B.Sc (Bachelor of Science)
What is B.Sc?
Bachelor of Science, popularly known as B.Sc, is an undergraduate degree program specialising in science subjects. A Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) degree is mainly awarded to students in the areas of Natural Sciences and Mathematics but many institutes also award the degree in non science courses like Business & Management, Engineering, Economics and Information Technology. The B.Sc degree course is offered in yearly as well as semester pattern and is typically of 3 year duration. A B.Sc degree is the first step and foundation course for students having interest in science and aspire to make a career in science and its allied subjects.
It is one of the most popular course choices among Science students after Class 12. Some of the popular B.Sc courses that students usually choose to pursue after Class 12 are B.Sc Physics, B.Sc Computer Science, B.Sc Chemistry, B.Sc Biology, B.Sc Mathematics among others.
B.Sc Course Overview
Name of Program
Bachelor of Science
Level of Program
|Eligibility||Class 12 Pass|
Entrance Exam/ Merit of Class 12 Marks
Natural Science, Mathematics, Information Technology etc.
Mode of Study
Type of Course
Honours and General
Cycle of Study
Types of B.Sc
A bachelor's degree in science or B.Sc is of two types depending up on the mode of study
A regular B.Sc degree is the one where candidates have to visit the college regularly and a certain minimum percentage of attendance is compulsory.
However, students who can’t go for the college on a regular basis due to some reasons can enroll for a B.Sc correspondence program where there is no boundation for attending the college. Students have to visit the college only at the time of practicals and theory examination.
Also, depending on the the specialisation, a B.Sc degree is also divided into two major types namely
B.Sc Pass/ B.Sc General
A B.Sc honours degree is a program which develops advanced theoretical and research skills leading to specialization in one of the subjects studied during the entire degree course. The honours programs are taken by students who wish to pursue Master of Science (M.Sc) or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) and a research or academic career. For example, B.Sc Botany, B.Sc Zoology, B.Sc Biotechnology etc.
A B.Sc general or B.Sc pass or simply "B.Sc" is an academic degree designed to provide the students with foundation knowledge possible for a science-based career. For example, B.Sc Biology, B.Sc Physics, B.Sc Chemistry.
Students seeking admission in B.Sc degree are required to fulfill some basic requirements before they get admission in any institutes. The requirements are listed below
Students need to have passed/studying in class 12 or its equivalent exam from any recognised institution.
Some institutions also have restrictions on minimum percentage requirements ranging from 50 to 60% while many institutes require just a pass class in class 12.
There is no restriction on age but a few institutions also have eligibility conditions for age.
Students belonging to reserved category are provided with relaxations in percentage and age.
Beside the above mentioned basic requirements, there are course specific requirements. For example, students seeking admission in B.Sc Biology/Biotechnology must have studied Biology as one of the subjects in class 12. Similarly for admission in B.Sc Mathematics, students need to have Mathematics as one of the subjects in class 12. There are also some B.Sc courses which are open to all science and Mathematics candidates irrespective of their subjects like B.Sc in economics or management. Students can check the requirement for admission of any specific institute from its admission portal.
There are some specifically designed courses as per the requirement in certain fields like B.Sc Geology, B.Sc in Marine Biology. Admission in these courses are based on strict medical requirements beside academic and age eligibility conditions.
Admission in B.Sc course is offered through entrance exams conducted by the concerned institutes/university. There are also some entrance exams which are conducted collectively to offer admission in a large number of institutes like CUCET conducted for admission in 14 central universities. Some institutes also offer admission on the basis of marks obtained in class 12 and do not conduct any entrance exam. Delhi University admits students in B.Sc programs in all its affiliating colleges through merit based on marks in class 12.
Top B.Sc Exams
Admissions in popular institutes and universities are done through entrance examination. Some of the popular entrance exams are
Central Universities Common Entrance Test (CUCET) for admission to 14 participating central universities.
ICAR - AIEEA UG for admission to 63 State Agricultural, Veterinary, Horticultural and Fisheries Universities, 4 ICAR-DUs, viz. IARI, IVRI, NDRI and CIFE, 3 Central Agricultural Universities (CAU, Imphal, Dr. RPCAU, Pusa and RLBCAU, Jhansi), 4 Central Universities (CUs) having Faculty of Agriculture (BHU, AMU, Viswa Bharati and Nagaland University).
