Degrees offered: B.A., B.O.T., B.Optom, B.Sc., B.Sc.(Hons), B.Voc., D.M.

What is Pathology

Pathology is the study of diseases. The diseases which affect the body, their causes, how did they infect the body and what type of disease is it, acute or chronic?

To find out what type of disease it is, the pathologist needs to study the tissues and body fluids of the body. Pathology has many other branches depending on the research you carry out. The branches may be clinical pathology, anatomical pathology, microbiology, genetics etc. A wide range of career opportunities is also given in this course. One can become a pathology technician, E.C.G. technician, U.S.G. technician, etc. Different subjects one may encounter are microbiology, neuropathy and so on.

Specialisations in pathology field can also be done and a need in today's world. Specialisations like Surgical Pathology, Veterinary Pathology and Medical Microbiology are some of them.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Pathology

This course can be done in Diploma, UG and PG. Each course has different criteria specified for them –

For Diploma –

  • A student should hold a graduation degree in any field including MBBS, B.Sc in Biology, Biotechnology, and Microbiology etc. with minimum qualifying marks.

For Undergraduate courses –

  • A student must have passed 12th or any other competitive exams with compulsory subjects of biology, chemistry and physics.

For Postgraduate courses –

  • A student must have a bachelor's degree in pathology with 55% aggregate marks or a graduate degree in MBBS from a recognised university.

Entrance Exams for Pathology Course

Most of the entrance exams are for PG courses only. The following are the entrance exams –

  • NEET PG- NEET PG is a national-level examination. Qualifying NEET PG makes students eligible for admission in all medical colleges.

  • AIIMS PG- AIIMS PG is a national-level examination that allows students to get admitted to various PG courses at AIIMS colleges across India.

  • JIPMER PG- JIPMER is a state-level examination conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, and is usually conducted online, in the month of June.

  • COMEDK PGET- COMEDK PGET (Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka) is a state-level examination conducted by Karnataka, usually in the month of May.

Scope of Pathology in India and Abroad

A lot of scope lies in this course. After masters, one can also go for specialisation courses. A lot of job designations also wait for master degree holder students. Specialisations can be done in the branches of histopathology and cytopathology. Specialisation makes one hold a higher position in the job.

Pathologist work in 3 categories, namely –

  • Diagnosticians in hospitals

  • Investigators or researchers in laboratories

  • Teachers in college and universities

If you become a clinical pathologist, your work would be to work in laboratories. Work in laboratories and find out the causes of diseases, causes of death and any new disease that has come up and much more.

The aspirants have a wide range of hospitals in which they can work in ranging from government hospitals to private hospitals and also in armed hospitals. Private hospitals like AIIMS, Government hospitals and armed hospitals like National Institute of Health and Armed Forces Institute of Pathology respectively.

If you are a new pathologist, your salary will vary depending on the degree you hold, for getting a higher position and better salary one needs to do specialisation in some of the fields.

Course Fees Pathology

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
20.00 K
B.Sc. in Pathology at CMJ University, Shillong
B.Sc. in Pathology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi
5.89 Lakhs
B.Sc. in Pathology at Manipal College of Health Professions, Manipal
4.80 Lakhs
B.Sc. in Pathology at Dr MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai
10.00 K
P.G.D in Pathology at CMJ University, Shillong
4.03 K
M.D. in Pathology at Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur
1.35 Crores
M.D. in Pathology at Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelambakkam
24.30 Lakhs
M.D. in Pathology at Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalainagar
72.00 K
Ph.D in Pathology at Dr Bhubaneswar Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati
6.78 K
D.M. in Pathology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi
6.00 Lakhs
Ph.D in Pathology at Rama University, Kanpur
2.71 Lakhs
D.M. in Pathology at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai
2.97 K
Diploma in Pathology at Shaheed Udham Singh Polytechnic College, Mohali
Diploma in Pathology at Sri Venkateswara Medical College, Tirupati
49.00 Lakhs
Diploma in Pathology at Smt B K Shah Medical Institute and Research Center, Vadodara
2.65 Lakhs
Diploma in Pathology at Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai

Course Subjects

The common subjects in the Diploma are –

  • Theory and practical training

  • Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology

  • Haematology and Blood banking

  • Clinical and Chemical Pathology

  • Microbiology and Serology

The common subjects in UG are –

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

  • Experimental pathology

  • Mechanism of human disease

  • Techniques for investigation of disease

  • Frontiers in human disease

  • An advanced investigation of human disease

The most common courses in PG/Specialisations are–

  • General Pathology

  • Systemic Pathology

  • Cytopathology

  • Haematology

  • Immunopathology

  • Histopathology

  • Clinical Pathology

  • Anatomical Pathology

  • Forensic Pathology

  • Veterinary Pathology

  • Plant Pathology

  • Molecular Pathology

  • Surgical Pathology 

Careers in Pathology

Once the student has completed masters in this course, there are several job options available. One can earn up to Rs. 3 – Rs. 3.5 lakhs p.a. (approx.), if they get a job in a private hospital. But government hospitals are also no less. One can also work in government hospitals like AIIMS.

You can also start their pathology laboratory. One can also appear for competitive exams. Some of the competitive exams are Combined Medical Service Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, Government of India.

They can also appear for Provincial Civil Service Examination conducted by the Provincial Service Commission. 

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Job Profile in Pathology

Before obtaining any job, he/she should go through the job profile and its description. Here are some of the job profiles and their description –

For students after Diploma –

Job Profile

Job Description

Clinical Pathologist

He examines the body liquid, blood, bone marrow and urine.

Lab Executive

Lab executive takes good care of the lab starting from maintaining the lab instruments, its repair and replacement, performing quality standard tests, troubleshooting procedures, quality, planning operations etc.

Medical Transcriptionist

A Medical Transcriptionist is responsible for recording the physicians and health care experts. Convert their oral work into diagnostic test results, referral letters, etc.

Medical Examiner

A ME(Medical Examiner) is trained in forensic pathology. Performing inspection in organs, autopsies in organs, tissues and body fluid to find the reason for death.

Clinical Manager

He is in charge of the management of clinical, administrative, professional and clerical staff. Recruiting people, appraisals raises, and budgeting, among others, are performed by them.


For students after UG -

Job Profile

Job Description

Data analyst

A data analyst collects information, processes it and performs various statistical tests on the data.

Research Analyst

After the data analyst sends him the report, he prepares an investigative report on it. He performs more research, analyses the data and understands it, after which he presents that data regarding various fields.

Lab Technician

A lab technician takes care of the entire lab. His job includes maintaining the lab, cleanliness of the lab, maintaining the instruments and all the work performed in the labs.


A biochemist studies the reactions going on in the body regarding the DNA, genes etc. Also, the effect of different medicines on the body is studied by them.

Research Scientist

A research scientist collects the information obtained from the laboratory and analyses and designs the information.


For students after PG graduation -

Job Profile


Medical Pathologist

Medical pathologist falls in 2 categories of a clinical or anatomical pathologist. Clinical pathologist examines the body fluids, including urine, blood and bone marrow.

An Anatomical Pathologist analyses those samples which are related to tissue and cells.

These things help in determining the nature and cause of disease.

Medical Examiner/Forensic Pathologist

A ME(Medical Examiner) is tasked with determining the nature of death, whether it is natural, accidental or intentional, is diagnosed by them. 

To find the cause of death, they perform autopsies, examine the injuries and wounds, collect samples and diagnose them in laboratories.

For court orders, they analyse the blood samples and DNA and present the reports.

Veterinary Clinical Pathologist

They perform biopsies and necropsies, help in finding out the cause of death through observation and laboratory analysis, and also advice veterinarians about a new disease that they detect in the sample.

Pathology Professor

They conduct formal seminars for house-staff, medical and undergraduate students teaching them about kidney-related diseases and how to diagnose them.


Pathology Top Recruiters

Pathologists mostly get recruited in hospitals or testing labs. Some of them are –

  • Apollo Hospital

  • National Institute of Health

  • Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

  • Food and Drug Administration

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

  • Dr Lal Path Labs, Intelligence Bureau

  • Central Bureau of Investigation

  • Asian Institute of Medical Sciences

Required Skillset for Pathology

The pathologist should have a skill packed nature for ensuring he/she is working efficiently in the required field. Some of the skills are –

  • Hard-working – The pathologist should work hard in completing the requirements needed. They should be efficient and effective in their work.

  • Good Communication Skills – A pathologist should know how to communicate with the customers to make them feel safe and confident about the tests being conducted.

