What is Life Science

Candidates who have keen interest in science and love nature can make their career in the field of life Science. The course, life science teaches about different plants and animals that exist on both land and water. The course expands the horizon of a student about the flora and fauna, giving a thorough base over the subject which helps in finding bright future options. If someone has a curious mind, the possibilities of research on this field are immense and highly rewarding as well.

One must know that to sustain and preserve flora and fauna, professionals specialized in learning and protecting them play an important role and here life science aspirants come in.

Life science is a course that has been around for quite long with several top Institutes offering this course. If you are a person with a keen interest in Biology, loves spending time with nature, with a good knack for communicating with people, then you will be happy to work in this field.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Life Science

Similar to other UnderGraduate and Postgraduate courses, there are some specific requirements when it comes to the eligibility criteria for different courses in Life Science.

The eligibility criteria are given below:-

For Undergraduate Life Science Courses

  1. The candidate must have cleared their 10th and +2, with a minimum aggregate of 50% or above in the latter.

  2. For B.Sc. Life Science, the student must have opted for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology during the Higher Secondary Education.

  3. Most institutes do not require the candidates to attend an entrance exam for BSc. Life Science, but if the entrance exam is insisted, then the cut-off mark will be decided by the college.

For Postgraduate Life Science Courses

  1. The applicant must have completed a B.Sc Degree of a subject relevant to Life Science with a minimum aggregate of 50%.

  2. An institute level course is conducted for all the applicants.

  3. Once the candidate clears the entrance exam, a personal interview is carried out, and the candidates are evaluated for their B.Sc. marks, and their performance in interviews as well as the entrance exam.

Life Science Entrance Exam

Most of the universities follow a merit-based selection criteria with weightage being given to the marks of 12th along with counselling. Then some of the top tier institutions of the nation choose based on entrance exams. Such as


An entrance exam organized by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for enrolling students into different educational courses under Agriculture and agriculture-related sciences in the central agricultural universities.

Joint Entrance Exam Advanced (JEE Advanced)

It is one of the most prestigious entrance exams conducted across the nation to check the eligibility of students for a large variety of courses offered by IITs of the nation.


This exam is conducted by the UGC and is used as a selection criterion for choosing PhD aspirants with a higher aptitude for learning; it is said to be one of the toughest exams in the country with a very low clearance rate.

An entrance exam is only the first step of the selection process as the applicants are asked to attend a personal interview, where the social skills of the candidate as well as his aptitude for the course are evaluated. The selection criteria usually vary from one institute to another.

Scope of Life Science in India and Abroad

As an Undergraduate, even though job opportunities are low in the private sector, there are government level recruitments for a Life Science graduate. You can easily work your way into Forest departments of several state governments and with commendable hard work, even the Indian Forest Service.

There are quite a few vacancies in other departments of the government as well, such as the National Centre for Biological Sciences, Department of Fisheries, etc.

The best alternative to working a job would be to further explore your options in higher studies such as M.Sc and PhD. These courses also open a lot of options professionally too.

From developing industry level solutions to finding a cure for different health issues through research. If you work hard enough in the research field and manage to make some recognizable discoveries then your life will look quite different, with better pay and facilities, along with better opportunities from abroad and within the nation.

Course Fees Life Science

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
29.20 K
B.Sc. in Life Science at Jai Hind College, Mumbai
5.55 K
B.Sc. in Life Science at Government Degree College, Mulugu
7.00 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Life Science at Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad
1.93 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Life Science at National Institute of Technology Rourkela
4.87 K
M.Sc. in Life Science at AVC College, Mayiladuthurai
2.64 K
M.Sc. in Life Science at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
6.25 Lakhs
M.S in Life Science at Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad
2.04 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Life Science at Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida
85.00 K
Ph.D in Life Science at Career Point Law College, Kota
30.00 K
Ph.D in Life Science at North Orissa University, Baripada
6.80 Lakhs
Ph.D in Life Science at Jayoti Vidyapeeth Women's University, Jaipur
96.33 K
Ph.D in Life Science at Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai
92.00 K
M.Sc. in Life Science at JECRC University, Jaipur
40.00 K
Diploma in Life Science at Shyam University, Dausa
92.00 K
M.Sc. in Life Science at JECRC University, Jaipur
40.00 K
Diploma in Life Science at Shyam University, Dausa

