Who is a Doctor?
The best doctor is the one you run to and can't find ~ Denis Diderot
A doctor is a professional physician who provides surgical, medicinal and therapeutic care to patients. He or she examines, diagnoses and identifies various diseases, disorders, and illnesses to provide accurate treatment. A doctor job requires to prescribe medicines and provide therapeutic care to patients. He or she advises patients on dietary and lifestyle changes. A doctor provides services in hospital, healthcare and clinical lab settings. Many also consider career as doctor an honourable professional path.
Doctor in a Nutshell
A doctor is a clinical professional who provides healthcare services. He or she diagnoses, examines and identifies diseases, disorders and illnesses of patients. A doctor provides surgical, medicinal and therapeutic care to patients in hospital, healthcare and clinical lab settings.
Quick Facts for Doctor
Average Salary in India
The career as a doctor is suitable for everyone regardless of gender. Whether a person is male, female or belongs to any other gender, he or she can opt for a career as doctor. Individuals’ gender does bring any hindrance in career growth. Good communication skills and compassion to heal patients with accurate treatment is required in the career as a doctor.
Any special needs
Candidates with special needs should not opt for a career as doctor. In the profession of medical doctor, he or she often requires standing for longer hours to perform surgery and assess patients. An eye to detail is crucial in this career to diagnose, examine and identify signs or symptoms of a disease. Good communications skills are mandatory in this career to interact with patients and acknowledge their health problems.
Table of Contents for Doctor
What is the role of Doctor?
A medical doctor is primarily responsible for healthcare services to patients. He or she uses several methods to treat disorders, diseases, and allergies such as medication, immunotherapy or avoidance of triggers. A specialised doctor may often be required to perform surgeries on patients. He or she may also treat or remove tumors of internal organs. A doctor prescribes tests and reviews medical history of patients. He or she keeps a check on patients’ progress. Career as doctor is quite challenging as well, with several work attributes coming into picture on a daily basis, some of which are given below.
A doctor is responsible for diagnosing, examining and identifying disorders, diseases, illnesses and injuries of patients He or she manages the surgical and medical conditions of the adult and pediatric patients.
A doctor is responsible for prescribing adequate medicine dosage and therapies to patients. He or she advises patients on dietary and lifestyle change for early recovery. is responsible for checking on patients for their progress.
A doctor is responsible for providing assistance to other medical professionals in complex cases depending on their area of specialisation. He or she may specialise in any of branches such as neurology, endocrinology, cardiology and other related specialisations.
A doctor is responsible for performing surgeries on patients with various disorders, diseases and injuries. Surgeries are performed when a disorder or infection can not be treated with medicines only. A doctor schedules operations and prescribes all the necessary precautions to be taken by patients.
Types of a Doctor
Optometrist: An optometrist is a physician who specialises in the treatment of eyes. He or she is responsible for diagnosing eyes and detecting problems that affect its vision. It may include signs of injury, ocular diseases, abnormality and other problems with general health. An optometrist prescribes corrective lenses and provides medicinal and therapeutic treatment.
ENT Specialist: An ENT specialist is a physician who specialises in ear, nose, throat, sinus and neck. He or she is responsible for diagnosing, examining, identifying and treating disorders, diseases and injuries that affect the fundamental functions of life. It includes hearing and balance, swallowing and speech, breathing and sleep. An ENT specialist provides surgical, medicinal and therapeutic treatment to patients.
Dentist: A dentist is a healthcare professional who specialises in oral health. He or she is responsible for removing tooth decay, filling cavities, fixing fractured tooth and treating gums related problems such as gingivitis, pyorrhea and periodontal disease. A dentist uses a variety of equipment to examine the mouth and provide surgical as well as therapeutic care. It includes x-ray machines, mouth mirrors, drills, forceps, brushes and scalpels.
Cardiologist: A cardiologist is physician who specialises in cardiology. Cardiology involves study and treatment of diseases and conditions of cardivascular system. A cardivascular system consists of heart and blood vessel. He or she is responsible for treating heart rhythm disorders, coronary artery disease, heart attacks, heart defects, infections and other related disorders.
Pulmonologist: A pulmonologist is a physician who specialises in the diagnosis and treatments of diseases, disorders and other illnesses of human respiratory system. A human respiratory system consists of lungs and other organs that provide support in breathing. He or she is responsible for treating flu and pneumonia that may have effect on your lungs, upper airways, thoracic cavity, and chest wall.
Pathologist: A pathologist is a medical professional who specialises in diagnosing fluid produced by human body. He or she performs test in the laboratory. A pathologist provides support to other healthcare professionals in diagnosis of medical condition of a patient. Hence, he or she plays a crucial role in providing the accurate treatment to patients.
Psychiatrist: A psychiatrist is a physician who specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional, behavioural and substance use disorders. He or she is responsible for treating mental conditions such as schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders and addiction.
Clinical Psychologist: A clinical psychologist is a medical professional who specialises in abnormal psychology. He or she applies psychological therapies and procedures to provide support to clients in recovering from various problems. It includes depression, addiction, anxiety, neurological disorders, mental ill health, challenging behaviour and learning disabilities.
