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About KEAM 2020
Commissioner of Entrance Examination (CEE) conducts Kerala Engineering, Architecture, Medical Entrance Examination 2020 (KEAM) for admissions into B.Tech/B,Pharma/B.Arch courses offered by the participating institutes. KEAM 2020 was conducted on July 16. KEAM official answer key has been released on July 18. The authorities are expected to announce KEAM result in the last week of August tentatively.
Candidates have been provided the last chance to modify their details in online application form from July 28 to August 7. The authorities provided the facility to change KEAM 2020 exam centres filled in online application form between April 16 to 21 and June 20 and 27. Correction facility in KEAM application form was available from May 11 to June 22.
The authorities released the KEAM 2020 admit card on July 7. The final date to submit the application form was February 29, 2020 (extended). Candidates seeking admission in B. Pharma will have to qualify only KEAM 2020 Paper I and will be given admissions based on their scores of the same paper. The qualified candidates of KEAM 2020 have to participate in the counselling procedure to get their seats allotted and then confirm their admission within the time period stipulated.
KEAM 2020 Highlights
Full Exam Name  Kerala Engineering Architecture & Medical Examination 
Short Exam Name  KEAM 
Conducting Body  Commissioner for Entrance Examinations 
Frequency of Conduct  Once a year 
Exam Level  State Level Exam 
Languages  English 
Mode of Application  Online 
Mode of Exam  Offline 
Mode of Counselling  Online 
Participating Colleges  166 
KEAM B.Tech  Duration  5 Hours +1 More 
Number of Seats  B.Tech : 57680 Seats +1 More 
KEAM 2020 Important Dates
Past Dates and Events
28 Jul, 2020  07 Aug, 2020
Application correction (Final Chance)  Mode: Online
18 Jul, 2020  25 Jul, 2020
Answer Key Challenge  Mode: Online
18 Jul, 2020
Answer Key  Mode: Online
16 Jul, 2020
Exam  Mode: Offline
07 Jul, 2020
Admit Card  Mode: Online
20 Jun, 2020  27 Jun, 2020
second chance to change exam centres  Mode: Online
11 May, 2020  22 Jun, 2020
Last date to upload fresh documents in place of defected documents  Mode: Online
11 May, 2020  22 Jun, 2020
Application Correction  Mode: Offline and Online
15 Apr, 2020  21 Apr, 2020
exam centre change facility  Mode: Online
01 Feb, 2020  29 Feb, 2020
Application  Mode: Online
Mode of Application : Online
Mode of Payment : Net Banking  Credit Card  Debit Card  Other
The application form of KEAM was released on February 1 in online mode and last date to submit the form was February 29 (extended). Aspirants for KEAM 2020 had to follow the steps in order to apply for KEAM 2020. The steps need to be followed carefully as any wrong information might mean filling a new form and/or paying the application fees again. The detailed step wise application form filling guide for KEAM 2020 is as follows:
1) Registration: Candidates were required to register for KEAM 2020 to start filling up their application form. To do this, candidates had to go to the official website of KEAM 2020 and register. A password must be generated online by the candidate. A computergenerated application number was available after successful registration.
2) Filling the application form: Candidates, now, had to fill in their personal details and educational qualifications. Candidates need to remember that the information must match the information on their certificates.
3) Payment of Fees: The payment after successful submission could be done through Credit Card, Debit Card, Net Banking or eChallan. Candidates were required to submit the fees before specified date in order to get their admit card. Candidates belonging to ST category were not required to pay any application fees.
4) Uploading Photo and Signature: Scanned photos of candidate's passport sized photograph, signature and documents had to be uploaded online as per the directions given by the authorities.
5) Submitting the application form: After uploading the documents, verification of all the details furnished in the application form was to be done. Submit the online application form and take a printout of the copy for future reference till the admission process is complete.
Application Fees
Category  Quota  Mode  Gender  Amount 

General, OBC  PWD  Online  Female, Male, Transgender  ₹ 700 
SC  PWD  Online  Female, Male, Transgender  ₹ 300 
KEAM 2020 Syllabus
KEAM B.Tech Syllabus
Mathematics
Algebra 

