What is Sciences

Science is a multidisciplinary course having different subjects’ combinations in class 12th. These combinations can be PCB (Physics, Chemistry and Biology), PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) and PCMB (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology).

Having a good career in science, the student has a wide range of options to go ahead. It starts with bachelor’s degree (B.Sc), master’s degree (M.Sc) and then Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) in a variety of subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Computer Science, Microbiology, Biotechnology among others.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Sciences

Since the science course can be pursued as UG, PG and PhD, the eligibility criteria are different for each category. Below are the criteria’s for UG and PG Science course –

For Undergraduate –

  • Students should have cleared the 12th exam or any competitive exam with the combination of Science subjects of PCB, PCM, and PCMB.
  • Students should have at least 50-60% aggregate marks.

For Postgraduate –

  • Students should have cleared their graduation with the subjects in which they wish to pursue their masters.
  • Students should have at least 50-60% aggregate marks. 

Science Entrance Exam

Science Entrance exams are held to help students get admission in their preferred colleges.

For UG –

Colleges mostly give admission for a bachelor’s degree based on merit, which is prepared based on the candidate’s 12th class exams.

For PG and PhD the following entrance exams are carried out –


IIT JAM – IIT Joint Admission Test.

This exam includes 7 different subjects, i.e., Biotechnology, Chemistry, Economics, Geology, Mathematics, Mathematical Statistics, and Physics. It is a 3 hours online exam during February. It enables the students to be eligible for admission in PG and PhD courses.


ICAR AIEEA stands for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICA is responsible for conducting  All India Entrance Examination for admissions to UG, PG and PhD. Courses.

The age limit for the students is minimum 16 years old. He/she must have passed 10+2 with at least three subjects out of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The exam has questions on subjects, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Exam duration is 2.5 hours and it is conducted online during June.


MCAER CET – Maharashtra Council of Agriculture Education and Research Common Entrance Test.

The exam is a state-level exam conducted by Maharashtra. It is a 2 hours exam conducted offline during March. It enables the students to get admission in PG courses in Maharashtra. The students to be eligible for appearing in the exam would have to have a minimum of 55% marks in the Bachelor’s degree.


NEST – National Entrance Screening Test.

It is a national level exam conducted for admission to PG Science courses. The student appearing for this exam should have a minimum of 60% marks. It is a 3.5 hours long exam conducted offline during June. They would get admission in integrated MSc programmes of Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics.

5) JEST –

JEST – Joint Entrance Screening Exam

It is a national level exam conducted for admission to integrated MSc, PhD and integrated PhD courses. The student appearing for this exam should have a minimum of 55% marks. It is a 3 hours long exam conducted offline during February. 

Scope of Sciences in India and Abroad

Science Scope in India

Students can pursue a bachelor’s degree in science, then choose the subject of their interest and pursue a Masters course and a PhD. Each course has its benefits. After the bachelor’s degree, one can pursue Masters or start a job. The various number of jobs available after completing a bachelor’s degree is also huge, like professors, Research Assistants, Technical Writers, and others.

The master’s degree in a particular field helps the student to research in that field. Getting employed as a research scientist, assisting scientists in research is also a good job in the field of Science.


Science Scope in Abroad

In the USA the BSc course is a 4-year program. They teach all types of subjects which are related to science. The USA is most preferred for STEM, i.e., Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.

For getting admission in B.Sc. Abroad –

  • The student should complete 15 years of education
  • A personal statement/research proposal would be helpful
  • 2 references from universities or organizations
  • The student should have work experience for 1-2 years
  • The student should have English Proficiency certificates like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE

Except for just doing the above courses, one can also go for –

1)  Research-based jobs

2)  MSc

3)  MBA

4)  Professional Diploma Courses 

Course Fees Sciences

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
B.Sc. in Sciences at ZA Islamia PG College, Siwan
B.Sc. in Sciences at Rairangpur College, Mayurbhanj
21.65 Lakhs
B.Sc.(Hons) in Sciences at KREA University, Sri City
11.00 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Sciences at Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar
2.00 K
B.Sc. in Sciences at Gour Mohan Sachin Mandal Mahavidyalaya, 24 Parganas
1.25 K
M.Sc. in Sciences at Jawaharlal Nehru Rajkeeya Mahavidyalaya, Port Blair
6.60 Lakhs
B.Sc. in Sciences at Xavier University, Bhubaneswar
6.60 Lakhs
B.Sc. in Sciences at Indian Maritime University, Mumbai Port Campus
8.35 K
Ph.D in Sciences at Lajpat Rai College, Sahibabad
7.00 K
Ph.D in Sciences at Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi
7.20 Lakhs
Ph.D in Sciences at Madhav University, Sirohi
3.74 Lakhs
Ph.D in Sciences at Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education, Gwalior
2.25 K
M.Sc. in Sciences at South Travancore Hindu College, Nagercoil
3.60 K
M.Sc. in Sciences at Mata Jijabai Government Girls PG College, Indore
9.60 Lakhs
Diploma in Sciences at Era University, Lucknow
2.80 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Sciences at College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy

Course Subjects

All colleges offer different subjects for the UG and PG course. Below mentioned are the most common subjects taught all over India –

For UG course – (Physics)

1)      Mathematical Physics

2)      Mechanics

3)      Waves and Optics

4)      Digital Electronics

5)      Electricity and Magnetism

6)      Thermal Physics

For UG Course – (Computer Science)

1)      Arrays

2)      Functions

3)      Data Structures

4)      Advanced java

5)      C++ Programming

6)      DBMS

For PG Course – (Physics)

1)      Electronics

2)      Relativity and Cosmology

3)      Astrophysics

4)      Advanced optics

5)      Radiation Theory

6)      Mathematical Methods

For PG Course – (Computer Science)

1)      Organic Chemistry

2)      Inorganic Chemistry

3)      Physical Chemistry

4)      Analytical Chemistry

5)      Computational Chemistry

6)      Nuclear and Radiochemistry

For PhD course –

Students will select their subject of interest and pursue a PhD in them. 

Careers in Sciences

Students have a wide variety of job prospects in this field either science or non-science. But the jobs would mainly depend on the course and the specialization which they have done. For example, if a student has done a physics course in UG and PG, he/she can go for space/astronomy, healthcare, meteorology, and geophysics.

While, if a student has done a chemistry course in UG and PG, he/she can become a chemical engineer, analytical chemist, forensic scientist, and nanotechnologist.

After the BSc education, the student can either go for masters in a particular subject or start with a job; the various job opportunities for them in the field of Science are – Teacher, Consultant, Research analyst, Drug Safety Associate, Analyst.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Science Job Profile

Depending on the degree and specialization the student has done, the job profile would vary from student to student. Some of the job profiles are –

For UG Course –

Job Profile

Job Description

Research Project Assistant

He/she is appointed as an assistant to the research project. He/she performs the experiments and does the research.

Drug Safety Associate

He/she monitors, evaluates and prevents adverse reactions of drugs in the patient’s body.

Clinical Research Associate

He/she collects and organizes data which is obtained from different field studies, also processes results of long term testing drugs.

Technical Writer/Editor

He/she prepares instruction manuals, journal articles and other articles which help to communicate the results of complex studies. They also communicate with customers regarding information about technical information.

School Teacher

He/she has to plan and prepare lectures to disseminate knowledge. Research workshops can also be conducted.


He/she develops data using different mathematical software.


He/she helps the organization’s department like HR, Business, Management and Operations.

Education Counsellor

He/she helps the students to choose their course of interest and also helps them to solve their queries related to subjects.


For PG course -

Job Profile

Job Description

Research Scientist

He/she works in the R&D department in the field.

Research Associate

He/she works in coordination with a senior scientist and helps them in research.

Research Assistant

He/she is at a low job position but helps the scientist in experiments or writing stuff.

Senior Research Fellow

He/she is employed in government institutes and helps senior scientists in research and supervising staff.

Assistant Professor

He/she not only teaches students but also helps in research work.


He/she works in colleges either state or central level.

