Who is a Surgeon?
It is the surgeon's duty to tranquilise the temper, to beget cheerfulness, and to impart confidence of recovery ~ Astley Cooper
A man’s body is considered as one of the most complex machines and like any machine, it is also prone to several damages. The minor ones can be treated with help of medicines but sometimes some ailments can only be cured after going through an operation. During surgery, there is a team of nurses and doctors to make sure everything goes smoothly. And the person in charge who leads the team and does the operation is a surgeon. If you want to bring in a change in people's lives and you want every single day at your work to be counted then being a surgeon is a possible career choice for you. Continue reading the article in order to clear all your doubts about the surgeon as a career option.
To be a great surgeon, you must be great at working with your hands, you must know how to adapt in a new environment, you should inherit patience and strength, and most important of all, you should enjoy the work you are doing. If you think these are the qualities that you exhibit, then a surgeon can be a profession you might want to pursue. However, it is worthy to remember that it takes no less than thirteen years to become a general surgeon. If you are persistent enough to dedicate thirteen years of your life to become a surgeon and want to be the reason behind people’s recovery, the surgeon is surely a profession for you.
Surgeon in a Nutshell
The job of the surgeon performing elective surgery involves a non-life-threatening situation and is usually done by appointment depending on the surgeon’s availability. The job of surgeon performing semi-elective surgery involves avoiding permanent disability or death but can be put off for a short time. A surgeon who performs emergency surgery has to be intuitive and quick as he/she has to save a life. Exploratory surgeries are performed to help in confirming a diagnosis. Whereas therapeutic surgeries are carried out to deal with the previously diagnosed condition. And the cosmetic surgeries are performed to change the appearance of an otherwise normal structure.
Quick Facts for Surgeon
Average Salary in India
Male, Female, Others
Yes, both women and men can become a surgeon. The profession is gender-neutral. Anyone with appropriate skills and educational qualifications can perform a general surgeon job. A good surgeon must be good with people and must know how to do their work. With these qualities, anyone can choose to become a surgeon.
Any special needs
As a surgeon, you need to be detail-oriented and considerate because operating on a person’s body is a matter of extreme patience and seriousness. Hence, people who are physically well can only perform the general surgeon job.
Table of Contents for Surgeon
What is the role of Surgeon?
A surgeon is responsible for performing a variety of tasks that include operating patients in the event of illness, injury, or disease, performing different surgical operations on the human body, carrying out specific procedures, and many more. The job of general surgeon is to supervise surgical technicians and ensure all standards of care and safety being followed in the operation theatre. A surgeon is an incharge of all aspects of the surgical process.
The job of general surgeon is to perform minimally trespassing and uncomplicated surgeries that last a few minutes, or trespassing and complicated surgeries that require long hours to complete. A surgeon operates on a human living body and hence their life is at a high risk. In order to avoid accidents during a surgery, a surgeon must be alert, prepared for all types of emergency situations, and be able to perform life saving initiatives at any time during the surgery.
A surgeon is responsible for managing various things such as ensuring the surgery-related services are provided within the hospital at all times. A surgeon is also responsible for the smooth, efficient, and cost-effective running of the surgical equipment. The job of a general surgeon is to maximize flexibility, teamwork, and innovative working practices. A general surgeon job duty is that he/she must ensure that efficient use of perfusion resources are applied.
The job of a general surgeon is to ensure that the needs of the patient are placed at the center of care delivery. He/she is also required to make sure that there are systems in place that implies the provision of care takes place in a suitable and safe environment. Additionally, the general surgeon's job is to ensure the proper working of the equipment to be used in cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary operations.
As a general surgeon, he/she is responsible for working in partnership with the support staff to ensure that care, treatment, and service needs are met. He/she is also required to ensure that the operating team comes up with the most effective and standard approach to the delivery of excellent service.
A surgeon acts as clinical expert within the hospital, which includes the dissemination of specialist skills and knowledge to all disciplines within the hospital. A general surgeon is also required to deal with carers and direct patient contact, in difficult and stressful situations. A general surgeon job is to maintain and promote effective communication within all the members of the multidisciplinary team and all hospital departments.
In certain situations, when required, a general surgeon job is to undertake a local audit and research, ensuring the findings are disseminated appropriately and recommendations are implemented. A surgeon also supports departmental research as required and utilizes the information to ensure the clinical practice is research-based. It is a general surgeon job to plan and obtain ethical approval whenever necessary.
This is the main responsibility of a surgeon. He/she is responsible for operating the human body and conducting other such surgeries that require an operation to manage the patients’ physiological status. A general surgeon job is to conduct the extracorporeal circulation along with ensuring the management of physiologic functions by monitoring the necessary variables.