Sets, relations, and functions: Sets and their representations: Finite and infinite sets; empty set; equal sets; subsets; power set; universal set; Venn diagrams; complement of a set; operations on sets (union, intersection, and difference of set) 
Sets, relations, and functions: Applications of setsordered pairs, Cartesian product of two sets; relations, reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations 
Sets, relations, and functions: Domain, codomain, and rangefunctions: Into, on to, oneone in to, oneone on to functions; constant function; identity function; composition of functions; invertible functions; binary operations 
Complex numbers: Complex numbers in the form a +ib; real and imaginary parts of a complex number; complex conjugate, Argand diagram, representation of complex number as a point in the plane; modulus and argument of a complex number 
Complex numbers: Algebra of complex numbers; triangle inequality; polar representation of a complex number and square root of a complex number. Solution of a quadratic equation in the complex number system 
Sequences and series: Sequence and examples of finite and infinite sequences; arithmetic progression (A.P.): First term, common difference, nth term and sum of n terms of an A.P.; arithmetic mean (A.M.) 
Sequences and series: Insertion of arithmetic means between any two given numbers; geometric progression (G.P): First term, common ratio, and nth term, sum to n terms, infinite GP and its sum. Geometric mean (G.M) 
Sequences and series: Insertion of geometric means, relation between A.M. and G.M. between any two given numbers. Formula for finding the sum of first n natural numbers 
Sequences and series: Sum of the squares of first n natural numbers and sum of the cubes of first n natural numbers 
Permutations, combinations, binomial theorem, and mathematical induction: Fundamental principle of counting; the factorial notation; permutation as an arrangement; meaning of P(n,r); combination: Meaning of C(n,r) 
Permutations, combinations, binomial theorem, and mathematical induction: Applications of permutations and combinations. Statement of binomial theorem 
Permutations, combinations, binomial theorem, and mathematical induction: Proof of binomial theorem for positive integral exponent using principle of mathematical induction and also by combinatorial method; general and middle terms in binomial expansions 
Permutations, combinations, binomial theorem, and mathematical induction: Properties of binomial coefficients; binomial theorem for any index (without proof); application of binomial theorem. The principle of mathematical induction, simple applications 
Matrices and determinants: Concept of a matrix; types of matrices; equality of matrices (only real entries may be considered): Operations of addition, scalar multiplication and multiplication of matrices 
Matrices and determinants: Statement of important results on operations of matrices and their verifications by numerical problem only; determinant of a square matrix; minors and cofactors; singular and nonsingular matrices 
Matrices and determinants: Applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Concept of elementary row and column operations. Transpose, adjoint and inverse of a matrix; consistency and inconsistency of a system of linear equations 
Matrices and determinants: Solving system of linear equations in two or three variables using inverse of a matrix (only up to 3X3 determinants and matrices should be considered) 
Linear inequalities: Solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and its graphical representation; solution of system of linear inequalities in one variable; graphical solutions of linear inequalities in two variables 
Linear inequalities: Solution of system of Linear Inequalities in two variables 
Mathematical reasoning: Mathematically acceptable statements and their negation. Connecting words/phrases consolidating the understanding of if and only if condition, implies, and/or, implied by, there exists 
Mathematical reasoning: Validating the statements involving the connecting words, difference among contradiction, converse, and contrapositive 
Trigonometry 

Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Degree measures and radian measure of positive and negative angles; relation between degree measure and radian measure, definition of trigonometric functions with the help of a unit circle 
Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Periodic functions, concept of periodicity of trigonometric functions, value of trigonometric functions of x for x=0, trigonometric functions of sum and difference of numbers 
Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Trigonometric functions of multiple and submultiples of numbers. Conditional identities for the angles of a triangle, solution of trigonometric equations of the type Sin x = Sin a; Cos x = Cos a 
Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Tan x = Tan a and equations reducible to these forms. Proofs and simple application of sine and cosine formulae. Inverse trigonometric functions 
Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions: Range, domain, principal value branch, and graphs of inverse trigonometric functions 
Simple problems: Graph of the following trigonometric functions; y=Sin x; y=Cos x; y=Tan x; y= a Sin x; y = a Cos x, y = a Sin bx; y = a Cos bx 
Geometry 

Lines and family of lines: Cartesian system of coordinates in a plane, shifting of origin. Distance formula, slope of line, parallel, and perpendicular lines. Various forms of equations of a line parallel to axes, slopeintercept form 
Lines and family of lines: The slope point form, intercept form, normal form, general form, intersection of lines. Equation of bisectors of angle between two lines, angles between two lines, condition for concurrency of three lines 
Lines and family of lines: Distance of a point from a line, equations of family of lines through the intersection of two lines 
Conic sections: Sections of a cone. Circles, standard form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre. Equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard form and simple properties 
Vectors: Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector, types of vectors (equal vectors, unit vector, zero vector). Position vector of a point, localized and free vectors, parallel and collinear vectors, negative of a vector 
Vectors: Components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of point dividing a line segment in a given ratio, application of vectors in geometry. Scalar product of two vectors 
Vectors: Projection of a vector on a line, vector product of two vectors 
Threedimensional geometry: Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensional space, coordinate of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction cosines, and direction ratios of a line joining two points 
Threedimensional geometry: Projection of the join of two points on a given line, angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given, Cartesian and vector equation of a line through (i) a point and parallel to a given vector 
Threedimensional geometry: Cartesian and vector equation of a line through (ii) through two points, collinearity of three points, coplanar, and skew lines, shortest distance between two lines, condition for the intersection of two lines 
Threedimensional geometry: Cartesian and vector equation of a plane (i) when the normal vector and the distance of the plane from the origin is given, (ii) passing through a point and perpendicular to a given vector 
Threedimensional geometry: Cartesian and vector equation of a plane (iii) passing through a point and parallel to two given lines through the intersection of two other planes (iv) containing two lines, (v) passing through three points 
Threedimensional geometry: Angle between (i) two lines (ii) two planes (iii) a line and a plane, condition of coplanarity of two lines in vector and Cartesian form, length of perpendicular of a point from a plane by both vector and Cartesian methods 
Statistics 

Statistics and probability: Mean deviation, variance, standard deviation for grouped an ungrouped data. Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances. Random experiments and sample space, events as subset of a sample space 
Statistics and probability: Occurrence of an event, sure and impossible events, exhaustive events, algebra of events, meaning of equality likely outcomes, mutually exclusive events. Probability of an event; theorems on probability 
Statistics and probability: Addition rule, multiplication rule, independent experiments and events. Finding P (A or B), P (A and B), Bayes' theorem, random variables, probability distribution of a random variable and its mean and variance 
Statistics and probability: Repeated independent (Bernoulli) trials and binomial distribution 
Calculus 