What is the workplace/work environment of Doctor like?
A doctor career in India is considered as an honorable and compassionate career. There are numerous types of doctors depending on their specialisations and work responsibilities. A doctor works in a hospital, healthcare or clinical lab setting. He or she is responsible for providing surgical, therapeutic or medicinal treatment to patients. A doctor diagnoses, examines and identifies symptoms or signs of a certain disease, disorder or illness. He or she prescribes accurate medicine and its dosage for early recovery from health problems. A doctor is also responsible for providing clinical support to patients with injuries such as cuts, burns or fractured bones for their early recovery and healing.
Does Doctor require travelling?
No, the career as doctor does not require traveling on a regular basis. A doctor may often be required to travel to participate in medical seminars and attend meetings with other medical professionals.
Full Time, Hourly Basis, On Call
The employment shift of a doctor varies depending on the schedule of healthcare, hospital or clinical lab setting. A doctor may own a private clinic and consult patients directly. A doctor career does not fall into a certain shift. On emergency, a doctor may also prescribe medicines on call.
A doctor may find employment opportunities on both contractual as well as permanent basis. A doctor can work with multiple healthcare or hospital settings on an hourly basis. He or she may own a private clinic to provide consultation for fixed hours on specific week days.
hospitals, clinical lab, healthcare facility
A doctor can work with multiple healthcare facilities and provide services on an hourly basis to each facility.
Presence in Geographical Area
New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Pune provide alluring career opportunities to doctors. A doctor working in New Delhi earns 45 per cent more than the national average salary of doctor. Similarly, a doctor providing services in Bengaluru earns 15 per cent more than the national average salary. Rural areas stay deprived of medical facilities due to less awareness on health issues and travel accommodation.
A doctor career does not require to work under frequent time pressure. It requires time to diagnose, examine and identify signs or symptoms of a certain disease or disorder. He or she is required to interact with patients to acknowledge their health problems. There is a certain course of medications, therapies for a specific period of time. It takes time in recovery of patients through surgical, therapeutic or medicinal treatment.
A doctor may often be required to work overtime. He or she may be required to consult emergency cases that arrive at the last minute or last working hour. A doctor career in India is considered one of the compassionate professions. His or her work ethics does not allow him to neglect emergency cases, no matter how late it is.
Weekly Hours of Work
Min 45 Hours
A doctor working full-time with a healthcare facility works a minimum of 45 hours a week. Working hours may vary depending on the workplace and its functioning schedule.
How to become a Doctor?
What are the skills and qualities required to become a/an Doctor?
Medical aspirants often ask how to become a doctor in India. There is a required set of skills that a doctor must possess. We have mentioned below several skills that are crucial in a career as a doctor.
Teamwork: A doctor is required to perform efficiently and effectively in a team. He or she is required to provide medical assistance to other surgeons while performing surgeries that relate to their area of speciality.
Communication skills: A doctor must possess strong communication skills. He or she musis required to listen carefully to his or her patients when they describe symptoms and related problems. A doctor is required to prescribe medications and necessary precautions to be taken to patients. He or she is required to possess both verbal and written communication skills.
Organising skills: A doctor meets multiple patients and listens to their problems in his or her working day. He or she is required to prescribe medications to each patient depending on the level or effects of diseases or disorders. Organising skills are crucial for a doctor career progression. There is no space for any mismanagement in the profession of a doctor. He or she is required to manage time and schedule appointments for consulting patients.
Which certifications and internships can be helpful in becoming Doctor?
Internships are mandatory for individuals enroled in medical programmes. Students enroled in M.B.B.S. programme are required to opt for an rotational residency programme for a duration of twelve months. After successful completion of a post-graduate programme such as M.S., M.D. or D.N.B., candidates are required to undergo a residency programme in any of the related fields such as general surgery, gastroenterology, cardiology, pediatrics, gynecology, rheumatology, or obstetrics. It is mandatory for candidates to apply for residency programmes in hospitals. During the residency programme, the physician-in-training works under the supervision of licensed medical professionals. The duration of the residency programme may range from two to seven years depending on the speciality chosen for the postgraduate programme.
Career Path Progression for Doctor
General Physician: A general physician doctor is a professional medical doctor. He or she focuses on the non-surgical treatment of patients’ conditions. A general physician provides consultation to patients after diagnosing their medical conditions and symptoms of a certain disease or disorder. He or she may often be required to work in medical teams of varying sizes.
Endocrinologist: An endocrinologist is a clinical professional who specialises in the treatment of problems of the human endocrine system. A human endocrine system consists of pancreas and thyroid glands which regulate hormones and control many vital processes. An endocrinologist treats patients who suffer from diabetes and thyroid problems. He or she also treats aging patients who suffer from osteoporosis.
Surgeon: A surgeon is a specialised doctor responsible for treating patients with surgeries. He or she is responsible for performing operations on patients suffering from injuries, diseases or deformities. A surgeon may perform general surgeries either he or she can become specialised such as orthopedic, neurological or cardiovascular surgeon.
