Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
Degrees offered: B.Sc., D.M., Diploma, M.D., M.Phil., M.Sc., P.G.D
What is Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
Anesthesiology and Palliative Medicine is a course specialising in anesthesiology Anaesthesia is a medication given to a patient in surgery so that they do not feel any pain during the surgery. Doctors that specialize in Anesthesiology and Palliative medicine are known as Anaesthesiologists and the study is known as Anesthesiology. Anaesthesia is important as it is involved in over 90 % of surgeries. According to data collected from the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists in 2017, India has only 1.27 anaesthesiologists for every 1,00,000 people in the country.
Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine or Palliative Care is an extremely specialized medical care for people that live with a serious, terminal illness. This type of special care is mainly focused on providing relief from the symptoms and the stress of the terminal illness. Anesthesiology and Palliative Medicine aim at improving the quality of life for both the patient and the family of the patient.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
Eligibility criteria for the Bachelor’s degree (B.Sc. in Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine)
- The candidate requires to have passed 10+2 or equivalent with a minimum percentile of 45% in Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
- The candidate must have cleared the relevant entrance examination required for admission by the college/ institute.
Eligibility criteria for the Master’s degree (M.Sc. in Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine)
- Candidates must have completed their graduation (B.Sc.) with Physics, Biology and Mathematics as subjects. The candidates should have a minimum of 45% in order to be eligible for the course.
Entrance Exams in Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
1. National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), previously known as All-India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) is a national entrance exam that is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) in order to get admission in mainly all the major medical colleges in India.
2. Common Entrance Examinations for different states
Many Indian states conduct common entrance examinations, some of them are:
The Kalinga Institute of Information Technology Entrance Examination is an entrance examination conducted by the Kalinga Institute of Information Technology (KIIT) for students willing to pursue both UG and PG courses.
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Scope of Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine in India and Abroad
There is a good scope of Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine in India right now and in the foreseeable future as the number of surgical procedures will increase due to the increasing population. In anaesthesiology, you have the complete freedom to work in any way you want. You can join a medical college, a government hospital, or a private hospital or you can freelance between hospitals on a per-case basis. The best thing is that Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine branch is always in demand as the number of people opting for them is very less. It is a non-glamorous branch and will always stay away from the limelight and work in silence.
The degree courses in Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine are important for further higher studies such as a Doctorate (Ph.D.). The degree courses teach the students to provide direct medical care to patients requiring general or local anaesthesia for operational, surgical, diagnostic and other different procedures such as the prevention of pain. The fact that surgeries are almost impossible to administer without anaesthesia suggests that the anaesthesiologists have, and will be hot market commodities.
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Course Fees Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
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Being a niche medical skill, Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine students need to be varied in all the basic medical practices. The subjects taught to students during the course are:
1. General Surgery
7. Micro Biology
8. Cardio-Thoracic surgery
9. Anesthesia Technology
10. Applied Anesthesia
Careers in Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
Anesthesiology and Palliative medicine career opportunities are drastically expanding. This offers an opportunity to collaborate with critical patients in the form of hospital-based palliative care consultations. As hospitals scramble to launch services in the face of rising demand and as more therapies are included in palliative care, the option of teaching in Anesthesiology and Palliative medicine is experiencing rapid growth.
In outpatient-centered palliative care, opportunities are also growing, as hospitals, cancer centres, and neighbourhood doctors try to better support life-limiting disease patients who are seeking active treatment and are not enrolled in hospice, but may soon be. Sometimes these patients' Anesthesiology and Palliative medicine care needs have been under-addressed, experts argue, and a trend is underway to provide a more organised approach between palliative medicine and other clinicians who might be caring for the person.
1. Discussion on Opioid and Naloxone labels by FDA.
The prescriptions of naloxone with opioid medicines have been hugely recommended for patients on chronic opioid therapy that might have risk factors for overdose. The advent of Artificial Intelligence. The sudden shift to Artificial Intelligence has seen many robots being developed in order to carry out surgeries more effectively. This will have a significant impact on the jobs being created in the Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine industry.
2. Many drugs are gaining temporary approval due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Right now, the FDA is giving fast approvals to several medicines because of the pandemic situations in the world, these medicines might be remembered later. As some of the medications are anaesthetic medications, this causes a lot of complexities.
