Comparative Law

Comparative Law

Degrees offered: L.L.M, M.Phil.

What is Comparative Law

Comparative Law is a specialization under the international law course and candidates taking this program receive training and education required to possess immense knowledge in International Law. Their job is to compare and highlight the laws of several other lands, with an international perspective wherein candidates experience multiple legislatures. Candidates under this program gain their perspectives on several modern-day issues. In this process, they gain insight into several multicultural legislatures with different laws for jurisdiction.

Candidates studying Comparative Law course specialize in areas that include contracts, public laws, and criminal laws, with modules like free trade, criminology, multinational corporations, environment laws, healthcare laws, and employment. The course includes worldwide perspectives of different legislatures. Thus, candidates, after pursuing the same, find opportunities in international organizations, as government officials overseeing the legal interests of the country, or in mediations. Several candidates, with gaining expertise in the field of multinational legal issues, go on to be judges in International arenas. Several corporate sectors hire Comparative Law graduates to handle their global business deals. Candidates also pursue higher studies after completing a Comparative Law course to become professors at the college level.

Comparative Law Course Highlights


Undergraduate Level

Post-Graduate Level


LLB in Comparative Law

LLM in International and Comparative Law

BA in International and Comparative Law

LLM in Comparative Law

Bachelors in International and Translational Laws

LLM in Comparative and European Private Law

B. Com in Comparative Law

Diploma in Humanitarian and Comparative Law

Minimum Duration

3 years

1 year

Maximum Duration

5 years

2 years

Minimum Fees

Rs 8000

Rs 5000

Maximum Fees

Rs 1,50,000

Rs. 1,00,000

Available jobs

International lawyer, Corporate Lawyer, Diplomat, Ambassador, Policy Advisor, Mediator

International lawyer, Diplomat, Corporate Lawyer Policy Advisor, Ambassador,  Mediator, Professor in colleges, Judge

Minimum Salary

Rs 1 Lakh p.a. 

Rs 15 Lakh p.a.

Maximum Salary

Rs 50 Lakh p.a.

Rs 70 Lakh p.a.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Comparative Law

The criteria for eligibility in the Bachelor’s level, Master's level, and Diploma vary a lot. The details of each have been stated below:

For the Bachelor’s level:

i.   Candidates pursuing Comparative Law after the 12th Standard need to pursue courses like B. Sc LLB or B. Com LLB, or BA LLB.

a.   For pursuing the above courses, a minimum of 45% marks should be secured in the school-leaving examination.

b.  Also, candidates should be qualifying from a recognized board in India.

ii.   For simple LLB in Comparative Law, the course can be pursued after completing graduation in any course or stream from a recognized college or university.

iii.   Candidates pursuing simple LLB in Comparative Law for 3 years after graduation have to clear an entrance test and take admission in any Law School.

iv.   No age limit exists for candidates to pursue a Comparative Law course.

For the Master’s Level:

i.   Candidates will be eligible for pursuing any Master’s level course in Comparative Law after completing a 3 to 5 year long LLB in International Law or LLB in International and Comparative Law.

ii.  Candidates need to have secured a minimum of 45% aggregate marks (50% for candidates belonging to SC/ST) from a recognized university in their LLB course.

iii.  Candidates in the final year of their LLB Course can also apply to LLM in Comparative Law course.

For a Diploma in Comparative Law:

  1. Candidates need to have completed their graduation from a recognized university or college.

  2. Applicants in their final year of the course can also apply for the Diploma.

  3. Candidates who have completed their 3-5 year long LLB in any program can apply for a Diploma in Diploma in Humanitarian and Comparative Law.

Comparative Law Entrance Exams

The majority of colleges take admission based on the merit of a candidate. But some colleges take an individual Admission Test or based upon the performance of a candidate in any national-level Law Entrance Exam. Some law entrance exams are given below:

i.    CLAT - Common Law Admission Test.

ii.    AILET - All India Law Entrance Test.

iii.   LSAT- Law School Admission Test.

iv.   MH CET Law

v.    CULEE (Christ University Entrance Exam)

vi.   UPES Law Studies Aptitude Test.

vii.    AP LAWCET and AP PGLCET.

viii.   TS LAWCET and TS PGLCET.

ix.     Kerala LLB Test.

x.      BVP CET Law.

xi.     Army Institute of Law Entrance Test

xii.    DU LLB Entrance Test

xiii.    LFAT

xiv.   BHU UET(Law)

xv.    IPU CET(LAW)

xvi.   KIITEE(LAW)

The admission to LLB is based either on Merit-based or through an Entrance Test.

Several steps are involved in the Comparative Law course admission procedure. The steps are similar for the majority of colleges across India, except for a few. The general Admission procedure is mentioned as follows:

i.  Aspiring students should have completed their school-leaving examinations from any recognized board of India.

ii.  A merit list based on the performance/marks of the candidates is released by the college. Students need to score above the cut-off marks to have their names on the Merit list. The college or university might release several Merit Lists, and students should wait till the release of the final one.

iii. Students need to finish the process within the prescribed time limit. Applicants pursuing after the last dates are mostly declined.

Scope of Comparative Law in India and Abroad

Comparative Law includes the study of several legal systems at the international levels. Candidates completing the program work as lawyers, government administrators, and business consultants.

These graduates use their knowledge regarding the global procedures of the legislature and may work in several private firms. Comparative law graduates are capable of pursuing any job that requires domestic and international legal systems. They will also be able to pursue a job in the fields of human rights initiatives, international aids, and refugee outreach programs.  

