MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery) Courses, Admissions, Eligibility, Syllabus
MBBS degree or Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery also described as BMBS, an abbreviation of a Latin word which is Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. This is a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery degree program. The first two advanced and professional undergraduate medical degrees are Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is probably one of the topmost degrees in the world and therefore by profession, after completing an MBBS from top medical colleges, an individual is officially transformed into a medical professional. In this article, we have discussed the MBBS course details which include MBBS admission, courses after MBBS, and the MBBS fee structure, career opportunities after MBBS.
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This is a very prolonged study that requires a huge amount of patience and ability. Being a medical professional is one of the bravest and most humble occupations. The curriculum describes different medicine and human anatomy and is able to educate the participants on how to test and cure specific diseases. The bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery courses also covers numerous medical specialities to allow the learners to develop an in-depth understanding of the area of interest.
What if MBBS Full Form?
The full form of MBBS degree is Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery and it is the term that is used for those MBBS students who are pursuing the five-year degree programme in medicine. The word MBBS is the short form of the latin word Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae.
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
10+2 with physics, chemistry and biology
Rs. 71,000 to Rs.2,100,000
Rs. 360,000 per annum
Advantages of MBBS
MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is a highly competitive programme as the admissions are offered on the basis of rank acquired in the NEET examination. Lakhs of students appear every year in the NEET examination for MBBS admission. Several students take a year off from their academic year to prepare for the NEET examination to get admission to the prestigious medical colleges of India. Students need to appear for the neet counselling process once they get the required marks for admission. Successful completion of MBBS opens numerous opportunities for a medical career in the healthcare industry. Candidates can opt for an MS, MD or DNB in any related specialisation after successful completion of an MBBS programme. They can opt for numerous careers such as the general surgeon, endocrinologist, pathologist, neurologist, physician, ENT specialist, cardiologist and oncologist.
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Types of MBBS
MBBS degree is a professional undergrad degree in the surgical and medical field, awarded by medical colleges and universities. However, as the name implies, Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery are two different degrees but are merged in one discipline and presented together in practice. The length of the MBBS degree includes an internship, and the degree is of five to six years. The candidates who need to study physics, chemistry, biology, and English at the 10+2 level are eligible to apply for this programme. MBBS degree is a graduate degree for candidates who seek to pursue their goal of being a physician. A Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree is one of the best professional degrees in science and medicine. The length of the MBBS course is five years and one year of internship in a nonprofit organization, medical centre and rehabilitation centre.
Applicants must meet the eligibility requirements for a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS) or MBBS degree. Candidates also should be aware of the basic requirements needed for pursuing a bachelor's degree in medicine and a bachelor's degree in surgery, including the course understanding. These are the necessary eligibility requirements that the students must follow to obtain MBBS admission:
The minimum marks criteria may differ, although, in the intermediate test, general applicants should have scored at least 50 per cent marks.
The minimum age requirement is 17 years to register for the MBBS NEET exam.
Applicants will have to pass the medical entrance exam needed for MBBS admission.
The minimum percentage for eligible candidates for the reserved category is 40 per cent.
The maximum age restriction for applying for the MBBS course is 25 years
There are various ways of enrolling students in the MBBS program provided by various institutions and schools. In the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery programmes, educational institutions use various methodologies to enrol applicants. To receive an MBBS degree, applicants must follow the different strategies with a thorough understanding from which they must then achieve university admissions. The various methods by which candidates may become admitted to this degree are described below.
Entrance exams: The most common method for approving candidates is a medical entrance exam used by colleges and universities. Aspiring MBBS students sit for different entrance exams to earn a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS) degree. The results obtained in these exams allow the students to apply to high-ranking universities offering such degrees.
Merit-based: There are colleges and universities in these courses which offer candidates admissions based on the marks achieved in 10 + 2. The eligibility criteria are based on competencies gained in 10 + 2. These colleges often take students using their cut-off lists. But the number of these colleges is very less in numbers and the medical entrance exam is a must for this particular degree.
Top MBBS Exams
A few universities conduct entrance examinations for a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS). Selection for this degree in some major universities is based on the total marks in the final year of school and on the entrance exam.