Types of a Surgeon
Cardiothoracic surgeon: Cardiothoracic surgery is a specialisation in surgery that focuses on issues of the heart, lungs, oesophagus and chest. The job responsibilities of a cardiothoracic surgeon is to perform a variety of surgical procedures for issues such as coronary artery disease, blockages of the arteries in the heart, blockages in the heart valves, leaking heart valves, abnormal enlargement or aneurysms of the large arteries in the chest, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation. It is the responsibility of a cardiothoracic surgeon to monitor patients in intensive care. However, the complications can sometimes occur, including heart-beat irregularity, stroke, post-operative bleeding, fluid around the lungs, infection, or thrombosis.
Pediatric surgeon: Pediatric surgery is a specialisation in surgery that focuses on children who need surgical intervention for medical conditions and illnesses. The job duties of a pediatric surgeon include diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative management for fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults.
Obstetrics and gynecology: Obstetrics and gynecology is a very broad and diverse specialisation in surgery. Obstetrics and gynecology include surgery, management and care of pregnant women, delivering babies, gynecologic care, oncology, and primary health care for women. The specialisation is further divided into four subcategories namely gynecologic oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, maternal-fetal medicine, and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery.
Colorectal surgeon: A colorectal surgery is a specialisation of surgery that focuses on treating diseases of the colon, anal canal, rectum, perianal area, as well as the entire gastric tract through medical and surgical means. Colorectal surgeons are the highly trained professionals who perform surgery on other organs and tissues such as the liver, urinary, and female reproductive systems involved with primary intestinal disease.
Urology surgeon: Urology is a specialisation in surgery that focuses on dealing with the urogenital system, specifically organs such as the kidney, prostate, bladder, urethra, testes, penis, and associated glands. A urologist is a highly trained surgical specialists who treat patients for problems and diseases of the urinary tract, adrenal gland, and male reproductive system which includes diseases and conditions such as kidney stones, urinary tract stones, infection, blood in urine, cancer prostate, bladder, testicle and kidney, incontinence, pelvic floor problems, erectile dysfunction, and traumatic injury to the urinary tract. A urologist is also required to perform vasectomies and kidney transplants.
Orthopedic surgeon: Orthopaedic surgery is a specialisation in surgery that specifically focuses on the musculoskeletal system. An orthopaedic surgeon is responsible for taking care of bones, joints, ligaments, arteries, muscles, tendons, and nerves, and also works with fractures and other injuries. An orthopaedic surgeon is responsible to treat a wide variety of problems, such as congenital deformities, trauma, infections, tumours, degenerative conditions, cerebral palsy, paraplegia, and metabolic disturbances that fall into the category of musculoskeletal abnormalities.
What is the workplace/work environment of Surgeon like?
A surgeon spends their most important time in the operating room, where he/she is required to prepare different sets of machines and other operational equipment necessary for the particular operation along with verifying its functionality. Once the patient is connected to the machine, along with performing the surgery, the surgeon is responsible for continuously monitoring the patient’s status to control the rate of blood circulation, hemodynamics, temperature, blood composition, and other technical, critical, and operational devices.
Does Surgeon require travelling?
A surgeon requires little to no traveling. Since a surgeon is required to work in one healthcare area and generally spend 90% of his/her time in the OR suite for cardiac cases, in other cases, they find their responsibilities extending to areas such as the surgical intensive care unit and surgical laboratory.
A surgeon generally works full time at government as well as private hospitals.
A surgeon is hired by the employers on a permanent basis. Hence, the nature of his/her work is permanent. Medical centers or third-party perfusion companies employ surgeons for permanent post.
A surgeon is mainly required to work in operating rooms in hospitals and surgical centers during heart and lung surgery, along with this, they also work in ICUs. The working hours for surgeons vary greatly as they must answer the call of surgical and medical emergencies when needed. Many surgeons are also required to assist in philanthropic cardiac surgery missions. They might work overtime if the surgery stretches to be too long.
Presence in Geographical Area
Tier-1 cities such as New Delhi, Gurgaon, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Pune are a big hub for world class healthcare treatments making it a big hub for opportunities for healthcare workers working in several sectors. Surgeons in Chennai, Tamil Nadu earn an average of 10.6 per cent more than the national average. The surgeons also find higher than average salaries in Bangalore, Karnataka (4.4 per cent more). The lowest salaries can be found in Mumbai, Maharashtra (11.5 per cent less).
Time is one of the most important assets in a surgeon’s life. Once the patient is connected to the machine, along with performing the surgery, the surgeon is responsible for continuously monitoring the patient’s status to control the rate of blood circulation, hemodynamics, temperature, blood composition, and other technical, critical, and operational devices. In conclusion, they work under a lot of time pressure.
Working overtime is quite common in a surgeon’s life. Usually, a surgeon is scheduled to work eight hours per day starting from 9 AM to 6 PM. However, depending on the requirements and the surgery schedules, the surgeon might be required to work overtime. Emergencies are quite common in the medical sector.
