A Knitwear design course deals with wools, yarns and other materials needed for making final knitted apparel. They learn how to use technology, machines and tools in producing specific designs and garments. The Knitwear Design course stresses on acquiring skills and knowledge about pattern innovation, sewing and knitting, making full-length apparel and illustrating fashion trends via media.
Moreover, as technology is changing the game for every industry, including fashion and Knitwear. 3D Printing, virtual fashion and new kinds of fabric- the challenge has changed for all in the fashion industry. A more updated, curious to learn and high-spirited designer would only be able to make a mark in this dynamic and exciting career field, by spinning some creative wool and weaving innovative yarns.
Fashion designing is a skill-based course and so is one of its branches of Knitwear design. It is an established field of designing at graduation and post-graduation level. It is comparatively a newer domain of study which focuses on knitted apparel. Now, knitted clothes do not restrict itself to woollen clothing, but also includes – sportswear and intimate clothing.
To appear for the entrance examination for designing aspirants must qualify the following criteria for admissibility:
Criteria for undergraduate courses:
The candidate must have cleared 10+2 exam from a recognized national board, i.e. ISC, CBSE or any state board examination.
The aspirant must have a mark sheet and pass certificate of 10+2 and should have scored a minimum percentage of 50% if he/she belongs to the general category. The cut off for students belonging to SC/ST/OBC category is 45%.
The applicant can belong to any stream – Science, Commerce or Humanities.
The entrant must be below 23 years of age. There is relaxation of 5years on the upper limit of age for Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe, Person with a disability.
Criteria for post-graduate courses:
There is no age limit to pursue Masters in Design
The aspirant must have an undergraduate degree in any discipline from a recognized college/ university
Entrance Exam for Knitwear Design
To get admitted in a fashion designing college for a degree in Knitwear design, one must appear for its entrance exam. Apart from the offline examination, an interview is also conducted, post that. A few of them are mentioned below.
National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Exam- National Institute of Fashion Technology conducts this exam to offer students a degree in designing. It has 16 campuses in India, with headquarters at New Delhi. Around 23000 students appear for the test every year. The exam has two folds – CAT (Creative Ability Test), GAT (General Aptitude Test) for 3 and 2 hours respectively, in offline mode.
National Institute of Design: Design Aptitude Test (NID DAT) Exam- This exam is organized by the National Institute of Design. It is an offline test of 3 hours. There are two phases of the test – Preliminary exam and on qualifying that the aspirant has to appear for the Main Exam. Around 20000- 25000 students appear for this exam every year. But as the number of seats is limited to 125, the competition is a tough one. There are 7 campuses of NID in the nation, NID Ahmedabad being the best.
The Knitwear industry is composed of a promising future, reinforced with new-age technology, talented Knitwear designers and lots of creativity.
Students belonging in this domain have a wide range of career opportunities in Textile and Knit industry, handloom and handicrafts organizations, NGOs, design studios, export houses and mills.
With the boom in online shopping, the scope for designers is only opening more opportunities as buyers and sellers and merchandisers.
During the 4years of graduation, students are exposed to the education and talent of professional designers and teachers. They learn and enhance their creative vision, technical skills with flat knits, circular knits and computerized knitting.
They acquire the wisdom to work for all categories of Knitwear apparel be it, menswear, women's wear, kids wear, sportswear, leisurewear, winter wear and intimate wear.
They grasp the knowledge of what and which resource is required to knit a fine garment as per needed by the client. The placements at fashion schools are mostly done in private companies, MNCs and startups.
In their last year, the student has to even do an internship and work on a project assigned. Some subject papers studied by students are:
Bachelor of Design (Knitwear)
Fashion Art and Illustration
Basic weaving and hand knitting
Draping and construction
Computerized flat knitting
Advanced knitting technology
Patternmaking for knits
Knitwear production and planning
Trends and forecasting
Merchandising and Marketing
Master of Design (Knitwear)
Woven Fabric Structure
History of Art
Digital Presentation Technique
Portfolio and Design collection
Advanced computer-aided design
As a Knitwear designer, they knit some clothing with not only yarns and wools but with practical usage of innovative machines. They either start their labels or are employed by large commercial brands or some e-commerce outlet.
