M.Ch (Master of Chirurgiae)
What is Master of Chirurgiae(M.Ch)?
Medical aspirants seeking admission to post doctoral medical programmes must first know all about the Magister Chirurgiae (M.Ch) degree. Candidates must note that Magister Chirugiae is a Latin term for Master of Chirurgiae (General Surgery). Master of Chirurgiae is a postgraduate degree course for the designation of Surgeon after completion of the same. As per the data from the Medical Council of India (MCI), a total of 1499 seats are offered for the degree, across the nation. The popular specialisations offered under the MCh degree are Neuro Surgery, Cardio-Thoracic Vascular Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Urology.
MCh Degree Highlights
Name of degree
Magister Chirurgiae (MCh)
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduation (NEET PG)
5 years after MBBS or 3 years after MS
Number of seats in India
Types of M.Ch
MCh (Master of Chirurgiae) is a postgraduate degree pursued by candidates who successfully complete their MBBS or MS degree with the minimum qualifying percentile as set by the examination conducting authority. On completion of MBBS degree candidates can pursue M.Ch as a 5 year degree course. However, after pursuing MS if candidates opt for M.Ch (Master of Chirurgiae) then the MCH course duration will be 3 years.
Candidates must meet the Master of Chirurgiae eligibility criteria required to get admission to MCh courses through NEET-SS. These have been mentioned below in details:
Degree - Candidates must be in possession of an MS degree or provisional pass certificate (or equivalent degree) by the stipulated time. They can also be likely in possession of the same by the due date.
Registration - It is also mandatory for candidates to be registered with the Medical Council of India (MCI)/State Medical Council (SMC). Medical graduates will also have to submit a document of proof of the same at the test centre on the day of the exam.
Result - It is essential for candidates to get their results of qualifying examination before the cutoff date, or else their candidature will be cancelled.
Those candidates who come under the category of Foreign Nationals are not required to have MCI registration. For these candidates MCI will grant temporary registration which will be for the duration of the MCh degree. This temporary registration will be granted after payment of prescribed registration fee. The temporary registration that foreign nationals receive will be limited and valid only to the medical college or institution where they get admission. The candidates are also required to be registered with the appropriate authority in their own country where the MS degree is obtained.
Medicos are familiar with the fact that admission to almost all the MCh courses in the country will be granted through NEET-SS scores. This does not include admission to AIIMS and JIPMER institutes as they conduct their own exams. The entrance examination of NEET-SS is conducted in a single shift by National Board of Examinations (NBE) in computer based mode.
Candidates will be allotted seats on the basis of merit rank of candidates in NEET-SS, course opted by them and also the availability of seats. Medical graduates will have to furnish a number of documents on their NEET-SS examination centre. They are as follows:
Photocopy of Permanent or Provisional SMC/MCI Registration.
Admit card with photo pasted in appropriate place
A valid and original photo ID - PAN Card, Voter ID, Driving License, Passport, or Aadhaar Card
The application form of NEET-SS can be filled by those candidates who fulfil the eligibility criteria of admission. They must also keep in mind that in order to get admission to the super-specialty course, candidates opt for, will depend on their prior qualification. This is also known as feeder broad speciality qualifications. Every candidate is allowed to choose for a maximum of two super speciality courses for which they are eligible as per their broad speciality qualification.
Top MCh Exams
Admission to MCh courses is through National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Super Speciality Courses), also known as NEET-SS. The aforementioned exam is conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) and the Master of Chirurgiae course is pursued for a duration of three years.
Candidates can check the points mentioned below for popular specializations offered under MCh Degree (Master of Chirurgiae):
NeuroSurgery - This specialty is also known as neurological surgery and it is the medical specialty which concerns the method of preventing, diagnosing, surgically treating and rehabilitating disorders which affect portions of the nervous system which includes the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and cerebrovascular system
Cardio-Thoracic Vascular Surgery - The surgical treatment of organs placed inside thorax is included in this specialty. This generally concerns the treatment of conditions of the lungs and heart.
Plastic Surgery - This specialty included surgery for restoring, reconstructing or altering the human body. This can be divided into two main categories which are, reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery. Craniofacial surgery, microsurgery, treatment of burns and hand surgery are included in reconstructive surgery.
Urology - This is also known as genitourinary surgery. This branch of medicine the surgical and medical diseases found in male and female urinary-tract and also in male reproductive organs.
Pediatric Surgery - Candidates who opt for this specialization will be taught to carry out the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. This is a subspecialty.
Candidates can check below for the various courses they can opt for while pursuing a MCH degree. A brief description of every course and what candidates can learn in the same has also been provided alongside.
