B.Arch ( Bachelor of Architecture)
What is B.Arch (Bachelor of Architecture)?
B.Arch Course is the study of building and its form, it is a course which includes the study of human psychology, physical and chemical properties of different materials. One needs to have a creative mind and should be able to imagine things. Bachelor in Architecture deals with buildings or places that are well designed by a designer or an architect which would be most comfortable for any one to use. Bachelor of architecture (B.Arch) is the application of different streams such as Humanities, Environment studies, Mathematics, Engineering and Aesthetics for studying the different aspects of architecture.
B.Arch Degree includes coursework in the form of theory subjects, research work, project work, studio and assignments which makes the course curriculum interesting, interactive and creative. There are many group projects assigned to students which increase team-building skills, apart from other necessary skills such as art, creativity, good communication skills, team spirit, creative thinking skills, and observant attitude..
B.Arch Degree Highlights
Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)
10+2 with minimum 50% marks
INR 2-7 lakhs
Types of B.Arch
Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) is a five years undergraduate programme which is pursued after Class 12 with minimum 50 percent marks. B.Arch course is designed to produce licensed and professional architects who are authorized to do private and government construction work. Architectural study includes the activity of designing models of buildings, preparing the blueprint and other physical structures of any land and building.
The increasing demand in the commercial industry and construction industry is high. Therefore, after pursuing this course this demand can be fulfilled by experts and professionals.
B.Arch course consists of various aspects of humanities, engineering, and aesthetics. B.Arch syllabus consists of various theory subjects, studio, project work, practical training and research training.
Most of the students after studying this professional course, aspire to become architects. Apart from this, you can also become a Project Manager, Urban Planner, City Planner, Landscape Architect, and Project Assistant.
The national average salary of an architect is INR 3.7 lakhs, and it increases with designation and experience. After the successful completion of Bachelor of Architecture course, students also have the option of studying master courses like M.Arch and MBA. Candidates are also eligible to study any professional Diploma or PG Diploma course to increase their skills.
The duration of the B.Arch course is 5 years and mentioned below are the the following conditions which needs to be fulfilled by the students to get admission into B.Arch (Bachelor of Architecture):
Students should have completed Class 12 or equivalent with minimum 50 per cent marks along with the compulsory subjects (PCM).
Students should have completed a Class 10+ 3 year diploma course in any stream from a recognized university/ board/ institution.
Cleared NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) with the 80 per cent marks conducted by Council of Architecture(CoA)
Some colleges take admission on the basis of other architectural entrance exams as well, so it is not compulsory to give NATA. But candidates must prepare and give this exam if they want to take admission in the best B.Arch college in India.
The National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) and the Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT) are two of the most popular B.Arch entrance exams. The former is widely accepted by colleges offering these programmes. The AAT is an entrance exam for admissions to architecture programmes offered by the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Apart from this students can take B.Arch admission on the basis of JEE Main score as well.
Candidates can take admission in B.Arch course through NATA or any other architectural entrance exam.
Basic steps of B.Arch admission procedure is as follows:
Visit to the official website of the institute or directly visit the admission office of the institute to avail the application forms.
Fill the Bachelor of Architecture application form carefully, upload the documents the college has asked for in the application form in the prescribed dimensions and format.
Make the final payment of the registration fee(if any)
Take the print out of the B.Arch application form.
Give any Architectural Entrance Exam (Like NATA, JEE Mains, etc.)
After this process, students who will get shortlisted in the given entrance exam will be called for the counselling process and on the basis of skills and availability of seats, suitable candidates will be given admission.
Top B.Arch Exams
The top examinations for admission into B.Arch are as follows:
NATA: National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) is a national level entrance examination. The exam is conducted by the Council of Architecture (COA). Through this exam, admission will be offered to 5 years Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) across India. This exam is conducted twice a year in April and July. Many private or government universities and institutes consider NATA scores to provide admission in Architecture courses.
Highlights about NATA:
Online application started from February 1,2020.
Last date to fill the application form is May 4,2020.
There is no age limit criteria to apply for the exam.
Candidates must secure a minimum of 50 per cent marks and 50 per cent aggregate in PCM subjects. 5 percent relaxation is given to SC, ST, OBC-NCL category or PwD (Persons with disability) candidates.
