What is Zoology

Zoology is a branch of biology that studies the animals and their entire gamut, which includes evolution, classifications, physiology, biochemistry, genetics, and habits. The subject covers environmental effects on animal behaviours, their interaction between humans and other animals, animal remains, animal behaviour, and conservation. Candidates with zoology courses find opportunities in government departments, environmental agencies, universities, colleges, biotechnological, pharmaceutical, and ecological fields. 


The zoology course is offered at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Candidates can choose the specialisation from the structure, physiology, ethology, biogeography, marine biology, and other branches of the zoology. Candidates can go for a doctorate and postdoctoral programme after the post-graduation in zoology and work as a lecturer or researcher. 


The article provides more details about the zoology courses, which covers the details about the courses, subjects, specialisations, syllabus, scope, opportunities, and details about the recruiters.


Zoology Highlights:

Zoology course level

Graduate and postgraduate degree

Zoology course admission process

Based on the entrance exam/merit-based


Zoology courses

B.Sc in Zoology

M.Sc in Zoology

Ph.D in Zoology





Minimum qualification for the B.Sc, M.Sc  and Ph.D in Zoology.

For B.Sc:  Candidates must have passed in class 12 with science stream. They must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in Class 12.

 

For M.Sc: Candidates must have passed BSc/BSc (Hons) in Zoology. Candidates who have passed allied medical sciences/biosciences/life sciences are also eligible to apply.

 

For Ph.D: Candidates must have scored 55 per cent in M.Sc. (50 per cent for SC/ST candidates).

Zoology course - Annual course fee

INR 10,000 to INR 50,000 per annum

Average salary offered

Up to Rs. 8 LPA, depending on the experience

Career prospects

Animal care specialist, conservationist, wildlife biologist, zoo curator, wildlife educator, zoology faculty, zoology researcher and lab technicians.

Top recruiters

Government departments, environmental agencies, universities, colleges, biotechnological, pharmaceutical, and ecological fields.

Required skills

  • Motivation, creativity, determination, and perseverance.

  • Willingness for flexible and irregular working hours.

  • Ability to work well as part of a team.

  • Self-discipline, time management, communication, and interpersonal skills.




Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Zoology

To get admission to zoology courses, candidates have to follow the certain eligibility criteria. The detailed admission process for the undergraduate and postgraduate courses are given below:

 

Eligibility Criteria for B.Sc:

  • Candidates must have passed class 12 in science stream. 

  • They must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in class 12.


Eligibility Criteria for M.Sc:

  • Candidates must have passed B.Sc in zoology from a recognised university and college.

  • Candidates who have passed allied medical sciences/biosciences/life sciences are also eligible to apply.

  • They are required to have a minimum of 50 per cent at  B.Sc.


M.Sc Entrance Exams:

M.Sc course is offered by various universities and colleges in India. The admission process of these colleges and universities are based on merit as well as the entrance exam conducted by the respective colleges or national-level body. To appear for the entrance exam, candidates need to follow the following procedure:

  • Eligible candidates are required to submit their application online at the college or university’s website along with scanned copies of the required documents. They have to pay the application fee online.

  • They can also download the filled in application form and send it to the concerned department of the university/college along with required documents and receipt of application fee payment.

  • Candidates are shortlisted based on the merit of the qualifying exam.

  • Some of the universities/colleges conduct the entrance test.

  • Candidates have to appear for the entrance test conducted by the university or college.

  • Based on the entrance test result, candidates will be invited for the counselling/interview.

  • Selected candidates have to report to the college/university/institute and complete the admission process, which includes, document verification and fee payment.

 

Eligibility for  Ph.D: 

  • Candidates must have scored 55 per cent in M.Sc. (50 per cent for SC/ST candidates).

 

Ph.D Entrance Exam:

Ph.D in zoology is offered by various universities and colleges in India. The admission process of these colleges and universities are based on merit as well as the entrance exam conducted by the respective colleges or national-level body. To appear for the entrance exam, candidates need to follow the following procedure:

  • Candidates need to apply online at the official website of the university.

  • Admission to Ph.D. is based on the rank secured in the entrance examination conducted by the Research Department of the respective colleges and institutes.

  • Candidates with UGC-CSIR-NET/JRF, UGC-NET/JRF, SLET, GATE are exempted from the Entrance Test.

  • The candidates who have qualified in the entrance test will be called for interview/viva-voce, conducted by the Department Research Committee. 

  • The general merit list for the M.Phil./Ph.D. programme is prepared by the DRC on the basis of performance of the candidate in the entrance test, the interview/viva-voce.

