Courses taught in Nephrology entail the study of normal kidney functions, kidney problems, treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy which includes dialysis and kidney transplantation. Coursework covers systemic conditions affecting the kidneys (diabetes and autoimmune diseases) and other systemic problems that occur as a result of kidney problems (renal osteodystrophy and hypertension). Nephrologists are concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases including electrolyte disturbances acquired conditions such as systemic vasculitides, autoimmune diseases such as lupus and congenital diseases such as polycystic kidney disease. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a 5.5-year programme.Furthermore, patients also visit nephrologists after say a urinalysis for various reasons such as acute kidney failure, chronic kidney disease, hematuria, proteinuria, kidney stones, hypertension and disorders of acid, base or electrolytes. You have to pursue MD in General Medicine after MBBS after which you can pursue DM (super-specialisation) in Nephrology.


UG: Candidates must have passed 10+2 with at least 50% marks in aggregate with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as core subjects. Independent entrance tests for UG programme (MBBS) are Conducted by various state, central and private universities.

PG: Candidates must hold a degree in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery along with an MD in General Medicine after which, they ought to have a good score in entrance tests held for DM in Nephrology conducted by various state, central and private universities.



  • Hospitals need Nephrologists all the time since a patient with a malfunctioning kidney can show up anytime and kidney being a sensitive organ, the need of the hour is a specialist who can handle the case with great composure.
  • Nephrologists are also needed in various kidney and dialysis centres.
  • Nephrologists also have the option of venturing out on their own. They also get to teach the subject in various medical colleges across the country.

Some of the positions offered to them include:

Consultant – Nephrology

Consultant – Renal Transplant Surgeon

Consultant – Renal Medicine

Consultant – Nephrology Medicine

Clinical Research Fellow – Nephrology

Assistant Professor

Associate Professor



  • Assessment of Renal Diseases
  • Basics of Nephrology
  • Epidemiology and Risk Factors
  • Fluids and Electrolyte Disorders
  • Glomerular Diseases
  • Pediatric Nephrology
  • Pharmacology and Drugs
  • Tubular Diseases


  • Course Fees
    Maximum Fees 2.34 Lakhs Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
    Minimum Fees 1.95 Lakhs Saveetha University, Chennai
    Degree Offered in UG
  • Course Fees
    Maximum Fees 0.35 Lakhs Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
    Minimum Fees 0.35 Lakhs Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
    Degree Offered in PG