Opportunities for Comparative Law graduates involve Government agencies like the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Department of Defense. The listings of a few job titles which can be pursued under the above agencies include:

  1. Business Tax Lawyer.

  2. International Business Lawyer.

  3. Foreign Exchange Consultant.

     4. Immigration Attorney. 

Course Fees Comparative Law

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
62.00 K
L.L.M in Comparative Law at Shri Ramswaroop Memorial University, Barabanki
Data not available
82.00 K
L.L.M in Comparative Law at Mody University of Science and Technology, Lakshmangarh
Data not available

Course Subjects

The Bachelor’s level study of Comparative Law subjects includes:

i.   Labor Law

ii.  Family Law

iii.   Law of tort and Consumer Protection Act

iv.   Professional Ethics

v.   Women and Law

vi.   Crime

vii.   Constitutional Laws.

viii.   Property law

ix.  Transfer of Property Act

x.   Law of Evidence

xi.   Jurisprudence.

xii.   Arbitration, Conciliation, and Alternative.

xiii.   Environment Law.

xiv.   Human Rights and International Law

xv.    International Economics Law.

xvi.    Company law

xvii.   Code of Criminal Procedure

xviii.   Interpretation of Status

xix.    Civil Procedure Code

xx. Legal writing

xxi. Practical Training

The Master’s level study of Comparative Law subjects includes:

i.     Comparative Public Law

ii.    International Organizations

iii.   Legal method and Research methodology.

iv.  International Courts and Tribunals.

v.   International Law and Relations: Trends and Development.

vi.  Law and Justice in International World

vii.  International Human Rights and Humanitarian Laws.

viii.  Laws of Air, Sea, and Space.

ix.   International Dispute Resolution body

x.   Research Project.

Careers in Comparative Law

In order to enjoy a successful career in the field of law, one not only needs to develop an in-depth understanding of the law but also its practical applications. Employment opportunities are available in multiple institutions including private law firms, corporate companies, public sector entities, and international agencies. In order to establish the private practice in Comparative Law, one must first gain experience in a law firm or under experienced lawyers. This will help one acquire the necessary skills. The career prospects as a comparative law expert are quite attractive with excellent job security and handsome pay packages.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Comparative Law Job Profiles 


Job Profile

Job Description


Government Lawyer

They assist the government in the legal aspects, and with formulating, applying, and regulating.


Legal Associate

They are responsible for coordinating with a company’s clients to understand the legal requirements, and thus formulate them. Their position is mostly under a firm or another lawyer.


Law Officer

They are responsible for regulating the legal aspects of an organization. They also keep the organization away from legal trouble.


Corporate Lawyer

Corporate lawyers are experts in the commercial fields. They are responsible for ensuring safe transactions for the company and that it complies with corporate laws and regulations.



Lecturers or professors generate and take to cover the Comparative law course syllabus in a college or a university.


Legal Administrator

They help other lawyers in the documentation process as well as other activities, including the case or a client.


Legal Advisor

Legal Advisors generate and present the content in large forums to inform the internal and external clients as well as other consultants on several legal issues.


Legal Counsel

The job of a Legal Counsel is to guide some significant figures of the company regarding several legal terms and conditions to assist them in saving the company from any legal damage.

Comparative law Internships are generally provided by the Training and Placement cells of the colleges and students taking them to learn a lot about the practical applications of the course.

Comparative Law Top Recruiters

The top recruiters include:

  • Government Offices
  • Academics Research Centres
  • Law Colleges
  • Courts
  • Corporate Law Firms
  • World Bank
  • United Nations
  • International Monetary Fund
  • World Trade Organization, and many more.

Required Skillset for Comparative Law

There isn’t any set of rules to have any skill possessed, but here is a list of some which might prove essential while pursuing a Comparative Law course.

i.   Thirst for knowledge: Comparative Law consists of a variety of subjects that affect every aspect of our life.  Candidates pursuing the same can be fascinated if they have interests in understanding how the world works. Law is often perceived as a dull stream, but aspirants who have a thirst for knowledge about the world can easily be intrigued.

ii.  Communication Skills: A satisfactory knowledge of proper verbal, as well as communication skills, is the basic requirement of Comparative Law aspirants, which will be assessed during the course via various examinations or course works. Participation in group discussions, presentations, and willingness to work for these are also required. Candidates need to be clear and logical in a persuasive manner while writing or during verbal communication.

iii.  Teamwork: The skills for working independently as well as in a team are extremely necessary for pursuing Comparative Law. Universities help in a great way to meet different people from various backgrounds. The curriculum of the course might require students to work in small or larger groups with classmates. In the task, candidates should be able to contribute affirmatively for the achievement of its objective.

iv.  Independent work: As stated earlier, candidates should be capable of learning independently, as well. In college or a university, students have tutors to guide the course. But, in the job sector, most candidates don't have a mentor to guide them throughout. Thus, being able to work independently is an absolute necessity. Candidates should motivate themselves to take initiatives, for planning and meeting their deadlines.

v.   Commercial awareness: Candidates aspiring Comparative Law have a diverse range of career options. Joining the legal sector, becoming a Professor of Law, or turning into a whole other region, each of these are career prospects of Comparative Law. Employers, nowadays, are looking for graduates who have commercial awareness. Even the law firms have become like any other business firms who base their activities on attracting clients and try retaining them to make profits. Graduates who understand the working of a business, the competition faced, capable of innovating, and can spot new ventures in the market are treasured by the employers.

Course Curriculum for Comparative Law

The course curriculum for comparative law is designed to enable the law students acquire knowledge regarding all essential aspects of practical applications of the law. During the course, students will be studying various relevant laws and their applications in practical situations. Coursework for comparative law is made up of classroom sessions, mock trials, workshops, seminars, internships, case studies and project work. Students will be expected to understand and appreciate the implications of various laws during the tenure of the course. While the specific subjects might vary according to the college or level of specialisation, the overall essence of the course remains unchanged. 

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