Functions, limits, and continuity: Concept of a real function; its domain and range; modulus function, greatest integer function: Signum functions; trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions and their graphs 
Functions, limits, and continuity: Composite functions, inverse of a function. Limit of a function; meaning and related notations; left and right hand limits; fundamental theorems on limits without proof 
Functions, limits, and continuity: Continuity of a function at a point, over an open/ closed interval; sum, product, and quotient of continuous functions 
Functions, limits, and continuity: Continuity of special functionspolynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, and inverse trigonometric functions 
Differentiation: Derivative of a function; its geometrical and physical significance; relationship between continuity and differentiability; derivatives of polynomial, basic trigonometric, exponential 
Differentiation: Logarithmic and inverse trigonometric functions from first principles; derivatives of sum, difference, product, and quotient of functions; derivatives of polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic 
Differentiation: Inverse trigonometric and implicit functions; logarithmic differentiation; derivatives of functions expressed in parametric form; chain rule and differentiation by substitution; derivatives of second order 
Application of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities; tangents and normals; increasing and decreasing functions and sign of the derivatives; maxima and minima; greatest and least values; Rolle's theorem and nean value theorem 
Application of derivatives: Approximation by differentials. Simple problems 
Indefinite integrals: Integration as inverse of differentiation; properties of integrals; integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions; integration by substitution; integration by parts 
Indefinite integrals: Integration of rational functions; partial fractions and their use in integration 
Definite integrals: Definite integral as limit of a sum; fundamental theorems of integral calculus without proof 
Definite integrals: Application of definite integrals in finding areas bounded by a curve, circle, parabola, and ellipse in standard form between two ordinates and xaxis; area between two curves, line and circle; line and parabola: Line and ellipse 
Differential equations: Definition; order and degree; general and particular solutions of a differential equation; formation of differential equations whose general solution is given; solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables 
Differential equations: Homogeneous differential equations of first order and their solutions 
Linear programming: Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimisation, different types of linear programming problems, mathematical formulation of linear programming problems 
Linear programming: Graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three nontrivial constraints) 
Physics
Physical world and measurement 

Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; physics, technology, and society 
Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures 
Need for measurement: Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications 
Kinematics 

Frame of reference, motion in a straight line: Positiontime graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity 
Uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime and positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment) 
Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion 
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity 
Unit Vectors 
Resolution of a vector in a planerectangular components 
Scalar and vector products of vectors 
Motion in a plane 
Cases of uniform velocity and uniform accelerationprojectile motion 
Uniform circular motion 
Laws of motion 

Intuitive concept of force 
Inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum and Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion 
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications 
Equilibrium of concurrent forces 
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication 
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road) 
Work, energy, and power 

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, workenergy theorem, power 
Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative forces 
Motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimension 
Motion of system particles and rigid body rotation 

Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion 
Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod, circular ring, disc, and sphere 
Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples 
Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration 
Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation) 
Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications 
Gravitation 

Kepler's laws of planetary motion 
The universal law of gravitation 
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth 
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential 
Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite 
Geostationary satellites 
Properties of bulk matter 

Elastic behaviour, stressstrain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson's ratio; elastic energy 
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes) 
Effect of gravity on fluid pressure 
Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, Reynold's number, streamline and turbulent flow 
Critical velocity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications 
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise 
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases 
Anomalous expansion 
Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cvcalorimetry; change of statelatent heat 
Heat transferconduction and thermal conductivity, convection, and radiation 
Qualitative ideas of black body radiation, Wien's displacement law, and green house effect 
Newton's law of cooling and Stefan's law 
Thermodynamics 

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics) 
Heat, work, and internal energy 
First law of thermodynamics 
Isothermal and adiabatic processes 
Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes 
Heat engines and refrigerators 
Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory 

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas 
Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure 
Avogadro's number 
Kinetic energy and temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path 
Oscillations and waves 

Periodic motionperiod, frequency, displacement as a function of time 
Periodic functions 
Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a springrestoring force and force constant; energy in SHMkinetic and potential energies; simple pendulumderivation of expression for its time period 
Free, forced, and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance 
Wave motion 
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion 
Displacement relation for a progressive wave 
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics 
Beats 
Doppler effect 
Electrostatics 

Electric charges and their conservation 
Coulomb's lawforce between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution 
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field 
Electric flux, statement of Gauss's theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside) 
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field 
Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor 
Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor 
Van De Graaff generator 
Current electricity 

Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law, electrical resistance, VI characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power 
Electrical resistivity and conductivity 
Carbon resistors colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance 
Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel 
Kirchhoff 's laws and simple applications 
Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge 
Potentiometerprinciple and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell 
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism 

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment 
BiotSavart law and its application to current carrying circular loop 
Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids 
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields 
Cyclotron 
Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field 
Force between two parallel currentcarrying conductors, definition of ampere 
Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometerits current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter 
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment 
Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron 
Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis 
Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid 
Magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements 
Para, dia, and ferro  magnetic substances, with examples 
Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths 
Permanent magnets 
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents 

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced EMF and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents 
Self and mutual inductance 
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current 
AC generator and transformer 
Electromagnetic waves 

Need for displacement current 
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only) 
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves 
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses 
Optics 

