What is Consumer Law
Consumer law is a law specialisation which deals with the interests of the consumers or the public all-together. Consumer law makes sure that consumers are not exploited in the corporate sector. It makes laws which protect the consumers or the public against unfair practices and exploitation. Consumer law is that area of law which gives protection to consumers when they go out to buy products or services. They protect these consumers or the public against the frauds or mis-selling of these products or services. Ensure that the rules and regulations laid down by this law are met and followed.
This course can be pursued at an Undergraduate and Postgraduate level. For the Undergraduate level, the students would first have to take up an integrated program and then go for specialisation in consumer law. But at the Postgraduate level, the students can directly opt for this course and study it in detail.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Consumer Law
Before securing admission in the law colleges, the student should first check the eligibility criteria of the college. Students must fulfil these criteria.
For UG course
Students are required to complete their class 12 from a recognised board of education.
This course would be open to students of any other discipline.
For PG course
They must have completed their LLB degree.
Consumer Law Entrance Exam
The students can get admission to consumer law based on their merit marks in class 12 or from entrance exams. Some of the entrance exams are mentioned below –
CULEE (Christ University Law Entrance Exam)- This is a university-level online entrance examination. Candidates will get admission to the UG Course based on the scores they receive in this. The students appearing for this exam need to secure a minimum of 45% marks.
AP LAWCET (Andhra Pradesh Common Law Entrance test)- It is a 1.5 hour-long online state-level exam. It grants admission into UG and integrated UG programs.
CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) - It is a national level exam which offers admission to the UG and the PG courses in different colleges all over India including the NLU universities. It is conducted offline. The students have to meet the eligibility criteria of 45% marks to appear for this exam.
MH CET Law (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test for Law) - A state-level exam conducted for the UG courses. The eligibility criteria for appearing in this exam is 45% marks in 10+2. This exam is offline and for 2 hours. The students should have a basic background of law.
Scope of Consumer Law in India and Abroad
A lot of scope lies in this field of consumer law. A day never goes when we don’t see a consumer being miss-lead with. Either in online shopping or at offline retail stores. For maintaining such rights of the consumers and the public, these laws are very important. New trends have been seen from day to day coming in this field. A graduate from this field can go for further studies in a master’s degree, where they will get in-depth knowledge about the consumer law course. They can even start working as lawyers, lecturers, consultants, analysts and many other job profiles are open for them.
Course Fees Consumer Law
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The subjects taught from college to college are different. Some of the subjects are written below –
Introduction to Law and Legal Systems
Protection of Consumers in the Online Market
Introduction to Product Liability and Consumer Protection Act
Consumer Protection: issues and acts
Anti-Competitive Trade Practices and Protection of Consumers in the Era of Globalisation
Consumer’s Access to Justice: Speedy Resolution of Consumer Disputes
The Importance of Consumer Law
Consumer Friendly Legislations and Regulatory Institutions in the Era of Globalisation
Careers in Consumer Law
The career is very vast for these graduates and is growing rapidly too. This specialisation of consumer law is in demand in the private sector as well as in other fields. The students who have studied this consumer law have a large variety of opportunities waiting for them. The laws keep on changing, and the graduates need to have all the latest knowledge about it. The students also have an opportunity to go for higher education in this specialisation itself. Some of the jobs they would like to go for are – lawyer, legal counsel, law practitioner at a private firm, government employee, legal executive, judge, solicitor, an employee at an NGO and lecturer.
The new technologies upcoming in the consumer law field are increasing access to more products, services and information. But with such advantages, there are a lot of challenges too. Consumer advocacy helps to ensure that consumers get all the benefits. Lawyers now take the file cases to be digitally filled rather than doing the paperwork. Paperless work is now being brought up to remove the fault or loss of papers. When corrections are needed to be made, editing in the digital file is very easy, but on paper, an entirely new document needs to be created.