The mode of examination is online, and part A will be based on drawing test (pen paper based)
Total time duration will be 3 hours and 15 minutes. 45 minutes for the aptitude section and 135 minutes for the drawing section.
Total marks will be 125.
Exam will comprise of two sections (Aptitude Section and Drawing Section)
There is no negative marking in the exam.
1.5 marks will be awarded for each correct answer.
AAT: Architecture aptitude test (AAT) is for the candidates who qualified JEE advance and wish to take admission in the B.Arch (Bachelor of Architecture).The programme is offered only by IIT Kharagpur and IIT Roorkee. The admission in B.Arch courses is not as per AAT rank or score, it is based on JEE Advanced AIR. However, passing AAT is mandatory for being considered for B.Arch seat allotment. To appear in AAT candidates need to register separately after JEE Advanced 2020 Result. This exam is also held at a national level to appear in which the candidates have to use their JEE Advanced 2020 Admit Card.
Highlights about AAT:
The online registration and exam dates are yet to be announced.
The duration of the exams is 3 hours.
Total number of questions asked are 16.
The section contains 4 questions from general knowledge, 3 from geometry drawing, 3 from 3D Aspects, 3 from free handwriting and 3 from imagination and aesthetic sensitivity.
JEE Main: JEE Main has two papers, paper 1 and paper 2. Candidates may opt for either or both of them. Paper-1 is for admission to B.E./B.Tech courses and is conducted only online. Paper-2 is for admission in B.Arch and B. Planning courses and is conducted only offline. The similarity between the two of them is that the question contains only multiple choice questions.JEE Main has a fixed exam structure and is not subject to change every year.
Some of the key changes in JEE Main (2020) are mentioned below:-
From 2020 onwards, JEE Main will have three papers, one for B.Tech, second for B.Arch, and third examination will be separately conducted for B.Planning.
The number of questions has been reduced from 90 to 75 for each paper. It means that the students have to attempt 5 less questions from each section of the paper.
Each section of the exam will have 25 questions carrying equal weightage to all. Though from this time onwards, 20 questions will be multiple choice questions and 5 questions will be numerical based.
There will be negative marking for MCQs but numerical questions will not follow the negative mark scheme.
The B.Planning paper will have three parts, Mathematics (like B.Arch), Aptitude (like B.Arch), and planning based objective questions.
The newly introduced B.Planning exam will be of 400 marks with a total of 100 questions.
The drawing part of the B.Arch examination which carried 3 questions up until 2019 will now have 2 questions carrying 100 marks.
From this year onwards, candidates having a smaller number of negative responses will get an advantage in case there is a tie score.
From this year onwards, NTA has set up more than 3400 practice centres in the country for the preparation of the exam.
JEE Advanced: Joint Entrance Examination(JEE) Advanced is viable for the students who qualify the JEE Main examination. Therefore, students need to be thorough with their topics before attempting the JEE Advanced examination.
Some key changes in JEE Advanced (2020) are mentioned below:-
A total of 2.24 lakhs Aspirants will qualify for writing JEE Advanced. Last year, 2 lakhs students qualified for writing JEE Advanced (2020).
As per the new format types of questions will be more descriptive.
For the first time reservation for the PwD category has been raised from 3% to 5%.
The bachelor of architecture course seeks the students having skills like drawing, writing, exploration of the given topic, practical and managerial ability in identifying and solving problems and architectural presentation etc. the architect can work according to the need of the client. The architect must be a combination of artist, professional and entrepreneur qualities. Therefore, following are some of the specialization courses for B.Arch
Bachelor of Architecture Specialization
Architectural design is a concept that focuses on components or elements of a structure. An architect is generally the one in charge of the architectural design. They work with space and elements to create a coherent and functional structure.
Building Information Modeling (BIM) is an intelligent 3D model-based process that gives architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) professionals the insight and tools to more efficiently plan, design, construct, and manage buildings and infrastructure.
Any range or product of creative human activity can be defined as art. Most well associated are the visual arts, such as painting and sculpture.The design is the preliminary planning, when the first seeds of what may become a great work of art are sown. Being taught to come up with the ideas are as important as the creation of the art itself.
Building engineering technology involves the process of designing and constructing buildings and other types of structures. A degree in building engineering technology prepares students to manage construction projects as well as design, implement and maintain building components.
