ITI (Industrial Training Institutes)
What is ITI (Industrial Training Institutes)?
Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) are government-led training institutes established by the Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET), Ministry of Labor & Employment, Government of India. These Industrial Training Institutes offer training in many technical streams. These work with the aim to provide technical manpower to the fast emerging industrial sector of the developed and developing economy.
These institutes provide industrial training and technical knowledge in various trades. The courses offered by ITI include both engineering and non-engineering programs. Candidates who have at least passed Class 8th examination and wish to acquire some technical knowledge instead of going for conventional higher studies can apply for ITI courses according to their interests and requirements. However, many courses require Class 12th as the basic educational requirement. The duration of the course is generally 1 year to 2 year; it varies as per the course selected by the candidates. The fee of a ITI course can range from Rs 1, 600 to Rs 71, 000 depending on the course opted by the candidate. Candidates get job roles related to their trade after completion of ITI.
Types of ITI (Industrial Training Institutes)
Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) is a certificate course.
ITI Admission Eligibility
Candidates willing to pursue ITI must satisfy the minimum eligibility criteria for the admission. Following are the basic eligibility conditions one should fulfil to be eligible for the admission to the course-
- Candidates who are between 14 to 40 of age on the date of the start of admission session are eligible for admission to ITIs and ITCs.
- The requirement for educational qualification is subjective and varies from class 8 to class 12 depending on the course one chooses to pursue.
- Age relaxation of five years is provided to ex-servicemen and war widows.
The authority offers a range of vocational training courses catering to the needs of different sectors of the economy/ labour market. These programmes are delivered under the aegis of the National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT). NCVT offers two pioneer programs for propagating vocational training, the Craftsman Training Scheme (CTS), and the Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS). In order to successfully clear ITI course, candidates are required to demonstrate the following tasks:
Candidates must be able to read and interpret technical parameters/documents, plan and organize work processes, identify necessary materials and tools
Candidates must be skilled in performing tasks with due consideration to safety rules, accident prevention regulations and environmental protection stipulations
They must be able to apply professional skills, knowledge and employability skills while performing their tasks
Candidates must be able to document the technical parameters related to the task undertaken.
The curriculum for these courses has been designed according to the time allotted to each course. The general description of credits and credibility is described as following:
Candidates are required to give 1260 National training hours (510 for 6 months course duration) for professional skill (trade practical
Candidates must spend 102 national training hours in acquiring professional knowledge (trade theory).
Candidates are required to undergo training of 55 national training hours for employ ability skills.
Candidates are required to give 13 national training hours for the library and extracurricular activities.
Candidates are required to give 280 national training hours for simulator training & live training.
Candidates must spend 40 hours for both specific course content as per DGCA guidelines and revision and examination separately.
ITI Certification and Assessment
The candidates are assessed on the basis of skill, knowledge, and attitude during the period of the course and at the end of the training programme as notified by the government of India from time to time. The trainee will be tested by the Formative Assessment Method by testing for assessment criteria listed against learning outcomes. The institutes are required to maintain an individual trainee portfolio as detailed in the assessment guideline.
The marks for internal assessment will be as per the template prescribed by the institute. The final assessment will be judged through the Summative Assessment Method. The assessment criteria and its result will be the basis for setting question papers for the final assessment. During the final examination, the examiner will also check the candidate’s portfolio as detailed in the assessment guidelines before giving marks for practical examination.
A total weightage of 100 per cent is applied for six months and one-year course duration courses and 50 per cent of weightage is applied to each examination for two-year courses, for the purpose of determining the overall result. Candidates are required to score a minimum of 60 per cent in practicals and 40 per cent in theory.
Assessment Guidelines for ITI Exam
Assessment will be evidence-based consisting of the following:
Job carried out in labs/workshop
Record book/ daily diary
Answer sheet of assessment
Attendance and punctuality
Admission to ITI is made purely on merit basis which means that the marks obtained by the student in the public examination as per the minimum qualification prescribed for the individual rate. However, no public examination is held at the minimum qualification level, and hence admission may be made on the basis of marks obtained by the student in the written examination conducted by the state directories for the purpose of examination.
- Computer operator and programming assistant
- Craftsman food production general
- Draughtsman civil
- Electronic mechanic
- Fashion technology
- Hair and skincare
- Health sanitary inspector
- Information technology and electronics system maintenance
- Library and information science
- Mechanic diesel
- Mechanic Radio and television
- Painter general
- Radiology technician
- Tool and die maker dies and moulds
ITI ((Industrial Training Institutes) Syllabus
The syllabus of ITI will vary as per the course selected by the candidate. Various ITI courses such as Computer operator and programming assistant, Carpenter, Electrician, Wireman will have different syllabus as per the requirement. ITI syllabus for some of the courses is given below-
Computer operator and programming assistant ITI course syllabus
Introduction to Computers and Windows Operating System
Computer components and Windows Operating System
Computer Hardware basics and Software Installation
Computer Hardware basics and Software Installation
Introduction to DOS Command Line Interface & Linux Operating System.