Weekly Hours of Work
Min 50 Hours
Typically, a surgeon is required to work a regular 50-hour per week, but he/she also might be required to be present on call on some nights, weekends, and holidays. Depending on the operation, call responsibilities can get rigorous. During emergency cases, surgeon are known to work for more than 12 hours a day as well.
How to become a Surgeon?
What are the skills and qualities required to become a/an Surgeon?
Patience: A surgeon faces critical situations where he/she is required to stay calm and make decisions that might be an important factor in a patient’s future. A surgeon is one of the most essential member of the surgery team. The work he/she does helps in keeping critically ill and medically unstable people alive. Situations like these required them to stay calm and level headed.
Physical strength: In order to have superior stamina and mental focus, a surgeon is required to stay fit and keep themselves healthy. The profession of a surgeon requires him/her to stay alert and during the operations that could last as long as 6-8 hours or more which isn’t possible without mental stamina and irresistible focus.
Communication skills: The ability to communicate effectively is one of the most necessary skills required by a surgeon in order to perform their job duties. The team working for an operation must be closely knitted which can be achieved through strong communication, communicating effectively becomes important in a high-stake team environment.
Science skills: Nothing can be achieved without deep understanding and interest in the subject. In order to become a surgeon along with excelling in the career, it is important for candidate to have a deep interest in science and technology. A good academic background is a non-negotiable requirement in the profession that can be achieved only through knowledge and a deep interest in science and technology.
Attention to detail: A surgeon is required to make important decisions during the operations. Hence, he/she is required to pay meticulous attention to detail to produce highly accurate work even when under pressure. Paying attention to small details is essential during the operation
Critical thinking: Management of surgical operations requires sharp critical thinking skills which involves using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems. Hence, a surgeon is required to exhibit strong critical thinking and analytical skills which can be used in tough situations.
Learning skills: Learning skills are one of the important skills required to become a surgeon which involves learning tasks like conducting tests and inspections of equipment, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance, adjusting actions in relation to others' actions, determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job, controlling operations of equipment or systems, and selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Which certifications and internships can be helpful in becoming Surgeon?
Internships are a great way to learn and develop technical expertise in the industry and have a comprehensive understanding of all the factors responsible for cardiac surgery. However, the internships in this sector are rare since perfusion technology is a role of responsibility. But there are many healthcare organizations that offer assistantships in various sections of the medical industry. In order to get these internships, students are required to follow the eligibility criteria specified by each health organization. Students with excellent medical records and practical understanding are the first choice of healthcare organizations. Also, students in their final year of study programme are eligible for the internship.
Students learn various industrial critics and operations performed in the medical houses outside the surgery room. They are introduced with various technical and critical equipment with relevance to their applications in the specialisation they choose in surgery. The internship offered to the students is mostly unpaid. Students are required to handle their expenses themselves. However, these internships hold much importance since experience in the health industry is a non-negotiable factor in getting a job.
Career Path Progression for Surgeon
Medical doctor: The medical doctor is required to collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical history, reports, and examination results. A medical doctor is also responsible for referring patients to medical specialists or other practitioners when necessary. A medical practitioner orders, performs, and interprets tests and analyses records, reports, and examination information to diagnose patients' condition. A medical doctor monitors patients' conditions and progresses and reevaluates treatments as necessary.
General surgeon: The job of general surgeon is to perform minimally trespassing and uncomplicated surgeries that last a few minutes, or trespassing and complicated surgeries that require long hours to complete. A surgeon operates on a human living body and hence their life is at a high risk. In order to avoid accidents during a surgery, a surgeon must be alert, prepared for all types of emergency situations, and be able to perform life saving initiatives at any time during the surgery.
Surgeon with specialisation: After gaining considerable amount of experience as a general surgeon, the professionals specialise in a particular section and perform the surgeries related to that particular section of medical healthcare. A surgeon operates different types of surgeries categorized on type of procedures, body-system involved, and the degree of invasiveness. Some of the most prominent surgeries performed are elective surgery, semi-elective surgery, emergency surgery, exploratory surgery, therapeutic surgery, and cosmetic surgery.
Head surgeon: The job duties of a head surgeon is to supervise the surgery team and maintain the operations schedules for each day. Along with supervising the team, a head surgeon also practices surgeries in his/her specialisation. It is the responsibility of a head surgeon to oversee the technical equipment that is up to date and match the standards of the medical industry. A head surgeon supervises the team and assigns the job duties to each and every member of the surgical team.
Surgeon Jobs and Salaries
Zydus Cadila, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Limited, Janssen Pharmaceutical Inc.
