MPH (Master of Public Health)
What is Master of Public Health (M.P.H)?
Master of Public Health is a two-year postgraduate interdisciplinary programme awarded for studies in areas related to public health. The programme is designed to focus on public health services rather than research and teaching. The course is of two year which is segregated into four semesters. Master of public health is a course that offers public health maintenance in addition to dealing with issues related to public health by providing different means of solutions such as awareness programs about health. The course also guides students on how to destroy the disease and disease causing agents. After completing the post graduation in public health, students get to work on national and international level in relevance to public health and its importance.
The Master of public health offers students the freedom to choose their specialization in accordance to their interest and past experiences. It is worthy to note that there are quite a few universities and institutes in India that provide a degree in Master of public health. And the fees for the programme varies according to the college. As per the records, the average fees for the programme is between Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 1.2 lakhs per year.
Types of Master of Public Health
Master of public health is a postgraduate medicine programme. The course deals with the prevention solutions for the control of disease and disability alongside focusing on the promotion of physical and mental health among the population over different levels. The students pursuing Master of public health work on improving health by creating awareness among people on the importance of physical and mental health and different ways to avoid diseases. The syllabus of Master of public health is designed to emphasize various topics such as social and behavioural aspects of health, biostatistics, health systems and policies, ethics in public health, health economics and financing, health program management, and many more.
The Master of public health programme is focused on developing public health administrators with expertise in public health. The course also focuses on topics such as disease characteristics, their prevention and cure, crisis management, strategic health policies, and regulatory affairs. The programme emphasizes on improving the disease prevention measures that carry a huge threat to public health. It also aims on health treatment which has become a focal point of global health. The course prepares students to be responsible enough in promoting community awareness about the injury, violence prevention, communicable and non-communicable diseases and other diseases that affect health and safety in the world.
Master of public health programme is beneficial for candidates who aspire to improve themselves in the field of healthcare management and administration within the public health organization. The course also helps in the development of practical skills and knowledge in areas related to public health specifically focusing on the crisis and endemic conditions. The students of Master of public health are trained in a way to handle worst case scenarios at any given point of time.
Master of Public Health Eligibility
Eligibility criteria for Master of public health is defined as the minimum requirements and parameters set by the universities and institutes individually that students are required to fulfill in order to apply for the admission to the programme. Following is the eligibility criteria defined by the universities in order to get admission to the Master of public health:
Candidates must hold a bachelor's degree within any of the health sciences fields such as MBBS, BDS, BPT, Nursing, Biomedical engineering, and other professional health science courses.
Also, there are some universities and institutes that demand a minimum of 50% aggregate in bachelor’s degree in order to be considered for the admission.
Master of Public Health Admissions
Candidates holding bachelor’s degree in the field of health science are eligible to apply for the admission. Candidates should note that there is no entrance exam for admission to the programme. Hence, candidates are required to follow the individual admission guidelines circulated by the universities and institutes. The common admission procedure to get admission in Master of public health course is as follows:
Candidates are required to check the university/institute website they wish to take admission in.
Candidates are required to ensure that they meet the minimum eligibility criteria set by the institute or university.
Candidates must fill the admission form and provide the necessary documents asked by the university.
Top Master of Public Health Exams
There are no entrance exams for admission to Master of public health. Candidates are required to check the university websites in order to know the admission procedure. However, candidates must keep the following points in mind while preparing for the admission to Master of public health:
Practical knowledge: It is important for candidates to have proper and practical knowledge for the Master of public health course. Since the Master of public health programme is a medical domain course it is important to have practical knowledge and on field experience.
Presentation skills: The sector demands candidates with polished presentation skills. During the commencement of a postgraduate degree there are moments when candidates are required to present their work and having excellent presentation skills is a big plus.
Knowing the importance of health: As an MPH student, it is important to know the importance of health and it’s awareness as the course is mostly about spreading awareness about health.
Master of Public Health Specializations
The Master of public health is a course that trains students to play a better role in promoting community awareness about the injury, violence prevention, communicable and non communicable diseases and other issues that affect health and safety. The course offers several specializations on the basis of different health threats and areas to cover. Students can choose the specialization according to their interest and previous work experience. Some of the specializations are as follows:
Social and Behavioural Sciences
Disaster Management & Emergency Preparedness
International Public Health Management
Public Health Policy & Management
Public Health Education
Health Services Administration
Master of Public Health Courses
Master of public health is a postgraduate medicine programme. The duration of course is two-year which is equally segregated into four semesters. After completing the Master of public health, students are required to work on improving health by creating awareness among young people on the importance of healthcare and different ways to avoid diseases. The programme emphasizes on improving the disease prevention measures that carry a huge threat to public health.
The course also focuses on topics such as disease characteristics, their prevention and cure, crisis management, strategic health policies, and regulatory affairs. The course deals with the prevention solutions for the control of disease and disability alongside focusing on the promotion of physical and mental health among the population over different levels.
Candidates who aspire to work for people in crisis especially in disease prone areas can find many opportunities after this course as professionals are very important in these tricky situations. After completing the Master of public health, students are required to work on improving health by creating awareness among young people on the importance of healthcare and different ways to avoid diseases.
The fees for the Master of public health course varies according to the programme and university. Since there is no entrance exam for the admission and universities provide direct admissions, the fees for the programme is comparatively less than other post graduate courses in the field of medical and health sciences. The average fees for the course is somewhere between Rs. 10,000 to 1.2 lakh per annum.
