Degrees offered: B.D.S., B.Sc., Diploma, M.Ch., M.D.S., P.G.D, Ph.D

What is Dentistry

Dentistry is a course which is studied by students to follow a career in the branch of health care which focuses on the maintenance of the health of the teeth, gums and other tissues in and around the mouth. It is a branch in the medical field and is considered a vital field of study and many students are opting for this course in the present times. Dentistry usually encompasses practices related to oral cavity and is carried out to prevent oral diseases. 

Dentists are important and act as a key role in the society to help people detect medical conditions such as oral cancer and other infectious diseases. Dentists also help the people keep their oral conditions better and identify any types of abnormalities and treat it.

Role of a dentist 

Dentists are responsible for diagnosing and treating dental problems and helping people develop better oral hygiene regimes. Overall the role of a dentist are listed below:

  • Performing general dentistry or practices.

  • Performing clinical procedures such as extractions, surgeries, fillings, implants and more.

  • Evaluating overall health of patients

  • Advising oral health and prevention of disease strategies to patients.

  • To identify, diagnose and treat oral conditions. 

There are various types of dentistry courses that the students can pursue to  make a career in this field. 

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) - 4 Years

The first step to become a dentist is to complete Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS), which is a four year programme. It is the most popular medical course after MBBS. Students who have completed their 10+2 in Science from a recognized institute will be eligible for admissions into BDS. Entrance examination will be conducted for admissions. A one year rotational internship also has to be completed by the students after completing their graduation. 

Master of Dental Surgery (MDS)

After graduation, students who wish to complete a specialization in order to stabilize their career can opt for a Master of Dental Surgery (MDS). It is a two year programme and various specializations are offered to students as per their choice.Only those candidates who have completed BDS can opt for MDS.

Specializations offered through MDS

  • Periodontology

  • Radiology

  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics

  • Orthodontics and Oral Medicine

  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge

  • Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Course Highlights

Course name



BDS - 4 years (excluding one year internship)

MDS - 2 years


BDS - Should have qualified 10+2th examination from a recognized board

MDS - Should have graduated BDS and completed their internship.

Course level

Bachelor’s and Master’s

Course type


Admission process

Through entrance exam 

Course fees 

BDS - Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 12 lakh

MDS - Rs. 1 lakh to 10 lakh

Course Entrance exam



Jobs after the course 

Dentist, Dental Assistant, Dental Hygienist, Dental Lab Technician, Private Practitioner, Lecturer/Professor, Researcher, Indian Defence Medical Representative

Expected starting salary

Around 2 lakhs per annum

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Dentistry

To make dentistry as a profession, the students will have to complete the required studies. The undergraduate and postgraduate eligibility criteria for admissions is different. To be eligible for the admissions process, the students need to satisfy the following criteria.

Eligibility Criteria for Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

  • Students should have passed 10+2 (or equivalent) examinations with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects.

  • Should have scored at least 50% in 10+2 (or equivalent) examination

  • Students should have qualified entrance examination (NEET)

Eligibility Criteria for Master of Dental Surgery (MDS)

  • Should have obtained a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) from a recognized institutes in India with a minimum score of 50%.

  • Students should have completed their one year internship.

  • If the candidates possess a PG diploma of 2 years recognized by Dental Council of India, then they will also be eligible for MDS.

  • Should have qualified the required entrance examination (NEET MDS, AIIMS PG, JIPMER PG, PGIMER). 

Entrance Examinations for BDS

  • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) - National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts NEET which is a national level entrance examination for BDS admissions. For admissions into BDS courses, the students will have to qualify NEET which will be held in pen and paper mode.

Entrance Examinations for MDS

  • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test MDS - National Board of Examination (NBE) will conduct NEET MDS to provide admissions to eligible candidates. Students who meet the eligibility criteria will have to attempt the entrance examination. Allotment of seats will be done as per the merit of the candidate. Students should have qualified Bachelor of Dental Surgery to be eligible for NEET MDS.

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) PG - The entrance examination of AIIMS PG is conducted in online mode for admissions into MDS courses. Students should possess a BDS degree from an institution recognized by the Dental Council of India. Admissions will be given on the basis of performance in the entrance examination and fulfilment of eligibility criteria. 

  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) PG - Students can also attempt JIPMER PG for admissions into the MDS courses offered by the institute. The entrance examination will be held in computer based mode. Along with a valid score in the entrance exam, the candidates will also have to meet the required eligibility criteria.

  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) - For admissions into PGI, Chandigarh, the students will have to attempt and qualify the entrance examination. Around 18 seats will be available for admission through PGIMER and the students will have to attempt the one and a half hour long examination which will consist of 100 multiple choice questions.

Scope of Dentistry in India and Abroad

Dentistry is one of the most popularly pursued medical courses after MBBS. The employment scope of Dentistry in India and abroad is high and students will be able to divulge into various career opportunities. After completing BDS, students can also opt to pursue MDS and take up a specialization which will allow them to stream themselves into a particular field of profession. After completing their studies, students can get employed in hospitals or they can also open their own clinics. Students can also opt to join the research field or join government jobs in Indian Army/Navy/Airforce. MDS students can opt to open their specialization clinics or also go for higher studies. Dentists are also in demand in foreign countries especially in the Gulf. The salary package and career opportunities are on a higher scale there.