- Average Salary 55000
- Starting Salary 35000
- Junior Level Salary 35000
- Senior Level Salary 150000
The medical doctor is required to collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical history, reports, and examination results. A medical doctor is also responsible for referring patients to medical specialists or other practitioners when necessary. A medical practitioner orders, performs, and interprets tests and analyses records, reports, and examination information to diagnose patients' condition. A medical doctor monitors patients' conditions and progresses and reevaluates treatments as necessary.
For an entry-level post of a medical doctor, the average total compensation offered to a medical doctor is somewhere around Rs. 35,000 per month. After gaining the intermediate experience in the industry, a medical doctor earns a monthly package of Rs. 55,000. The top-level salary of a medical doctor is somewhere around Rs. 1.5 lakh per month.
- Average Salary 100000
- Starting Salary 75000
- Junior Level Salary 75000
- Senior Level Salary 350000
The job of a general surgeon is to perform minimally trespassing and uncomplicated surgeries that last a few minutes, or trespassing and complicated surgeries that require long hours to complete. A surgeon operates on a human living body and hence their life is at high risk. In order to avoid accidents during surgery, a surgeon must be alert, prepared for all types of emergency situations, and be able to perform life-saving initiatives at any time during the surgery.
For an entry-level post of a general surgeon, the average total compensation offered is somewhere around Rs. 75,000 per month. After gaining the intermediate experience in the industry, a general surgeon earns a monthly package of Rs. 1 lakh. The top-level salary of a general surgeon is somewhere around Rs. 3.5 lakh per month.
- Average Salary 350000
- Starting Salary 200000
- Junior Level Salary 200000
- Senior Level Salary 1000000
The job duties of a head surgeon is to supervise the surgery team and maintain the operations schedules for each day. Along with supervising the team, a head surgeon also practices surgeries in his/her specialisation. It is the responsibility of a head surgeon to oversee the technical equipment that is up to date and match the standards of the medical industry. A head surgeon supervises the team and assigns the job duties to each and every member of the surgical team.
For an entry-level post of a head surgeon, the average total compensation offered is somewhere around Rs. 2 lakh per month. After gaining the intermediate experience in the industry, a head surgeon earns a monthly package of Rs. 3.5 lakh. The top-level salary of a head surgeon is somewhere around Rs. 10 lakh per month.
What is the job outlook for Surgeon?
Surgeon is a profession that demands a commitment to a lengthy and rigorous educational track, multiple levels of examinations and licensing, an arduous residency, and career-long learning and dedication. Due to these factors, the professionals in the industry are at shortage and the demand for surgeons is always at stake. This also becomes one of the most important reasons for the high pay packages of a surgeon. The government of India is committed to making improvements for health coverage with the announcement of Ayushman Bharat. This will surely entail the creation of different sectors of the healthcare industry like preventive, promotive, and curative sectors. In the near future, it is estimated that the healthcare industry will become one of the top three employment generators in India, providing stable and quality healthcare employment across all levels of economic cycles.
A surgeon advances in his/her career by gaining more skills and knowledge along with increasing the number of their patients. Being a surgeon requires you a lifelong commitment to persistent learning and gaining knowledge. There might be chances that a surgeon may move to an area of specialisation. For some large healthcare organisations situated in urban areas, the surgeons become heads of surgery departments after gaining a considerable amount of experience as a surgeon. With additional education and research training, surgeons might move into teaching.
The employment of surgeons is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations due to obvious factors such as lack of highly trained professionals in the healthcare industry, long commitment to the constant learning part of the profession, and many more. One of the major reasons for the growth of employment in the surgery department will be the growing and aging population. Additionally, with the advancement in technologies and procedures, it is possible to diagnose a disease that wasn’t possible before. However, the competition is tough for specialists in urban and semi-urban areas due to obvious reasons such as high earning potential. Surgeons are health professionals who operate on patients to repair injuries, correct deformities, prevent diseases, and generally improve the health of patients.
Frequently Asked Questions for Surgeon
Que. What does a surgeon do?Ans.
A general surgeon job responsibilities include operating patients in the event of illness, injury, or disease, performing different surgical operations on the human body, carrying out specific procedures, and many more. The job of general surgeon is to supervise surgical technicians and ensure all standards of care and safety being followed in the operation theatre. A surgeon is an incharge of all aspects of the surgical process.
Que. What is the general surgeon salary?Ans.
For an entry-level post of a surgeon with a specialisation, the average total compensation offered is somewhere around Rs.1 lakh per month. After gaining the intermediate experience in the industry, a surgeon with a specialisation earns a monthly package of Rs. 2 lakh. The top-level salary of a surgeon with a specialisation is somewhere around Rs. 8 lakh per month.
Que. What are the skills required to become a surgeon?Ans.
A surgeon has distinct personalities. A surgeon tends to be an investigative individual, which means he/she is intellectual, introspective, and inquisitive. A surgeon is curious, methodical, rational, analytical, and logical. A surgeon is also realistic, meaning he/she is independent, stable, persistent, genuine, practical, and thrifty.
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