Neurologist: A neurologist is a clinical professional who specialises in neurology. He or she is responsible for studying, diagnosing, treating and managing injuries, diseases and disorders of the nervous system. A nervous system is made up of two parts - central and peripheral nervous system. It includes the brain and spinal cord.
Doctor Jobs and Salaries
- Average Salary 229000
- Junior Level Salary 145000
- Senior Level Salary 166000
An endocrinologist is a physician who specialises in diagnosing and treating problems of the human endocrine system. He or she is responsible for providing clinical care to patients suffering from hormonal problems, disorders or diseases. An endocrinologist is responsible for controlling blood sugar levels of patients suffering from diabetes. He or she also treats pancreas and thyroid problems.
The salary varies depending on skills, experience and numerous other factors. An entry-level endocrinologist could earn more than Rs. 1,700,000 per annum. A senior-level endocrinologist could earn more than Rs. 2,000,000 per annum.
What is the job outlook for Doctor?
The career of a doctor is competitive at an entry-level one. Candidates are required to complete an M.B.B.S. that involves rotational internships of duration of twelve months. There are few candidates who manage to take up to this role as compared to the total number of aspirants who opt for a medical career.
There are several candidates who qualify NEET as compared to the total number of students who appear for the examination. Only few candidates manage to get enroled in a reputed medical college in India. You may find numerous options in doctor careers list. After successful completion of an M.B.B.S. programme, candidates have variety of doctor career options for further specialisations such as anatomy, cardiology, neurology and numerous other specialisations. An experienced doctor can own a private clinic and provide consultation services for fixed hours on specific days. He or she can work with multiple hospitals and healthcare facilities. A doctor can provide services to each hospital or healthcare facility on an hourly basis for a fixed schedule of specific days.
Frequently Asked Questions for Doctor
Que. What is the average salary offered to candidates after successful completion of an M.B.B.S. programme?Ans.
The salary varies depending on skills and experience. Employers prefer to hire candidates with prior work experience. Thus, internships play a crucial role in getting a full-time job role. The average salary offered to fresh graduates of M.B.B.S. programme ranges Rs. 500,000 to Rs. 1,200,000 per annum.
Que. What is the average fee of M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) programme?Ans.
The fee varies depending on institutes and specialisations opted for an M.D. programme. Government colleges charge an economical fee on the other hand private colleges charge a hefty fee. The average fee for an M.D. in cardiology programme ranges Rs. 42,000 to Rs. 1,200,000 per annum.
Que. What is the difference between an M.S. (Master of Surgery) and M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) programme?Ans.
The M.S. programme is a postgraduate level clinical programme that specialises in the surgical care of patients. On the other hand, an M.D. programme is a postgraduate level clinical programme which specialises in non-surgical treatment of patients. There are several branches where surgery is adapted as a part of M.D. programme. The minimum requirement to opt for any of these programmes is successful completion of an M.B.B.S. programme.
Que. What is the average fee of an M.B.B.S. programme?Ans.
The fee varies according to institutions. Government colleges charge an economical fee amount. On the other hand, private colleges charge a hefty fee. The duration of an M.B.B.S. programme is five and half years including rotating internships. The average fee of the programme ranges Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 500,000 per annum.
Que. What is a residency programme in medical?Ans.
Medical students are required to opt for a residency programme to establish a career as doctor. Candidates are required to undergo rotational residency programmes for a duration of 12 months after successful completion of an M.B.B.S. programme. Similarly, candidates are required to undergo residency programme in a hospital for two to seven years depending on their specialisations after successful completion of a postgraduate programme such as M.D., M.S., or D.N.B. A residency programme is a training programme. Candidates are required to apply for residency programmes in hospitals. During the residency programme, the physician-in-training works under the works under the supervision of licensed medical professionals. The duration of the residency programme may range from two to seven years depending on the speciality.
Que. What is the salary of mbbs doctor in government hospital?Ans.
A doctor salary varies depending on skills, experience and specialisation. The salary of mbbs doctor in government hospital ranges between Rs. 0.1 lakh to Rs. 51 lakh per annum.
Que. What is the physician assistant course eligibility?Ans.
Que. How to become a medical doctor?Ans.
In order to develop a career as doctor, candidates are required to complete 10+2 in physics, chemistry and biology with an aggregate of 50 per cent marks from a recognised board. Further, they can appear in NEET and AIIMS UG entrance examination. On the basis of evaluation of candidates performance in the entrance examination, admissions are provided in the medical colleges. After successful completion of 10+2 candidates are required to opt for an M.B.B.S. programme.
Que. What are different types of doctors?Ans.
There are numerous types of doctors based on their specialisation in a certain area and method of treatment. It will be difficult to put whole doctor careers list. In the field of medical sciences, doctor career options are not limited. The major types of doctors are as follows: Cardiologist, Pulmonologist, Neurologist, Endocrinologist, Gynaecologist, Physiotherapist, General Physician, Orthopaedic Surgeon, Rheumatologist.
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