What is Chemistry

Chemistry is the integral branch of science which is the study of matter, its properties and combination, separation and interaction of substances and energy. Chemistry is closely connected with our lives. Soaps, medicines, cosmetics, etc. are the major gifts given by chemistry science. Students who want to study composition, structure and properties of matter can opt for any chemistry course as per their interest. B.Sc. Chemistry and B.Tech chemical engineering are the most popular chemistry courses after class 10+2. These courses comprise the study of various chemicals, production of drugs, food, garments, healthcare products from raw materials. Earning a degree in a chemistry course is mandatory for a student who wants to join laboratories, medical clinics, chemical industry, healthcare product company. 

Chemistry Courses 

There are various chemistry courses available at UG and PG level which can be pursued after class 12 and graduation. Here, we have provided UG and PG level chemistry courses along with their details. 

UG Level Chemistry Courses

B.Sc (Hons), B.Tech in chemical engineering are the most popular chemistry courses at the UG level. Students who have qualified 12th class examination are eligible to apply for them. 

B.Tech in Chemical Engineering

This is a four year UG degree programme in engineering for the students who have completed 12th class with PCM. Students who want to have deep exposure to chemicals, oil, gas and other energy resources can opt for this chemistry course. BE in Chemical engineering is also equivalent to this course. Students can also opt for that to pursue chemical engineering. 

Admissions for this course are offered by various institutes as per student’s performance in JEE Main, BITSAT, WBJEE and any other entrance exam.

B.Sc. Chemistry 

With a duration of 3 years, B.Sc chemistry course focuses on the fundamentals of physical, inorganic, analytical, green and organic chemistry. Students learn the theoretical and practical knowledge of concepts matched with the needs of the chemical industry and society. Every institute provides lab periods to enable students to do experiments with scientific principles. It provides hands-on experience and helps in better understanding.  

Students who want to specialize in chemistry can opt for B.Sc. (Hons) in chemistry, which is a good option to study in detail. 

B.Sc chemistry course is offered by various institutes across the country. Admissions are provided based on the entrance exams like LPUNEST while some institutes offer merit-based admissions.

B.Voc. - Chemical Technology 

Bachelor of Vocation in Chemical technology is a three-year undergraduate level degree programme. It focuses on skill development which emphasizes more on practical than theoretical knowledge. This course makes students ready to join a chemical-based industry. 

Admissions for this course are provided based on the university entrance tests(AMU Entrance Test, UPSEE and others), while some universities/colleges are offering direct admission based on merit. 


PG Level Chemistry Courses

M.Sc, chemistry and M.Tech chemistry are the most prominent career-oriented PG level courses. Students can get to know about them in the following sections:

M.Sc. Chemistry

This PG level chemistry course is opted by the students who have completed their B.Sc. degree with chemistry and mathematics subjects. This is a 2-year course which is divided into four semesters. Each semester comprises around 3 theoretical subjects and 1-3 practical subjects. Apart from this, elective subjects are also offered which can be opted by students as per their own choice. 

Institutions hold entrance tests like DUET, JAM to select the eligible students for admission. While some are preparing the cutoff marks list to offer merit-based admission. The cutoff for M.Sc. chemistry in DU can be around 222 marks for unreserved category students.

ME/M.Tech in Chemical Engineering

This is a PG level chemistry course with a duration of two years. After B.Tech/B.E. in chemical engineering, students can choose this course to gain advanced-level knowledge of heat transfer, process control, thermodynamics, mass transfer and other concepts. 

Admissions for this course are provided to students as per their score and rank in  GATE, WB PGET and other entrance exams. Some institutions also provide admissions as per student’s marks in qualifying examinations. But preference is given to the students who apply with entrance exams. 

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Chemistry

Students must be eligible for a course to apply for admission. Here, we have provided the basic eligibility criteria of chemistry courses. But, students must note that some institutions may prescribe some more eligibility conditions along with the following criteria. So, they should go through the eligibility criteria of a particular institution before applying for admission.

Eligibility Criteria for UG Level Chemistry Course 

  • B.Tech in Chemical Engineering: One must have passed 12th class board exams with Science subjects. He/she must have scored at least 50 per cent marks in aggregate. SC/ST students can avail relaxation up to 5 per cent in minimum marks. Having a great rank in entrance exams helps to get admission quickly.  

  • B.Sc. Chemistry: A student must have passed 12th class exams with at least 50 per cent marks. He/she had English, Physics & Chemistry subjects in class 12 as major subjects. The minimum marks criteria may be changed as per institute. Some institutions are offering this course without any compulsion to have Physics and English in 12th. So, students should go through the eligibility criteria of a particular institution before applying for admission. 