TIFR GS for admission in B.Sc course in Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
IISER Aptitude Test for admission in five year integrated course in seven participating IISER
AMU Entrance Examination for admission in B.Sc
Bachelor of Science course is offered in several disciplines in various subjects which includes Biology, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Statistics, Marine Biology , Biotechnology and many others. Students also have the option of taking admission in a plain or honours course depending upon the choice and availability in the institute. A list of popular B.Sc course is given here
B.Sc Marine Biology
B.Sc Computer Science
B.Sc in Zoology
B.Sc in Statistics
The syllabus or course curriculum for a B.Sc program is designed in a way to make students aware of the basic and fundamental knowledge of the subject. Students have to study several subjects in their 3 year program divided into semesters or years depending on the institute. Students are provided here curriculum of some popular B.Sc course
B.Sc Physics Course Curriculum
B.Sc Physics Curriculum
Waves and Optics
Electricity and Magnetism
Technical Writing & Communication in English
Digital Systems and Applications
Oscillations & Waves
Microprocessors & Computer Programming
Mathematical Analysis & Statistics
Quantum Mechanics and Applications
Atomic and Molecular Physics
Nuclear & Particle Physics
Solid State Physics
Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics
Mechanics and Wave Motion
Analog Systems and Applications
Elements of Modern Physics
B.Sc Mathematics Course Curriculum
B.Sc Mathematics Curriculum
Basic Statistics & Probability
Analytical Solid Geometry
Data Structures and Operating Systems
Sequences & Series of Real Numbers
Ring Theory and Linear Algebra
Theory of Real Functions
Linear Programming & Its Applications
B.Sc Chemistry Course Curriculum
Chemistry of Noble Gasses
Mechanism of Organic Reactions
Structure and Bonding
Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds
Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Arenes and Aromaticity
Alkenes, Cycloalkenes, Dienes and Alkynes
Alkyl and Aryl Halides
Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis
B.Sc Computer Science Course Curriculum
B.Sc Computer Science Curriculum
Introduction to Database Management Systems
Fundamentals of Computer Organization & Embedded System
Introduction to C
Introduction to Programming using Python
Introduction to Number System and Codes
Introduction to Programming Concepts
Advanced Programming using Python
Introduction of Windows, Features, Application
Database Management Systems
Design and Analysis of Algorithms
Theory of Computation
Data Communication & Networking
Networking & Security
Principles of Web Design and Web Technologies & Dot Net Technologies
B.Sc Salary in India
The salary, perks and allowance for B.Sc graduates varies as per the specialization in which they have done their course. A B.Sc Biochemistry graduate working in any laboratory can earn somewhere between 30,000 to 50,000 per month. Similarly, a B.Sc Computer Science or Geology graduate can earn around 50,000 per month in any reputed firm. The salary is largely dependent on the institute from which course has been done and one’s personal knowledge about subject matter and the grades.
Scope of B.Sc
Students who have completed their B.Sc program have a plethora of opportunities. They can either continue with doing M.Sc, Phd or can go for a job in the public sector or in any private industry. Students interested in higher studies and research can go with JAM or GATE after which they will be provided stipend for their further studies. B.Sc graduates can also try their hands in many government jobs like in ONGC, BHEL or Banking, SSC CGL etc.
Careers Opportunities after B.Sc
B.Sc graduates can find jobs in various sectors depending on their respective subjects. Many fields like educational institutes, healthcare industry, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology industry, chemical industry, research firms, testing laboratories, wastewater plants, oil industry etc. offer jobs to B.Sc graduates. Students are provided details about some of the job profiles which can be taken after completing the B.Sc degree
Teaching: Students having bachelor degrees in Science are recruited for the post of teachers by many schools and colleges. A Science teacher with a B.Sc degree teaches the basic science to elementary level up to class 8 or 10. The science teachers are also involved in the preparation of lesson plans, evaluating student performances and teaching through lectures and technology.
Scientific Assistant: A scientific assistant is a professional involved in any research project undertaken by a research scientist. Scientific assistant is a very attractive job with the opportunity to explore new technology and inventions being undertaken in a project. Students are also paid a good stipend/salary while working as a research assistant and also have the opportunity to work fulltime as a teaching or research assistant.
Technical Writer: A technical content writer or simply a technical writer writes content like instruction manuals and other supporting documents to communicate technical information easily. For example, the process and methodology involved in installing a new software or a machine is written by a technical writer.
Lab Chemist: Students having a B.Sc biochemistry degree have this excellent opportunity to try their hands in chemicals. A lab chemist is involved in mixing and preparing new chemicals required for the purpose of research.
Lab Supervisor: The laboratory of chemicals is a highly sophisticated workplace which requires a deep understanding of chemicals. These labs require supervision and science graduates in Chemistry/Biochemistry are recruited for this task.
Pharmaceutical Company: Candidates with B.Sc degree in Chemistry,Biology, Biochemistry and allied subjects are recruited by pharmaceutical companies. Such professionals are involved in various tasks ranging from research and development, manufacturing, sampling, testing etc.
Top B.Sc College
The selection of college and courses is very crucial in the life of a student. Students mostly prefer to get admission in the college and course situated near to their place but may have to sometimes go to different cities for pursuing their preferred degree program. Students are provided here some of the popular institutes where they can opt for B.Sc degree
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - B.Sc (Bachelor of Science)
Question: What is the criteria for admission in B.Sc?
Admission in B.Sc course is done through entrance examination in some colleges whereas many colleges offer admission on the basis of marks in class 12.
Question: What is the job prospect after B.Sc?
Students having B.Sc degree can get jobs in various fields lik teaching, technical content writing, research assistant in institutes and laboratories beside government jobs in ONGC, banking etc.
Question: Will I get a government job after doing B.Sc?
Job in government sector is through entrance examination conducted by respective authorities. As a B.Sc graduate, you become eligible to apply for jobs which require the eligibility criteria of B.Sc. Rest is dependent on qualifying the exam.
Question: Which is the best college for B.Sc?
There are many colleges which are best for some programs and other best for some other programs. Students have to select their preferred choice of course and look for the best available option to them.