What is Chemistry

Chemistry is a branch of science that is the study of matters and what it consists of, its properties, changes, and chemical reactions between substances. It is often referred to as a central part of science as it studies a whole range of science subjects with the application of physics and mathematics, earth and environment, biology, and medicine.

The study of chemistry provides insight and understanding to those who study it, on a variety of biological and physical phenomena, with the knowledge of natural and chemical processes. An individual with a degree in chemistry can become a chemical engineer, researcher, biotechnologist, and much more.

Chemistry studies all kinds of essential core subjects in science and students are involved in conducting lab research and tests, which makes learning more effective and exciting. In India, the Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) is one of the prestigious universities to pursue chemistry among many universities.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Chemistry

Certain eligibility criteria are necessary to get admissions to certain universities, particularly for B.Sc. and M.Sc. degree.

For undergraduate degree

  • A minimum aggregate mark of 50% to 60% in class 12.

  • Candidates must have previously studied science during their 10+2.

  • Entrance exams or merit-based entry as per the guidelines of the university/institution.

For Postgraduate degree

  • The minimum eligibility criteria for a postgraduate degree requires a minimum aggregate mark of 50%to 60% depending on the institution.

  • Candidates must have completed their Bachelor's degree in science stream.

  • Entrance exam scores as per the need of the university applied to. 

Entrance Exams for Chemistry

Entrance exams are conducted by universities for the admission process to BSc and MSc degree courses. Some universities also proceed with admissions based on the merit list.

  • IIT JAM - IIT JAM is an entrance exam conducted by IITs of different states on a rotational basis on behalf of the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD). It is a national level entrance examination to screen candidates for admissions to various M.Sc. degree courses at IITs. It is conducted once every year, and the admission is based on the scores obtained at the entrance exam.

  • NEST- NEST conducted by National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneshwar and the University of Mumbai annually. By qualifying this, candidates become eligible for admissions to M.Sc. and P.hD. degree courses in science.

  • GITAM GAT- It is an entrance exam conducted by GITAM Institute of Science every year for admissions to all M.Sc. courses in the institute.

Scope of Chemistry in India and Abroad

The scope of chemistry studies is immense in India and abroad as well. It provides a wide range of job opportunities in the field of research, chemical engineering, biology and all science-related aspects of work. They usually work in laboratories to study and analyse various chemical reactions, their properties and the changes in reactions over time.

Candidates can pursue further studies in diploma, certificate courses in undergraduate and postgraduate as well as PhD courses in chemistry, in India and abroad as per the choice of the individual. 

Course Fees Chemistry

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
B.Sc.(Hons) in Chemistry at Nilamani Mahavidyalaya, Balasore
B.Sc.(Hons) in Chemistry at Rairangpur College, Mayurbhanj
21.65 Lakhs
B.Sc.(Hons) in Chemistry at KREA University, Sri City
13.26 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Chemistry at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
P.G.D in Chemistry at Dahiwadi College, Dahiwadi
B.Sc. in Chemistry at JN College, Nehra
7.54 Lakhs
M.Phil. in Chemistry at BITS Pilani- Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad
3.10 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar
19.80 K
Ph.D in Chemistry at Aditanar College of Arts and Science, Tiruchendur
2.58 K
Ph.D in Chemistry at Chikkanna Government Arts College, Tirupur
8.50 Lakhs
Ph.D in Chemistry at Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan University, Bhopal
2.82 Lakhs
Ph.D in Chemistry at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune
6.50 K
Diploma in Chemistry at Vel's Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Government Arts College for Women, Sivaganga
1.52 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Royal Global University, Guwahati
3.63 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Chemistry at Indian Institute of Technology Indian School of Mines Dhanbad

Course Subjects

Chemistry offers a wide range of core topics and subjects. Let's take a look at some of the main subjects in chemistry courses.

  • Fundamentals of chemistry

  • Physical chemistry

  • Inorganic chemistry

  • Analytical chemistry

  • Medicinal chemistry

  • Advanced inorganic chemistry

  • Advanced organic chemistry

  • Advanced polymer science and technology

  • Environmental chemistry and applied analysis

  • Water chemistry and treatment technology 

Careers in Chemistry

Chemistry offers a range of career scope and opportunities to its aspirants in a variety of science-related work in many prestigious companies of private and government sectors. Some chemists are also employed in governmental sectors dealing with crime and investigation and the medical field of jobs.