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula 
Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker's formula 
Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror 
Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism 
Scattering of lightblue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset 
Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses 
Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers 
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens' principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens' principle. Interference 
Wave optics: Young's double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light 
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum 
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes 
Polarisation, plane polarised light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarised light and polaroids 
Dual nature of matter and radiation 

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equationparticle nature of light 
Matter waveswave nature of particles, de Broglie relation 
DavissonGermer experiment 
Atoms and nuclei 

Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum 
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones 
Radioactivityalpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law 
Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission and fusion 
Electronic devices 

Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode 
Zener diode as a voltage regulator 
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier, transistor as a switch (common emitter configuration) and oscillator 
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR) 
Communication systems 

Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV, and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium 
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation 
Need for modulation 
Production and detection of an amplitudemodulated wave 
Chemistry
Some basic concepts of chemistry 

General introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry 
Historical approach to particulate nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of elements, atoms, and molecules 
Atomic and molecular masses 
Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry 
Structure of atom 

Discovery of electron, proton, and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars 
Thompson's model and its limitations, Rutherford's model and its limitations, Bohr's model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, De Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle 
Concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitalsAufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of atoms 
Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals 
Classification of elements and periodicity in properties 

Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table 
Periodic trends in properties of elementsatomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence 
Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100 
Chemical bonding and molecular structure 

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory 
Concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only) 
Hydrogen bond 
States of matter: Gases, liquids, and solids 

Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle's law, Charle's law, Gay Lussac's law, Avogadro's law, ideal behaviour 
Empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, ideal gas equation 
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature 
Liquid statevapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations) 
Solid stateclassification of solids based on different binding forces: Molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids(elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices 
Solid statecalculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, band theory of metals ,conductors 
Solid statesemiconductors and insulators, and n and p type semiconductors 
Thermodynamics 

Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions 
First law of thermodynamicsinternal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess's law of constant heat summation 
Enthalpy of: Bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution 
Introduction of entropy as a state function, second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium 
Third law of thermodynamicsbrief introduction 
Equilibrium 

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibriumLe Chatelier's principle; ionic equilibriumionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes 
Degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples) 
Redox reactions and electrochemistry 

Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers, applications of redox reactions 
Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cellelectrolytic cells and galvanic cells 
Lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells 
Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion 
Solutions 

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative propertiesrelative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law, elevation of B.P., depression of freezing point 
Osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Vant Hoff factor 
Chemical kinetics 

Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction 
Rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment) 
Activation energy, Arrhenius equation 
Surface chemistry 

Adsorptionphysisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids; catalysis: Homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: Enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: Distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions 
Lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsionstypes of emulsions 
Hydrogen and sblock elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) 

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydridesionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water 
Hydrogen peroxidepreparation, reactions, use, and structure; hydrogen as a fuel 
Group 1 and group 2 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship 
Group 1 and group 2 elements: Trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses 
Group 1 and group 2 elements: Preparation and properties of some important compoundssodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium 
Group 1 and group 2 elements: CaO, CaCO3, and industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca 
Pblock elements 

General Introduction to pblock elements 
Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron physical and chemical properties 
Group 13 elements: Some important compoundsborax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: Uses, reactions with acids and alkalis 
Group 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element 
Group 14 elements: Carboncatenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: Oxides. Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: Silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses 
Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogenpreparation, properties and uses 
Group 15 elements: Compounds of nitrogen: Preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorousallotropic forms 
Group 15 elements: Compounds of phosphorouspreparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only) 
Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: Preparation, properties, and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphurallotropic forms 
Group 16 elements: Compounds of sulphurpreparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: Industrial process of manufacture, properties, and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only) 
Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid 
Group 17 elements: Interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structures only) 
Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses 
D and f block elements 

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metalsmetallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour 
Catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation 
Preparation and Properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4 
Lanthanoidselectronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction, and its consequences 
Actinoidselectronic configuration, oxidation states, and comparison with lanthenoids 
Coordination compounds 

Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, bonding, Werner's theory VBT,CFT 
Coordination compounds: Isomerism (structural and stereo) importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and biological systems) 
General principles and processes of isolation of elements 

Principles and methods of extractionconcentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc, and iron 
Organic chemistrysome basic principles and techniques 

General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds 
Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation 
Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: Free radicals, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions 
Hydrocarbons 

Classification of Hydrocarbons 
Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkanesnomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis 
Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkenesnomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation 
Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkeneschemical reactions: Addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition 
Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkynesnomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: Acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction ofhydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water 
Aromatic hydrocarbonsIntroduction, IUPAC nomenclature; benzene: Resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitutionnitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft's alkylation and acylation 
Aromatic hydrocarbonsdirective influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity 
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of CX bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation 
Haloarenes: Nature of CX bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects ofdichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers 

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses, with special reference to methanol and ethanol 
Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols 
Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses 
Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids 

Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses 
Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses 
Organic compounds containing nitrogen 

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and isocyanideswill be mentioned at relevant places in context 
Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry 
Biomolecules 

Carbohydratesclassification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), DL configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): Importance 
Proteinselementary idea of aamino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes 
Hormoneselementary idea (excluding structure) 
Vitaminsclassification and functions 
Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA 
Polymers 