National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam (NEET): NEET-UG (National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam for Undergraduate Courses) is the criteria for enrollment in the MBBS degree. NEET-UG is the common all-India entry-level foundation for admissions amongst all medical universities and colleges all around the world. Each and every applicant who aspires to be recruited for the MBBS course must apply for the National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Exam-UG.
|NEET Eligibility Criteria||NEET Application Form||NEET Result|
Previously there was an exception for admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS because these educational institutions seemed to undertake their own medical entrance exam. But meanwhile, those examinations have also been eliminated.
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|KPC Medical College and Hospital, Jadavpur||Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi|
|HIMSR New Delhi||IMS BHU|
The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS) or Baccalaureus Medicinae, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (MBBS) degree programme is a national undergraduate specialist graduate degree programme for medical aspiring candidates. This MBBS course programme allows for interested and eligible candidates to study medicine and surgery in the country. The length of the MBBS course is five and a half years, with a one-year internship.
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The university aims to provide all MBBS students with a modern, growth-driven education through its MBBS degree programs. A Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery degree allow the graduates eligible for the market in the world's current scenario. Throughout India, there is a tremendous demand in the medical industry among medical practitioners as there are fewer employment opportunities in the marketplace and the number of doctors is much greater than it is. Earning an MBBS degree offers students the opportunity to achieve their objectives in the medical and healthcare industries.
Obstetrics & Gynaecology
ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)
We have mentioned below MBBS subjects. It may vary from college to college.
MBBS syllabus for Semester 1 & 2
Fundamentals of Disease and Treatment
Health and the Environment
Introduction to Medical Practice I
Neuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)
Introduction to Molecular Medicine
Introduction of Embryology and Histology
MBBS syllabus for Semester 3 &4
Common Symptoms and Signs
MBBS syllabus for Semester 5 & 6
Epidemiology of communicable diseases
Epidemiology of non‐communicable diseases
Reproductive and child health
Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia
MBBS syllabus for Semester 7 &8
Metabolic and Bone disease
Diseases of immune system, connective tissue and joints
Emergency medicine and critical care
Hematology & oncology
Brain Death, Organ donation, Organ preservation
MBBS syllabus for Semester 9
Environmental disorders, poisoning and snake bite
Emergency medicine and critical care
The average salary for MBBS of an aspirant varies gradually. The variation may vary due to the sector and firm of employment and the candidate's dedication and experience in the workplace. Below mentioned are the salary scale MBBS course as per the experience years.
Year-wise salary for MBBS
|Experience (in years)||Salary scale from||Salary scale up to|
|0-6 years||3 to 4 lakh per annum||6 to 8 lakh per annum|
|6-12 years||8 to 10 lakh per annum||10 to 12 lakh per annum|
|12-20 years||12 to 15 lakh per annum||15 to 18 lakh per annum|
Also Read: BAMS
Scope of MBBS
In the healthcare industry, MBBS students are highly focused. MBBS students have employment opportunities in both the government and private sectors. For these specialists, there are more than enough jobs available in the fields of biomedical companies, medical centres, healthcare facilities, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centres, and private practice. MBBS is a medical degree on its own that enables graduates to prescribe drugs, and most participants choose to obtain a master's degree in this area to become known physicians. There seem to be a number of choices available for MBBS students with both the development and commercialization of the healthcare industry.
The major recruitment agencies for MBBS candidates are Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Medanta Hospitals, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, and Cipla Ltd, with positions available like Anesthetist, Cardiologist and much more.
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Careers Opportunities after MBBS
In this section, we have discussed some of the career opportunities after MBBS degree.
Medical Officers: Medical officers are also regarded as chief medical officers are doctors who are mainly in charge of clinics. Such physicians strongly recommend as well as provide medical assistance, problem detection, and instruction on medical conditions and illness control. This profession is one of the best career options for MBBS graduates. Medical officers play an important role in supervising patient treatment and the duties of other medical professionals. When services are initially implemented, they can sometimes actively participate in the treatment. They may very well assist in assessing and diagnosing family and individual necessities and plans of treatment.
