What is Biology

Biology is one of the branches of science that deals with the study of life, living things and their important processes in detail. Biology focuses on the evolution of human beings, genetics, cells Biology, reproduction processes, chemical bonds, ecology, studying about different species, the formation of life, life-sustaining processes and elements, disorders, diseases, treatments and many more. Study of Biology as a discipline has not only paved the way for a large number of different opportunities for students but has also helped the people in improving their lives and the environment around them significantly. The growth prospects in the field of Biology has attracted a great number of students in pursuing this course and becoming a biologist.

Biology Course Highlight




Doctoral Program

Biology Courses

B.Sc. in Biological Science

M.Sc. in Biological Science

PhD in Biological Sciences


Nursing Care


PhD in Biology


X RAY Technology

PG Diploma in Computational Biology

PhD in Plant Molecular Biology


Anaesthesia Technology

M.Sc. in Biology




M.Sc. in Applied Biology




M.Sc. in Environmental Science



B.Sc. (Hons) in Biological Science

M.Sc. in Wildlife Biology



B.Sc. in Biology

M.Sc. in MicroBiology



B.Sc. (Hons) in Biology

M. Phil in Plant Molecular Technology




M. Phil in Plant Biology and Biotechnology







UG Diploma in ECG



Minimum Duration

1 Year

1 Year

3 Years

Maximum Duration

5 Years

3 Years

5 Years

Admission Criteria

Minimum 50 percent aggregate marks in 10+2 level exam

Minimum 50 percent aggregate marks in the undergraduate level exam

Minimum 50 percent aggregate marks in the postgraduate level exam

Minimum Fees

Rs. 20,000

Rs. 40,000

Rs. 20,000

Maximum Fees

Rs. 1,50,000

Rs. 4,00,000

Rs. 5,00,000

Minimum Salary (per month)

Rs. 20,000 per month

Rs. 40,000 per month

Rs. 30,000 per month

Maximum Salary (per month)

No upper limit for salary

No upper limit for salary

No upper limit for salary

Biology Course Job

Doctor of Medicine, Research Assistant, Junior Resident/Tutor, Monitoring and Evaluation Manager, Medical Officer, Assistant Professor, Apprentice, General Duty Medical Officer, Junior Medical Consultant

Senior Resident/Tutor, Evaluation Manager, Junior Research Fellow, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Senior Technical Officer, Senior Medical Consultant

Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Research Scientist


Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Biology

Candidates aspiring to pursue Biology courses can apply for undergraduate programs, postgraduate programs, diploma courses, and certificate courses. In order to get admission into these courses, the candidates need to fulfil eligibility criteria decided by colleges and universities-

For undergraduate courses

  • Candidates for UG courses in Biology must have completed 10+2 level or any equivalent level examination from a recognised board/college/university in India.
  • The stream in 10+2 level should be science- Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
  • The minimum marks required in 10+2 level is 50 percent for General category and 45 - 40 percent for SC/ST category.
  • Students will have to clear entrance exams conducted by institutes across India. The final admission to this course is then made on the total evaluation of higher senior secondary marks and score obtained in entrance exams.

For postgraduate courses

  • Candidates aspiring for PG courses in Biology must have completed their undergraduate program in the related discipline.
  • A minimum of 55 percent aggregate marks is required in the related UG level exam, and for SC/ST this requirement varies around 45 percent to 50 percent.
  • Students will have to clear entrance exams conducted by institutes across India. On the basis of both the scores, the candidates may be admitted to PG courses. 

For diploma courses

  • Candidates must have passed 10+2 level or equivalent level examination from any recognised board/university of India. 
  • The stream in the higher secondary level must be science - physics, chemistry and Biology. The minimum marks required in the +2 level is 50 percent. For students belonging to SC/ST category, the minimum marks requirement is 45 percent.

For Ph.D. courses

  • Candidates aspiring to get admission into PhD courses in Biology must have passed their PG course in related discipline with a minimum of 55 percent of aggregate marks.
  • Candidates should also pass entrance exams conducted by different institutes.

