Careers360 Logo
Medical Lab Technician Courses After 12th: Eligibility, Fees, Admission, Colleges, Duration, Scope

Medical Lab Technician Courses After 12th: Eligibility, Fees, Admission, Colleges, Duration, Scope

Edited By nikhil.verma | Updated on May 14, 2024 12:55 PM IST | #B.Sc.

Do you love Biology but do not want to study MBBS after 12th, then why not a career in the field of Medical Laboratory Technology, also known as Clinical Laboratory Science? Medical Laboratory Technicians are professionals who are responsible for conducting various medical tests on samples such as blood, urine, or other bodily fluids.

Any medical treatment begins only after testing and an accurate diagnosis of the disease. Based on these test results, the doctor suggests treatment or performs surgeries as required by the patient, making the role of a Medical Lab Technician an extremely crucial one. Doctors need their investigation and analysis to proceed with treating the patient.

Medical Laboratory Technicians not only need to have comprehensive knowledge of medical and health sciences but also have to be well-versed and updated on the latest technologies and instruments. Hence, pursuing a lab technician course after 12th in science is a good idea for students interested in the health sciences.

Here, in this article, we will discuss lab technician course fees, eligibility, and qualifications. Let us give you an overview of the lab technician courses after 12th.

What is Medical Laboratory Technology/ Science?

Before we go on to read about the lab technician courses after 12th in Science, we need to understand what is Medical Laboratory Technology, or MLT. MLT is an allied healthcare branch of Science that deals with clinical laboratory investigations for the diagnosis of various diseases. It involves the analysis of blood samples, other body fluids, and tissues for the presence of foreign bodies and abnormalities.

Nearly 85 per cent of all medical decisions are based on the outcomes of these clinical investigation reports as no treatment is possible without the proper and accurate diagnosis. There are various medical lab technician classes that students may take up, we shall discuss them further in the article.

Various Disciplines of Medical Laboratory Technology Courses

In the modern era of medical science, medical laboratories keep upgrading the existing diagnostic techniques and adopting new hi-tech technologies. With the involvement of special investigations and sophisticated computerised equipment, various disciplines of laboratories are growing day by day. Also, there are various disciplines wherein a laboratory technician discharges his/her duties namely.

A lab technician course after 12th is likely to familiarise students with all these different aspects of Medical Lab Science. Keep reading to know more about (Medical Lab Technician) MLT course details after 12th.

Who is a Medical Lab Technician?

A medical lab technician is a healthcare professional who performs chemical, haematological, immunologic, microscopic, and microbiological diagnostic analyses on body fluids such as blood, urine, sputum, stool, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, synovial fluid, as well as other specimens.

Medical Laboratory Scientists and medical lab technicians work in clinical laboratories at hospitals, reference laboratories, biotechnology laboratories, and non-clinical industrial labs.- Model curriculum handbook Medical Laboratory Science, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (Allied Health Section).

What are Various Lab Technician Courses?

Lab Technician courses are popular choices for high school graduates. Having a 10+2 or similar diploma is a must to apply for these lab technician courses. Below, we have provided medical laboratory technologist courses at diploma and undergraduate levels.

1. Diploma in Medical Lab Technology (DMLT)

DMLT course after the 12th is a two-year long programme including six months of the internship period. The diploma in medical laboratory technology framework is as same as the BMLT course with the same objectives and common lab technician subjects are Human Anatomy and Physiology, Clinical Microbiology, and Haematology.

Also Read: Diploma in Medical Lab Technology

More details on a diploma in lab technician course such as top colleges along with lab technician course fees is provided in the table below.

2. Bachelor’s in Medical Lab Technology (BMLT)

BMLT/BMLS is a three-year long programme including a six-month internship period towards the end. BSc MLT course aims to help the students acquire all the necessary and crucial skills required to practise as professional lab technicians. For instance, performing a full range of clinical laboratory tests, making specimen-oriented decisions, and developing and evaluating test systems.

Also Read:

This is one of the most sought-after medical laboratory technician courses after 12th to pursue. The BSc MLT course details syllabus covers several important subjects namely Human Anatomy and Physiology, Clinical Microbiology, Haematology, Blood Banking, Bacteriology, Histopathology and Cytopathology, Medical Mycology, and Virology among many others.

