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MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) Course, Admission, Fees, Eligibility, Syllabus, Colleges

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) Course, Admission, Fees, Eligibility, Syllabus, Colleges

Edited By Ankita Sinha | Updated on May 20, 2024 04:20 PM IST | #M.B.B.S.

MBBS is an undergraduate degree programme in the field of medicine and surgery. MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, which is abbreviated from the Latin word, Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. There are 420 MBBS colleges in India, out of which, almost 209 MBBS colleges in India are private and the rest 211 are government-owned.

The total number of 72211 seats are available in both private and government medical colleges in India. MBBS degrees cover various medical specialities to allow the learners to develop an in-depth understanding of the area of interest. 126 students of JIPMER got placed and 74 students opted for higher studies in the year 2020-21. The median salary of students graduated in 2020-21 from Christian Medical College is Rs. 4 LPA.

What is the Full Form of MBBS?

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. MBBS degree is a five-year-long undergraduate medical degree programme. It is derived from the Latin phrase Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae.

Highlights - MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)


Course Name

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery










10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

MBBS Course Duration

5.5 years

Average Fee

Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 90 Lakhs

Average Salary

Rs. 360,000 LPA

Career Opportunities

Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist

Top Recruiters

Apollo Group, Indian Nursing Council, Fortis Hospitals, Manipal Group, Medica

MBBS Course Fees Structure

The fee structure of MBBS programme differs from one university to another and majorly depends on the type of institution. Before enrolling in any particular college, students should check the fee structure, however the fees ranges from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 90 Lakhs.

Why Choose MBBS?

MBBS is a highly competitive programme as the admissions are offered based on rank acquired in the NEET examination. Doctor is one of the noble and reputed career choices that can be pursued after the MBBS degree programme. Students get a lot of career opportunities in different areas and also can specialise in specific areas.

Successful completion of an MBBS course opens numerous opportunities for a medical career in the healthcare industry. Candidates can opt for an MS, MD, or DNB in any related specialisation after the successful completion of an MBBS programme. They can opt for numerous careers such as general surgeon, endocrinologist, pathologist, neurologist, physician, ENT specialist, cardiologist, and oncologist.

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

Applicants must meet the eligibility criteria for admission to the MBBS degree programme. Aspiring candidates need to check all the necessary details, including the eligibility criteria, and the admission process. Below, we have mentioned the MBBS eligibility criteria.

  • The minimum MBBS eligibility criteria may differ, although, in the intermediate test, general applicants should have scored at least 50 per cent marks.
  • The minimum age requirement is 17 years to register for the MBBS NEET exam.
  • Applicants will have to pass the medical entrance exam needed for MBBS admission.
  • Students should have done at least 10+2 with mandatory subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  • There is no upper age limit to apply for the MBBS degree programme.

MBBS Course Duration

MBBS duration is five years, which is divided into ten semesters. MBBS course covers the introductory subjects of general medicine and surgery and for specialisation, students need to do MD (Doctor of Medicine). The five-year MBBS duration is divided into nine semesters and one compulsory rotating programme.

Skills Required for MBBS Degree

Candidates must possess certain skills to get the most out of their MBBS degree programme. After earning an MBBS degree, students will need the following skill sets to advance in their careers:

  • Patience
  • Empathy
  • Critical Thinking
  • Physical Strength
  • Attention to Detail
  • Communication Skills

MBBS Application Process

The admission process for an MBBS degree is almost similar for every college though the eligibility criteria may differ. Some colleges set higher cutoffs like AIIMS Delhi in comparison to few private colleges. The results obtained in these exams allow the students to apply to high-ranking universities offering such degrees.

  • Candidates need to fill out the form for the NEET entrance examination with the required information.
  • They need to appear for the NEET examinations and qualify the exam with a good score.
  • Qualified candidates are eligible for the counselling process and complete the admission process by submitting the fees and providing the relevant documents.

Top MBBS Entrance Exam

Admission to the MBBS course programme depends on the NEET entrance examination. Candidates who want to pursue MBBS course programme, need to appear for the entrance exam. Previously there was an exception for admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS because these educational institutions seemed to undertake their own entrance exams, however these examinations are now discontinued.

Exam Name


Conducting Body

Answer Key



National Testing Agency

NEET Answer Key

MBBS Cut Off

The cut-off is used to determine the student's merit for admission to various medical colleges. NEET cut-off is the main criteria that every medical college accepts for the MBBS admission process. The cut-off is based on the number of students appearing for the NEET examination, and the difficulty level of the NEET question paper.

MBBS Syllabus

In this section, we have provided the common MBBS syllabus which is used by many medical colleges in India. The syllabus is divided into five years and is also required to pursue a one-year rotary internship.

