Application Process: 10 Nov, 2020 - 04 Jun, 2021
Exam Date: 25 Mar, 2021
Environmental Law - The laws, regulations and the agreements that are made and implemented by the government and the other various institutions for the protection of the environment are collectively known as the environmental laws. These laws are made to supervise human interaction with nature and to ensure that human activities are not endangering the natural habitats and the lives of the animals and species living there. The environmental laws are although taught in professional courses, the essence of protecting the environment and the awareness needs to be inculcated into students from a young age.
People who have the knowledge about the environmental laws either work as advocates and judges or take up a job in other corporate or legal firms wherein they work to uphold the environmental laws and also research to propose new policies and regulations that help in the protection and the conservation of the natural environment. They can be offered jobs in several different organizations because each of these organizations is bound to follow certain protocols that guarantee the safe use of the natural resources by the environment and also the safeguarding of the laws and regulations that are implemented by the government.
Law colleges offer various courses that are independent and also integrated with other disciplines and therefore, the eligibility criteria for the admission to the different courses vary a bit. The candidates who wish to pursue environmental law are advised to take BA LLB, B.Sc. Environmental Science followed by LLB, for the undergraduate programs so that they have their basics clear about the subject. The following points give a general gist about the environmental law eligibility criteria for the law colleges in India.
For undergraduate environmental law courses
The aspiring candidates must complete their class 12 with at least 50 percent aggregate to appear for the entrance exams for the different law colleges in the country.
They must hold onto a completion certificate of class 12 from a well- established institute in the country.
The candidates will be required to give the entrance exams in which they must score a great percentile to get into their desired law college.
For Postgraduate Environmental Law courses
They must have a minimum aggregate of 50 percent in their previous law degree.
They will also be expected to clear the entrance exams, and the personal interview rounds to get admission into the LLM program.
For doctoral environmental law courses
The candidates need to have their completion certificate of LLB and LLM with a minimum 60 percent aggregate from a recognized law college in the country.
They also need to have work experience in the law field.
After they have cleared the entrance test, they will be summoned for a personal interview round, and then the admission will be finalized.
Environmental Law Entrance Exams
There are a few colleges that accept admission to their environmental law courses on the basis of the merit of the student in their previous academic record. But most of the public universities in the country conduct their entrance exams to accept the aspiring students into their respective law courses. The following are the most popular law entrance tests that are conducted across the country -
CLAT: Common Law Admission Test is conducted to carry out the admission process for the students applying to the undergraduate and the postgraduate courses that are offered by the participating National Law universities.
AILET: All India Law Entrance Test is conducted by NLU, Delhi to take admission into their BA LLB, LLM and PhD programs.
AMU Law Entrance Exam: This is a university entrance test that is conducted by the Aligarh Muslim University, a distinctive educational institute in the country, to give admission in their undergraduate and postgraduate law courses.
LSAT: Law School Admission Test is an entrance exam that is a gateway to the UG and PG courses for over 85 law institutions in the country.
The human race has exploited natural resources for so long that their existence has become a question for the future. The exploitation has led to the extinction of many animal species and has also degraded the quality of life that is impacted by the environment. The patterns of the natural phenomenon have changed over time only for us to realize that it is high time to protect the environment and to curb the activities that degrade the resources around us.
The need for the implementation and the upholding of the laws and the regulations that protect the environment is extremely high, and for this, we need the professionals who can supervise the activities of the organizations to guide them to safeguard the environment. Thus, Environmental Laws’ scope is not only limited to the career but to the existence of the human species on this planet.
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The course can be both interesting and vast at the same time. It involves several core concepts of two very different topics, both the environment and law. The courses that are a part of the environmental law curriculum at the undergraduate and the postgraduate level are given below:
Interpretation of statues
Code of criminal procedure
Civil procedure code
Human rights and international law
Nature and scope of environmental law
History and development of environmental law in India
International law and environmental protection
Protection of the environment under the Indian constitution
Protection of water, air and environmental in India
Environmental protection and general civil and criminal laws
Protection of forest, wildlife, and biodiversity
Emerging issues in environmental law
The career opportunities in the environmental law are plenty as the organizations have been asked to strictly follow the laws and the regulations that are regulated by the government to help in the preservation of the environment. The globalization of the need to protect the environment has led the countries to devise strict regulations to punish the offenders of the environmental laws in their respective countries. The deployment of the Environmental Law Specialists is on a surge in all the organizations to endure that their actions abide by the environmental laws.
The people who are the graduates of the environmental law programs generally accept the job offers of the government organizations, corporates, non-profit organizations, and other private institutions to serve the country to uphold its environmental laws and regulations. The following job profiles given in the table below show that commonly accepted professions after the environmental law courses in India.
They need to ensure that the company or the organization complies by the laws that are set by the government of the country.
Legal Advisor for environmental law
They give legal advice to their clients to make them take decisions for their organizations that abide by the environmental laws.
They are appointed to deliver the lessons and the knowledge about the environmental laws to the law students.
Their job is to supervise the actions and the decisions of the firm to make sure that they do not overrule any law and regulation of the government.
They supervise the actions of their clients to prevent any conflict with the environmental laws regulated by the government.
They are responsible for conducting fair trials for any criminal case that has violated the laws and the regulation of the country.
They work for the clients who approach the National Green Tribunal services regarding the help related to the environmental laws.
Environmental Law Top Recruiters
The top recruiters for the environmental law are the government organizations, non-profit organizations, and the other private companies that need guidance for the decisions that include the environmental laws. The top recruiting industries are:
Ministry of Environment
National Green Tribunal
Pollution Control Boards
The recruiters who appoint the environmental lawyers lookout for certain skills that must be possessed by the aspiring candidates to do their job rightfully. Some integral skills for the people to be employed in the environmental law work field are:
Excellent Spoken and Written Communication: As a lawyer, advisor, advocate or judge, you will be required to communicate your thoughts in person and on the paper for which you must have excellent spoken and written communication skills.
Analytical and Critical Thinking: You should have the ability to think rationally and to analyze the critical information and the situation to get to the root cause of any situation.
Problem Solving Skills: You need to be able to solve the problems to find out the truth behind the stories narrated by the people in court.
Research Skills: You will need to research a lot about the people, cases, and other related things to get to know about the case well.
Time Management: You must be able to manage your time well between your research, negotiation and court time to have some time to spend with your family and friends as well.
Environmental law is a part of the undergraduate course but is taken as a specialization in the postgraduate courses. The curriculum includes several aspects of law along with an adequate amount of information on the environment, its issues as well as ways in which we can and need to fix them. This makes sure that the candidate knows exactly what he/she is fighting for and why, apart from knowing the basics of the law.
LLM is a two year full time postgraduate level degree programme offered in various disciplines, one of them being environmental law. LLM in environmental law colleges in India:
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