  • B.Voc. in Chemical Technology: He/she must have qualified 12th class exams with at least 55% marks in aggregate.

Eligibility Criteria for PG Level Chemistry Course

  • M.Sc. Chemistry: He/she must have passed B.Sc. (General) or B.Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry from a recognized university/institution. The student must have secured 55% or above aggregate marks in the qualifying examination with at least two papers of mathematics.

  • ME/M.Tech in Chemical Engineering: The student must have scored a minimum of 55 per cent marks in B.E. /B. Tech./M.Sc. or equivalent degree in Chemistry, Students who have a valid GATE score and rank can also apply for this course. 

Scope of Chemistry in India and Abroad

There is a wide scope of chemistry courses as it provides various career options in many industries. There is a huge demand in science, research, food industry and beauty and cosmetics industries for the candidates who have completed a chemistry course.

Even chemistry plays an important role in pharma, agriculture, the healthcare industry. The contribution of chemistry in creating Atom bombs and other weapons can not be avoided as it was not possible without chemistry science. All Industries have required chemistry professionals for oil processing, making food preservatives, metals, nuclear energy, building materials and other functions. 

Course Fees Chemistry

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
B.Sc.(Hons) in Chemistry at Nilamani Mahavidyalaya, Balasore
1.00 K
B.Sc. in Chemistry at Bharathi Women's College, Chennai
20.35 Lakhs
B.Sc.(Hons) in Chemistry at KREA University, Sri City
13.26 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Chemistry at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
1.20 K
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Queen Mary's College, Chennai
B.Sc. in Chemistry at JN College, Nehra
7.54 Lakhs
M.Phil. in Chemistry at BITS Pilani- Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad
3.10 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar
60.00 K
Ph.D in Chemistry at Sanskriti University, Mathura
5.28 K
Ph.D in Chemistry at Panjab University, Chandigarh
8.11 Lakhs
Ph.D in Chemistry at Bhupal Nobles University, Udaipur
2.82 Lakhs
Ph.D in Chemistry at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune
6.50 K
Diploma in Chemistry at Vel's Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Government Arts College for Women, Sivaganga
1.52 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Royal Global University, Guwahati
3.63 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Indian Institute of Technology Indian School of Mines Dhanbad

Course Subjects

Students can refer to the following tables to know about semester-wise subjects for all the courses. It will give them an outline of the course and will aid in making a  good decision for choosing a chemistry course.