One can even work abroad in labs with environmental quality control related and as a researcher and assistant professor or chemist analyst in a wide range of fields. An individual with a Ph.D. in chemistry can work towards discovering new chemicals and study different types of reactions and properties and conduct research on them.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Various job roles and profiles are available for individuals with a degree in chemistry.

Job Profile


Lab Scientist

Examining and analysing body fluids, blood, tissues, and cells. Establish quality assured programs to monitor and ensure the accuracy of test results.

Research Chemist

Responsible for undertaking the designing and analysing the information gathered from experiments, laboratory-based investigations, and trials.


Conducts qualitative and quantitative on chemical substances to produce new products or knowledge and ensure quality control.


Analyse data and test results from the lab to check the accuracy and quality of the products or information, by determining and testing raw materials if they are good enough.

Assistant Professor

Teach, guide, and supervise graduate students, participating in meetings, and giving academic support to professors and other faculty members.


Perform analytical and scientific techniques, conduct laboratory field experiments to identify toxins such as chemicals, biological substances, and radiation.

Forensic Scientist

Analyse and identify crimes and deaths with lab experiments and prepare legal statements as per the results and present them in court.

Top Recruiters in Chemistry

  • ONGC

  • BARC

  • Geoscience

  • Sun Pharmaceuticals

  • Institutions

  • Hospitals

  • National Lab Institutions

Average Salary

The salary for an M.Sc degree in chemistry is higher than a B.Sc degree in chemistry due to the higher degree preference from prestigious companies and institutions. The salary also depends on the skills, experience, and knowledge of the individual.

Job Role

Income per annum

Research Chemist

Rs. 6 to 12 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)


Rs. 5 to 9 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)


Rs. 6 to 11 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Forensic scientist

Rs. 6 to 10 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)


Rs. 5 to 11 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Quality control chemist

Rs. 6 to 13 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Required Skillset for Chemistry

An in-depth skill in the science stream of subjects is the basic skill and knowledge required for individuals pursuing a degree in chemistry. Apart from this, skills in complex problem solving, communication and analytical thinking are important for this course.

Being organised and time management, research skills, maintaining and monitoring records and data is learnt over time by students. Individuals must also have knowledge in IT and technology to carry out various tech-related operations in chemistry. 

Course Curriculum for Chemistry

The study of chemistry focuses on chemical processes and compositions, for an in-depth understanding of how they change and act in certain situations and the materials in the structure.

The curriculum offers the fundamental knowledge and skills in major fields of chemistry, covering the general areas of organic and physical chemistry, along with many more specialised courses of analytical, biophysical chemistry, nuclear and chemical biology.

The course aims at delivering knowledge of chemistry and science of all aspects to its students. It expects students to learn at the best of the level the concepts, natural occurrence of things, reactions, different types of chemicals in nature, and much more. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question: What kind of jobs can one get with a bachelor's degree in chemistry?

Answer :

One can work as an analyst, accountant, banker, environmental or forensic scientist, food technologist, biotechnologists, medical chemist, and much more.

Question: Which job in the field of chemistry pays the most?

Answer :

A job role of chemistry gets good pay in any varied field of work. However, a pharmacologist, environmentalist, toxicologist, material scientist and research scientist, and doctors get paid with an annual income ranging from Rs. 8 to 20 lakhs p.a. (Approx.) based on their expertise, which is higher than the other job roles in chemistry.

Question: What are the top 5 career options for chemistry?

Answer :

Geochemist, forensic scientist, pharmacologist, toxicologist, and research scientist are the top 5 career options for individuals with a degree in chemistry.

Question: How will chemistry help us in the future?

Answer :

With research continuously undertaken by chemistry experts, discoveries are made every year which will benefit us in our future and solve many future problems including sustainable energy and food production along with a sustainable environment through quality control research.

Question: What is the best college to pursue chemistry in India?

Answer :

There are many good universities with chemistry courses in India. However, IITs is considered a prestigious institution to study chemistry, along with the future career opportunities provided by many prestigious companies of government and private sector in campus recruitment.

Questions related to Chemistry

Showing 7970 out of 7970 Questions

what is the KCET portions for 2021 for physics, chemistry and maths??

