- Fees: ₹ 482,120
- Exams: NEET PG
What is Forensic Medicine
Forensic medicine is the application of scientific knowledge for crime-related investigations. Also known as criminalistics, the course is a multidisciplinary subject and is well suited for individuals who want to build a career by solving crimes. There are various courses within the sphere of Forensic science like B.Sc. in Forensic science, M.Sc. in Forensic science and criminology, M.Sc. in Information security and cyber forensics, MD in Forensic medicine and toxicology, Postgraduate Diploma in Cybercrime Investigation and Computer Forensics, Postgraduate diploma in Forensic psychology and Diploma in Fingerprint Examination. Apart from criminal cases, forensic medicine also comes in handy while dealing with civil cases like finding the cause of death or injury for settling insurance claims or medical malpractice suits or determining the paternity of a child based on blood tests.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Forensic Medicine
The eligibility criteria are different for various colleges. Here is a quick outline of the minimum requirements for the various courses.
For Diploma in Forensic Medicine
- Candidates should have passed 10+2 from a recognized school board.
- Many of the colleges prefer biology as a subject in 10+2
For MD in Forensic Medicine
- Completed MBBS with internship
- Permanent registration with the Medical Council of India or any state medical council
Entrance Exams for Forensic Medicine
For a Diploma in Forensic medicine, no entrance test is conducted. Candidates are given admission directly based on merit. For MD and B.Tech in forensic medicine following entrance tests are conducted:
- NEET - This, also known as the National Eligibility cum entrance test,
- UPSEE - Uttar Pradesh state entrance examination
- AICET- All India combined entrance test
- KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) - This is a state-level entrance exam for admission into colleges of the same state.
- Other state-level entrance examinations
Scope of Forensic Medicine in India and Abroad
The forensic medicine course aims to impart core knowledge in forensic medical sciences to individuals. The professionals from this course are responsible for conducting autopsies as and when required by the government bodies or police department. Other times they may be required to examine victims of abuse, harassment or any other legitimacy affiliation case. Some individuals may even choose to delve deeper and carry out research work in this field. After completing this course, candidates can choose to work as lab technicians, professors/associate professors/ resident, medical officer, manager-forensics, forensic psychiatrist, toxicologist etc. They take up employment in government hospitals, medical colleges, 7 universities, medical writings, private clinics, research labs etc. As of now, autopsies can only be conducted by professionals in government hospitals.
In India, forensic is an upcoming field, but outside India, it is well established and has greater scope. Forensic experts can start their career abroad as well after completing their education in India. However, for pursuing Forensic medicine abroad, it is better to have a degree from that country itself since law changes from one place to another.
Course Fees Forensic Medicine
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Forensic medicine or Forensic pathology is a branch of forensic science that helps in finding the results of evidence at a crime scene by applying medical facts to the situation. The course subjects help individuals become an expert in finding the cause and time of death as well as other details about the deceased.
Subjects taught in the course are:
- Basic medical sciences as applicable to forensic medicine, anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, Forensic medicine including other clinical subjects applied to it, Forensic psychiatry, forensic traumatology, forensic Immunology
- Toxicology, forensic paediatrics, forensic obstetrics, medical jurisprudence, chemical toxicology, Bio toxicology, general toxicology, socio-medical toxicology
- Practical: Autopsy case, interpretation, report making, injury case, sexual offence case, age determination case, poisoning case, spots, weapons, bones, slides, X-ray films, tests on body fluids and stains.
Careers in Forensic Medicine
Statistics reveal that the crime rate is going up in the country every year. But, with a limited number of forensic scientists, more and more opportunities are opening up with the lesser competition. The nation is in appalling need of experts in the field of forensic medicine. They are required in government labs, investigations and various other offices. Individuals from this course can make a career in any of the following areas: anti-terrorist operations, protection of human rights and environment, cyber-crime investigation, Crime branch and the Intelligence Bureau.