Master of Public Health Syllabus
The syllabus of Master of public health is designed in such a way that it provides an insight to the public health management, importance and ways to improve health. The syllabus for the course is equally divided into four semesters in addition to internship and project in last semester. The complete syllabus for Master of public health is provided below:
Semester - I
Concept of Primary Health Care, Community
Ecology of Health
Public Health Biology - Introduction
Sampling Methods and Techniques
Statistical Methods in Public Health Research
Semester - II
Introduction to Epidemiology
Introduction to Project Planning and Management in Health Care & Public Health
General Overview of Communicable Diseases
Mental Health: Classification
Semester - III
Definition and Concept of Vulnerable Populations
Health Inequality and Health Care Disparities among Vulnerable Populations
Environment - Definition, Concept, Components
Fundamentals of Occupational Health
Healthcare Legislation in India
Health Planning - History, Concept, Models
Semester - IV
Principles of Human Nutrition
Digestive Absorption, Metabolism of Carbohydrates, Proteins and Lipids
Introduction to Various Health System
Socio-cultural Perspectives of International Health
Public Health in Developing & Developed Countries
Ethical Issues in International Health Research
Master of Public Health Salary
The salary for Master of public health graduates varies according to the job profile. If candidates have some on-field experience then they can earn a good package in health sciences. As per the estimates, the average salary for the Master of public health graduates is INRRs. 7 lakhs per annum. The salary for the post of research consultant or research scientist is around Rs. 8 lakh per annum to Rs. 10 lakh per annum. The salary scales are for reference purposes only. Actual salary scales may vary depending upon a lot of factors.
Salary annually approximately
INRRs. 2.5 lakhs p.a. - INRRs. 3.5 lakhs p.a.
INRRs. 4 lakhs p.a. - INRRs. 5.5 lakhs p.a.
INRRs. 8 lakhs p.a. - INRRs. 10 lakhs p.a.
Research consultant/ research scientist
Scope of Master of Public Health
The scope for Master of public health graduates is huge. The candidates with a good academic record and a little experience in the field can expect a great start for a career in health science. The job opportunities are available for the MPH graduates from government to private hospitals, NGOs, and other healthcare units. After completing the Master of public health, students are required to work on improving health by creating awareness among young people on the importance of healthcare and different ways to avoid diseases.
After receiving the Master of public health degree, students are bestowed with countless perks in the field of health sciences. The course enables students to learn subjects such as environmental science, sociology, public policy and education which in turn not only enlarges the scope and knowledge but gets deeper as well. This prepares the candidates to perform all kinds of challenging roles, jobs and get leadership qualities too.
There are several industries in health sciences that employ MPH graduates for the role of social workers to work in different sections for case management. This is one of the best ways to get in touch with the public management and learn health enhancement procedures and solutions. The problem of obesity and diabetes is growing rapidly in India in the past few years which has instigated the government to encourage educators to earn a master's degree in public health so that they can assist as they administer health education at schools, nonprofits, and private organizations.
Careers Opportunities after Master of Public Health
There are various career profiles available for the Master of public health graduates. Candidates can choose to work in the private sectors or can apply for the jobs in the government sector as well. Job profiles such as Public Health Management Analyst, Health Communications Specialist, Research Scientist, Manager - Breastfeeding Initiative, Health Resources Professional, Professor - Public Health, Public Relation Officer, Senior Technical Specialist - Public Health, Environmental Health & Safety Specialist, Health Counsellor, Laboratory Technician are available for the MPH graduates to work in health sciences.
Following are the career options for an MPH graduate as a fresher:
Healthcare Administrator: A Healthcare Administrator is someone who oversees the mundane administrative operations of hospitals and other healthcare facilities. Also known as Health Service Managers, they are responsible for planning and supervising all medical services. Duties of a healthcare administrator include monitoring budgets and updating health records.
Health Informatics Specialist: A Health Informatics Specialist someone who is not on the front lines of healthcare. Generally, they can’t be found roaming the halls of hospitals or interacting with patients. But, as computers and technology become increasingly all over the place, they play an important role in the medical care we all receive.
Epidemiologist: Epidemiologists are required to plan and direct studies of public health problems to find ways to prevent and to treat the problems. They are also responsible for collecting and analyzing data—including using observations, interviews, surveys, and samples of blood or other bodily fluids—to find the causes of diseases or other health problems.
Following are the career options in government and private sectors:
Assistant Environmental Scientist: The assistant environmental scientist aids a team of environmental scientists with their studies in the field. The job profile of an assistant environmental scientist contains many different tasks involving environmental and public health, and a person will have the option to work locally or abroad on the public health of different populations.
Biosecurity Specialist: A biosecurity specialist is tasked with developing and implementing different safety measures related to biosecurity. Biosecurity specialists are required to create plans and develop new procedures to ensure that a population within a region, including any public health professionals present, has a safety protocol to follow should a biological emergency or risk occur.
Bioterrorism Researcher: Bioterrorism researchers are the professionals who are given the responsibility to gather data to identify potential risks to the public, identify ways to ensure public safety, work with policy makers to establish protocols that increase safety, and develop strategies for quick response to bioterrorist attacks.
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - MPH (Master of Public Health)
Question: What can I do with a master's in public health?
Common Career Paths for Master of Public Health Graduates are:
MPH graduates have gone on to work at federal, state, and local health agencies, hospitals, nonprofits, community-based agencies, private foundations, and health maintenance organizations.
Question: Is a public health master worth it?
MPH programs largely attract graduates from life sciences and allow them to study further topics such as health and social behavior, global health, health policy, and environmental health. All of respondents who held a master's in public or global health said their degree was worth the investment in time and money.
Question: How many years are master in public health?
The average MPH program will take at least two years, but usually no more than three years to complete. Below introduces the variables that influence the length of public health degree programs.
Question: Is public health a good career?
Yes, it is, the BS in public health jobs are plentiful and fulfilling. A career seeker would do well to not focus strictly on public health bachelor degree salary. A public health salary will always look good as the field is only growing. Public health worker jobs offer many career paths and opportunities.