Medical Surgeon: The surgeon is liable for the patient's essential diagnosis, conducting the surgery and providing continuous medical care and treatment for the patient. This profession is one of the best career options after MBBS degree. The surgeon is often regarded as the surgical team leader. Medical surgeons work to make sure collaboration and coordination among all the other leaders of the surgical team, usually requiring another surgeon or an assistant to the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and nursing staff in the operating theatre. Patients are operated by them to enhance or recover health, like repairing injury problems or preventing depression. They follow surgical procedures formed mostly during operating conditions.
General Physician: With an MBBS degree graduates can begin their careers as general physician who researches, diagnoses and treats and cures patient diseases. This profession is one of the best career options for MBBS graduates. A physician typically treats diseases in the early stage, but if the illness remains serious after identification, then perhaps the patient is referred to a specialised medical professional. General Physicians are professionally educated physicians who provide elderly patients with a variety of nonsurgical medical attention. They treat complicated, critical or severe health issues, and they proceed to serve the patient unless they have treated or healed such complications.
Physicians: Physicians work in many different forms to treat patients, from chronic disease diagnosis to recommendations on healthcare services. This profession is one of the best career options after MBBS degree. Whilst also physicians' areas of expertise can sometimes differ significantly, the similarity along all specialisations would be that physicians work primarily to identify and manage illnesses and injuries. Sometimes individuals do this by conducting screening tests, taking medical records, conducting and analysing diagnostic procedures and suggesting a course of treatment. Physicians require a different level of intelligence and education, generally including a bachelor's degree, a medical school degree, and practice for a prolonged period of time.
Paediatrician: A medical practitioner is in charge of treating kids with the disease and diagnoses their overall development and growth. In order to test and monitor the health and regular physical performance, paediatricians perform regular detailed tests on babies and young children and observe children evaluate their health and inquire questions to collect knowledge regarding complications. They prescribe medicine and provide specific guidance about how to take it.
Dietician: Dieticians encourage wellness in patients or the public at large and develop a balanced nutrition plan for them. Dietitians focus on providing knowledge on nutrition and health and therefore helping people to stay healthy. Individuals give advice and recommendations relating to nutrition. This profession is one of the best career options for MBBS graduates. Dietitians may also modify diet plans to help maintain conditions like allergies and intolerances to food. They educate individuals and organizations on fundamental principles of healthy nutrition, appropriate food choices, and controlling nutrition to enhance their quality of life. They track activities of the food service to ensure alignment with nutritional, health, sanitation and safety standards.
Other Popular Medical Degrees
- BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)
- BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
- BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
- BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
- M.CH (Master of Chirurgiae)
- MD (Doctor of Medicine)
- MDS (Master of Dental Surgery)
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery) Courses, Admissions, Eligibility, Syllabus
Question: Is MBBS a doctor?
The most common and approved doctoral degree is MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery). This is the only bachelor ’s degree which enables the candidates eligible to carry the word doctor along with their name. The MBBS is a medical undergraduate degree programme.
Question: What is the MBBS full form?
MBBS represents a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Chirurgy. This is a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery programme, which is the two professional undergraduate medical degrees are Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. The average length of the MBBS course is 5 to 6 years including the internship programme.
Question: What is MBBS called in the USA?
The medical degree is recognized as MD (Medicine Doctor) in the United States of America, and therefore is not recognized as MBBS. The instruction language for medical courses in the United States of America is English. The degrees of medicine accepted in America are MCI, WHO, ECFMG and MCC. MBBS had already been established as a benchmark in clinical education in the US
Question: Is Indian MBBS valid in the USA?
In the United States of America, an Indian student could not really start practising immediately after completing MBBS because the basic level of practice is postgraduate medicine in the United States of America. The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) strictly outlined the medical courses to be completed in the United States after completing MBBS degree. Indian doctors are eligible for admission after the 2nd year of MBBS in India for The United States Medical Licensing Examination step 1.
Question: Is doing MBBS from private college worthy?
Yes, ofcourse, doing MBBS from any college doesn't matter. What matter is how you are performing in your medical academic session.
Question: Is it mandatory to qualify NEET to study MBBS in private medical colleges also?
Yes, since the NEET is a common entrance test for all UG medical degrees, so you have to be NEET qualified for admission in private medical colleges also.