Forensic science shows a promising future with the advent of new technological advancements. All these new developments have helped seize criminals on a completely new level.
- Facial recognition algorithm, Fingerprint analysis, Hair and eye colour prediction, Microbiomic Identification, Morphometric, Virtual Autopsy, Vehicle Systems Forensics and Portable Police Labs.
- DNA Phenotyping (visual image of what a suspect might look like), frontal x-rays, 3-D fingerprinting, Steam thermography (to reveal even minute amounts of blood), Omni chrome Photography
- Phenom desktop SEM (helps in determining elemental composition), alternative light photography, Digital Surveillance for Gaming Equipment, DNA Sequencing, Link Analysis Software, Drug Testing, LA-ICP-MS, 3D Scanner, High-powered Microscopes
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
A course in Forensic medicine helps the candidates become better suited for the roles of a forensic physician, forensic odontologist, forensic psychiatrist, toxicologist, specialist nurse and medico-legal advisor. In general, their main job is to examine the corpses and determine all the information relating to sex, age, race, drug use and medical history and even cause of death. Some individuals also opt to become a professor/assistant professor and train the students in the same field.
Forensic Medicine Professor
They are responsible for teaching the concepts of forensic medicine to young individuals. They also conduct research in this field and produce journal articles and reports.
They conduct autopsies and produce medical reports as and when directed by the government bodies like the police department.
They conduct autopsies on cadavers that have been donated to medical research for new discoveries relating to the field.
Manager Forensic Advisory
They are responsible for managing the forensic department and ensure its smooth functioning. They also oversee autopsies being conducted in the department and several legal issues.
They are responsible for conducting autopsies and other tests like blood tests as and when required by the government institutions or supervisors.
Most of the professionals from forensic medicine are employed in the government sector. There is not much scope for working in the private sector as a forensic scientist other than taking up a job of professor or lecturer in a private college. Some of the top recruiters in Forensic medicine are:
· Government medical colleges
· Forensic laboratories
· Narcotics Department
· Research and analysis wing
· Other law enforcement agencies
· Pharmaceutical companies, armed force department
The professionals from this course can earn anywhere from one to ten lakhs per annum. By gaining some experience and having polished one’s skills well enough, earning up to six to eight lakhs per annum becomes easy.
Annual Income (approx.)
Forensic medicine professor/assistant professor
Rs. 6,40,000 per annum
Rs. 2,64,000 per annum
Rs. 2,50,00 per annum
Lab technician- Forensic pathology
Rs. 2,00,000 per annum
Rs. 1,80,000 per annum
Rs. 7,00,000 per annum
Required Skillset for Forensic Medicine
Making a career in Forensic medicine is not like other professions. It requires a focus or interest in researching, investigating and understanding the circumstances that might have led to a crime. In general, some of the attributes that help make a successful professional in the field of Forensic Medicine are:
- Critical Thinking: Forensic scientists are required to carry out a variety of jobs like matching physical evidence, fingerprints, blood splatter and DNA. Examining all of this and painting a picture of what might have happened at the crime scene requires a high level of critical thinking.
- Legal Process: Professionals from this course are required to work in close association with the law most of the time. A familiarity with how to handle the evidence without tampering with them and various other legal processes like paperwork is essential to the job profile.
- Processing Crime Scenes: The crime scene needs to be examined very meticulously after the incident. Many times, it might even be gruesome, but the ability to pay attention to even the tiniest bit of details is important.
Course Curriculum for Forensic Medicine
Professionals of this course are required to examine dead bodies to extract physical information as well as carry out several examinations relating to blood tests and the nature of injury in civil cases. The course curriculum is designed such that it includes all aspects of basic medical sciences such as anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology and microbiology. Advanced forensic pathology, forensic medicine and toxicology, medical jurisprudence and forensic immunology are also covered in details within the course.