Classificationnatural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization 
Some important polymers: Natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters, bakelite, rubber 
Biodegradable and nonBiodegradable polymers 
Chemistry in everyday life 

Chemicals in medicinesanalgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines 
Chemicals in foodpreservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants 
Cleansing agentssoaps and detergents, cleansing action. 
Environmental chemistry 

Environmental pollutionair, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants 
Acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warmingpollution due to industrial wastes 
Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution; strategy for control of environmental pollution 
KEAM B.Pharma Syllabus
Physics
Physical world and measurement 

Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; physics, technology, and society 
Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures 
Need for measurement: Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications 
Kinematics 

Frame of reference, motion in a straight line: Positiontime graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity 
Uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime and positiontime graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment) 
Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion 
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity 
Unit Vectors 
Resolution of a vector in a planerectangular components 
Scalar and vector products of vectors 
Motion in a plane 
Cases of uniform velocity and uniform accelerationprojectile motion 
Uniform circular motion 
Laws of motion 

Intuitive concept of force 
Inertia, Newton's first law of motion; momentum and Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion 
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications 
Equilibrium of concurrent forces 
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication 
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road) 
Work, energy, and power 

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, workenergy theorem, power 
Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative forces 
Motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimension 
Motion of system particles and rigid body rotation 

Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion 
Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod, circular ring, disc, and sphere 
Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples 
Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration 
Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation) 
Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications 
Gravitation 

Kepler's laws of planetary motion 
The universal law of gravitation 
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth 
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential 
Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite 
Geostationary satellites 
Properties of bulk matter 

Elastic behaviour, stressstrain relationship, Hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson's ratio; elastic energy 
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes) 
Effect of gravity on fluid pressure 
Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, Reynold's number, streamline and turbulent flow 
Critical velocity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications 
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise 
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases 
Anomalous expansion 
Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cvcalorimetry; change of statelatent heat 
Heat transferconduction and thermal conductivity, convection, and radiation 
Qualitative ideas of black body radiation, Wien's displacement law, and green house effect 
Newton's law of cooling and Stefan's law 
Thermodynamics 

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics) 
Heat, work, and internal energy 
First law of thermodynamics 
Isothermal and adiabatic processes 
Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes 
Heat engines and refrigerators 
Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory 

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas 
Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure 
Avogadro's number 
Kinetic energy and temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path 
Oscillations and waves 

Periodic motionperiod, frequency, displacement as a function of time 
Periodic functions 
Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a springrestoring force and force constant; energy in SHMkinetic and potential energies; simple pendulumderivation of expression for its time period 
Free, forced, and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance 
Wave motion 
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion 
Displacement relation for a progressive wave 
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics 
Beats 
Doppler effect 
Electrostatics 

Electric charges and their conservation 
Coulomb's lawforce between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution 
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field 
Electric flux, statement of Gauss's theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside) 
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field 
Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor 
Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor 
Van De Graaff generator 
Current electricity 

Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law, electrical resistance, VI characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power 
Electrical resistivity and conductivity 
Carbon resistors colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance 
Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel 
Kirchhoff 's laws and simple applications 
Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge 
Potentiometerprinciple and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell 
Magnetic effects of current and magnetism 

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted's experiment 
BiotSavart law and its application to current carrying circular loop 
Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids 
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields 
Cyclotron 
Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field 
Force between two parallel currentcarrying conductors, definition of ampere 
Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometerits current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter 
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment 
Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron 
Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis 
Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid 
Magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements 
Para, dia, and ferro  magnetic substances, with examples 
Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths 
Permanent magnets 
Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents 

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced EMF and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents 
Self and mutual inductance 
Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current 
AC generator and transformer 
Electromagnetic waves 

Need for displacement current 
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only) 
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves 
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses 
Optics 

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula 
Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker's formula 
Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror 
Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism 
Scattering of lightblue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset 
Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses 
Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers 
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens' principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens' principle. Interference 
Wave optics: Young's double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light 
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum 
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes 
Polarisation, plane polarised light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarised light and polaroids 
Dual nature of matter and radiation 

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equationparticle nature of light 
Matter waveswave nature of particles, de Broglie relation 
DavissonGermer experiment 
Atoms and nuclei 

Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum 
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones 
Radioactivityalpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law 
Massenergy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission and fusion 
Electronic devices 

Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode 
Zener diode as a voltage regulator 
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier, transistor as a switch (common emitter configuration) and oscillator 
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR) 
Communication systems 

Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV, and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium 
Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation 
Need for modulation 
Production and detection of an amplitudemodulated wave 
Chemistry
Some basic concepts of chemistry 

General introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry 
Historical approach to particulate nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of elements, atoms, and molecules 
Atomic and molecular masses 
Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry 
Structure of atom 

Discovery of electron, proton, and neutron; atomic number, isotopes and isobars 
Thompson's model and its limitations, Rutherford's model and its limitations, Bohr's model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, De Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle 
Concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitalsAufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of atoms 
Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals 
Classification of elements and periodicity in properties 

Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table 
Periodic trends in properties of elementsatomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence 
Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100 
Chemical bonding and molecular structure 

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory 
Concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only) 
Hydrogen bond 
States of matter: Gases, liquids, and solids 

Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle's law, Charle's law, Gay Lussac's law, Avogadro's law, ideal behaviour 
Empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, ideal gas equation 
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature 
Liquid statevapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations) 
Solid stateclassification of solids based on different binding forces: Molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids(elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices 
Solid statecalculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, band theory of metals ,conductors 
Solid statesemiconductors and insulators, and n and p type semiconductors 
Thermodynamics 

Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions 
First law of thermodynamicsinternal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess's law of constant heat summation 
Enthalpy of: Bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution 
Introduction of entropy as a state function, second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium 
Third law of thermodynamicsbrief introduction 
Equilibrium 

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibriumLe Chatelier's principle; ionic equilibriumionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes 
Degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples) 
Redox reactions and electrochemistry 

Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers, applications of redox reactions 
Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cellelectrolytic cells and galvanic cells 
Lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells 
Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion 
Solutions 

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative propertiesrelative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law, elevation of B.P., depression of freezing point 
Osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Vant Hoff factor 
Chemical kinetics 

Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction 
Rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment) 
Activation energy, Arrhenius equation 
Surface chemistry 

Adsorptionphysisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids; catalysis: Homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: Enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: Distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions 
Lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsionstypes of emulsions 
Hydrogen and sblock elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals) 

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydridesionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water 
Hydrogen peroxidepreparation, reactions, use, and structure; hydrogen as a fuel 
Group 1 and group 2 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship 
Group 1 and group 2 elements: Trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses 
Group 1 and group 2 elements: Preparation and properties of some important compoundssodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium 
Group 1 and group 2 elements: CaO, CaCO3, and industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca 
Pblock elements 

General Introduction to pblock elements 
Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group; Boron physical and chemical properties 
Group 13 elements: Some important compoundsborax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: Uses, reactions with acids and alkalis 
Group 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element 
Group 14 elements: Carboncatenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: Oxides. Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: Silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses 
Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogenpreparation, properties and uses 
Group 15 elements: Compounds of nitrogen: Preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorousallotropic forms 
Group 15 elements: Compounds of phosphorouspreparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only) 
Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: Preparation, properties, and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulphurallotropic forms 
Group 16 elements: Compounds of sulphurpreparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: Industrial process of manufacture, properties, and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only) 
Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid 
Group 17 elements: Interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structures only) 
Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses 
D and f block elements 

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metalsmetallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour 
Catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation 
Preparation and Properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4 
Lanthanoidselectronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction, and its consequences 
Actinoidselectronic configuration, oxidation states, and comparison with lanthenoids 
Coordination compounds 

Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, bonding, Werner's theory VBT,CFT 
Coordination compounds: Isomerism (structural and stereo) importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, and biological systems) 
General principles and processes of isolation of elements 

Principles and methods of extractionconcentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc, and iron 
Organic chemistrysome basic principles and techniques 

General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds 
Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation 
Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: Free radicals, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions 
Hydrocarbons 

Classification of Hydrocarbons 
Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkanesnomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis 
Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkenesnomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation 
Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkeneschemical reactions: Addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition 
Aliphatic hydrocarbons: Alkynesnomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: Acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction ofhydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water 
Aromatic hydrocarbonsIntroduction, IUPAC nomenclature; benzene: Resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitutionnitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft's alkylation and acylation 
Aromatic hydrocarbonsdirective influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity 
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 

Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of CX bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation 
Haloarenes: Nature of CX bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects ofdichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT 
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers 

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses, with special reference to methanol and ethanol 
Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols 
Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses 
Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids 

Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses 
Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses 
Organic compounds containing nitrogen 

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and isocyanideswill be mentioned at relevant places in context 
Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry 
Biomolecules 

Carbohydratesclassification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), DL configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): Importance 
Proteinselementary idea of aamino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes 
Hormoneselementary idea (excluding structure) 
Vitaminsclassification and functions 
Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA 
Polymers 

Classificationnatural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization 
Some important polymers: Natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon, polyesters, bakelite, rubber 
Biodegradable and nonBiodegradable polymers 
Chemistry in everyday life 

Chemicals in medicinesanalgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines 
Chemicals in foodpreservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants 
Cleansing agentssoaps and detergents, cleansing action. 
Environmental chemistry 

Environmental pollutionair, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants 
Acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warmingpollution due to industrial wastes 
Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution; strategy for control of environmental pollution 
KEAM 2020 Exam Pattern
KEAM B.Tech Exam Pattern
KEAM 2020 is a technical exam and requires attention and detailed analysis. This can be done through exam pattern. Exam pattern are important as they give a bird's eye view of how the paper is set. This makes aspirants more familiar with exam and more confident about their studies.
KEAM 2020 Exam for B. Tech. aspirants is divided in two parts  Paper I and Paper II. The exam pattern for Paper I is as follows:
Paper I  
Paper Name  Paper I 
Subjects  Physics and Chemistry 
Number of questions  120 
Marks  480 marks 
Total Duration  2 hours 30 minutes (150 minutes) 
Question Type  Multiple Choice, Objective based questions 
Negative Marking  4 marks awarded for every right answer and 1 mark is deducted for every wrong answer 
The Paper II will be held on the consecutive day. The exam pattern for Paper II is as follows:
Paper II  
Paper Name  Paper II  
Subjects  Mathematics  
Number of questions  120  
Marks  480 marks  
Total Time Duration  2 hours 30 minutes (150 minutes)  
Question Type  Multiple Choice, Objective based questions  
Negative Marking 

