Degrees offered: B.A., B.A.(Hons), B.C.A., B.E /B.Tech, B.Sc., B.Sc.(Hons), BS

What is Mathematics

Mathematics is a very crucial part of every industry across the globe used in fields like business industry, marketing, engineering, medical field, physics, military, among others. The core mathematics courses across universities provide an insight into scientific and applied mathematics concepts.

The course is highly preferred by students interested in analytical and pattern interpretation among the basic theories of mathematics. It equips students with skills related to geometry, analytical, data interpretation, and analysis, among others.

The course not only provides knowledge about core mathematics concepts but also introduces students to other subjects interlinked with mathematics such as bioinformatics, chemical engineering, finance, analytical science, among others.

And the curriculum focuses on practical applications of the theories and designing real-life protocols of the concepts taught. As the course influences numerous fields, it has become a rather popular choice among Indian youth.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Mathematics

The mathematics courses are present at all levels, and the admission process is quite similar to all other graduation and post graduation courses. The minimum requirements for admission in Mathematics courses are –

For Undergraduate Mathematics Courses

  • The candidate must have a 10+2 education from the recognised education board. The minimal cut-off might vary different institutes, but the approximated amount is 50%.

  • Some universities conduct additional entrance exams along with interviews and group discussions, and students should overcome the cut-off released by the university.

  • Students can also take lateral admission in the universities by crossing the cut-off marks in various national and state-level course-related exams. 

For Postgraduate Mathematics Courses

  • Candidates are required to have a bachelor's degree in the related field completed from a recognised institute.

  • English and Mathematics should be their major subjects with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks in graduation.

  • Students might need to clear an additional university level entrance test for admission. 

Mathematics Entrance Exams

To get admission in mathematics, students have the option to either give a national/state level exam or university level exam along with the personal interview depending on the institute. The exams conducted for both graduate and postgraduate levels are listed below.

Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET)- The DUET exam is conducted by the Delhi University for admission in various graduation and post graduation courses in over 100 colleges. Students with a 10+2 education from a recognised board are eligible for all graduate-level programmes whereas having a bachelor's degree in any field is mandatory for post graduation courses.

IIT Joint Admission Test for M.Sc. (IIT JAM)- It is a national level examination conducted by IITs across India for admission in various M.Sc. programmes. It is a computer-based exam held in February. Having a bachelor's degree in any field of B.Sc. is mandatory.

Central Universities Common Entrance Test (CUCET)- It is a yearly examination for admission in degree such as B.Sc., B.Tech., M.Tech., among others. It is conducted in September, and the exam is of national level.

CMI Entrance Test- The entrance test is organised by Chennai Institute of Mathematics. It is a yearly test for enrolment into both graduate and postgraduate courses in the field of mathematics. The exam date lies in October.

National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)- Conducted at a national level, the entrance exam is held every year by a group of institutes. Students can get admission in numerous M.Sc. courses with subjects like Biology, Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, among others. It is held in August.

Scope of Mathematics in India and Abroad

Deciding Mathematics as a career option in today's time can turn out to be very beneficial for students as it does not limit students' career to one type of job rather provides numerous employment areas like Cryptography, Actuarial Science, Teaching, Mathematical Modelling, and Statistics.

Mathematics covers hundreds of distinct domains from biotechnology to military equipment. Aspirants with proper qualifications and the skills required can easily climb the ladder of success and excel in their field.

The involvement of both public and private sectors is nearly the same, thus providing employment opportunities in every industry.

The requirement of professionals with a degree in applied mathematics is on the rise, and they have the chance to have the best job opportunities. Aspirants can choose from fields like finance, Technical institutes, Military intelligence bodies, banking, software development, risk management, data analysis, educational institutes, among others.

Professionals are offered lucrative jobs with high salary packages. And students with a greater passion for mathematics can pursue a PhD in Mathematics and teach in world-renowned institutes like Harvard and Stanford. 

Course Fees Mathematics

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
B.Sc.(Hons) in Mathematics at Nilamani Mahavidyalaya, Balasore
1.24 K
B.Sc.(Hons) in Mathematics at Jagadish Nandan College, Madhubani
25.25 Lakhs
B.Sc.(Hons) in Mathematics at Ashoka University, Sonepat
10.68 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Mathematics at Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
M.Sc. in Mathematics at Holy Cross College, Kanyakumari
B.Sc. in Mathematics at JN College, Nehra
4.00 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Mathematics at Chennai Mathematical Institute, Chennai
1.47 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Mathematics at Tezpur University, Tezpur
60.00 K
Ph.D in Mathematics at Sanskriti University, Mathura
9.21 K
Ph.D in Mathematics at Government Dungar College, Bikaner
12.90 Lakhs
Ph.D in Mathematics at NIILM University, Kaithal
2.82 Lakhs
Ph.D in Mathematics at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune
9.00 K
M.Sc. in Mathematics at Gyanveer Institute of Management and Science, Tili
M.Sc. in Mathematics at Government Arts College for Women, Sivaganga
1.70 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Mathematics at REVA University, Bangalore
32.00 K
M.Sc. in Mathematics at Uttarakhand Open University, Haldwani

