- Fees: ₹ 94,000
What is Pharmacology and Toxicology
Candidates who are interested in pursuing Pharmacology and Toxicology courses will definitely prove beneficial for them. Pharmacology is an extensive medical science field that involves components ranging from biology and chemistry to physiology and toxicology. To make it more clear, pharmacology is the study of positive or therapeutic effects of chemicals, natural products and drugs on humans, toxicology is the study of negative or harmful effects of the same on humans. There is an expansive hint of difference between pharmacology and pharmacy. On the one hand, the course in pharmacy allows an individual to dispense medicinal drugs in prescribed doses to patients in need of it. On the other hand, a degree in pharmacology ensures researching properties on a drug that can act as a remedy to patients suffering from mental as well as physical diseases.
Toxicology tests are run of patients who are struggling with the adverse effects of the medicinal drug in use so that the symptoms can be prevented to an extent. Even toxicology has several sub-disciplines which are as follows - from clinical and forensic toxicology to occupational toxicologists and even risk-assessment toxicologists.
In a nutshell, it can be said that pharmacology is pro-therapeutic and toxicology is anti-therapeutic.
To do specialization in the field of pharmacology and toxicology, candidates need to do a B.Pharm in Pharmacology to take the first step towards their goal. Then, applicants can sit for M.Pharm in Pharmacology entrance tests to get admission and acquire the degree. While B.Pharm in Pharmacology is the under-graduation degree, the M.Pharm in Pharmacology is the post-graduation degree.
If students pursue B.Pharm, then they gather knowledge about core units like - pharmacology, pharmacognosy, pharmaceutical chemistry and ultimately pharmaceutical. Students who are looking forward to having a future in toxicology can opt for M.Sc. Toxicology in their post-graduation period.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Pharmacology and Toxicology
For B.Pharm in Pharmacology (UG degree), the criteria are as follows -
Candidates must have passed their 10+2 exam from science stream.
Candidates’ minimum aggregate percentage should be at least fifty for all general category students while for SC/ST category students, the aggregate should be at least forty per cent.
For M.Pharm in Pharmacology (PG degree), the criteria are as follows -
Candidates must have graduated from any recognized institutions in B.Pharm.
The percentage that should have been obtained during graduation is fifty perfect for general category students and forty-forty five per cent for SC/ST category students.
The type of graduations that need to be completed before a candidate appears for M.Pharm in Pharmacology are mentioned below -
Eligibility criteria for B.Pharm in Toxicology
Eligibility criteria for post-graduation in Toxicology are -
Applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree in the relevant field.
Secondly, they must obtain the cut-off marks set by the college after the completion of their entrance test.
Entrance Exams for Pharmacology and Toxicology
For a UG course’s degree, there are certain state-level entrance tests conducted by the state government. Few of those popular entrance exams’ names for pursuing Pharmacology and Toxicology are -
MHT CET (Maharashtra Health and Technical Common Entrance Test) - This test takes place via online mode for students of science stream with the two subject combinations - PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) and PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Maths).
BHU-B Entrance Test - If a candidate qualifies this test - Banaras Hindu University’s B.Pharm entrance test then of those thirty seats available will be the candidate’s.
Goa Common Entrance Test - GCET is conducted every year as a state-level entrance competition for students who want to pursue either engineering or pharmacy (B.Pharm).
For PG courses’ degree, the institute conducts their entrance exams, be it national level or be it state level. Two of the popular entrance exams are -
GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)- It is a national level entrance test is conducted by two of the most prestigious institutes in India - IISc in Bangalore and the seven IIT’s of this country. Through this exam, you can be eligible to obtain the PG degree in the science of pharmacology.
MU-OET- Manipal University Online Entrance Test is the second most popular entrance exam conducted for admission in this field of science.
For a PG course in Toxicology, that is, a branch of chemical science, candidates need to appear for M.Sc. Toxicology entrance tests.
Few institutes which conduct their separate entrance tests for admission in this course are mentioned below -
Scope of Pharmacology and Toxicology in India and Abroad
There is scope for research and lectureship after getting a degree in pharmacology and toxicology. Students belonging to this arena of medical science get the opportunity to sharpen their research skills by working in esteemed medical institutes like - AIIMA, PGIMER and JIPMER.
Candidates can also be a significant part of a new and fast-growing discipline called - environmental toxicology. The main aim should be to conduct effective drug trials on living organisms, that is, to monitor the dose of drugs that will be safe when taken. The career scope in toxicology is equally important.
Without having toxicologists employed in leading medical institutions, the harmful effects of a particular drug will never be determined. There are drugs when taken in a dose that is more than the prescribed one can poison the individual.
Course Fees Pharmacology and Toxicology
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Few subjects included in all the semesters of B.Pharm in Pharmacology are listed below -
Few subjects included in all the semesters of M.Sc. In Toxicology are listed below -
Principles of Toxicology
Molecular and Immune Toxicology
Toxicology of Heavy Metals
Applied and Analytical Toxicology
Pesticides and Insecticides Toxicology
Biochemistry and Biochemical Toxicology
Biostatics and Bioinformatics
Careers in Pharmacology and Toxicology
Qualified pharmacologists and toxicologists have myriad opportunities waiting at the threshold of their professional career. From being a researcher to a physician or an administrator - the list is expansive.
Qualified students in these fields can also go on to become a successful area and production manager and sometimes even a medical representative.