Biology Course Entrance Exams

Most of the institutes in India take entrance exams before admitting students aspiring to study Biology courses at UG, PG or PhD levels. The score obtained in entrance exams along with marks obtained in 10+2 level, UG level program or PG level program is evaluated for admitting candidates into colleges. Some of the most common entrance exams for Biology courses in India are –

1.  All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Entrance Test: AIIMS is one of the biggest medical institutes in India. It offers one of the best study opportunities and placements to students seeking admission in various Biology courses at UG/PG/PhD levels.

2. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)NEET is an all-India level exam which covers most of the medical institutes in India. NEET exams are held separately for UG and PG level courses. In order to get admission into top medical institutes in India, a candidate must secure a good NEET score.

3. The Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) Entrance Exam: PGIMER is one of the top medical institutes in India. In order to get admission into the institute in UG, PG and PhD courses, a candidate must clear the entrance exam conducted by PGIMER, Chandigarh.

4. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) Entrance Exam: JIPMER, Puducherry is one among top medical colleges and universities in India. The entrance exam held for admission into various PG, UG and PhD programs in Biology is taken by a large number of students every year.

Scope of Biology in India and Abroad

With every passing year, the popularity of Biology as a course is on the rise. Biology is a vast stream with many sub-fields, and each sub-field has its own specialisation and its own career option. The vast pool of opportunities offered by this course has attracted a huge number of candidates. Biology courses provide our societies with doctors, ecologists, scientists, researchers, environmentalists, and many more categories of servicemen who work to make our lives better.

The growth of diseases and health problems has led governments to establish medical institutes with Biology courses in order to give to our country best doctors and researchers. These institutes also recruit students into medical professions and research facilities in large numbers. These medical professionals work towards giving quality healthcare facilities in hospitals and clinics to those suffering from various health issues.

Medical and health sector is one of the biggest sectors in India and abroad. Students enrolled in Biology courses have great chances of getting big roles in the health sector in India and abroad as the demand gets higher and higher. Exceptionally good students may bag their first recruitment in big institutes like AIIMS and other big institutes abroad. Researching in big institutes in India and abroad is also plausible.

Course Fees Biology

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
4.28 K
B.Sc. in Biology at Bagnan College, Bagnan
1.43 K
B.Sc. in Biology at Government College, Dhamtari
25.25 Lakhs
B.Sc.(Hons) in Biology at Ashoka University, Sonepat
3.77 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Biology at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal
1.20 K
M.Sc. in Biology at Queen Mary's College, Chennai
2.64 K
M.Sc. in Biology at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
5.66 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Biology at Manipal School of Life Sciences, Manipal
2.60 Lakhs
M.S in Biology at Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
1.75 Lakhs
Ph.D in Biology at Era University, Lucknow
52.07 K
Ph.D in Biology at University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
3.02 Lakhs
Ph.D in Biology at Amity University, Noida
4.39 Lakhs
Ph.D in Biology at Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Wayanad
80.00 K
M.Sc. in Biology at University of Engineering and Management, Jaipur
85.00 K
M.Sc. in Biology at Panjab University, Chandigarh
80.00 K
M.Sc. in Biology at University of Engineering and Management, Jaipur
85.00 K
M.Sc. in Biology at Panjab University, Chandigarh

Course Subjects

Subjects that make up the Biology course curriculum are selected to offer the students in-depth perspective of various key aspects related to different biological life forms. Following are some of the most important subjects that a Biology course comprises of –




Environmental Science

Molecular Biology

Chemical Biology

Human Anatomy

Cellular Biology


Forensic Biology

Marine Life


Medical Botany


Natural Science


Computational Biology




Public Health and Management

Medical Diagnostics


Growth and Reproduction

Stress Biology

Plant Biochemistry




Analytical Techniques in Plant and Animal Sciences

Natural Resource Management

Practical Training


Careers in Biology

Biology always has been and always will be one of the most important career options for science students. It is directly related to humans as well as our environment and other life forms. With significant research projects being organised in different fields of Biology, attractive career opportunities are available to the students, both in private sector companies as well as public sector entities. One can choose to work as a researcher, lecturer, or a consultant according to the preferences. Job security and excellent pay packages are ensured if one has the zest for continued learning and attention to detail.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