Below we have provided the data on B Sc MLT course in government colleges as well as private colleges, along with lab technician course fees.

Roles and Responsibilities of a Medical Lab Technician

The roles and responsibilities of a Medical Lab Technician after completing a Laboratory Technician course after 12th would be the following-

  • Collection of specimens like blood, urine, stool, sputum, semen, tissues, and body fluids for various biochemical, microbiological, pathological, blood banking, and haematological investigations.
  • Accurate diagnosis for proper treatment
  • Early disease detection- they make cultures of body fluid and tissue samples to determine the presence of bacteria, viruses, fungi
  • Perform investigations for differential diagnosis
  • Control the development of contagious diseases
  • Perform complex protein and nucleic acid testing on human cell samples
  • Collect, type, and crossmatch blood; prepare its components for transfusions
  • Participate in National eradication programs like Polio, HIV
  • Medical disaster management
  • Maintenance of records and preparation of statistics
  • Manufacturing vaccines and antisera like DPT, meningitis, anti-snake venom, Testing and certifying medicines.

Also Read: Careers Beyond MBBS For PCB Students

Employment Areas After Laboratory Technician Classes

After completing the medical lab technician course after 12th Science, some of the avenues where MLT/MLS professionals are employed are-

  • Central and State government hospitals/ health institutions
  • Private hospitals/ clinics/ health institutions
  • Research institutions like CSIR, ICMR, ICAR, BARC
  • Autonomous and other bodies like AIIMS, PGI Chandigarh, and Red Cross Blood Bank.
  • Clinical/Diagnostic and research laboratories

Jobs Profile After Completing Laboratory Technician Course

At the entry-level after completing lab technician classes he or she can work as a Medical Laboratory Technologist, whereas other job profiles post a few years of experience (increasing order of rank) include-

  • Technical Officer/ Senior Technical Officer (MLS)/ Chief Technical Officer (MLS)
  • Medical Laboratory Scientist/ Deputy Technical Manager/ Technical Manager/Clinical Laboratory Demonstrator
  • Assistant Professor/ Associate Professor/ Additional Professor/ Lecturer
  • Deputy Quality Manager/ Quality Manager
  • Director Laboratory Services/ HOD

Lab Technician Salary Range

An entry-level professional can earn a salary between Rs. 25000-35000 per month which goes up to Rs. 1.5 - Rs. 2.5 lakhs per month with an increase in experience and rank, after having done an MLT course after the 12th. Below, we have provided the medical laboratory technician classes related job roles.

Job Profile

Average Salary

Medical Laboratory Scientist

Rs. 5.15 LPA

Assistant Professor

Rs. 4.55 LPA

Quality Manager

Rs. 9.92 LPA

Laboratory Technician

Rs. 2.79 LPA

Source: Payscale

Medical Laboratory Technology has played a very significant role in the advancement of medical sciences in the past few decades and shall continue to add value to this industry and the health of the country at large. Lab Technician course qualification helps the candidate to get a job in both private and public organisations.

Also Read: Online Medical Laboratory Technology Courses & Certifications

Many medical lab technician certifications are provided online by various providers to boost your skills. A continued and rigorous research, the scope of medical laboratory science is very rewarding both in India and overseas.

For those who are interested, we hope you build a great career for yourself as a medical laboratory technologist and contribute to the field of medical sciences. A medical lab tech course can be a promising career only if it matches the interests and goals of aspirants.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

1. What is a lab technician course?

A Lab technician course is a Medical Laboratory Technology or Medical Laboratory Science course which is an allied healthcare branch of science. It deals with clinical laboratory investigations for the diagnosis of various diseases as it involves analysis of blood samples, other body fluids and tissues for the presence of foreign bodies and abnormalities.

2. How can I become a lab technician?

You can become a lab technician by pursuing DMLT or a BMLT course after 12th Science.

3. Can I do an MLT course after commerce?

No. You cannot pursue MLT after either Commerce or Arts as it is a Science-based course and the minimum eligibility criteria are 10+2 Science with 45-50 per cent aggregate.

4. Can I do DMLT after 12th?

Yes, you can do DMLT after 12th if you have Science in 10+2. 

