General Medicine and Surgery

General Medicine and Surgery

Degrees offered: B.A., B.A.M.S., B.M.B.S., B.Sc., B.U.M.S., D.M., Diploma

What is General Medicine and Surgery

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), a four-and- a-half- year program is one of the most sought after professional degrees in India. The degree is followed by a mandatory rotational residential internship of six months to one year. Candidates pursuing MBBS or General Medicine and Surgery will learn basic science, pre-clinical, clinical and paraclinical subjects. During the General Medicine and Surgery course internship, candidates are exposed to various aspects of primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare. 

Medical institutions across India offer General Medicine and Surgery course. After the undergraduate program, one can opt for postgraduate as well as super specialty studies. There are also diploma programs that are considered equal to PG.

Students that hold a degree in General Medicine and Surgery will get career opportunities at hospitals and private clinics in the healthcare sector. A medical and General Medicine and Surgery graduate can work with laboratories, research centers and in the Pharmaceuticals industry.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of General Medicine and Surgery

The main eligibility criteria for General Medicine and Surgery or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is: -

  • Candidates must have passed Class 10+2/Senior Secondary with science stream subjects which are Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Zoology and Botany).
  • Students also must have studied English as a main subject for their Class 10+2/Senior Secondary.

  • Candidates need to fulfil the age limit criteria which is that they must be at least 17 years of age at the time of their admission.

  • The main eligibility criteria for Master of Surgery (MS) is: -

  • Candidates who have completed their MBBS from a medical college recognized by Medical Council of India (MCI) are eligible for this course.

  • Candidates who have completed their MBBS along with 1 year of internship are eligible for this course.

  • Candidates who have passed their Bachelor’s degree with a percentile 50% are eligible for this course (40% for SC/ST/OBC candidates). The percentage may vary from one college to another.

Entrance Exams for General Medicine and Surgery

  • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)- National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is the main medical entrance examination which is accepted in mainly all the medical colleges in India. It was previously known as All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT). 

  • Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (FMGE) – This entrance exam is conducted by the National Board of Education. Students who have pursued their medical education outside India and now wish to practice medicine here, need to qualify this examination. The duration of the exam is 5 hours, and it is conducted in English Language, twice a year. 

  • AIIMS PG Entrance Exam: - This entrance exam is conducted by AIIMS Delhi. The exam is conducted to select students for admission into the Post Graduate courses offered at AIIMS. It is a national level exam which is conducted twice a year and the duration of the exam is 3 hours. 

  • PGIMER Entrance Exam: - This entrance exam is conducted by PGIMER Chandigarh for selecting suitable candidates for the various courses offered by the institute. The exam has a duration of 3 hours and is conducted in online mode, twice a year. 

Scope of General Medicine and Surgery in India and Abroad

General Medicine and Surgery graduates are very highly concentrated in the healthcare sector. The Job opportunities for medical graduates are in both government and private sectors. There are plenty of jobs which are available for such professionals in fields like health centers, hospitals, Laboratories, research centers, nursing homes and polyclinics. Many graduates also opt to open their own private practice.

Pursuing General Medicine and Surgery studies from a foreign country and practicing it there not only benefits an individual in terms of getting a substantially higher pay due to the presence of top recruiters and great infrastructures to work in. They also offer much greater recognition and reputation.