Graphic design is art with a purpose. It involves a creative and systematic plan to solve a problem or achieve certain objectives, with the use of images, symbols or even words. It is visual communication and the aesthetic expression of concepts and ideas using various graphic elements and tools.
Community design stands for an alternative style of practice, based on the idea that professional technical knowledge is often inadequate in the resolution of social problems.
CAD (computer-aided design) software is used by architects, engineers, drafters, artists, and others to create precision drawings or technical illustrations. ... CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) is software used to design products such as electronic circuit boards in computers and other devices.
Engineering is a scientific field and job that involves taking our scientific understanding of the natural world and using it to invent, design, and build things to solve problems and achieve practical goals. This can include the development of roads, bridges, cars, planes, machines, tools, processes, and computers.
Environmental sustainability is defined as responsible interaction with the environment to avoid depletion or degradation of natural resources and allow for long-term environmental quality.
Housing, or more generally living spaces, refers to the construction and assigned usage of houses and buildings collectively, for the purpose of sheltering people — the planning or provision delivered by an authority, with related meanings.
B.Arch focuses on the subjects from the fields of engineering, arts and technology to the professional practice of architecture. B.Arch Course is a generous mix of both theory and studio exercises. Architects are the actual creators of amazing buildings and structures that exist in our surroundings.
Career in Bachelor of Architecture is lucrative, attractive and has lots of potential in terms of development. The architectural degree is designed in such a way so that it fulfills the educational component of professional certifying bodies. This field covers different works such as spatial design, aesthetics, material management, safety management etc.
Subjects in the B.Arch Syllabus followed:
Theory of Structures
History of architecture
Computer & Software Lab
As a fresher of B.Arch (Bachelor of Architecture) student starting salary is about Rs. 4 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh per annum. The salary will increase with a person’s experience and be improving skills. Salary of experienced architects in India ranges from Rs.8 to 18 lakhs per annum.
Bachelor of Architecture Salary With Job Profile
Salary per Annum
INR 4 lakh
INR 4 lakh
INR 4.5 lakh
INR 4.7 lakh
INR 5 lakh
INR 5.3 lakh
INR 10 lakh
INR 10.5 lakh
INR 18 lakh
Scope of B.Arch
B.Arch Degree is a professional course which is considered to be creative and full of challenges. Students who are interested in the different aspects of architecture opt for this course.
After completing the Bachelor of Architecture course, candidates have several opportunities of employment in the government as well as private sectors. In terms of higher education, aspirants can go for postgraduate degrees such as M.Arch (Master of Architecture), MBA (Master of Business Administration) and other certified courses to strengthen your way in the architecture field.
Careers Opportunities after B.Arch
An architect has very wide options for career growth in the private and as well in the government sector. After completing B.Arch course, you can join government organizations like:
Some of Public Sector for Bachelor of Architecture
Public works department
National building organization
National institute of urban affairs
Hindustan prefab limited
Hindustan aeronautics limited
Public service commission
Urban development corporation
Ministry of defense
City development corporation
Department of railways
Other sectors can be in Public Sector Banks, Civil Service, State Public work departments, Municipalities, Defense and others.
Most of the students get hired in private organizations such as:
Private Organization for Bachelor of Architecture
C.p. Kukreja Associates
Somaya & Kalappa Consultants
Traditionally, B.Arch Course graduates mainly opt for architect jobs, whose job description includes the responsibility of creating design of construction, coordinating with construction processions, town planning, finalizing projects, construction of residential as well as commercial building etc.
Apart from this, he/she can work as civil engineer, land developer and structural engineer as well.
Major B.Arch jobs are:
Building Contractor& Researcher
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - B.Arch ( Bachelor of Architecture)
Question: Is NATA necessary for a B.Arch Degree?
NATA or the AIEEE B.Arch exam are prescribed by the Council of Architecture as a compulsory criterion for taking admission to any Architectural College or course in India.
Question: Do B.Arch Courses have scope?
Candidates can get admission in this programme through JEE Main 2020, NATA 2020. After completing your B.Arch course, you have a scope of higher study.
Question: Which is better: NATA or JEE?
It is believed that the difficulty level for JEE Mains is higher as compared to NATA. The institutes that give admission on the basis of JEE Mains paper 2 are NITs and GFTIs whereas, NATA students get admission into Private colleges and State level colleges, other than NITs and IITs.