5. What are the subjects in lab technician?

Some of the subjects in medical lab technician courses are Human Anatomy and Physiology, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Immunopathology, Histopathology, and Haematology.

6. Which is the best lab technician course?

It depends on the choice of candidates, whether they want to pursue a lab technician course at the diploma level or undergraduate level. Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT) and BSc Medical Laboratory Technology are among the prominent ones.

7. Which is better BMLT or DMLT?

BMLT (Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology) is a better choice for candidates as it is an undergraduate degree and equips students with more knowledge and skills compared to DMLT. 

8. Is lab technician a good career?

Yes, a career as a lab technician can be a rewarding choice for those interested in science, healthcare, or research. It offers opportunities to work in various settings like hospitals, research labs, pharmaceutical companies, and more.

9. Is BMLT a doctor?

No, there is no similarity between above mentioned two. BMLT degree prepares students for medical laboratory technology and diagnostics roles. 

10. How many years is a lab course?

Diploma courses typically last for two years, whereas undergraduate-level courses usually have a duration of three years.


Explore Top Universities Across Globe

University of Essex, Colchester
 Wivenhoe Park Colchester CO4 3SQ
University College London, London
 Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT
The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh
 Old College, South Bridge, Edinburgh, Post Code EH8 9YL
University of Bristol, Bristol
 Beacon House, Queens Road, Bristol, BS8 1QU
University of Nottingham, Nottingham
 University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD
Lancaster University, Lancaster
 Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4YW

Questions related to B.Sc.

Have a question related to B.Sc. ?

No, a BSc in Cardiology alone  won't qualify you to become a consultant cardiologist. A Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Cardiology equips you for entry-level technician roles in cardiology, not as a doctor. To become a cardiologist, you need a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree in Cardiology, which requires an MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree first. MBBS is the foundational medical qualification. Even with an MD in Cardiology, becoming a consultant cardiologist requires several years of residency training and experience specializing in cardiology.

If you want to become a cardiologist, you need to pursue an MBBS degree followed by an MD in Cardiology.With a BSc in Cardiology, you could consider an MSc in Cardiology, but this would still qualify you for advanced technician roles, not as a practicing cardiologist.

I hope it helps!


A Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Fashion Technology typically takes three to four years to complete, depending on the country and institution. In India, the program usually spans three years, while in countries like the United States, it often extends to four years.

The curriculum covers core subjects such as design fundamentals, textile science, garment construction, fashion illustration, and marketing. Practical training, internships, and final projects are integral components, providing hands-on industry experience. Some institutions offer specializations and integrated courses that may extend the duration but offer advanced qualifications.

Hope this helps,

Thank you


In India, the fees for a BSc in Fashion Technology typically range from around 50,000 to 2,00,000 per year, depending on factors like the institution, its location, infrastructure, and other amenities provided. However, these figures can vary significantly between colleges and universities. It's advisable to check with specific institutions for precise fee details.

Hope this helps,

Thank you

MSc in Nutrition and Dietetics:

  • Duration: Typically 2 years
  • Depth of study: More in-depth exploration of scientific principles of nutrition, metabolism, and their impact on health. Often includes research opportunities.

  • Career options: Broader range of opportunities, including clinical practice, public health nutrition, research, education, and food service management.

  • Eligibility: Usually requires a Bachelor's degree in a science field (like nursing) with a minimum GPA.

PG Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics:

  • Duration: Typically 1 year

  • Depth of study: Focuses on practical application of nutritional knowledge for clinical or community settings.

  • Career options: Geared towards clinical practice or specific areas like sports nutrition. May require additional qualifications for research or some public health roles.

  • Eligibility: May have slightly less stringent eligibility requirements compared to MSc programs.

    If you want to focus on clinical practice or a specific area, a PG Diploma might be sufficient. If you are interested in research, public health, or a broader career path, an MSc is a better choice.

    I hope it helps!


CUET is not compulsory for admission in B.Sc Forensic Science. However, if you are wishing to seek admission in a central university, then CUET is compulsory.

There are some private universities which offer admission in B.Sc Forensic Science without CUET. But they do take other entrance exams like LPUNEST, SUAT, KIITEE etc.

Hope this information will help you. Thank you.

View All
Back to top