On successful completion of Biology courses, students get a great number of career options. The choices vary from being professional medical doctors in hospitals and clinics to professors in colleges and universities. Choices of jobs also vary in terms of the specialisation a student opts for in his course. Some of the top job profiles with a job description are –


Job Profile

Job Description




Diagnose and treat people with health issues. The specialisation will decide what will be the field of speciality as a doctor. One can be a physician, a surgeon, a veterinary doctor and so on.



One can teach medical science and Biology in colleges and institutes.


Biological Scientist

One can research various biological problems, help in the development of vaccines, medicines, and so on.



One can work in the pharmaceutical industry as a supervisor or as a developer of medicines for various health problems.


Clinical Supervisor

Ensuring that the patients who are coming for treatment are given proper healthcare facilities.



Research and help in producing various medicines, solutions and other medical equipment.


Biological Technician

Assist in the working of biological devices and instruments in hospitals and institutes and also help in its development.



Researching the relationship between living organisms and the environment and surveying local communities and spreading awareness related to ecological issues.



Research and study about plants and their interaction with the environment.



Work as farming specialists for agro-based industries or research on plants for making them healthier and increasing their growth.


Biology Content Developer

Create the content on Biology-related aspects for websites and companies.



Works towards the protection of the environment.


Top Recruiters:

1.      Hospitals and Clinics

2.      Medical Institutes

3.      Pharmaceuticals

4.      Agro-Based Industries

5.      Private Health Industries

6.      Research Centers

Required Skillset for Biology

In order to successfully complete his/ her Biology course and become a great biologist, a student must develop certain skills required –

1. Interest: His keen interest in the subject is very important. Nothing will make sense if the student will not have an interest in what is being taught. In order to give full effort and devote much time to the course, a student’s interest is a must.

2. Knowledge Of Biology: Students pursuing this course must have knowledge of Biology as the course is based on that very discipline. In-depth knowledge of the course will not help the student in scoring but will also add to their wisdom.

3. Analytical Skills: A Biology student must inculcate within him/her analytical skills that will help him in analysing the complex situation and deduce complicated data. Analytical skills will help a biologist in addressing emergency situations with much more care.

4. Laboratory Skills: A Biologist has to do a lot of handwork in matters of surgeries, research and experimentation. His hand skills can only be excellent if he is well aware of general laboratory practices.

5. Confidence: A Biologist must be confident in what he learns and practices. He should be confident while taking initiatives and addressing emergency problems and issues.

6. Attentive: Biology as a subject requires a lot of attention. The smallest detail in the subject can be a matter of great consequences, so in order to excel in a Biology course, students must be very attentive while studying and reading.

7. Communication Skills: A biologist must possess excellent verbal and written communication skills in order to excel in his field. He should be able to communicate with other fellows and express problems and solutions properly. He must not be hesitant.

Course Curriculum for Biology

Biology course curriculum is mostly focused on living organisms and the environment. The course contents, varying according to the level of specialisation, loosely focus on intricate biological processes in a living organism to ecology. Different subjects that make up the course curriculum for Biology include impart knowledge regarding various aspects of organisms and their respective environment. Students can acquire knowledge regarding various essential topics like genetic research, human anatomy, cell reproduction, evolutionary processes, homeostasis, biochemical reactions, energy production, disorders, diseases, life-sustaining components, different species of living organisms, and many more.

Questions related to Biology

Showing 2732 out of 2732 Questions

where can I give free Biology chaptereise tests?

Pragya sarwaiya 28th Nov, 2020


There are many sites which offer online tests for NEET .

Test series for separate subjects ie- Physics, chemistry, biology is also available online.