Popular Forensic Medicine Entrance Exams in India
Popular Forensic Medicine Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What are some of the best books for studying forensic science?
There are several books for studying forensic science. However, you can start with the following books to understand more about the field:
· The essentials of forensic medicine & toxicology by K.S.N Reddy
· Forensic science in criminal Investigation & Trials by B R Sharma
· Physical evidence in forensic science by Henry C
Question: What are some of the top institutes offering the course of MD in Forensic medicine? How much are their respective average fees annually?
Some of the top institutes for MD in Forensic medicine are:
· AIIMS Delhi- All India Institute of Medical Science: Rs. 1,944
· Kasturba medical college: Rs. 12,50,000
· Maulana Azad Medical College: Rs.10,000
· Lady Harding Medical College, Delhi: Rs, 10,000
· Jawaharlal Nehru medical college, Ajmer: Rs. 7,225
· Madras medical college, Chennai: Rs. 13,667
· Lokmanya Tilak municipal Medical College: Rs. 86,825
The average fees of government medical colleges are usually much less than that of private ones.
Question: What is the role of a Forensic Psychologist?
Criminal forensic psychologists generally hold a doctoral degree in their field though a prerequisite to becoming one is only a Master’s degree. They are highly trained professionals with certifications and license for practising. They provide the necessary psychological expertise during a trial or an investigation. They usually earn between 7 to 8 lakhs per annum at the starting of their career.
Question: What is the difference between forensic science and forensic medicine?
Forensic medicine is a specialized branch or a sub-field of forensic science. Both of them can work with biological samples, but there is a major difference in their nature of work. While a forensic scientist participates in criminal investigations, professionals of forensic medicine usually examine the patients or bodies medically.
Question: Is it better to do MBBS + MD in forensic medicine or an MBBS + MSc in forensic science?
An MD in forensic medicine deals more deeply on autopsies and examination of victims in case of assaults. The salary given in this case is higher. MSc in forensic science helps understand chemical aspects of forensics as well as lab investigations, DNA analysis, fingerprinting etc. making a person well-informed. Both have their own merits and demerits. However, it is recommended that you do an MD in forensic medicine after MBBS.
Questions related to Forensic Medicine
can anyone suggest me colleges for bsc forensic medicine in Chennai?
Forensic medicine is a collection of medical specialities that work for the examination and testing of people who have been injured or have died because of external or unnatural causes like poisoning, assault, suicide and other kinds of violence. Tamil Nadu has a great number of colleges offering MD in Forensic Medicine. Top colleges in Chennai which offer this course are:-
Madras Medical College
Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute
Stanley Medical College
Government Kilpauk Medical College
ACS Medical College and Hospital
Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute
Hope this helps,
All the Best!!
Im studying BHMS(Homoeopathy) last year. can i eligible for PG forensic medicine??
Yes you can do forensic science after completing your BHMS. BHMS is bachalor of homeopathy medicine and surgery. This is bachalor course and after completing your studying you will be a homeopathy doctor. But if you want to progress your career in forensic science that is great.
You can join in masters in science in forensic. Then you will get job in government sector and private sectors as usual.
All the best.
Is Bsc forensic science and forensic medicine is same
Forensic Science is the parent course which has various sub-fields. While Forensic Science consists of Toxicology, Serology, Ballistics to Psychology, Forensic Medicine is a branch which deals in civil or criminal legal cases (investigation). Forensic Medicine is also known as Forensic Pathology.
whether BNYS Degree students means naturopathy and yoga doctors are eligible for doing MD in forensic medicine?
The basic requirement to pursue MD in any stream whether it is forensic sciences, it is mandatory to have qualification of MBBS, without which you cannot pursue MD. So, BNYS degree candidates cannot pursue MD without having the qualification of MBBS.
To do MD in forensic medicine whether naturopathy and yoga ppls are eligible???BNYS Degree students
Yes, you can study this course. You are eligible for the same. Good luck.
Hope it helps!