

Top Engineering Careers for Future

AI Engineer

An Artificial Intelligence Engineer is an IT professional primarily responsible for developing intelligent algorithms that are capable of learning, analysing, and predicting future events. He or she makes machines capable of reasoning similar to human brains. These are one of the highest-paid engineering jobs in India. With enticing pay and such career prospects for the future, you must be wondering which Btech branch is best for the future to become an AI Engineer.

Qualifications: B.Tech. in Artificial Intelligence

Average AI Engineer Salary: Rs. 900,000 (Source:

Machine Learning Engineer

A Machine Learning Engineer is also known as ML Engineer. He or she is required to research, build and design self-running AI systems to automate the predictive models. A Machine Learning Engineer designs and creates AI algorithms that are capable of learning and making predictions known as Machine Learning.

Qualifications: B.Tech. in Machine Learning

Average ML Engineer Salary: Rs. 850,000 (Source: Glassdoor)

Data Scientist

A Data Scientist is a professional who gathers and analyses large sets of both structured and unstructured data. He or she combines computer science, statistics, and mathematics. The role of a Data Scientist involves analysing, processing, and modeling data to interpret the results to create and develop actionable plans.

Qualifications: B.Tech. in Data Science and Engineering

Average Data Scientist Salary: Rs. 698412 (Source:

Algorithm Engineer

An Algorithm Engineer is responsible for improvising the AI applications. He or she provides support to employers in order to identify patterns or problems in data sets. It includes creating, installing, and analysing algorithms for evaluation purposes. These are one of the highest-paid engineering jobs in India. He or she writes new algorithms whenever required. An AI Engineer tests algorithms against expectations, and gauges technology, and data efficiency.

Qualifications: B.Tech. in Computer Engineering

Average Algorithm Engineer Salary: Rs. 801379 (Source: Glassdoor)

Computer Scientist

A Computer Scientist is a professional who utilises technology to solve a wide range of problems. He or she may perform various tasks such as space exploration, and hunting for weaknesses in the gene code of dangerous viruses. A Computer Scientist may build software that enables autonomous drones or robots to perform assigned tasks.

Qualifications: B.Tech. in Computer Science

Average Computer Scientist Engineer Salary: Rs. 2346481 (Source: Glassdoor)


Artificial Intelligence is an associated branch of computer science. It is the best engineering branch concerning the scope of the future. We all are going to enter another phase of technology. In which the virtual will be the new real and artificial intelligence will compete with human intelligence by utilising machine learning and data science.


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