Digital technologies will also protect the documents from misuse by setting up passwords for the files, whereas the papers can be stolen and misused by anyone. There has been increasing use of the wireless wearable and portable devices which are very helpful in the use of keeping a track in the health and the fitness of the individual. These devices can also set up at the homes such as energy, lightning or security. They also include large smart systems like public transit for their purpose.
And while they help us in many ways, consumer law graduates have become such an integral part of our lives that many are not aware of or do not care about the data they are giving to the companies who own these services/products. This is where consumer law kicks in and is required to protect the consumer from misuse of their data and why consumer lawyers are even more relevant today.
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Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Job Profiles Offered to Consumer Law Graduate
Since the graduates can work as employees in the company or individually, the following job profiles would help them make a perfect decision.
They review the documents and mark the risks which affect the documents and also guide in the right direction. They try to give justice to their clients by interpreting laws, rulings and regulations.
Carry out research and gather proofs. They draft wills, manage them, they even draft trusts, estates, contracts and deeds.
They assist their clients on legal matters relating to the court. They advise on legal documents, negotiate terms and contracts.
They defend the right of their clients in the court and plead for justice. They review and draft legal documents.
They maintain client relationships and also research new things.
Top Recruiters in Consumer Law Sector
A consumer law graduate has various job opportunities waiting for him. They can find these opportunities in public as well as the private sector. Some of the top recruiters of them are –
AZB & Partners
Luthra & Luthra
J Sagar Associates
Khaitan & Co.
Desai & Diwanji
Singhania & partners
Titus & Co.
Wadia Ghandy & Co.
Economic Laws Practice
Vaish & Associates
The average salary in the consumer law sector for each job profile is different depending on their experience, and it increases as per the fame.
Rs. 4-5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 2-3 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Consumer Law
Each lawyer has a particular skill with which he can be identified and is also known for. Some of the skills required for consumer law course are given below –
Instructing – The lawyers should have good instructing skills so that they can effectively instruct their interns or subordinates and get the work done from them.
Learning strategies – They have to keep on learning and implementing new strategies of how to win a case. During the implementation of such strategies, they have to keep all the possible situations in mind too.
Management of Personnel Resources – Keeping their staff or themselves motivated always is the main concern. But once they keep themselves motivated, the staff would feel motivated automatically. They have to look behind the overall development of their staff.
Time management – Lawyers should know how to manage time appropriately. To whom they should give more time and to whom they shouldn’t always help them.
Course Curriculum for Consumer Law
Consumer law course is very wide and includes many subjects which are taught to the students. The students are taught about the laws which fall in this category, what are the rights of the consumers and the public when they go to buy goods and services, how to protect the customers and public from mal-practices and how to give them justice if this happens.
The bachelor’s course in consumer law would teach the students about the laws and penalties or punishments given to the person who has violated these laws while the master’s degree would give them in-depth knowledge about this law. During their course, the students have to handle many projects and undergo training and internships under well-known and renowned lawyers if possible to get an outlook of the corporate world and how to drive justice in their favour.
Popular Online Law Courses and Certifications
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What are the different courses available for consumer law?
The following are some of the courses one can take to study consumer law-
Diploma in consumer law- 1-2 year program
Undergraduate degree course- 3-5 year program.
Post Graduation - 2-year program.
Students can also pursue some certification courses as well.
Question: What are the different jobs a graduate in consumer law can look for?
A graduate can start as a lawyer, a legal analyst or consultant, judge, lecturer, solicitor, and government employee.
Question: What does spurious goods and services mean?
Any goods and services which are said to be genuine but they are not, they may have any adulteration in them or alteration which destroys their original content. Consumer lawyers look into this matter and take necessary actions to implement penalties and punishments.
Question: Which are the top colleges offering consumer law course?
The top colleges offering this field are –
National Law School of India University, Bangalore
National Law University, Delhi
NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
National Law Institute University, Bhopal
Symbiosis Law School, Noida
ILS Law College, Pune
Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat
Question: What is the fee of consumer law course?
The fees for this course varies from Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 2,00,000 depending on the institution.