They generally design attires, style them, mediating between buyers and sellers; or conducting workshops and taking classes related to Knitwear designing.
The times have also changed from sketch pads to shopping carts everything has been digitized. It does displace many job avenues only to create newer job roles with different kind of opportunities. This upgradation to technology makes manufacturing rapid, inventory is managed efficiently and a wider scope of selling items online.
The prospect of this discipline is broad, and many opportunities are lined up because much is left to be explored. Knitwear is not only limited now to winter wear for men, but all age and size, as the fashion industry is booming in this current time, considering it has become more accessible.
Knitwear Design Job Profiles
Knitwear designing is a field of creativity, and so are the various job profiles. It is a study which is less explored and has a huge potential. Their responsibilities are examining styles in colours and fitting, draw patterns based on research, choose variable tools, colours, and yarns, customize according to the client and design the final apparel.
They plan and produce products of clothing with specific yarns and wools, as per needed. Some of the job profiles are mentioned below:
They research the current style in fashion and sketch designs and patterns for the same. Choose the yarn, the colour pattern and create a sample.
They study and explore past trends and try to see what will work in the near future, based on the information. This report is then passed on to the buyers.
They craft 2D (dimensional) designs to be used on repeat in printed fabric and textile.
They study, examine and anticipate future trends, based on past consumer data
They choose the accessories and clothing for celebrities and models for various publishing houses and events.
They style and make actors visually fascinating. Their job is to tailor them according to the scene in the film, belonging to the time and mood among others to be portrayed
Buyers gather all information about records about past trends. Then the buyer opts for the product, colour, and style, to be purchased from the seller, at a reasonable price.
Quality Controllers for fabric
They assure the worthiness of the garment from testing the raw materials used to scrutinizing the finished product before selling
Knitwear Design: Top Recruiters
Placements of Knitwear designers are mainly in leading top fashion brands, e-commerce, startups, NGOs both in the country and abroad. The start for any newbie is tough, but with experience and exposure, one can make a niche in this industry. Some top recruiting companies are:
United Colors of Benetton
Marks & Spencer
Artistic Ability – The knack of drawing and sketching and being able to paint your thoughts on paper helps a Knitwear designer over the entire course. The capability to envision and able to construct from fragments of thoughts of familiarity.
Creative and Innovative imagination - The talent to develop a creative, unique personal style from concepts and ideas from own experiences and some adopted ones, only to reinvent differently.
An eye for detail- Proficiency in the ability to observe minute details and exploring those specific items to be enhanced or removed, as per requirement. To sell a custom wear every thread, stitch, pleat, the knot must be spot on.
Interest in fashion trends – If new fashion appeals to one like – the way it is styled, accessorized, the fabric used, the embroidery, and the unique bling. and you keep a tap on what is trending in the fashion industry.
Knowledge of colour – The expertise of knowing which colour goes with what, the different shades and the tone of the colour is essential. Also, what fabric or wool to be used for best quality work.
Good communication skills- The world of fashion is based on collaborations and interpersonal communication skills. The need to converse with buyers, sellers, team members, clients or other designers to build a relationship of trust and business. To negotiate with manufacturers and pitch your ideas to the masses and potential customers, one needs to communicate well.
The curriculum of Knitwear designing is devised in such a manner so that the students can produce a pod of well patterned, finished attire.
For that, students must gain complete fundamental education in Knitwear designing and the skills to produce exceptional intricate work. The prospectus of this course aims:
To comprehend the fashion industry and its subdivided fields
To recognize and develop the process of designing through hit and trial application of ideas
To apprehend the production of Knitwear and the requirement for cost-effective and efficient manufacturing rate.
To be able to identify different fibre, yarns, fabric and processing devices to be used
To familiarize and utilize researched data as reference for fashion trends in the market and apply skills to forecast
To be aware of global and cultural influences on fashion and develop skills in visual analysis.
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