RAJDEEP 18th Jun, 2021

Hello aspirant, KCET syllabus for 2021 for physics, chemistry and maths is out and available at official website of KCET.

Physics -

First year PUC syllabus -

  • Physical World,Units and Measurements,Motion in a Straight Line,Motion in a Plane,Laws of Motion,Work, Energy & Power,Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion Gravitation,Mechanical Properties of Solids,Mechanical Properties of Fluids,Thermal Properties of Matter,Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory,Oscillations,Waves

Second year PUC syllabus -

  • Electric Charges and Fields,Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance,Current Electricity,Moving Charges and Magnetism,Magnetism and Matter,Electromagnetic Induction,Alternating Current,Electromagnetic Waves,Ray Optics and Optical Instruments,Wave Optics,Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter,Atoms,Nuclei,Semiconductor Electronics,Communication Systems

Chemistry -

First year PUC syllabus -

  • Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry,Structure of Atom,Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties,Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure States of Matter Gases and Liquids Thermodynamics,Equilibrium,Redox reactions,Hydrogen,s – Block Elements,Some p – Block Elements,Organic Chemistry – Some basic principles & Techniques,Hydrocarbons

Second year PUC syllabus -

  • Solid State,Solutions,Electrochemistry,Chemical Kinetics, Surface chemistry,p-Block Elements,d and f Block Elements,Coordination Compounds,Haloalkanes and Haloarenes,Alcohols,Phenols and Ethers,Aldehydes,Ketones and Carboxylic acids,Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen Biomolecules

Maths -

First year PUC syllabus -

  • Sets, Relations & Functions,Trigonometric Functions,Principle of Mathematical Induction,Complex numbers and Quadratic equations Linear Inequalities,Permutations and Combination,Sequence & Series,Straight Lines,Introduction to 3D-Geometry,Limits & Derivatives,Statistics,Probability

Second year PUC syllabus -

  • Relations & Functions,Inverse Trigonometric functions,Matrices,Determinants,Continuity and Differentiability,Application of Derivatives,Integrals,Application of Integrals,Differential Equations,Vector Algebra,Three Dimensional Geometry,Linear Programming,Probability

For more information visit - KCET Syllabus 2021 (Out) - Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics Topic wise Syllabus (careers360.com) BEST OF LUCK!!


can a BSC chemistry Hons students do MCA after graduation .

Subhrajit Mukherjee 18th Jun, 2021

Yeah! for MCA there are no boundation for stream. You can do MCA with any graduate degree provided you should have atleast 50 % in your graduation with Mathematics as one of your subjects.

Top MCA entrance exams are:

  • DU MCA

To know more about the entrance exams visit the link below:


I hope my answer helps. All the very best for your future endeavors!


is there any scholarship is available for MSC chemistry students of state university

Subhrajit Mukherjee 18th Jun, 2021

See there can be scholarship which is entirely dependent on your state. Now for West Bengal we have Swami Vivekananda Scholarship which is given to MSc students also. Like that you have to search with respect to your state. If your state have any of such scholarship program then you will get benefitted from the scheme.

I hope this answer helps. All the very best for your future endeavors!


which chapter of chemistry plays a important role in eamcet

ginnisachdeva02_9364270 Student Expert 18th Jun, 2021

Hi Aspirant!

Thermodynamics, Environmental Chemistry and Solutions weighs more than any other chapters in EAAMCET exam. Other than this, chapters like biomolecules, polymers, solid state,States of Matter : Gases and liquids,S - Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals) and Chemical bonding and molecular structure weighs average in the exam.

All the best!

1 View

only theory part chemistry in 1 semester

TEJAL SINHA 18th Jun, 2021


Yes, in many courses they first teach you the theoretical parts to make your basics clear. Only then, will they provide you with practical knowledge.

The question have been saved in answer later, you can access it from your profile anytime. Access now

Explore Science colleges in other popular locations

Download the Careers360 App on your Android phone

Regular exam updates, QnA, Predictors, College Applications & E-books now on your Mobile

Careers360 App
  • 150M+ Students
  • 24,000+ Colleges
  • 500+ Exams
  • 1500+ E-books
  • Economic Times
  • Financial Express
  • Firstpost
  • Livemint