Course Subjects

A bachelor's degree in Mathematics is of 3 years duration covering fields like B.Sc., B.Tech., B.A. which is segregated into 6 semesters. Some of the common subjects introduced in the course are –

  • Linear programming

  • Discrete Mathematics

  • Introductory linear algebra

  • Vector spaces

  • Data Analysis

  • Analytic geometry

  • Polynomial approximation

  • Integral Calculus

  • Sets and Functions

  • Applied regression analysis

  • Complex variables

A postgraduate degree in Mathematics is available in fields such as M.A., M.Tech., M.Sc., among others. The course duration is 2 years and it is divided into 4 semesters. The major subjects covered in the course are –

  • Advanced calculus

  • Asymptotes

  • Graph theory

  • Problem formulation

  • Analytic number theory

  • Testing of hypothesis

  • Paraboloids

  • Combinatorics

  • Differential Equations

  • Common catenary

Careers in Mathematics

Career opportunities in the field of Mathematics are very diverse. From government agencies to the banking sector, candidates can find employment in various industries. Being the most crucial part of the Indian Economy, it gets a lot of attention from the public sector.

With an increasing demand for innovative and creative processes related to manufacturing and product processing, new technologies are introduced regularly.

Thus, the research and development domain of Mathematics constantly requires young professionals with proper qualifications.

Sectors like financing, investment, public administration, risk management, scientific institutes are some of the most preferred career domains under Mathematics.

Candidates with a postgraduate degree in the field can easily initiate their careers with high package jobs due to a shortage of qualified professionals.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Mathematics Job Profile

Good placement after competition of education depends on various factors including place of graduation, marks obtained, skills, career sector, among others. The availability of a job determines the scope of any field.

The Mathematics sector is quite popular among Indian youth, but the employment opportunities are still at a steady rise from the past decade. The overall increase of industries in India promotes the employment rate in this sector.

There is an eminent demand for qualified and trained professionals in the field who have an innovative and creative way of problem-solving.

Companies often recruit individuals who can change the course of their company and bring new technologies to the table.

Candidates can apply for jobs in various sectors such as business industry, economics, astronomy, data analysis, commerce industry, education sector, banking, accountancy, among others.

The mathematics sector provides fresher candidates with high package jobs if they impart the required skills and qualification demands.

The availability of the job in this sector is determined by the hard work put in finding the vacancies and applying them at the first chance.

Students can take reference from the table of some of the most common job profiles and their descriptions to increase their understanding of the sector.

Job Profile

Job Description

Numerical Analyst

A Numerical Analyst focuses on estimating various business problems such as marketing risk, financial drop, among others and using their maths and numerical operation skills.


A Cryptanalyst is responsible for collecting data from companies. They convert, analyse, and present the collected data in an encoded form to conceal it from outsiders—the design operating systems and algorithms for employers.


A Statistician's job revolves around the interpretation of all types of data collected from marketing projects to the company's turnover and provides a statistical estimation of the future of the company. They also help in making future financial decisions regarding all aspects.


A Mathematician's work is to observe, analyse, and design new theories to overcome practical problems in the processing or manufacturing of products at the industry level. They mainly focus on areas like finance, engineering, and scientific research

Business Analyst

A Business Analyst finds a practical and technical solution to all business-related. They also generate strategies required to increase the gross production of the products and handle all documentation regarding the same.

Data Analyst

A Data Analyst supervises all sorts of data collected and converts it into presentable form to analyse marketing content such as sales figures, transporting cost, market logistics, among others. They also contribute to large-scale marketing decisions.

Cost Estimator

A Cost Estimator handles the estimation of cost regarding all present and future marketing projects. They give financial advice regarding the sale and marketing of products plus they predict the future turnover regarding the projects.


Top Recruits in Mathematics 

With the diversity of the field, the recruitments options lie in almost all possible sectors, including educational institutes, banking sector, finance industry, home appliances, among others. Government and non-government agencies open vacancies at a regular rate due to the high demand for trained professionals with ample qualifications. Some of the top recruiting companies and educational hubs in Mathematics sectors are –

  • TCS Innovation Lab

  • IIT Delhi

  • Ernst & Young

  • Wipro Technologies Ltd.