There are sites which offer free trial and minimum amount when you wish to continue to practice

But it is suggested to prepare last year's NEET questions thoroughly. I'm case you wish to give online tests then choose your platform wisely, do not compromise with quality of studies


out of ncert topics in biology ? by seeing the past years ? neet 2021

S. Saha Student Expert 27th Nov, 2020
Around 97 to 98% questions in Neet are directly asked from NCERTs. So if you are studying NCERT well and thoroughly you'll be able to fetch a good score. Out of the syllabus questions are not usually asked. Everything is based on concept. Few tricky questions will be asked. As per this year's paper analysis, 5 to 7 questions in Biology were found difficult by the students. According to the paper analysis of last few years, this has been the weightage of each chapter of Biology in Neet-

Class XI-
Diversity of Living Organisms 14%
Structural Organisation in Plants & Animals 5%
Cell: Structure and Function 9%
Plant Physiology 6%
Human Physiology 20%

Class XII-
Reproduction 9%
Genetics and Evolution 18%
Biology and Human Welfare 9%
Biotechnology and its Applications 4%
Ecology and Environment 6%

However, MHRD did announce that the syllabus of Neet 2021 will be reduced due to this pandemic it would be difficult to complete the entire syllabus. To complement this, CBSE has reduced the syllabus by 30% from class 9 to 12. And it is expected that this reduced syllabus by CBSE will be retained for Neet 2021. For the reduced syllabus you can check this link http://medicine.careers360.com/articles/how-deleted-cbse-syllabus-will-impact-neet-2021

syllabus physics chemistry biology of neet 2021

Pragya sarwaiya 27th Nov, 2020


NTA has not released official syllabus for NEET 2021 but CBSE has informed students about reducing syllabus by 30%.

So definitely this reduction in syllabus of class 11th and 12th will lead to reduction in NEET syllabus.

CBSE has reduced

  • Biology- sense organs, ear and nose, reflex actions, some part of plant families, physiology
  • Chemistry- Some topics from the end in surface chemistry, coordination compounds and many more
  • Physics- Linear momentum, some topics from rotational physics

But change in school syllabus cannot guarantee the change in NEET syllabus, NTA will release official syllabus soon.

Best of luck


course of biology student in Canada other then doctor and paramedical lines? bsc agriculture best college in Canada with fees structure and IELTS band for indian student

U. Janani 27th Nov, 2020

Hi Patel!

There are various courses which you can pursue in Canada being a Biology Student:

  • Biological and Life Sciences
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Biotechnology
  • Biological Sciences
  • Zoology
  • Forensics
  • Botany
  • Paleontology

Some of the best Agriculture Colleges in Canada:

  • McGill University, Montreal - 17420 CAD.
  • University of Alberta, Edmonton - 10500 CAD.
  • Dalhousie University, Halifax - 9468 CAD.
  • Laval University, Quebec City - 14774 CAD.
  • University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon 18053 CAD.

The minimum requirement IELTS Score is an Overall Band of 6.5.

Hope this is helpful!

All the very best!


is BSC NEUROSCIENCE available in IISc or should BSC in BIOLOGY first and then choose neuroscience in higher studies

Anirudh Singh 27th Nov, 2020


Yes, neuroscience is available in IISc Bangalore. These are following courses offered as per the official website:

  • MB 209 (AUG) 3:1 Molecular & Cellular Neurophysiology
  • MB 208 (JAN) 3:1 Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience
  • From Neuroscience centre:
    • NS 201 (AUG) 3:0 Fundamentals of Systems and Cognitive Neuroscience
    • NS 202 (AUG) 3:0 Fundamentals of Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience
    • NS 204 (AUG) 0:1 Neuroscience Practicum 1
    • NS 203 (JAN) 3:0 Optical Spectroscopy and Microscopy
    • NS 301 (JAN) 2:0 Topics in Systems and Cognitive Neuroscience
    • NS 302 (JAN) 2:0 Topics in Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience

Incase, you have a further specific query please feel free to ask

Best of Luck

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