KEAM B.Pharma Exam Pattern
Thorough knowledge of Exam pattern provides confidence to the students undertaking KEAM. Exam pattern provides students with knowledge about how a paper is set, what is the standard of questions and what topics are more important. According to CEE guidelines, B. Pharma aspirants have to attempt only Paper I of KEAM 2020 in order to be eligible for allotment of seats. The exam pattern of KEAM 2020 Paper I is as follows:
Time duration of the paper  2.5 hours (150 minutes) 
Name of the Paper  Paper I 
Subjects in Paper  Physics and Chemistry 
Question Type  Multiple choice, Objective based questions 
Total quantity of questions  120 
Marks allotted for each question  4 marks 
Total marks  480 marks 
Marking Scheme  Every right answer draws 4 marks whereas 1 mark is deducted for every wrong answer 
KEAM 2020 Mock Test
KEAM B.Tech Mock Test
KEAM 2020 exam pattern and syllabus are important and after making themselves familiar with these, candidates are advised to practice through solving mock tests and previous year question papers to develop a strong grip on these. Mock tests not only help strengthen the preparation, they also help students to gain more confidence for final exam. KEAM does not release their own official sample papers but the sample papers for KEAM 2020 can be found embed on this website.
KEAM B.Pharma Mock Test
The confusion around the standard of questions, exam pattern, syllabus etc. for KEAM 2020 can all be detrimental to the preparation. CEE does not release much information about the kind of paper that is going to come, making it one of the challenging engineering entrance exams. The way to tackle this problem effectively is to solve as much mock tests or previous year question papers or sample question papers as possible. This is very helpful as it not only makes you aware of the kind of questions that are going to be asked but also gives you the confidence to tackle them head on.
The exam conducting authority had released KEAM 2020 admit card on July 7. Candidates with defects in their KEAM application form were able to view the defects through "Memo" released by the authorities and had to get it corrected before July 9 (2 pm). KEAM admit card for such candidates was released after this. It must be noted that the admit card for KEAM 2020 is important as the student who does not produce it will not be allowed to sit for the exam. The admit card will be instrumental to procure the result too as it carries the personal information and enrolment number of the candidates. KEAM 2020 admit card will also be needed at the time of the admission and aspirants will have to produce it at the time of counselling. Thus, it is important that the student has his/her admit card at the time of exam and after that too.
KEAM 2020 Exam Centers
State  City 