MBBS 1st Year Syllabus

MBBS 1st year syllabus covers the introductory subjects of the MBBS degree programme. Some of the subjects are introduction to medical practice, cell biology, neuroscience, basic haematology, and respiratory systems. In the table below we have discussed the MBBS first year syllabus.


Fundamentals of Disease and Treatment

Health and the Environment

Introduction to Medical Practice I

Basic Haematology

Cell Biology

Healthcare Concepts

Locomotor System

Neuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)

Introduction to Molecular Medicine

Respiratory System

Introduction of Embryology and Histology


MBBS 2nd Year Syllabus

MBBS second year subjects are general pathology, environmental pathology, neoplasia, alimentary system and cardiovascular system. In the table below we have discussed the 2nd year subjects of MBBS degree.



General Pathology

Systemic Pathology



Hereditary Disorder

Cardiovascular System

Environmental Pathology

Alimentary System

Nutrition Disorders

Common Symptoms and Signs



MBBS 3rd Year Syllabus

MBBS 3rd year syllabus covers various subjects, like clinical pathology, immunopathology, epidemiology of communicable diseases and Reproductive and child health. In the table below we have discussed the MBBS third year syllabus.



Special Pathology

Epidemiology of communicable diseases

Clinical Pathology

Epidemiology of non‐communicable diseases

General Pathology

Reproductive and child health

Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia




MBBS 4th Year Syllabus

MBBS fourth year subjects cover the study of infectious disease, nutritional disease, nervous system emergency medicine and critical care. In the table below we have discussed the 4th year subjects of MBBS.



Infectious disease

Endocrine disease

Nutritional disease

Metabolic and Bone disease

Geriatric disease

Emergency medicine and critical care

Diseases of the immune system, connective tissue, and joints

Brain Death, Organ donation, Organ preservation

Haematology and Oncology

Nervous system

MBBS 5th Year Syllabus

MBBS fifth year is divided into one semester of rotary internship programme and one semester. In the table below we have discussed the 5th year subjects of MBBS degree.



Nervous system

Rotatary Internship Programme

Kidney disease


Environmental disorders, poisoning and snake bite


Emergency medicine and critical care


Top MBBS Colleges by Location

A number of medical colleges in India offer an MBBS degree. Students are admitted to the MBBS degree based on their academic performance and admission exam results. Here is a list of the MBBS colleges in India's major cities.

Top MBBS Colleges by States

MBBS graduates have a lot of career opportunities in the future. The top MBBS degree institutes in each of the following states are listed below:

What after MBBS?

MBBS students have employment opportunities in both the government and private sectors. There is a wide range of employment options available in the fields of biomedical companies, medical centres, healthcare facilities, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centres, and private practice.

MBBS graduates can obtain a master's degree, MD (Doctor of Medicine) to specialise in a specific area. The major recruitment agencies for MBBS candidates are Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Medanta Hospitals, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, and Cipla Ltd, with positions available like Anesthetist and cardiologist.

Career Opportunities after MBBS

There are various career opportunities for graduates who have completed their MBBS degree programme. In this section, we have mentioned the career career options one can pursue after MBBS degree programme.

Doctor: A doctor is a medical professional who works in various healthcare settings and provides surgical, therapeutic and medicinal care to patients. He or she diagnoses, examines and identifies the illness, diseases and checks the medical history of a patient and also prescribes various tests to provide accurate medications.

Medical Officer: Medical officers are also regarded as chief medical officers are doctors who are mainly in charge of clinics. Such physicians strongly recommend as well as provide medical assistance, problem detection, and instruction on medical conditions and illness control. Medical officers play an important role in supervising patient treatment and the duties of other medical professionals.

Surgeon: The surgeon is a medical professional, often regarded as the surgical team leader. Medical surgeons work to ensure collaboration and coordination among all the other leaders of the surgical team, usually requiring another surgeon or an assistant to the surgeon, anesthesiologist, and nursing staff in the operating theatre.

General Physician: General Physicians treat diseases in the early stage, but if the illness remains serious after identification, then perhaps the patient is referred to a specialised medical professional. General Physicians are professionally educated physicians who provide elderly patients with a variety of nonsurgical medical attention.

Paediatrician: Paediatricians monitor the health and regular physical performance, paediatricians perform regular detailed tests on babies and young children and observe children to evaluate their health and inquire questions to collect knowledge regarding complications. They prescribe medicine and provide specific guidance about how to take it.