Course Subjects

BSc. Life Sciences is a 3-year long course which is aimed at ensuring the acquaintance of the student with all life forms within the planet earth. The course is broken down into 6 semesters, which is sorted carefully with a variety of subjects relevant to Life Sciences. Some of these subjects are:-

  • Applied Biology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biostatistics
  • Cell Biology
  • Evolution
  • Ecology
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Environment Management
  • Genetics and Genomics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Mathematics for Life Sciences
  • Animal Tissue Culture
  • Food, Nutrition, and Health

Careers in Life Science

Life science as a career is best if you have the patience for higher studies, along with other key skills. Because better rewarding careers are available mostly for the highly educated pioneers of the field. But, if you feel that you have a flair for it and a mind to work your way into success. Then, you should go ahead with your decision.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Life Science Job Profiles

Due to the highly focused nature of the course, it doesn't ensure a high paying job right off the hook. But for a person with a passion for the subject combined with curiosity will do well in the long term.

No matter what challenges come your way, stay adamant about your goals. Due to its highly focused nature, there is lesser competition, yet to truly stand out, you should be more than just educated with relevant skills.

As the world focuses more on the importance of preserving the ecosystem, more opportunities can be found for these graduates. There are many good opportunities in the government sector, as well. As far as the private industries are considered, your knowledge about biological processes will be more useful in food processing and other commercial activities.

Some job profiles under Life Science career include: -

Job Profile

Job Description


They observe and study biochemical processes under different conditions to help improve the products in agriculture and food processing.


Examines bodies to find reasons for diseases and injury to find proper patient care.

Museum Educator

They are responsible for maintaining and acquiring new exhibition articles for a museum while also ensuring that they pass on rightful information about the exhibits to the visitors.


They analyze and study patients' bodies and blood samples to ensure healthy nutrition. The role of a nutritionist is of utmost importance during the growth phase of a child.

Food Scientist

They test food samples for analyzing its yeast and microscopic organism tally and carry out experiments to decrease segments that might be unsafe. They also assess the nutritional value of the food.


Immunologists research different living creatures to find ways for improving their immune systems.

Scientific/Journal Writer

They create and edit the content that's of scientific nature, for explaining theories and processes.

Food Scientist

Food scientist works in the food processing industry, for improving product quality by assessing and improving current manufacturing techniques.


Top Recruiters

With the government spending more on economic conservation and people being more conscious about health, there is a steady rise observed in this field. The names of the top recruiters in this field are given below:-

  • Biocon
  • Agrotech food
  • ANG Lifescience
  • Britannia India Ltd.
  • Sun Pharma
  • Cadbury India Ltd.
  • Nestle India Pvt. Ltd.

There are opportunities in different governmental departments, as well.

Required Skillset for Life Science

Unlike a regular job, Life Science has a different nature to itself. Rather than repeating a few actions regularly most of your jobs will have you searching for new pieces of information. Thus, the recruiters have a certain set of qualities that they look for in a person before hiring them.

  1. Communication Skills – You should be proficient in speaking as well as writing because misinformation of any sort can have serious repercussions. Also, consulting with different sets of people will be much easier if you are effective at communication.

  1. Curiosity- If your mind is not curious about the knowledge it can acquire, then it won't need a lot of reasons to be motivated. Life science is a very demanding branch of science as new information is always coming in fast, while the relevance of old data still stays the same.