B.Tech Chemical Engineering Subjects


  • Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering

  • Basic Electrical and Electronics Engineering Laboratory

  • Engineering Chemistry

  • Engineering Chemistry Laboratory

  • Experiential Learning Project

  • Mathematics For Engineers

  • Soft Skills-I


  • Chemical Process Calculation

  • Communication Skills-I

  • Differential Equations and Vector Calculus

  • Engineering Physics

  • Engineering Physics Laboratory

  • Environmental Studies

  • Introduction to Mechanical Engineering

  • Mechanical Workshop


  • Chemical Process Technology

  • Classical and Instrumental Methods Of Analysis Laboratory

  • Computer Programming

  • Fluid Mechanics

  • Fluid Mechanics Laboratory

  • Mechanical Operations

  • Mechanical Operations Laboratory

  • Physical Chemistry

  • Physical Chemistry Laboratory

  • Project

  • Soft Skills-I


  • Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

  • Computational Methods In Chemical Engineering

  • Computational Methods In Chemical Engineering Laboratory

  • Heat Transfer

  • Heat Transfer Laboratory

  • Legal Issues and Industry Standards

  • Mass Transfer-I

  • Object-Oriented Programming

  • Verbal Ability-I


  • Analytical Skills-I

  • Chemical Reaction Engineering

  • Engineering Minor Elective 1

  • Mass Transfer Laboratory

  • Mass Transfer-II

  • Open Minor/open Elective 1

  • Pathway Elective 1

  • Plant Design and Economics

  • Process Control and Instrumentation

  • Seminar On Summer Internship

  • Verbal Ability-II


  • Chemical Process Equipment Design and Drawing

  • Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory

  • Engineering Minor Elective 2

  • Open Minor/open Elective 2

  • Pathway Elective 2

  • Process Dynamics Control Laboratory

  • Process Modelling and Simulation

  • Reasoning Aptitude

  • Soft Skills-II

  • Transport Phenomenon


  • Capstone Project-I

  • Engineering Minor Elective 3

  • Industry Co-opt Project-I

  • Open Minor/open Elective 3

  • Pathway Elective 3

  • Pathway Elective 4


  • Capstone Project-II

  • Engineering Minor Elective 4

  • Open Minor/open Elective 4

  • Training Elective 1

Source: LPU

B.Sc. Chemistry Subjects

Core Papers

  • Inorganic Chemistry I: Atomic Structure & Chemical Bonding

  • Physical Chemistry I: States of Matter & Ionic Equilibrium

  • Organic Chemistry I: Basics and Hydrocarbons

  • Physical Chemistry II: Chemical Thermodynamics and its Applications

  • Inorganic Chemistry II: s- and p-Block Elements

  • Organic Chemistry II: Oxygen Containing Functional Groups

  • Physical Chemistry III: Phase Equilibria and Chemical Kinetics

  • Inorganic Chemistry III: Coordination Chemistry

  • Organic Chemistry III: Heterocyclic Chemistry

  • Physical Chemistry IV: Electrochemistry

  • Organic Chemistry IV: Biomolecules

  • Physical Chemistry V: Quantum Chemistry & Spectroscopy

  • Inorganic Chemistry IV: Organometallic Chemistry

  • Organic Chemistry V: Spectroscopy 

Discipline-Specific Elective Papers  (4 papers to be selected)

  • Applications of Computers in Chemistry

  • Analytical Methods in Chemistry

  • Molecular Modelling & Drug Design

  • Novel Inorganic Solids

  • Polymer Chemistry

  • Research Methodology for Chemistry (5) + Tutorials (1)

  • Green Chemistry

  • Industrial Chemicals & Environment

  • Inorganic Materials of Industrial Importance

  • Instrumental Methods of Analysis

  • Dissertation 

Other Discipline (Four papers of any one discipline)

1. Mathematics

2. Physics 

3. Economics

4. Computer Science

Skill Enhancement Courses (2 to 4 papers) 

1. IT Skills for Chemists

2. Basic Analytical Chemistry

3. Chemical Technology & Society

4. Chemoinformatics

5. Business Skills for Chemists

6. Intellectual Property Rights

7. Analytical Clinical Biochemistry

8. Green Methods in Chemistry

9. Pharmaceutical Chemistry

10. Chemistry of Cosmetics & Perfumes

11. Pesticide Chemistry

12. Fuel Chemistry

B.Voc. in Chemical Technology - Subjects


  • Fundamental Chemistry-I 

  • Fundamental Industrial Chemistry-I 

  • Elementary Physics & Mathematics 

  • Functional English & Office Automation Tools (OAT)

  • Practicals-1, 2, 3(Physics) & 4(OAT) 


  • Analytical & Electro Chemistry

  • Chemistry of Surfactants 

  • Surface Coating Techniques 

  • Functional English & Office Automation Tools (OAT)-2 

  • Training/ Project Report 

  • Practicals-1, 2, 3 & 4(OAT) 


  • Fundamental Chemistry-II 

  • Fundamental Industrial Chemistry-II 

  • Industrial Unit Process & Operations

  • Water Analysis 

  • Practicals-1, 2, 3 & 4


  • Petroleum & Petrochemicals 

  • Chemistry of Polymer & Composite materials 

  • Polymer Technology

  • Petroleum Analysis

  • Training/ Project Report

  • Practicals-2,3 & 4 


  • Stereo Chemistry & Organic reaction Mechanism 

  • Biochemistry

  • MAT- Modern Analytical Techniques 

  • Pharmaceutical (Medicinal) Chemistry

  • Practicals-1, 2, 3 & 4


  • Pharmaceutical Engineering 

  • Pharmaceutical Technology 

  • Industrial Formulation & GLP

  • Entrepreneurship Development & Soft Skill Training 

  • In plant Training/Project Report

  • Practicals-1, 2 & 3 

M.Sc. Chemistry - Semester-wise Subjects


  • Transition and Non-transition Metal Chemistry

  • Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory

  •  Principles of Organic Chemistry

  • Quantum Chemistry

  • Group Theory and Spectroscopy


  • Inorganic Reaction Mechanism and Organometallics

  • Organic Reactions Mechanisms

  • Organic Chemistry Laboratory

  • Chemical Dynamics and Electrochemistry

  • Applications of Spectroscopy


  • Graduate Seminar

  • Principles of Bioinorganic Chemistry

  • Concepts in Organic Synthesis

  • Modern Techniques and Scope of Chemical Biology

  • Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics

  • Physical Chemistry Laboratory


  • Computer in Chemistry

  • Project

  • Elective I

  • Elective II

Elective Subjects:

  • Principle and Applications of Luminescence Spectroscopy

  • Advanced Organometallic Chemistry

  • Advanced Quantum Chemistry

  • Bioinorganic Chemistry

  • Art in Organic Synthesis

  • Modern Reagents in Organic Synthesis

  • Advance Quantum Chemistry

  • Advances in Nucleic Acid and Lipid Chemistry

Source: IITG

M.Tech in Chemical Engineering - Semester-wise Subjects


  • Advanced Heat Transfer

  • Advanced Process Control 

  • Advanced Fluid Mechanics

  • Advanced Numerical Methods in Chemical Engineering

  • Process Modeling and Simulation/ Bioprocess Engineering/ Petroleum Ref. EngineeringEngineering

  • Process Control Lab.