  • Interview judges the suitability of the applicant on the basis of applicant’s research aptitude, knowledge of the subject, a clear understanding of the proposed research problem, the suitability of proposed research methodology, research facilities available and availability of the research supervisor in the proposed research area etc. 

  • Shortlisted candidates need to report to the respective centres of the University and complete the admission process which includes document verification and fee payment.


Zoology Specialisations:

Ethology: Ethology is one of the specializations of zoology. This is a scientific and objective study of animal behaviour under natural conditions. Ethologists study the evolution of behaviour and the understanding of behaviour in terms of the theory of natural selection.


Biogeography: Biogeography is the specialisations of zoology. It studies the spatial distribution of organisms on the earth and focuses on topics like plate tectonics, climate change, dispersal and migration, and cladistics.


Physiology: This specialisation studies the mechanical, physical, and biochemical processes of living organisms by attempting to understand how all of the structures function as a whole.


Structure: The cell biology or structure studies the structural and physiological properties of cells. This includes cell behaviour, interactions, and environment. This is done on both the microscopic and molecular levels.


Evolution: Evolutionary research is concerned with the origin and descent of species and their change over time. It generally involves scientists who are trained in particular organisms such as mammalogy, ornithology, herpetology, or entomology.

Scope of Zoology in India and Abroad

Candidates with zoology courses have opportunities in government departments, environmental agencies, universities and colleges. They also have opportunities in biotechnological and pharmaceutical fields. While doing higher studies, candidates can choose the specialisation from the structure, physiology, ethology, biogeography, marine biology, and other branches of the zoology and can pursue the research in the same field. As per their specialisation, they will have opportunities in the field of conservationist, wildlife biologist, zoo curator, wildlife educator, zoology faculty, zoology researcher and lab technicians.


Opportunity in higher studies: Candidates can go for a doctorate and postdoctoral programme after the post graduation in zoology and work as a lecturer or researcher. 

Course Fees Zoology

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
UG
360
B.Sc.(Hons) in Zoology at Nilamani Mahavidyalaya, Balasore
396
B.Sc.(Hons) in Zoology at Rairangpur College, Mayurbhanj
6.11 Lakhs
B.Sc.(Hons) in Zoology at Auro University, Surat
6.92 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Zoology at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
PG
975
M.Sc. in Zoology at Holy Cross College, Kanyakumari
607
B.Sc. in Zoology at JN College, Nehra
2.27 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Zoology at University of Science and Technology, Ri Bhoi
1.80 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Zoology at Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Jammu
DOCTORAL
19.80 K
Ph.D in Zoology at Aditanar College of Arts and Science, Tiruchendur
2.10 K
Ph.D in Zoology at Chikkanna Government Arts College, Tirupur
8.11 Lakhs
Ph.D in Zoology at Bhupal Nobles University, Udaipur
30.00 K
Ph.D in Zoology at North Orissa University, Baripada
DIPLOMA
12.60 K
Diploma in Zoology at Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati
3.60 K
M.Sc. in Zoology at Mata Jijabai Government Girls PG College, Indore
1.35 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Zoology at Manipal University, Jaipur
98.00 K
M.Sc. in Zoology at Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar

Course Subjects

B.Sc syllabus has been developed to provide in-depth knowledge about biodiversity, their development and interaction with the environment. It covers the study of physiology, endocrinology, cell biology and molecular biology. The course also provides in-depth knowledge of the subject on instrumentation and techniques including biostatistics, biotechnology and bioinformatics. The detailed outline of the B.Sc syllabus is mentioned  below:


Semester-I

Theory Papers:

  • Paper I: Non-chordate diversity and Systematics 

  • Paper-II: Practical based on Paper I


Semester-II

Theory Papers:

  • Paper I: Biochemistry

  • Paper-II: Practical based on Paper I


Semester-III

Theory Papers:

Paper I: Chordate diversity and Comparative Anatomy

Paper-II: Practical based on Paper I

Paper III: Bioinstrumentation & Biostatistics

Paper IV: Practical based on Paper III


Semester-IV

  • Paper I: Biotechniques, Biostatistics and Ethology 

  • Paper-II: Practical based on Paper I

  • Paper III: Developmental Biology

  • Paper IV: Practical based on Paper III


Semester-V

  • Paper I: Genetics and Evolution

  • Paper-II: Practical based on Paper I

  • Paper III: Animal Physiology

  • Paper IV: Practical based on Paper III

  • Paper V: Endocrinology

  • Paper VI: Practical based on Paper V

  • Paper VII: Molecular Biology and Immunology

  • Paper VIII: Practical based on Paper VIII


Semester -VI

  • Paper I: Parasitology and Ethology

  • Paper-II: Practical based on Paper I

  • Paper III: Molecular Biology and Immunology

  • Paper IV: Practical based on Paper III

  • Paper V: Biotechnology and Bioinformatics

  • Paper VI: Practical based on Paper V and project work

  • Paper VII: Economic Zoology

  • Paper VIII: Practical based on Paper VIII


Syllabus for M.Sc Zoology:

M. Sc. syllabus has been developed to carry out research in the areas of endocrinology, physiology, cell and tissue culture, reproductive biology, and neurobiology in the branches of entomology, fish and fisheries, animal physiology and of mammalian reproductive physiology. The detailed outline of the M.Sc syllabus is mentioned  below:


Semester-I

Theory Papers:

  • Paper I: Structure and Function of Invertebrates.

  • Paper-II: General Physiology.

  • Paper III: Cell Biology and Genetics.

  • Paper IV: Advance Reproductive Biology

  • Seminar-I,  Practical: I,  Practical II


Semester-II

Theory Papers:

  • Paper V: Structure and Function of Vertebrates

  • Paper VI: Comparative Endocrinology

  • Paper VII: Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

  • Paper VIII: Advance  Developmental Biology

  • Seminar-II,  Practical: III,  Practical: IV


Semester-III

Theory Papers:

  • Paper IX: Parasitology

  • Paper X: Immunology

  • Paper XI: Special Group paper-I (Entomology/Fish and Fisheries Animal Physiology/MRP)

  • Paper XII: Special Group Paper-II (Entomology/Fish and Fisheries Animal Physiology/MRP)

  • Seminar-III, Practical: V, Practical: VI


Semester-IV

  • Paper XIII: Biotechniques, Biostatistics and Ethology 

  • Paper XIV: Toxicology and Bioinformatics

  • Paper XV: Special Group Paper-III (Entomology/Fish and Fisheries Animal Physiology/MRP)

  • Paper XVI: Special Group paper-IV (Entomology/Fish and Fisheries Animal Physiology/MRP)

  • Seminar-IV, Practical: VII and Project work

Careers in Zoology

Candidates who have completed the zoology courses in B.Sc, M.Sc, and Ph.D level have various job opportunities in the public and private sectors. Depending on their degree level, interest, and work experience they can opt for the following opportunities.


Bio-Technician/biological technician: A bio technician, or biological technician, works with biologists and other scientists and assists them in solving scientific problems dealing with living organisms. The job role involves performing a test on blood or other biological substances. It also includes molecular diagnostic testing, pathology testing, and many other types of medical testing.


Animal Care specialist: The job involves taking care of pets and other domesticated animals. Training animals, rescue animals, zoo keeping are other roles related to this profile. 


Wildlife and Conservationist: Wildlife and conservationists study all aspects of animal life and relate it to the management and conservation of natural resources. A conservationist is a person who advocates or acts for the protection and preservation of the environment and wildlife. The conservationist groups keep an eye on the environment activities and guide the government and corporate for the right actions towards the protection of the environment. The groups create pressure on the government for changing the wrong policies or creating new ones for the protection of the environment.


Teaching and research: There is a good scope in academics after studying M.Sc in Zoology. For the teaching and research at the university level, candidates are shortlisted based on both academic record and performance in a relevant nation-wide screening test, like UGC (NET/JRF), CSIR(NET/JRF), ICAR (JRF/SRF), SLET. As per the score in the exams candidates can go for a doctorate study in zoology. They can pursue research in structure, physiology, ethology, biogeography, marine biology, and other branches of zoology. 


Zoologists and wildlife biologists: Zoologists and wildlife biologists study animals and other wildlife and their interaction with ecosystems. After pursuing the Ph.D. candidates can join the research and become a zoologist and wildlife biologists.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Candidates with zoology courses have opportunities in government departments, environmental agencies, universities and colleges. They also have opportunities in biotechnological and pharmaceutical fields.