Course Fees Dentistry

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
40.00 K
B.D.S. in Dentistry at CKS Theja Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Tirupati
10.72 K
B.D.S. in Dentistry at Regional Dental College, Guwahati
40.00 Lakhs
B.D.S. in Dentistry at Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai
20.00 Lakhs
B.D.S. in Dentistry at Dr MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai
50.00 K
P.G.D in Dentistry at Singhania University, Jhunjhunu
24.00 K
B.D.S. in Dentistry at Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi
25.50 Lakhs
M.D.S. in Dentistry at Rama University, Kanpur
1.11 Lakhs
B.D.S. in Dentistry at Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam
3.00 Lakhs
Ph.D in Dentistry at Rama University, Kanpur
Data not available
6.64 Lakhs
Ph.D in Dentistry at Karnavati University, Gandhinagar
Data not available
10.00 K
Diploma in Dentistry at CMJ University, Shillong
40.00 K
Diploma in Dentistry at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
2.00 Lakhs
Diploma in Dentistry at Rama Dental College Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur
40.00 K
Diploma in Dentistry at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Course Subjects

Students have to study various subjects under Dentistry in both undergraduate and postgraduate courses. While BDS will consist of general subjects, more focus on specialization will be given in MDS. The various subjects which have to be studied by the students will allow them to be experienced with the field of Dentistry. The syllabus listed below are the general topics and may vary from institute to institute. 

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) Syllabus




Dental Materials 

Dental Histology 

Law for Dental Profession

Preclin Prosthodontics 



Dental Materials 


Oral Pathology 



Preclin Prosthodontics 

Preclin Conservative 


Conservative Dentistry

Community orientation Program 

General Medicine

General Surgery

Group Project/Research

Oral Surgery


Oral Medicine

Oral Pathology


Public Health     



Patient Safety Curriculum


Conservative and Endodontics

Human Physiology

Human Oral Anatomy, Physiology, Histology and Tooth Morphology

Materials used in Dentistry

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology


Oral Medicine and Radiology



Public health and Community Dentistry

Practice Observership

Master of Dental Surgery (MDS) Syllabus



Conservative Dentistry

  • Applied Basic Sciences

  • Conservative Dentistry including Preventive Dentistry and Dental Materials

  • Endodontics

  • Recent Advances in Conservative Dentistry

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

  • Applied Basic Sciences

  • Minor Oral Surgery and Trauma

  • Maxillofacial Surgery

  • Recent Advances in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral Pathology

  • Applied Basic Sciences

  • Oral Pathology, Oral Microbiology & Forensic Odontology

  • Laboratory and Histopathological Techniques

  • Recent Advances in Oral Pathology


  • Applied Basic Sciences

  • Growth and Development, Basics in orthodontics, Diagnosis & Radiology

  • Bio-Mechanics & Various Orthodontics Tissue Changes, Techniques & Treatment Planning

  • Recent Advances in Orthodontics


  • Applied Basic Sciences

  • Etiopathogenesis Of Periodontal Diseases

  • Diagnosis, Treatment, Preventive Periodontology and Implantology

  • Recent Advances in Periodontics


  • Clinical Case Conference

  • Demonstrations

  • Didactic Lectures

  • Joint Clinical Meetings with Allied Specialties

  • Laboratory Techniques

  • Practicals under the supervision of teachers

  • Seminars

  • Structured Lecture Programs

  • Submission of Dissertation Thesis, Models, Radiographs and Photographs

  • Training in Methodology of Teaching

  • Weekly Journal Clubs

Careers in Dentistry

After completing an academic course in dentistry, the students will be open to various career opportunities. The selection of the type of career will depend on the students as per their preference.

  • Dentist: Also known as Dental Surgeons. Dentists will diagnose, prevent and treat diseases related to oral health. Will also perform surgeries to treat the patients. Usually dentists are employed in government and private hospitals. 

  • Dental Assistant: Works as a member of the dental team. Provides support to the dentists during treatment and surgeries. They are almost equally trained as dentists. Graduate students can usually start out as dental assistants.

  • Dental Hygienist: Primary healthcare professionals who work independently of or alongside dentists and other dental professionals to provide full oral health care to patients. 

  • Dental Lab Technician: Also a member of the dental team, a dental lab technician takes on the job to create custom made dental appliances based upon the prescription of the dentists. Dentures, prosthesis, implants and all are constructed by dental lab technicians.

  • Private Practitioner: Many graduates also end up opening their own dental practice. While this may cost some investment, the income may be steady if the dentist is experienced and good. 

  • Lecturer/Professor: After opting for higher studies such as MDS and Ph.D, lecturers and professors for the next generation is also a great career choice. Here, the lecturers/professors teach the students all the basics to becoming a dentist in the near future.

  • Researcher: Dental researchers investigate on the ways to improve the oral health of the public. They also research on methods to provide safe, high-quality professional care.