  2. Interpersonal Skills- Within the confines of your office or during a field trip for uncovering a possible lead on the discovery, it is of utmost importance to have good interpersonal skills. This particular skill wouldn't just help you to lead a team, but also helps you to stabilize the morale of the group at times of a crisis, which is always an asset.

Course Curriculum for Life Science

The aim of the Life Science course is to impart sufficient knowledge to a disciple's mind, so that they gain a deeper understanding of the biological processes carried out by terrestrial as well as aquatic life forms, including humans. The students are taught about the physical as well as the chemical aspects of such biological processes through classes, lab practices, and field study.

While the Under Graduate course provides a wider base on the subject, the higher studies give a more focused perspective on the student. The course curriculum might differ slightly from one institution to another, but the basic idea remains to teach the student about the complex yet beautiful flora and fauna of Mother Earth while figuring out ways to protect and preserve them, among other things.

Questions related to Life Science

Showing 152 out of 152 Questions

if my subjects in gate is life science can i take admission in mtech biotechnology?

DrTeeth 12th Jan, 2021

Hi. The eligibility criteria for Masters in technology in biotechnology is as follows:

  • Candidates must hold a Bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology, Pharmacy, Biosciences or in any relevant discipline from a recognized college or university.
  • Candidates must have scored an aggregate of at least 50% marks in the qualifying examinations.
  • A candidate should have a valid score in any concerned entrance examination.

class x Life science text book

Parmeshwar Suhag 2nd Jan, 2021

Hello Student,

If you want the pdf of this book, then please visit google and check the book with its name. You can find the pdf of this book on different websites. And you can easily download that. But, here we are unable to provide you the pdf, because of the copyright issues.

Hope it helps.


after qualifying jnu msc life science theory entrance exam is there any interview session?

priyaankasarkar Student Expert 20th Dec, 2020

There is no interview. Admissions to M.Sc Life Sciences program is based on your performance in the Entrance examination conducted by JNU. For being eligible for this course, you should have completed your B.Sc or B.Tech or equivalent course in Biology, Physics or Agricultural sciences or Biotechnology with a minimum aggregate of 55%. The admission is based on Computer based entrance exam. You will be tested on your basic knowledge in the core subjects of life or biological sciences. The exam will contain subject specific questions in different batches of Life/Biological Sciences at Bachelor's degree level. There is no specific syllabus but you can follow UGC approved syllabus.


list of books that i should study for msc life science?

myidshivanisrivastava 19th Dec, 2020

Hello Aspirant,

Following is the list of books you must study for M.Sc. Life Science:

  1. Cell biology-Lodish
  2. Biochemistry- Lehninger
  3. Stryer and Harper are quite good too
  4. Molecular biology- Bruce Alberts
  5. Microbiology - Prescott
  6. Immunology - Kuby
  7. Genetics- Gardner
  8. Developmental biology- Gilbert
  9. Biotechnology- Glick
  10. Plant and animal physiology, evolution and ecology - 11th and 12th ncert books are enough
  11. Other than these you can always go for Life sciences books and practice books by Pranav Kumar -pathfinder academy

Hope this information helps you. Feel free to ask more questions.

Have a good day!!


I completed my graduation Bsc in life science with more than 60% but my 12th percentage is below 60...and d.o.b is 04.04.1996...while filling afcat form...shows that not eligible for exam ....whats the reason behind this?

U. Janani 19th Dec, 2020

Hi Prema!

The Age Eligibility Criteria for AFCAT Flying Branch is between 20-24 years of age as of January, 2022. That you must be born between January 2, 1998 and January 1, 2002. So, you will not be eligible for this category!

For Ground Duty, your age should be between 20-26 years of age as of January 1, 2022. You must be born between January 2, 1996 and January 1, 2002. So, for this you are eligible!

When it comes to Education, you should have 60% in Physics and Maths in 12th and B.E/B.Tech or a minimum of 4 year degree for qualification! Or B.Sc. in Finance. If these didn't match then, that might have been the problem!

Hope this is helpful!

All the best!

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