Science Top Recruiters

Recruiting is the main process for a student to get placed. Each student has their own choice of course and specialization, so the companies would change from student to student. Some of the companies would be –

1)      Google

2)      Yahoo

3)      ISM

4)      Verizon

5)      Infosys

6)      L & T Infotech

7)      SRF Limited

8)      Gharda Chemicals

9)      BAARC

10)  TCS

11)  GAIL

12)  BHEL

13)  Glenmark Pharmaceuticals

14)  Gujarat Fluorochemicals

15)  Cipla

16)  Capgemini

17)  Wipro

18)  Accenture

19)  HCL Technologies

20)  Amazon 

Required Skillset for Sciences

For a student to do a particular course, he/she should have an interest in that course. Some of the skills that student should have are –

1)      Observation Skills

2)      Analytical Skills

3)      Scientific Skills

4)      Experimental Skills

5)      Problem-Solving Skills

6)      Logical Skills

7)      Research Skills 

Course Curriculum for Sciences

Students can do several courses at UG, PG and PhD levels. They can do a degree, diploma, certificate, integrated and vocational courses in science. They also have the option to do these courses as full-time, part-time, distance/correspondence and online programmes.

Some course can be –

1)      Degree Science Courses – This degree can be BSc, BSc (honours) or MSc done at UG and PG levels.

2)      Diploma Science Courses – They are 1-year programmes done at UG or PG level.

3)   Certificate Science Courses – They are certified and are of 4-6 months of course which can be as part-time or full-time.

Students can do courses in many science branches across India. These branches can be –

Mathematics, Biology, Botany, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science, Zoology, Microbiology.

Questions related to Sciences

Showing 108 out of 108 Questions

what is the syllabus for foreign languages

Abir Gayen 5th Feb, 2021

Hi Aspirant,

The Syllabus for BA foreign language is broken into 6 semester.The semester 1 includes syllabus from Grammar Communicative I ,English Language Usage Essentials,World Literature and European Cultural History.Semester 2 includes Seminar (Mandatory) Course Grammar Communicative II ,Introduction to Communication Skills,Individual Society and Nation.Semester 3 includes Respective Language for a Specific Purpose I History of France/ Spain/ Germany / China Problem Solving and Creative Thinking .Semester 4 and 5 includes chapters from French spanish,Professional Communication,Respective language.Spanish,Japanese culture.Semester 6 includes Social Communication.Summer project,Stress etc.

Hope it helps!!


sir , during online documents verification i have submitted my caste certificate but they verified as oc but i come under sc what should i do now?

Manidipa Kundu Student Expert 2nd Feb, 2021


you have to immediately contact with exams control officials regarding this issue. after submitting the caste certificate, you should not recognize as general candidate and it must be solved as early as possible. so contact via phone and email immediately.


while doing constable job in police can we do graduation

Subhrajit Mukherjee 28th Jan, 2021

If you want to do Graduation then you have to do it in Distance. You can opt for IGNOU distance courses which offers great courses. The degree you will earn will be of same value as the regular courses in case of any examination.

I hope my answer helps All the very best for your future endeavors!


solutions definition and its types

Devraj Student Expert 21st Jan, 2021


A solution is a homogenous mixture of solvent and solute molecules. A solution can be liquid, solid or gaseous. Further, a solution can be a mixture of liquids, gases and solids. In some cases, like seawater the solution consist of great many different type of solutes like salts, oxygen and organic molecules.

Types of solution are

Polar and Non polar solution

Acid and basic solution

Hope this information will help you


Can an indian nsg staff quit his job at age 30??

darshita 20th Jan, 2021


According to the Indian nursing council act 1947

Term of office and casual vacancies.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, an elected or nominated member, other

than a nominated President, shall hold office for a term of five years from the date of

his election or nomination or until his successor has been duly elected or nominated,

whichever is longer.

(2) An elected or nominated member may at any time resign his membership by

writing under his hand addressed to the President, and the seat of such member

shall thereupon become vacant.

(3) An elected or nominated member shall be deemed to have vacated his seat if he

is absent without excuse sufficient in the

opinion of the Council from three consecutive meetings of the Council where the

interval between the first and third of the said meetings exceeds six months.

(4) A casual vacancy in the Council shall be filled by fresh election or nomination, as

the case may be, and the person elected or

nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office only for the remainder of the term for

which the member whose place he takes was elected or nominated.

(5) Members of the Council shall be eligible for re-election or renomination.

Hope this helps!!!

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