  • Indian Defence Medical Representative: Another career opportunity is to work in the defence lines. Being a dentist in the medical team of the Indian defence such as Army/Navy/Air Force will give them a bright future since it is a government job. 

  • Indian Railways Medical Representative: Dentists and dental health team are also greatly required by Indian Railways.  

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Graduation or post graduation in dentistry offers various job profiles to students in private or government fields. After completing their studies, the students can apply for jobs in hospitals or can even open their own clinics. Government also recruits BDS/MDS graduates for government hospitals, defence, railways and more. The demand of dentists in the present society is ever growing since more people are now aware about the need for oral health. If the students are well educated and have some practice due to their internship, recruitment will not be much of a problem. A few of the job profiles that the students can opt for are listed below:

  • Dentist - The most common job profile in the field of dentistry. Dentists are responsible primarily for the oral healthcare of the people. They help in maintaining the health of the teeth and gums while removing cavities and repairing decays. The job can be in private or government hospitals. Students can also open up their own clinics after getting registered in Dental Council of India.

  • Researcher - Students can also opt for dental research after their graduation. MDS students can plan to pursue Ph.D and work as a researcher. 

  • Dental Assistant - In this job profile, dental assistants work to assist the dentists in various treatment procedures and also perform various office management work.

  • Lecturer - Qualified students can also opt for the field of academics and become a professor or lecturer to teach the new generations about the course of dentistry.

  • Government HealthCare - Students can also pursue government jobs by applying for Air Force/Navy/Indian Army medical teams.

Top Recruiters for Dentistry

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences

  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd

  • Medanta Hospitals

  • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co. Ltd.

  • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital

  • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd.

  • Indian Armed Forces

  • State Services

  • Indian Railways

Required Skillset for Dentistry

Since dentists are required to interact with patients, assess their health conditions, handle complex procedures and more, the following skill sets should be present in an aspiring dentist:

  • Should have good communication skills

  • Have a caring attitude towards patients

  • Good management skills

  • Willingness to learn and adapt

Questions related to Dentistry

Showing 130 out of 130 Questions

on how much Marks I get admission in index College of dentistry BDS cast OBC in Indore neet 2020

Aditya Kumar Student Expert 2nd Sep, 2020

In neet 2019, 126 marks was the lowest marks that was required for obc category for getting into Index Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore under MP State quota.

But cut off marks keeps changing every year depending upon various factors like number of students that appeared in the exam, kind of marks obtained by them , toughness level of the examination etc.

So , try to get at least 150 marks you have good chances to get Index Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore

For details go through


can I get admission in index College of dentistry indore in 200 Marks Cast OBC for BDS neet 2020

Aditya Kumar Student Expert 1st Sep, 2020
H i

Index Institute of Dental Sciences, IndoreIndore is a private dental college in Madhya Pradesh

It's quite difficult to predict the marks required to get a seat in Index Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore


cut off marks for medical colleges varies depending upon various factors like your domicile state , number of students that appeared in the exam, kind of marks obtained by them , toughness level of the examination etc.

But yes as per previous year trend being from obc category with 200 marks you can get a seat in Index Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore

For example,

in neet 2019, 126 marks was the lowest marks required for obc category for getting BDS seat in Index Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore.

Thank you

does I get admission in index College of dentistry in Indore in 180 Marks in bds Cast OBC pleas give answer


Hello Dear

There is a less chance of getting Dentistry in Index College of Dentistry in OBC quota. In OBC Quota, Competition is high just like General. You can try for other Colleges in Indore for Dentistry. Hope this information is helpful for you.

Best of Luck.


i got 35 marks inphysics and 37 in chem and 40 in biology so can get admission in dentistry ?

Aditya Kumar Student Expert 28th Aug, 2020

If you want to be a dentist you will have to do BDS i. e Bachelor of dental and surgery.

Now, admission in BDS in through Neet examination whose eligibility criteria says that

to be eligible one must have passed in English and in both the theory and practical of PCB i.e Physics, Chemistry and Biology with at least 50 % in aggregate of PCB ( in theory +practical) in 12th examination if you belong to general category , or at least 40% in aggregate of PCB if belongs to Obc/ Sc /st


Your aggregate in PCB is


= 112

=(112/300*100 )%

=37.3% i.e lesser than 40% , so you are not eligible for Neet even if you belong to OBC/ SC or St category . So irrespective of the category you belong to you are not eligible for Neet

Now that you are not eligible for neet , you can not take admission in BDS and so cannot become a dentist

For detailed information about neet examination go through our page for which link is provided below; -

Thank you

what is the fee structure of arvindo college of dentistry for OBC and also what is the fees of index collage of dentistry for OBC in indore

shruti jha Student Expert 20th Aug, 2020


The average fee structure of both these medical colleges for pursuing BDS courses under obc category is as follows :-

1. for Arvindo college- 2,10,000/- per year

2. for Index collage- 1,95,000/- per year

Hope thiswill help you out.

For more details and informations you can check out the official sites too .

Good luck.

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