  • Good Analytical Skills – A pathologist should analyse the samples correctly; a wrong analysis can create huge problems for the patient.

  • Confidence – A pathologist should have confidence in himself, about his decisions.

  • Good Observing Skills – The pathologist should have observing skills that may even help to diagnose the symptom of the patient.

  • Must possess the ability to understand and express their ideas.

Questions related to Pathology

Showing 203 out of 203 Questions

which college is best for forensic pathology in South India?

darshita 17th Feb, 2021


A forensic pathologist must first earn a bachelor's degree, then a medical degree, either an M.D. or D.O. Extensive additional education and training is required, including four to five years of training in anatomic, clinical and/or forensic pathology and a one-year residency or fellowship in forensic pathology.

Top forensic medicine colleges in South Indian states are:

  • Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai
  • Madras Medical College, Chennai
  • Stanley Medical College, Chennai
  • Coimbatore Medical College, Coimbatore
  • Madurai Medical College, Madurai
  • Government Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai
  • ACS Medical College and Hospital, Chennai
  • KAP Viswanatham Government Medical College, Tiruchirapalli
  • Government Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College, Salem
  • Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Kancheepuram
  • Chengalpattu Medical College, Chengalpattu

Hope this helps!!!


mujhe admission karana h honour pathology h

Anirudh Singh 15th Jan, 2021


You can pursue B.Sc (Hons.) in Pathology.

Some of the good institutes that provide this course are:

  • St Johns medical college, Bangalore
  • All India Institute of medical services, New Delhi
  • Armed forces Medical colleges, Pune
  • Himalayan institute of medical sciences, Dehradun
  • Government medical college and hospital, Chandigarh
  • Dr. DY Patil medical college, Navi Mumbai medical college, Navi Mumbai
  • Maharaja Agrasen medical college, Agroha

Eligibility Criteria:

The students who are applying for a Bachelor of Science in Pathology must have 10+2 in physics, chemistry, and biology streams.  A student should have a minimum of 50% aggregate in their 10+2 standard without any backlogs. Candidate should appear in the entrance exam to qualify for getting admission in Bachelor of Science in Pathology.

If you have a further specific query please feel free to comment.

Best of Luck.


can i do pgdiploma in clinical pathology after Doctor ofpharmacy ??

Akshita Gupta 12th Dec, 2020

well yes you can do pg diploma in clinical pathology is just that you need to qualify the eligibility criteria for pursuing Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology.

The minimum eligibility criteria required is-

Candidates need to be completed MBBS or an equivalent degree from a recognized university with at least 55% aggregate marks for getting eligible to apply for Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology course.

Hope this helps!

Good luck!


criteria for the post of lecturer for audiology and speech language pathology

NAINA SHARMA 14th Nov, 2020

Hi Aspirant,

BASLP is a strong career choice for those involved in the fields of speech and audiology. However, the ultimate outcome of BASLP becoming a successful career depends on your perception of the course and the effort you put into it.

Speech-language pathologists require a master of science (M.Sc.) in speech language pathology to practice.

The popular job positions for BASLP graduates are as Audiology Reader, Speech Pathology Reader, Speech Pathologist, Speech Audiologist, Audiometry Technician, Clinical Supervisor, Teacher, Lecturer, Audiologist, etc.

The main criteria for the post of lecturer is that you should have atleast MSc. in the respective course. This will helps you tp get better job opportunities as a lecturer in the required field.

Hope it helps you.

Thank you


what is meant by blood group report from pathology

Siddhi Shenoy 9th Nov, 2020

Hi Ramakrishnaeswar,

A pathology report means a document that contains the reports of the sample being tested for. It is written by a Pathologist who conducts laboratory tests on the sample thereby mentioning it on the  report. The blood report from pathology is nothing but the same report which mentions your blood group which can belong to either A+, A-, o+, O-, AB+ or AB-.

The question have been saved in answer later, you can access it from your profile anytime. Access now

Explore Medical colleges in other popular locations

Download the Careers360 App on your Android phone

Regular exam updates, QnA, Predictors, College Applications & E-books now on your Mobile

Careers360 App
  • 150M+ Students
  • 24,000+ Colleges
  • 500+ Exams
  • 1500+ E-books
  • Economic Times
  • Financial Express
  • Firstpost
  • Livemint