M.Ch. (Cardio-Thoracic Vascular Surgery) - Candidates learn the surgical treatment of diseases in parts present inside the thorax.
M.Ch. (NeuroSurgery) - Aspirants are taught to prevent, diagnose, surgically treat and rehabilitate disorders present in the nervous system.
M.Ch. (Urology) - Aspirants opting for MCH course learn to operate a male or female urinary tract system or male reproductive organs to treat diseases.
M.Ch. (Surgical Gastroenterology) - Treating surgical problems of the digestive system which includes organs like Esophagus, Stomach, Small intestine, Large intestine, Rectum, Anal canal, Liver, Pancreas, etc is taught in Master of Chirurgiae course.
M.Ch.(Plastic Surgery) - Candidates learn to carry out the procedure of reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. The former includes craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns, however, the later is for changes in special features to enhance appearances of individuals.
M.Ch.(Pediatric Surgery) - Aspirants pursuing MCH courses are taught surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.
M.Ch.(Surgical Oncology) - Such candidates who opt for Master of Chirurgiae courses are taught to treat cancer. They are taught to diagnose cancer with the help of biopsy and other related methods.
In the table that follows, semester-wise syllabus for MCh degree has been provided. This is a general syllabus for various courses. For specifications, candidates are advised to refer to the detailed syllabus of the MCH course they are opting for.
Subject Wise M.CH Syllabus
Semester - 1
Dissection of Entire Body
Semester - 2
Histology and Hito chemistry
Semester - 3
Semester - 4
Applied Anatomy and Recent Advances
The salary that a candidate can earn after receiving MCh degree depends majorly on the sector they wish to work in and the skills they possess. Given below is the general average salary earned by candidates in different employment sectors after pursuing M.Ch (Master of Chirurgiae)
Master of Chirurgiae Salary Structure
Salary per month (INR)
20,000 to 40,000
50,000 to 80,000
2,00,000 to 5,00,000
Careers Opportunities after MCh
Medicos are aware of the fact that a super specialty degree, like that of M.Ch (Master of Chirurgiae), requires a lot of hard work than they put in during their MBBS and MS. Also, the perks that it brings along are several, such as, name, fame, career opportunities and a lot of money. In the points that follow, some of the available career opportunities available for an MCh degree holder are mentioned:
Medical clinic - MBBS, MS as well as MCh degree holders can practice by opening their own or assisting in other clinics . This can also help them in getting practical knowledge and experience of all that they have studied while pursuing the aforementioned degrees. There are many such general practitioners, what makes the difference is recognition and preference by patients on the basis of qualification. Those candidates who are good at their work and have knowledge of the same can surpass the other practitioners. They can decide their fee accordingly. The patients give higher preference to those medicos wha possess higher qualifications.
Government job - Qualified candidates can opt to work in government run hospitals and medical treatment centres. This again can be opted by all the three degree holders, but here also their degree and qualification decides their salary and security for them, Such candidates should be on a lookout for vacancies in their specialization rolled by the government.
Private jobs - Aspirants with MCh degree are paid an impressive and handsome salary by the super specialty hospitals. Hospital chains like Medanta, Fortis and Apollo have their own super specialty cells running in their premises across the country. These hospitals have an increasing demand for MCh degree holders. They are equipped with the best facilities and also witness a huge footfall for various treatments and surgeries.
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - M.Ch (Master of Chirurgiae)
Question: Can I pursue MCh after MBBS?
Since, MCh is a super speciality course, aspiring candidates can pursue Master of Chirurgiae degree after MBBS as a 5 year course. Also, such candidates who are in possession of their MS degree can opt for MCh as a 2 year course after completion of MS.
Question: How many MCh seats are there in India?
As per the data from Medical Council of India (MCI) there are a total of 1499 MCh seats offered in the different colleges and institutes of India
Question: What is the salary of an MCh doctor?
The average salary of an M.Ch (Master of Chirurgiae) pursued doctor in the government sector 1,20,000 per month. This average salary varies if in the private sector.
Question: What is the difference between MS and MCh?
MS is a postgraduate degree in the field of surgery after candidates complete their MBBS. MCH (Master of Chirurgiae) can be done as a 5 years course after MBBS or 3 years after MS.
Question: Can a candidate work in both government and private sector after pursuing MCh?
Yes, a candidate who has pursued an MCh degree can work in both. Government as well as private sector after the same.
Question: What are the employment roles after getting a degree in MCh?
Depending on qualification and specialisation, such candidates can work as General Surgeon, Plastic Surgeon, Cardiac Surgeon, Orthopaedic Surgeon, etc.
Question: What is the course of MCh based on?
The MCH course of MCh is based on practical and clinical skills. These skills come in use while performing real life surgical procedures.