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BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery): Course, Admission, Fees, Subjects, Entrance Exams, Jobs, Scope

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery): Course, Admission, Fees, Subjects, Entrance Exams, Jobs, Scope

Edited By Ankita Sinha | Updated on Jun 06, 2024 09:33 AM IST | #B.D.S.

BDS or Bachelor of Dental Surgery is a professional undergraduate degree in dentistry. BDS degree duration is five years, of which four years will be for theory, while one year will be for a rotatory internship. In 2024, there are 28,088 BDS seats available in more than 320 government, private, and deemed universities in India.

Candidates can apply for the course after completing their 10+2 in Science stream from a recognised board of India. BDS curriculum is regulated by the Dental Council of India (DCI). Candidates who wish to advance their careers in healthcare and dental surgery can get all BDS course details from this article.

What is BDS Full Form?

BDS full form is Bachelor of Dental Surgery, it is a five-year undergraduate programme. Candidates who want to pursue a career as a Dental surgeon can opt for this course. Students should have PCB in their 10+2 to be eligible for the degree programme. Many higher education institutes offer BDS courses. In this article, we will be discussing the BDS subjects year-wise.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) - Highlights



Name of Degree

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)



Course Duration

Five years



Admission Process

Entrance test followed by counselling by the authorities.

Eligibility Criteria

Should have completed 10+2 in PCB from a recognised institute/board

Course Fee

Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1,200,000

Top Recruiters

Dental Clinics, Government hospitals, Dental Institutions, Pharmaceutical Companies, Dental Products Manufactures, Private Practice

Types of Careers

Dental Technician, Prosthodontist, Dental Hygienist, Dental Consultant, Dentist

BDS Course Duration and Fees

The BDS course duration is five years, which is divided into four years of theory and one year of rotatory internship programme. BDS fees vary depending on the medical college or university in which students take admission. Before enrolling in any particular BDS college, students should check the Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) fees structure. BDS fee in both the private and government colleges is Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1,200,000 lakhs.

Why Choose BDS?

Pursuing BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) offers students rewarding career opportunities. BDS graduates provide medical assistance on people’s oral health, by offering them essential dental care. This course offer a stable career with wide opportunities in the private and government or public sector. Graduates can also join the academics as a professor or lecturer in the medical colleges.

BDS graduates with the required certification perform anaesthesia to calm the patient and avoid extreme pain while the extraction of the tooth. Graduates of Bachelor of Dental Surgery usually get the opportunity to work in dental clinics and perform all such tasks. They can work full-time in a hospital or can practice in their personal dental clinics. BDS graduates can opt for numerous careers such as dental technician, prosthodontist, dental hygienist, dental consultant and numerous other roles.

BDS Eligibility Criteria

Aspiring applicants must meet the eligibility criteria for the admission in BDS course. They need to be aware of the basic BDS eligibility criteria required for pursuing a bachelor's degree in bachelor of dental surgery, including the course understanding. These are the necessary eligibility requirements that the students must follow to obtain admission to the degree programme. The eligibility criteria for as per NEET are given below.

  • Candidates have to pass a recognised Higher/Senior Secondary Examination or the Indian School Certificate Examination equivalent to 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology.
  • Students from Foreign/International Boards are eligible if their qualified exam meets the equivalency determined by the Association of Indian Universities (AIU) as per regulations of the Dental Council of India and the concerned University.
  • Unreserved candidates and OCI, NRI, and foreign candidates must have secured at least 50 per cent in their qualifying exam in Physics, Chemistry and Biology/ Biotechnology.
  • Candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes or Other Backward Classes (OBC) must have secured 40 per cent
  • PwD candidates must have secured 45 per cent in their qualifying exams.
  • Candidates must have completed 17 years at the time of admission or before December 31 of the year of admission.

Skills Required for BDS Degree

Candidates who want to pursue a BDS degree programme must possess certain skills. After earning BDS degree programme, student need the following skill sets to advance in the career:

  • Empathy
  • Patience
  • Critical Thinking
  • Physical Strength
  • Attention to Detail
  • Communication Skills

BDS Application Process

NEET is the only entrance examination that offer admission to the BDS course in the country. Admission to this degree will be done only on the basis of NEET scores. In order to pursue a BDS degree, aspirants are required to appear and qualify for the National Eligibility Entrance Test. The admission process for the BDS degree comprises filling out the application form for NEET, followed by admit card, conducting the exam, results, and counselling.