  • Transf. Op/Petr. Eng./Polymer Lab

  • Seminar


  • Advanced Reactor Design & Analysis 

  • Advanced Mass Transfer 

  • Advanced Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 

  • Management Principles

  • Polymer & Engg Materials/ Petrochemical Technology/ Industrial Pollution Control/ Computer Aided Process Design

  • Instrumental Methods of Analysis Lab 

  • Advanced Numerical Lab 


  • Adv. Transport Phenomena/ Safety In Process Industry/ Project Engineering

  • Advanced Statistical Analysis

  • Project/ Thesis 

  • Project Viva


  • Project/ Thesis

  • Project Viva-voce 

  • Comprehensive Viva Voce

Source: MAKAUT, WB

Careers in Chemistry

Before opting or while pursuing, a student must ask some questions like ‘What can I do after completing a chemistry course’, ‘What kind of jobs are available in chemistry science’. They should know that after the chemistry course, they will have various career options to pick up as per their interest area. They can join a test lab, research lab, oil and gas industry, chemical industry and other industries to make a good career.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Here, we have listed  some lucrative career options after a chemistry course:

  • Chemical laboratory technician

  • Toxicologist

  • Chemistry teacher

  • Water chemist

  • Analytical chemist

  • Synthetic chemist

  • Quality control chemist

  • Organic chemist

  • Forensic scientist

  • Hazardous waste chemist

  • Geochemist

  • Oceanographer

  • Materials scientist

  • Chemical engineer

  • Pharmacologist

Top Recruiters

  • Educational Institution

  • Central Govt. Forensic Sciences Labs

  • INTOX Pvt. Ltd.

  • Shell Global

  • Reliance Petroleum

  • Indian Oil

  • Michelman 

  • Anthem Biosciences

  • Plant Lipids

  • Primary Healthtech Pvt Ltd.

  • PI Industries Ltd

Questions related to Chemistry

Showing 6848 out of 6848 Questions

is PCMB only better to take up just because a student is confused, as to what to choose between maths and biology? Can the student maths and biology as subjects for higher studies along with physics and chemistry?

Ratul Santra 28th Sep, 2020

Hello there,

All the best for your upcoming future.

When you're confused what to choose between Maths and Biology. For now on,you choose both subject after 11th class or after clear your every queries which course you choose!! After that,in 12 you just prepare any one subject either Biology or Maths. As I was a PCMB student,I did the same.

Hope this helps you!!

For any query,you can ask in comment section.


B.Sc. physics maths chemistry fees

Apoorva Student Expert 28th Sep, 2020

Hello dear student,

It's a humble request to you to kindly mention the name of the colleges in which you are interested to do any of the above course. As there are so many universities and colleges so it will be not possible for us to mentionthe fee structure of all the universities and colleges for above courses. I hope you understand this thank you


plz suggest me if I choose sarda university noida for m.sc chemistry ,this one good or bad

Mohammed Faiz 27th Sep, 2020

Hello Aspirant,

That's an great choice, as Sharda University in Noida is an great college as 75-80% students get placements into good posts who had chosen organic chemistry. Also the food facility is good and the infrastructure of the college is good too. The teaching is great through which an student can understand the concepts in his subjects and scores well. So overall it's an great college to opt into.

To know more information about Sharda University click the link given below


Hope this helps

Good Luck


how will be the negative marking in JNU MSc chemistry entrance exam?How many marks are deducted for one wrong answer?

Siddhi Shenoy 28th Sep, 2020

Hello Gnyana Jyothi,

The marking scheme for JNU entrance exam will be as follows:

  • The correct answers will be allotted 1,2,3,4 marks depending on the course.
  • There will be negative marking for MCQ type of questions.
  • Each wrong answer will be deducted by 1 mark.
  • MSc Chemistry course will have Objective type questions.
  • The subjects for this entrance includes: Physical, organic and inorganic chemistry at general level.

Good luck and stay safe!!


i have completed my B.sc in physics,maths & chemistry what should i have to choose next for future best

Ankur Dubey Student Expert 27th Sep, 2020


There are many course after b.sc that student opt for based on their interest.

Here are some of the courses :

MSc physics

Msc chemistry

Msc applied mathematics

Msc electronics

Msc biotechnology

Also you can go for many jobs that are available after bsc in both government and private because job is the main motive of many student.

You can go for research,  teaching , banking sector etc ..

Feel free to ask

Good Luck..

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