Top Recruiters

  • Medica
  • Apollo Group
  • Manipal Group
  • Fortis Hospitals
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

Salary after MBBS Degree

The average salary of MBBS graduates varies depending on different factors. The variation may vary due to the sector and firm of employment and the candidate's dedication and experience in the workplace. Below, we have mentioned the salary after an MBBS degree:

Job Profiles

Average Salary


Rs. 5.4 LPA

Medical Officer

Rs. 5.2 LPA


Rs. 10.8 LPA

General Physician

Rs. 7.2 LPA


Rs. 8 LPA

Source: AmbitionBox

Also Read - Doctor Salary In India

Employment Areas

MBBS graduates can join hospitals, other healthcare facilities, and universities. Students who have pursued Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS degree programmes can also practice individually. Some of the employment areas for the graduates are:

  • Hospitals
  • Healthcare facilities
  • Universities
  • Individual Practice

Top Private MBBS Colleges in India with Fees

In India, there are a number of private medical colleges that offer MBBS degrees. Private universities are significantly more expensive than public universities. Some of the top private MBBS Colleges and also MBBS fees are discussed below:

Top Government MBBS Colleges in India with Fees

Attending a government-run college is less expensive than attending a private college. These colleges are well known for their high academic standards throughout India. The following are some of the best government MBBS colleges and also fees:

MBBS is one of the most popular and reputed undergraduate degrees which provide knowledge on human anatomy and physiology, general medicine and surgery. After pursuing the MBBS degree programme, students are offered a registration number to work in government hospitals and also practice individually.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. Is MBBS required for career as a doctor?

MBBS is the most popular and well recognised doctoral degree (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery). The only bachelor's degree that qualifies graduates to use the title "doctor" after their names is this one. A medical undergraduate degree programme is the MBBS.

2. What is the full form of MBBS degree?

The abbreviation MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. This programme offers both the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, which are the two professional undergraduate medical degrees. Including the internship phase, the MBBS curriculum typically lasts 5 to 6 years.

3. What is MBBS called in the USA?

In the United States of America, the medical degree is regarded as an MD (Medicine Doctor), not as an MBBS. English is the medium of instruction for medical courses in the United States of America. The medical degrees accepted in America are MCI, WHO, ECFMG, and MCC. In the US, the MBBS standard for clinical education had already been established.

4. Is Indian MBBS valid in the USA?

In the United States of America, an Indian student could not really start practising immediately after completing MBBS because the basic level of practice is postgraduate medicine in the United States of America. The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) strictly outlined the medical courses to be completed in the United States after completing MBBS degree. 

5. Is doing MBBS from private college worthy?

Yes, of course, doing MBBS from any college does not matter. What matter is how you are performing in your medical academic session.

6. Is it mandatory to qualify NEET to study MBBS in private medical colleges also?

Yes, since the NEET is a common entrance test for all UG medical degrees, so you have to be NEET qualified for admission in private medical colleges also.


Upcoming Exams

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Questions related to M.B.B.S.

Have a question related to M.B.B.S. ?

No, a BSc in Cardiology alone  won't qualify you to become a consultant cardiologist. A Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Cardiology equips you for entry-level technician roles in cardiology, not as a doctor. To become a cardiologist, you need a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree in Cardiology, which requires an MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree first. MBBS is the foundational medical qualification. Even with an MD in Cardiology, becoming a consultant cardiologist requires several years of residency training and experience specializing in cardiology.

If you want to become a cardiologist, you need to pursue an MBBS degree followed by an MD in Cardiology.With a BSc in Cardiology, you could consider an MSc in Cardiology, but this would still qualify you for advanced technician roles, not as a practicing cardiologist.

I hope it helps!

Hello aspirant

If you belong to obc category then you have high chances of getting government college with 380 marks but through All India Quota , which course you will be offered to you , can't be predicted now . It will depend upon neet cur iff which ultimately depends upon , students appeared,  difficulty level of exam,  normalisation process,  availability of seat,  previous year's cut off etc.  See for AIQ only 15% seats are offered so it will be difficult to get mbbs, bds

Qualifying percentile For obc category is 40 percentile.

For rank and college prediction you may visit the links given below

Hello aspirant

If you are doing your mbbs from aiims and wosh to continue your pg courses from aiims, it will depend upon your neet pg score .

Also on cut off neet pg in that year . Cut off keeps cchanging every year and depends upon Number of candidates appeared in exam, Toughness level of exam,  seat intake and previous year's cut off.

If you qualify neet pg with the score around cut off then you will definitely get pg seat in aiims .


I assume you are asking about universities that offers MBBS course. Below are some universities/colleges that offers MBBS course:

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  2. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
  3. Christian Medical College, Vellore
  4. Madras Medical College, Chennai
  5. King George's Medical University, Lucknow
  6. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur
  7. St Johns Medical College, Bangalore
  8. All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna

Hope this answers your query. Thank you.


With 440 marks in NEET, your daughter has a chance for MBBS admission in states like:


Tamil Nadu


West Bengal

Uttar Pradesh

Check previous year cutoffs for better guidance and participate in both AIQ and state counseling.

Hope this helps you,

Thank you

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