Average Salary

The government, non-government, and corporate sector offers jobs to people who have successfully completed the UG and PG zoology courses. The salary offered varies from sector to sector depending upon the skills, qualifications, experience, and other specific demands of the recruiters. As freshers or at the entry-level the average salary package offered varies from Rs 2 to Rs.3 LPA. People with a decent number of years of experience can earn up to a salary package of Rs.6 to  Rs.10 LPA. The detailed salary offers as per the experience is given below:


Experience level

Years of Experience

Salary Starting from

Up to

Entry-level

0-5 years

INR 2 LPA

INR 3 LPA

Mid Level

5-10 years

INR 3  LPA

INR 6 LPA

Top-level

10-20 year 

INR 6  LPA

INR 10  LPA


Questions related to Zoology

Showing 1521 out of 1521 Questions
8 Views

I am doing graduation in Zoology hons... after completing my zoology hons which course or job will be good for me can anyone please suggest...I have passed hs with chemistry,math,bio I did not have physics in my subject combination.

Abhishek Roy 12th Jun, 2021

After Graduation in Zoology (Hons) effectively you have a lot of strong career options, for a strong and impeccable career. Let me list them out to you.

1. M.Sc. in Zoology or maybe B.Ed, followed by a Career in Teaching, Education Sector. Not only Schools, Coaching Institutions for CSIR NET, JAM, GATE, NEET, provide excellent prospects nowadays as is the case with Faculty/Educator Positions at EdTech Platforms.

2. Research/PhD/CSIR NET/JAM(M.Sc)/GATE/JRF/SRF

Career in Research and Academia, as well as in the Industry, or maybe PSUs. You must be well aware of these options.

Incase, youre not really interested in continuing with Soology, you have the following options

1. MBA ( Career in the Management, HR, Marketing Sector with strong career prospects)

2. MCA ( Career in the IT/Services/Software Sector), having excellent career & placement prospects provided you pursue from some of the NITs, Good Public Universities, Etc.

3. Government Services ( You may start your Preparation for Government Service Examinations like UPSC CSE, State PCS, SSC CGL, Railways RRB, RBI Grade B and many more, leading to stable and secure careers with strong perks and salary).


12 Views

Is bsc zoology hons course available in Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi?

Papeya Dubey Student Expert 10th Jun, 2021
Hello,

Banaras Hindu University offers BSc Hons in Zoology for which admission is done through entrance test named BHU UET, the eligibility criteria to pursue the course is passed 10+2 from a recognized board securing 50% marks in aggregate in Physics, Chemistry and anyone amidst Biology, Geology, and Geography, and passed on each of the subjects,the entrance test for BSc Hons Bio Group is conducted for 150 minutes with 450 marks having 150 questions, the syllabus is based on 10+2 level, there are 50 questions from each section of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, check out previous year entrance paper to know more details regarding this at http://bhuonline.in/old-qus-paper-2019.html
26 Views

Top Government colleges for bsc zoology hons?

Abhishek Roy 10th Jun, 2021

There are many excellent Universities for Undergraduation in Zoology, like DU, BHU and many others. In DU, Top Colleges like Hansraj College, Ramjas College and Hindu College offer B.Sc. Zoology Hons Course having some of the Highest Cutoffs.

For more information about Colleges with BSc in Zoology do follow the link below

https://university.careers360.com/colleges/list-of-zoology-universities-in-india

For more information about Zoology do follow the link below

https://www.careers360.com/courses/zoology-course

7 Views

Is Maulana Azad College kolkata good for bsc zoology hons?

Subhrajit Mukherjee 10th Jun, 2021

Maulana Azad College is one of the famous colleges in Kolkata. Here the academic quality are very good and as it is affiliated by CU the curriculum is good as well as challenging. If you want to join Zoology course then you can prefer Maulana Azad College without any doubt. The college will leave you with no complains and you will get quality education from the institution.

As you are enrolling under CU be cautious in your studies. Because scoring in CU is tough in year systems and now it has become a bit easy but still its hard for scoring.

To know more about the college visit the link below:

https://www.careers360.com/colleges/maulana-azad-college-kolkata

I hope my answer helps. All the very best for your future endeavors!

12 Views

syllabus of duet for bsc hons. in zoology

Ujjwal Kumawat 10th Jun, 2021

Dear Aspirant

I hope you are doing well

Now let me ho through your question

You can download bsc hons. Zoology syllabus

By visiting the link given in below

(2019 lattest )

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://du.ac.in/du/uploads/Revi_syll_19082019/19082019_B.%2520Sc.%2520(Hons.)%2520Zoology.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwj1t62q6IzxAhWTzDgGHS6YBj4QFjAAegQIBRAC&usg=AOvVaw01MJ5XIbmxkQ3uEEQ78z_F


(2015)

http://oldweb.du.ac.in/uploads/Syllabus_2015/B.Sc.%20Hons.%20Zoology.pdf

I hope it will help you

Thank you

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