Kerala  Alappuzha 
Thiruvananthapuram  
Kollam  
Pathanamthitta  
Thodupuzha  
Kottayam  
Ernakulam  
Thrissur  
Palakkad  
Malappuram  
Kozhikode  
Kannur  
Kasaragod  
Kattappana  
Maharashtra  Mumbai 
Delhi  New Delhi 
Documents Required at Exam
 Government issued photo id
 Admit card
The result of KEAM 2020 will be declared in online mode tentatively in the last week of August. KEAM 2020 result will be declared as KEAM score after giving the entrance exam. Authorities will also release KEAM 2020 rank card in online mode. The admission to various Engineering and Pharmacy colleges depend on the KEAM scores of students. After the result, the counseling process for KEAM takes place where students are allotted colleges based on their KEAM scores. The students who have selected Pharmacy only have to appear for Paper I of KEAM.
Cutoff for KEAM 2020 follows the rank wise procedure where students are given ranks based on their KEAM scores and the admission is based on the ranks. Seats will not be allotted to students who do not meet the cutoff and there will be different cutoffs for each participating college, course and category. The key factors which effect KEAM 2020 cutoff are:
1) Marks obtained in KEAM 2020
2) Marking Scheme of KEAM 2020
3) Cutoff for previous year
4) Availability of Seats in colleges
5) Difficulty level of KEAM 2020
Mode of Counselling: Online
Counseling for KEAM 2020 will take place in four phases. Depending on ranks, students will be allotted seats in various colleges and courses. Students getting a seat must pay the due fees and take the available seat or it will be given to next candidate in line.
On the off chance that, applicants are asked to show up for a personal counseling at any phase of seat granting process and the candidate is not able to come on certified grounds, the parent/guardian or any approved individual can attend the allotment process as a proxy of the applicant, on producing an authorized letter in the format given in Annexure XIX. Authorized letter once gotten will be viewed as legitimate for the whole allotment process, except if the candidate disavows it in writing.
KEAM 2020 Selection Process
KEAM B.Tech Selection Process
Admissions to Engineering programs is to be done on the basis of merit. An equal weightage of 50:50 is to be given to marks in the Entrance Examination for Engineering (Paper I & Paper II both) and the grade or marks for Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry together in twelfth grade or senior secondary. If applicant has not studied Chemistry, Computer Science will be considered. If applicant has not studied Chemistry and Computer Science, Biotechnology will be considered. If applicant has not studied Chemistry, Computer Science and Biotechnology, the marks obtained in Biology will be taken into consideration.
KEAM B.Pharma Selection Process
Selection process for B. Pharma defines the steps taken by the authorities for allotment of seats to students. Seats are allotted to the B. Pharma course on the basis of marks obtained in the PaperI (Physics & Chemistry) of the KEAM 2020 and the rank list is prepared based on these criteria.
Documents Required at Counselling
 Physical fitness test
 KEAM admit card 2020
 KEAM result 2020
 Proof of date of birth
 Allotment memo issued by CEE
 Fee receipt issued by bank
 10+2th standard mark sheet and pass certificate
 Transfer certificate from last attended institute
 Conduct certificate from last attended institutes
 Eligibility certificate (for applicants who have passed more than one qualifying examination conducted by CEE)
 Migration certificate (if applicable)
General Information
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the exam date of KEAM 2020?
Answer:
KEAM 2020 was conducted on July 16.
Question: Can I reset a candidate login password?
Answer:
Yes, candidates can reset a password. Click on "Forget Password" and submit the application number, date of birth and email ID to select a new password.
Question: I'll be 17 years old as on January 20. Am I eligible for KEAM 2020?
Answer:
No. Candidates are required to be 17 years old as on December 31, 2020.
Question: What is the mode of examination?
Answer:
KEAM 2020 was conducted in offline mode.
Question: What is the marking scheme of KEAM 2020?
Answer:
4 marks will be awarded for every correct answer.
1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect response.
Question: When will the application form of KEAM 2020 be available?
Answer:
CEE Kerala released the application form of KEAM 2020 in online mode on February 1. The final date to submit the application form and upload the documents was February 29, 2020.
Question: What is the process for applying online?
Answer:
Candidates had to follow five steps to apply for KEAM 2020. All of the following steps have to be completed before the last date specified to participate in the examination.
Step 1 : Registration
Step 2 : Fill Application Form
Step 3 : Pay Application Fee
Step 4 : Upload Images and Certificates
Step 5 : Print Confirmation Page
Question: I forgot to bear my name and date of photo taken in my uploaded photograph in the application form. Will it be rejected?
Answer:
No. The photograph does not require to bear the name and date of photo taken. If they are present at the bottom of photograph are also accepted.
Question: Will I be able to change my examination centre?
Answer:
Yes. The authorities have again opened the facility to change exam centres between June 20 and 27. Candidates were earlier allowed to change their examination centre from April 16 to 21.
Question: I belong to General category. Is it required to submit Income certificate?
Answer:
It is better to submit income certificate by all candidates except SC/ST. Those (including General Category) who wish to avail the benefits such as fee concession/scholarships that may be notified by the Government or college authorities subsequently, based on annual family income, should upload Income Certificate to the online application portal. No further chance would be allowed to submit Income Certificate.
Question: How can I know whether the application has accepted by the CEE?
Answer:
Candidates can check their application status through the online website of KEAM 2020 from May 11 to 25
Question: How will the rank list be prepared for KEAM 2020?
Answer:
The rank list will be prepared by calculating the average marks secured in KEAM 2020 and class 12th in the ratio of 50:50, i.e equal weightage will be given to both scores. Candidates will be able to check the rank list on or before June 20.
Question: What is the counselling process of KEAM 2020?
Answer:
KEAM 2020 counselling procedure will consist of the following steps:
 Registration  Candidates will have to register for the counselling process by filling the required information.
 Option filling  The preferred choice of courses and colleges have to be filled out by the candidates. Maximum number of choices have to be selected and submitted.
 Trial allotment  Candidates will be able to know which courses and colleges they will be allotted to through the trial allotment. Changes can be done after the trial allotment.
 Allotment of seats  Candidates will be allotted seats as per their merit, preference, category and availability of seats. The allotment letter will be available in online mode.
 Confirmation of admission  Finally, the allotted candidates will have to confirm their admission by verifying their documents and paying the tuition fee.
Questions related to KEAM
When I upload the 12th result in Keam 2020 for engineering
Hey Akshara
The submission date of Class XII Marks for preparation of rank list has not been notified yet but it will probably not take place in August as it will happen after the results are declared in the last week of august(tentatively). All the best. For more details visit https://engineering.careers360.com/articles/keamimportantdates
if l am getting keam score 204 out of 600 , will l get admission in government controlled self financing colleges in state merit quota or management quota and what will be my rank .
https://engineering.careers360.com/articles/keamcutoff
please provide chapter wise weightage for Keam exam 2021 for each subject separately chapterwise chemistry maths and physics or please guide me on where to get it.
Dear Silda,
The relative weightage of each test will be in the ratio of 5:3:2 in Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry in engineering entrance exam.
For engineering stream, two papers will be conducted. Paper 1 for Physics & Chemistry and Paper II for Mathematics. Each question paper will be of 2 hours and 30 min duration.
I hope you got the answer!
All the best!
if you have any query then feel free to ask!!
l am getting keam score 209.59 out of 600 , what will be my rank and will l get admission in state merit quota.
As per your marks and after applying for state merit, your rank lies between 15001  20000. This is based on the previous year cut off. It may varies due to various reasons such as students response to colleges, number of candidates appeared, question difficulty levelThe KEAM cutoff will vary based on the institute, course and the candidates category. The expected cutoff of KEAM for General category is 50% whereas for other categories like SC/ST/SEBC is 40%.
https://engineering.careers360.com/articles/keamcutoff
Thank you
83.5% in +2 78% in pcm my keam score is 54 what is my rank
As per your marks , your rank lies between 40000 to 51000. This is based on the previous year cut off. It may varies due to various reasons such as students response to colleges, number of candidates appeared, question difficulty levelThe KEAM cutoff will vary based on the institute, course and the candidates category. The expected cutoff of KEAM for General category is 50% whereas for other categories like SC/ST/SEBC is 40%.
https://engineering.careers360.com/articles/keamcutoff
Thank you
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