Course Fees General Medicine and Surgery

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
UG
46.12 K
M.B.B.S. in General Medicine and Surgery at Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Ranga Reddy
6.35 K
M.B.B.S. in General Medicine and Surgery at All India Institute of Medical Sciences Nagpur
1.42 Crores
M.B.B.S. in General Medicine and Surgery at Dr DY Patil Medical College, Navi Mumbai Medical College, Navi Mumbai
30.49 Lakhs
M.B.B.S. in General Medicine and Surgery at Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalainagar
PG
81.10 K
M.Phil. in General Medicine and Surgery at University of Technology, Jaipur
4.03 K
M.D. in General Medicine and Surgery at Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur
2.28 Crores
M.D. in General Medicine and Surgery at Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar
29.40 Lakhs
M.D. in General Medicine and Surgery at Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalainagar
DOCTORAL
60.00 K
Ph.D in General Medicine and Surgery at Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi
6.75 K
D.M. in General Medicine and Surgery at All India Institute of Medical Sciences Jodhpur
66.00 Lakhs
M.Ch. in General Medicine and Surgery at Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai
5.68 Lakhs
D.M. in General Medicine and Surgery at Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram
DIPLOMA
3.00 Lakhs
M.Sc. in General Medicine and Surgery at Peoples University, Bhopal
---
Data not available
3.00 Lakhs
M.Sc. in General Medicine and Surgery at Peoples University, Bhopal
---
Data not available

Course Subjects

A MBBS or General Medicine and Surgery course is of 5 and a half years with 9 semesters. It may be a residential or non-residential course; it depends on the college/universities. There are many reputed colleges and universities that also offer an MS course. The subjects in the master’s degree are designed in a way to give a deeper knowledge of the surgical field. The subjects taught during the course are mentioned below-

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

After obtaining a medical degree, a certain student can explore various job opportunities down different avenues in the healthcare industry. Students that hold a degree in General Medicine and Surgery will get career opportunities at government and private hospitals and at private clinics in the healthcare sector. A medical and healthcare science graduate can work with laboratories, research centers and in the Pharmaceuticals Industry.


Job profile

Job description

General Physician

Physicians are general doctors who test and check patients, they take their medical histories, prescribe medications, suggest and interpret medical tests.

Medical Officer

The job of medical officers is to advise and offer medical support to patients and counsel them on the healthcare issues, prevention and control of diseases.

Surgeon

A surgeon is a medical professional who is qualified to perform surgery

Pediatrician

A medical practitioner or a doctor who specializes in the children.

Dietitian

The job of dieticians is to promote nutrition and maintain a proper diet among the patients and the general public.

Internists

Internists perform non-surgical treatments for diseases affecting internal organs such as stomach, kidney and liver.

Anesthesiologists

Anesthesiologists are responsible to administer drugs during surgery and prescribe pain-relief drugs to patients in need.


Top Recruiters in General Medicine and Surgery

The top recruiters for MBBS degree holders or General Medicine and Surgery graduates are mainly hospitals, nursing homes, medical research centers, and pharmaceutical companies, etc. The list of top recruiters in the field of Genetics is mentioned below.

  • Medanta Hospitals

  • AIIMS

  • Fortis Hospitals

  • CIPLA Ltd.

  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd.

  • Apollo Hospitals

  • Indian Council of Medical Research

  • Shri Ganga Ram Hospital

  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Ltd.

  • Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd.

Required Skillset for General Medicine and Surgery

Some of the essential skills are mentioned below:

  • Communication skills- A person working in the medical field should be able to communicate the ideas smoothly.

  • Knowledge of Basic Concepts- The knowledge of the basic concepts taught to the students is a must as basic medical routines are an everyday thing for people in this profession.

  • Teamwork - During the internship and the beginning of the careers, candidates should know how to work as a part of a team as they will be working as a part of one..

  • Desire for continued learning and learning new research- A doctor should be up to date with the latest research happening in the field.

Course Curriculum for General Medicine and Surgery

The General Medicine and Surgery course offers MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree in many reputed colleges. MBBS is a full-time course which has  a duration of about 5 and a half years which includes 4 and a half years of on-campus studies and one year of internship. This offers theoretical knowledge along with conducting various practical experimental procedure. It has an overall 9 semesters of about 6 months each in the entire course. However, some students prefer to go for higher studies to further increase employment opportunities. Many entrance tests are being conducted by various Universities for the residential Master level degree which is Master of Surgery (MS). It is a 3 years course.

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