There are international forums that elaborate on the current and upcoming topics based on the science of pharmacology and toxicology in both India and abroad. There are surveys conducted in clinical pharmacology fields. From the information gathered based on pharmaceutical science, the current topics are as follows -
Molecular and Biochemical Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacogenetics
The field of study in therapeutic properties of a drug is called Pharmacology, and anti-therapeutic properties of a drug are called toxicology has garnered several recent major developments. Those developments are -
Therapies based on gene, cell, protein
Nomenclature and administered routes of drugs
Drug mechanisms and metabolisms
Interactions between one drug and another drug
Pharmacovigilance and pharmacoepidemiology
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Job Profiles for Pharmacology and Toxicology Experts
Job descriptions for Pharmacology and Toxicology passed out students -
A pharmacologist is a type of medical scientist. He/she is actively involved in drug trials so that certain guidelines for the dosage of drugs can be determined. Usually, clinical pharmacologists specialize in all pharmaceutical drug expeditions.
Associate Clinical Researcher
A clinical associate researcher’s main job is data collection and organization. They are responsible for the coordination and processing of results obtained from the various drug testings in fields related to both pharmaceuticals and biotechnology.
A biomedical scientist conducts scientific exams on samples of fluids and human tissues, but they don’t diagnose or treat physical and mental ailments like clinicians do. They assist a clinician but never take over a clinician’s job.
Analytical chemists play a pivotal role in drug development. Right from the chemical nature of the substance to how it will impact organisms, an analytical chemist does all the investigation single-handed.
A research scientist conducts various experiments time and again to find out a drug method that treats an ailment more effectively than the previous one.
From under-graduate level to post-graduate level, a lecturer is responsible for paving the future of all students pursuing a degree in pharmacology and toxicology. They voluntarily assist research students in their dissertation submission during PhD/M.Phil.
A toxicologist usually deals with the impact of drugs on living organisms - humans and animals.
A food scientist’s main focus is to improvise the food processes by keeping the safety of people in mind.
Top Recruiters in Pharmacology and Toxicology
In this branch of medical science, the top recruiting areas are as follows -
2. Government Hospitals
3. Research Organizations
4. Drugs and Pharmaceutical Boards of Different States
5. Apollo Pharmacy and Other Medical Shop Chains
In this branch of medical science, the top recruiting companies are as follows -
1. SUN pharmaceuticals
3. Abbott India
5. Jamia Hamdard
6. Food Corporation of India
7. Syngene International
8. Johnson and Johnson
9. CRO Hyderabad
Average Salary per Annum
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Required Skillset for Pharmacology and Toxicology
The following type of candidates should opt for Pharmacology and Toxicology-
Students who have a profound interest in laboratory-based research on pharmaceuticals.
Students who have an aptitude for practical and hands-on analytical laboratory-based work.
Students who have the inclination to be a part of the discovery of new potential, powerful drugs to help patients suffering from various diseases.
Students who can engage in the technicalities of production of new drugs.
Students who want to pursue a postgraduate degree in toxicology need the following honed skills - excellent coordination of hand and eye, impeccable analytic skill, profound information and knowledge about calculus, special interest in statistics and study of the environment.
Course Curriculum for Pharmacology and Toxicology
B.Pharm in Pharmacology is a four-year under-graduation course that consists of eight semesters - two semesters every year. This course teaches students about the chemical properties, biological properties and positive effects of drugs.
M.Pharm in Pharmacology is a two-year post-graduation course whose examination type is based on the semester system. There are four semesters in total - two-semester taking place each year. Candidates’ preferred branch of study gets the priority in the final semester of this course.
M.Sc. In Toxicology is a two-year-long post-graduation course that functions around a semester system of knowledge evaluation. Students who take up this degree course get to know all about how to diagnose and treat those human beings and animals who are suffering from chemical poisoning. In short, this course aims to make the students aware of the harmful or adverse effects of drugs on living organisms.
Popular Pharmacology and Toxicology Entrance Exams in India
Popular Pharmacology and Toxicology Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What are the average fees that need to pay for the entire duration of UG and PG degrees on Pharmacology and Toxicology?
The average course fees for B.Pharm in Pharmacology is somewhere between Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 8,00,000. The average course fees for M.Pharm in Pharmacology is somewhere between Rs. 90,000 to Rs. 6,00,000. The average course fees for M.Sc. In Toxicology is somewhere between Rs. 6,500 to Rs. 9,00,000.
Question: Are Pharmacology and Toxicology good fields of study?
Pharmacology and toxicology are fields that sum up a huge range of drug interactions and effects in great depth. So, this course is perfect for those students who have an analytic mind and are keen to make discoveries by experimenting and observing everything around them.
Question: Is Pharmacology difficult to study?
Yes, it is indeed very tough to comprehend and remember the overwhelming or intimidating amount of information that is fed to the brain of the students. From learning about the effects of toxins to an interaction between chemicals or drugs, the course is not easy. It is as hard as learning any new subject is.
Question: Can toxicologists be called scientists?
Yes, toxicologists can be scientists as they utilize various scientific methods and analytical techniques to assess the harmful effects of toxins on living organisms. There are different fields of scientific toxicology, including forensic and occupational toxicology.
Question: What are the few ways to make the studying of Pharmacology less intimidating?
There are six unique yet simple ways to make the process or journey of actively studying Pharmacology less intimidating than it appears to be. Those six methods are-
Create your strategy to learn everything and practice it regularly (mnemonics).
Organize the different class of drugs into separate categories and then learn.
Use flashcards during memorizing.
Find the link between one topic and another.
Figure out the ‘why’ of drug use so that you can learn its impact in a better way.
Understand the power of visual aids to learn anything.