  • Goodwill Solutions

  • McKinsey and Company

  • BITS Pilani

  • Nucleus Software

  • State Bank of India

  • Goldman Sachs

  • Deutsche Bank

Required Skillset for Mathematics

Before opting for a particular course and job, knowing about the skills required can help students to fit in better at their job and excel in their career.

Just like every other course, students with crucial subject related skills are preferred in course admission and job recruitment.

The list of most sought after skills in the field of Mathematics is given below –

  • Concertation – The field of mathematics is very vast and logical; candidates should be able to focus only on what is necessary and should get distracted by other elements.

  • Commitment – Students pursuing Applied Mathematics need to commit to their work and are determined to find solutions for any challenges they face in their way.

  • Confidence – Candidates working on Mathematics theories may take years to reach their conclusion, but confidence is the key to begin in the first place.

  • Observant – To be able to analyse the theoretical and practical scenarios around them, candidates should be observant and calm to overcome difficulties.

Course Curriculum for Mathematics

The Mathematics course is an integral part of numerous fields in today's era. The course curriculum combines mathematical aspects of multiple domains such as economics, natural science, medicine, engineering, physics, among others.

During the 3-year program, the curriculum imparts the knowledge of scientific and theoretical Mathematics along with its practical applications for scientific purposes. It enhances students' skills, such as analytical, interpretation, analysing, and problem-solving capabilities.

The curriculum may differ according to institute but the basic goal of providing understanding regarding both theoretical and applied Mathematics concepts is similar.

Questions related to Mathematics

Showing 2498 out of 2498 Questions

Which are best institutes for pursuing BSc Mathematics In India , which is entrance oriented?

chinchujoseph1993 3rd Dec, 2020


Below I have mentioned some of the best colleges in India for BSc MAthematics that give admission based on entrance exams. I have provided limks for each college along withthe names:

You may follow the below link to get the list of the best colleges for BSc in Mathematics in India:

Good Luck



harshita sharan Student Expert 3rd Dec, 2020

Hi Dear,

Based on past yera paper analysis, following chapters in mathematics holds most importance and  forms mazor part of the question paper. So you must study thoroughly following topics:

  • Algebra
  • Trigonometry
  • Differential calculus and Integral calculus
  • Analytical Geometry

You can refer following books for your preparation:

  • NCERT Mathematics Textbooks of Class 11 and Class 12
  • Pathfinder NDA & NA by Arihant Publications
  • Chapterwise-Sectionwise Solved Papers NDA/NA by Arihant Publications
  • Latest Manorama Yearbook
  • Success Series General Knowledge by Sachchida Nand Jha

Good Luck


i have compartment in mathematics..and it is not cleared in 1st compartment also.. and i want to take admission in college.. is there any possibility to take admission in college...

Sharon K Rose Student Expert 1st Dec, 2020


To get seat in any undergraduate course you must pass in all subjects in 10+2 with required minimum marks as per the eligibility criteria. You cannot get admission this year as you have compartment in Mathematics. However, you can get admission after passing in the compartment exam next year.


Does doing a phd in mathematics from private colleges like VIT VELLORE is good?

Srishti Sarkhel 1st Dec, 2020

It depends what you want to do and how much dedicated you are towards your research. The institute gives complete freedom to the research scholars to choose their supervisors and their field of study. It is an excellent place to do research and get your publications. The aforementioned points may not be true for many other universities in India. The scholars are paid well as of now. The funding for their research!!! that is same as other Government institutes. If you join under a funded lab then you can do better, but others could also make use of facilities available from funded labs in VIT. It is one of the few deemed universities which encourages the scholars to come up with innovative ideas. Overall it is a good place to learn and educate yourself, but it depends on your dedication towards your work.

I hope this was helpful. Thank you!


can i do b pharma by opting physics, chemistry, mathematics?

Aditya Kumar Student Expert 30th Nov, 2020


Yes, being a PCM student i . e  a student with physics chemistry and Biology in class 12th you are eligible for pursuing B Pharma

This is because,

To be eligible for B Pharma or bachelors in pharmacy, you must have passed your 12th board examination with physics chemistry and Biology/Mathematics and generally you need 50% marks  in aggregate to be eligible  .

So both biology and mathematics students are eligible for B Pharma

Thus, yes you being a  PCM student you can get into B Pharma

And ,
Your admission in b pharma is either on the basis of marks obtained by you in class 12th or through college or university level entrance examination

Some top college/University for your b pharma are given below :-

*Jamia Hamdard :- it is the best college that you can get for your B pharma ,it has been ranked 1 in NIRF ranking
*Panjab University
*National Institute of Pharmaceutical *Education and Research, Punjab
*Institute of Chemical Technology
*Birla Institute of Technology & Science
*Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences
*JSS College of Pharmacy, Tamil Nadu

For detailed information go through


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