  • Candidates are required to fill out the NEET BDS application form by paying the requisite amount within the due dates.
  • Registered candidates will be issued the admit card for a BDS degree, which needs to be carried at the exam center for verification purposes.
  • The result of BDS will be released in online mode in the form of a scorecard.
  • Aspirants can download the BDS result-cum-scorecard by logging in using the required credentials.
  • Aspirants who will secure the BDS cutoff will only be considered qualified and eligible for the counselling process.
  • Qualified candidates are required to participate in the counselling process by registering themselves for successful granting of BDS admission within the due dates.

Top BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) Exam

NEET is the entrance examination that is required for admission to the BDS course programmes. NEET is the national level entrance examination for the MBBS and BDS degrees in India.

Exam Name


Conducting Body

Exam Schedule



National Testing Agency

NEET Exam Schedule

BDS Cut Off

Bachelor of Dental Surgery or BDS cut-off is required to determine the student's merit for admission in the BDS degree programme in various medical colleges in India. For BDS degree programmes, NEET cut off is the main criteria that every medical college accepts for the BDS admission process. BDS cutoff is based on the number of students appearing for the NEET examination, previous year’s cutoff, NEET question paper.

BDS Syllabus/Subjects

Candidates can go through the below-mentioned syllabus of BDS degree, which an aspirant has to go through while completing the degree. In the table below, we have mentioned BDS subjects year-wise. In the tables below, we have mentioned the syllabus of Sri Siddhartha Academy of Higher Education.

1st year
2nd year
General Human Anatomy including Embryology and Histology

General Pathology and Microbiology

General Human Physiology and Biochemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics

General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Dental Anatomy Embryology and Oral Histology

Dental Materials

Dental Materials

Preclinical Conservative Dentistry

Pre-clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

Pre-clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge


Oral Pathology & Oral Microbiology

3rd year
4th year
General Medicine

Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics

General Surgery

Oral Medicine & Radiology

Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology

Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry

Conservative dentistry and EndodonticsPeriodontology
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral Medicine and Radiology

Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

Paediatric & Preventive Dentistry

Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

Public Health Dentistry

After passing the examination, all candidates are required to do a one-year mandatory rotating internship programme in all the departments for the duration indicated against each department as given below:

BDS Internships Department and Period of Posting:


Period of Posting

Oral Medicine & Radiology

1 month

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

1 and a half month


1 and a half month


1 month

Conservative Dentist

1 month


1 month

Oral Pathology & Microbiology

15 days


1 month

Community Dentist/Rural Service

3 months


15 days


12 months

Note: Any student who does not clear the BDS course in all the subjects within a period of nine years, including a year mandatory rotatory paid internship from the date of admission shall be disquallified from BDS course.

BDS Specialisations

BDS specialisations available for the dentists to choose the area in which they would like to mark their career. They have a choice of nine specialisations to choose from while pursuing their masters as given below.

  • Pedodontics
  • Prosthodontics
  • Public Health Dentistry
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Oral Pathology and Microbiology
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Oral Medicine, Diagnosis, and Radiology
  • Periodontal Surgery and Oral Implantology

What after BDS?

In today's world, where oral health is one of the primary concerns for everyone, the scope of BDS in India and abroad is very high. People like to visit the dentist for their oral checkup in a month or two. The scope of this course in India is vast and increasing at a rapid speed day by day. It depends on the respective aspirant’s skills, knowledge, calibers, and the place they are practicing.

MDS is not just the only option that is open for students. Dentists can also pursue a management course like MHA (Masters in Hospital Administration) or MPH (Masters in Public Health). This will allow them to step into the management side of health organisations or hospital chains. BDS course is very career-oriented and serves society with its application. BDS graduates can easily earn a handsome salary by working in both private or government organisations.

Careers Opportunities after BDS

A plethora of career options are available after the BDS degree programme. Career as a dentist is the most sought after career option available after BDS course. However, that in itself has choices of where for whom, and as what. An important point is that students must register with the Dental Council of India to be able to practice as a dentist. Some of the career options are mentioned below:

Dentist: Dentists are doctors who diagnose and treat teeth diseases and oral cavities. Dentists recognise and then treat the diseases of teeth, gum, other oral diseases and make dentures. They guide the patients by providing information on how to maintain healthy teeth and gums and how to take care of oral hygiene.

Lecturer: Lecturers in the medicl colleges are senior doctors who have completed their MD degree and have work experience. Mostly the doctors attached to the Govt hospitals also work as consulting professors to the students at the attached colleges. However, teaching is an option for dentists who have an inclination for it, after gaining some experience working as a dentist.

Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters that hire BDS graduates are mentioned below:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Apollo Group
  • Indian Nursing Council
  • Fortis Hospitals
  • Manipal Group
  • Medica

Salary after BDS Degree

The salary of dental graduates depends upon their caliber and experience. Aspirants can earn a handsome salary both in the private and government sector. Below, we have mentioned the salary after BDS degree:

Job Profiles

Average Salary


Rs. 3 LPA


Rs. 6 LPA

Employment Areas

BDS graduates can join hospitals, other healthcare facilities, and universities. Students who have pursued BDS or Bachelor of Dental Surgery, can also practise individually. Some of the employment areas after graduating from BDS are mentioned below

  • Dental Clinics
  • Government hospitals
  • Dental Institutions
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Dental Products Manufactures
  • Private Practice

Top Private BDS Colleges in India with Fees

In India there are a number of private BDS colleges. Private university education is significantly more expensive than public university education. Some of the greatest private BDS colleges and also BDS fees are discussed below:

Top Government BDS Colleges in India with Fees

Attending a government-run college is less expensive than attending a private college. These colleges are well-known for their high academic standards throughout India. The following are some of the best government BDS colleges and also BDS fees:

BDS is a popular undergraduate degree in dental which provides knowledge on dental anatomy, embryology and oral histology and dental materials. After completing four years of studying, candidates need to complete one year of a rotatory internship programme.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. Is it necessary to clear NEET for BDS?

Yes, only NEET qualified candidates will be considered for admission to the BDS course, apart from the MBBS course. Please note that the qualifying percentile and marks will be different for different categories.

2. How many marks are required in NEET for BDS?

The cutoff marks depend on various factors like the category of the candidate, sanctioned seats, the performance of candidates in the exam. Also, the cutoff varies from one year to another.

3. Who regulates BDS education in India?

The curriculum of BDS is being regulated by the Dental Council of India.

4. What is the scope of BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)?

In today's world, where oral health is one of the primary concerns for everyone, the scope of BDS in India and abroad is very high.

5. What is BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)?

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is an undergraduate course for five years duration. Under this degree duration, four years will be for theory and one year will be for a rotatory internship. Dental Council of India (DCI) regulates Dental education in the country.

6. What is the BDS subjects 1st year?

The BDS subjects in 1st year are General Human Physiology and Biochemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics, Dental Anatomy Embryology and Oral Histology, Dental Materials, Pre-clinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge.

7. What is BDS Full form?

BDS full form is Bachelor of Dental Surgery. BDS is a four-year undergraduate program. Candidates who want to pursue a career as Dental surgeon can take the BDS course.


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Questions related to B.D.S.

Have a question related to B.D.S. ?

Hello aspirant

Private colleges in Uttar pradesh offering bds program are listed below

G S medical college, Hapur , Uttar Pradesh

Hind Institute of medical Sciences , Barabanki

Hind Institute of medical Sciences,  Sitapur

Heritage Institute of Medical Sciences,  Varanasi

Saraswati Institute of Medical science,  Hapur

Saraswati medical college, Unnao

United Institute of Medical Sciences,  Praygraj

Sri Venkatraman Institute of Medical Sciences,  Amroha

Narayan medical college, kanpur

T S mishra Medical college and Hospital , Lucknow

Subharti medical college , meerut

Rama medical college and Hospital Kanpur

You may visit the following link for details

Hello aspirant

There are 70+ medical colleges in maharashtra offering bds seats . Among them following are semi government colleges

Terna medical college , Navi mumbai, fees 7,00,000

K J somaiya medical college. Sion, mumbai , fees 10,25,000

N K P salve Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur , fees 10, 60,000

Prakash Institute of Medical Sciences and research,  Sangli, fees  8,41,000

Dr Yashwant rao powar medicsl college and Hospital, Nashik , fees 8,50,000

Dr Ulhas patil medical college,  Jalgaon, fees 6,60,000

Indian Institute of Medical Sciences and research,  Jalna , fees 7,00,000

Hello aspirant

Both medical courses mbbs and bds courses have their own perspectives. Both courses have great scope .

Now it depends on your choice , your interest , in which field you are intererested , whether you have keen knterest in dental treatment or a physician.

In our day today life we all visit our physician regularly.  Now a days it's become a necessity to visit a dentist also .

It will depend upon your neet score too. G

For getting mbbs seat you must get 620+ marks in neet to get a prestigious college .

Hello aspirant

If you belong to obc category then you have high chances of getting government college with 380 marks but through All India Quota , which course you will be offered to you , can't be predicted now . It will depend upon neet cur iff which ultimately depends upon , students appeared,  difficulty level of exam,  normalisation process,  availability of seat,  previous year's cut off etc.  See for AIQ only 15% seats are offered so it will be difficult to get mbbs, bds

Qualifying percentile For obc category is 40 percentile.

For rank and college prediction you may visit the links given below

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