Familiarization with DOS CLI & Linux Operating Systems.
Using Word Processing Software
Using Spreadsheet Application
Image editing, Creating presentations & Using Open Office
Image editing, Creating presentations & Using Open Office
Database Management Systems
Configuring and Using Networks
Web Design Concepts
Designing Static Web Pages
Introduction to VBA, Features and Applications
Programming with VBA
Using Accounting Software
Carpenter ITI course syllabus
Familiarization with the workshop
Common Safety precautions
Identification and familiarization of hand tools
Safety precaution of hand tools and Introduction to timber
Sawing practice , Hand Tools and portable power tools – curve cutting saws
Saws and Plane Special saws
Different types of Plane Special planes
Chiselling Practice and multiple chiselling practice: Holding tools
Hand tools; Striking tools Workshop appliances
Joint practice:- Demonstration and making framing joints
Classification of joint framing Joints
Demonstration and making Dovetail joints
Angle joint- seasoning of Timber
Lengthening joints demonstration and making
Lengthening joints: Different types of scarf joints
A frame of using different type of joints
Preservation of timber: Files
Application of boring tools
Layout of different furnitures
Description of timbers used in furniture making work; Conversion of timber
Making a table (small)
Plywood and by product of plywood
Nailing screwing on job
Nails and screw
Exercises of Wood carving
Properties of wood; Preparation of bill of materials and simple estimation
Varnishing on finished surface
Sand paper staining
Polishing of furniture
French polish, Estimation of timber
Introduction & demonstration, operational techniques of wood working machines.
Wood working machines; Market form of timber
Demonstration and use of Drilling Machines, Grinding Machines, Mortiser Machines and Universal woodworking Machines.
Description, types, sizes, parts, functions, operations, safety precautions, care and maintenance of machines.
Exercises of pattern making
Introduction to pattern making
Making Core and core prints
Core and core prints
Allied Training: Simple Fitting Work
General safety in fitting shop
Sheet Metal Work
Sheet Metal tools
Carpentry Building Work
Introduction to carpentry work involved in building construction, Familiarization with the materials which is used in industries as a substitute of wood.
Marking and making window frame and window shutters
Types of window frame and window shutters
Exercises on simple floor construction and joints used.
Basic principle of repairing work and repairing technique of furniture, door, window, rack; Economical factors and material estimates.
The salary of the candidates after ITI will vary as per the trade selected by them. For example, a fitter can earn 2 lacs per annum while a surveyor after ITI can earn 3 lacs per annum. Following table can be referred to know the average annual salary of of some of the trades after ITI-
Salary after ITI
Average Annual Salary
Computer Operator & Programming Assistant
1.7 lacs to 2.4 lacs
Scope of ITI
Candidates pursuing ITI course have a wide scope of opportunities. Candidates can directly get jobs in their respective fields after completion of the course. Also, government is also starting various schemes to utilize the skills of such candidates with ITI courses. One of the most popular schemes is Skill India Mission, under which various ITI holders can get jobs as per their skills. Other than this, candidates also have option to study further such as doing a diploma or a short-term course in the same field. After ITI, candidates can jobs in both public and private sector.
Careers Opportunities after ITI
Candidates can get various jobs after completing ITI course depending on the trade selected by them. Some of the job roles are-
- Computer Operator & Programming Assistant
- Mechanic Radio & T.V. Engineer
- Refrigeration Engineer
- Machinist Engineer
- Mechanic Motor Vehicle Engineer
- Carpentry Engineer
- Welding Engineer
- Sheet Metal Working Engineer
- Pump Operator
- Confectioner and baker
- Cutting & Sewing specialist
- Pattern Maker
- Book Binder
- Commercial Artist
- Foot Wear Manufacturer
- Hair & Skin Care specialist
Top ITI Institutes
Baba Kharak Singh Baba Darshan Singh ITI
Government ITI Patiala
Malwa Industrial Training Centre
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - ITI (Industrial Training Institutes)
Question: What is ITI?
Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) is a certificate course which is offered in various trades and have a course duration ranging from one year to two year depending upon the trade.
Question: Who can do an ITI course?
Candidates who have passed at least class 8th is eligible to pursue an ITI course. However, various courses require candidates to pass at least Class 12th, so the educational qualification various from Class 8th to 12th as per the course. Also, candidates between the age of 14-40 years are only eligible for ITI.
Question: What are the various ITI courses available?
Various ITI courses available for candidates are- Computer operator and programming assistant, Craftsman food production general, Carpenter, Draughtsman civil, Electrician, Electronic mechanic, Fashion technology, Fitter, Hair and skincare, Health sanitary inspector, Wireman, Photographer and many more.
Question: What is the average annual salary after ITI?
The average annual salary of the candidates after ITI range from 1 lac to 3 lacs depending upon the course.