3. Mortality rates
Due to COVID-19 being present in mostly all hospitals, the mortality rates have increased as people have started catching COVID-19 before or after their surgeries. This also has seen a drop in the number of surgeries being conducted.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Job Profiles in Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
Some of the common Job profiles in Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine are mentioned below.
This job requires providing assistance in heart surgeries by providing anaesthesia and doing all the anesthesia-related procedures
Assistant to Anaesthesiologist
This job profile requires for the person to be working as an assistant to an Anaesthesiologist. This means directly working under him or her and making sure that the practice is run smoothly
The job of medical consultants is to provide help with medical facilities and help with business-related decisions that are made by healthcare providers.
The job of an Assistant Professor is to assist the professor of that subject and teach students. An Assistant Professor also does some research work in the division of Anesthesiology.
An Anaesthesia Technician is required to perform or assist with all the Anaesthesia-related tasks before, during and after the surgery.
Surgeons perform surgeries on patients in order to operate on their deformities, injuries or diseases. They are responsible for the proper well-being of the patient before, during and after the surgery.
All the main hospitals look for Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine Specialists, here are some common top recruiters that recruit that have done the course.
1. Max Super Speciality Hospitals
2. Fortis Healthcare
3. Apollo Hospital Group
When choosing any career option, remuneration plays an important role. As it takes investment in terms of money and time, as remuneration, one should know about the returns for their own interest. In Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine , average wages are more or less identical, but this also depends on the work profile. Below is a list of the average salaries in various work profiles in the industry.
Average salary (in Rs.)
Rs. 15,00,000 per annum (approx.)
Assistant to Anaesthesiologist
Rs. 5,00,000 per annum (approx.)
Rs. 4,00,000 per annum (approx.)
Rs. 7,50,000 per annum (approx.)
Rs. 9,00,000 per annum (approx.)
Rs. 12,00,000 per annum (approx.)
Required Skillset for Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
Recruiters basically look for various common skills while recruiting medical and surgery experts. Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine being so diverse, emphasizes a specific skill set. Some of the essential skills are mentioned below:
Communication skills- One should be able to orally express ideas smoothly and have good interpersonal skills.
Knowledge of basic concepts-The work is primarily research-oriented, so basic knowledge of the key concepts in medical studies should be available.
Motor Ability – The candidates should have motor ability i.e. they should be quick on their feet.
The desire for continuous learning and learning new research- An anesthesiologist should be up to date with the latest research happening in the field.
Course Curriculum for Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
There are two courses related to Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine, one is a three-year Bachelor’s degree whereas the other is a bit advanced two-year Master’s degree. The courses cover both theoretical and practical knowledge of Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine, monitoring patients, and the usage of anaesthesia. Students pursuing the course are also taught about various anaesthetic technologies and supplies. Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine courses will help aspirants in forming a very strong base in anaesthetic technology, which shall equip them with important skills such as choosing the right anaesthetic which would be administered to a certain patient based on their medical condition. They also gain a good knowledge of the correct equipment that should be used and the proper dosages of the anaesthetic agents that they would be given.
Courses in Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine look like attractive options as they have relatively low fees and the demand for professionals is pretty high. Eligible candidates are provided with all kinds of training about the different kinds of anaesthesia agents and the way they are used in surgery.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the scope of Anesthesiology and Palliative Medicine course outside India?
Outside India, Anesthesiology and Palliative Medicine is quite a sought-after profession and people pursuing the profession are well compensated. In fact, an anaesthesiologist may earn up to 50-60 percent more than what he or she is earning in India.
Question: What is the fee of the course?
The annual fees of this course range from Rs. 20,000- Rs. 1,00,000 depending on the college.
Question: What are the risks of anaesthesia, do they outweigh by the benefits?
There are very minimal risks regarding anaesthesia. But it is in the hands of the patient to carefully do the risk assessment before he or she makes a decision to move forward with surgery. The risks of anaesthesia are clearly communicated to the patients and the patients are advised to move forward with the surgery if exposing the patients to risks of anaesthesia is justified.
Question: What is the typical day of an Anaesthesiologist?
Anaesthesia expert is expected to arrive at the hospital at between 6am and 7 am in the morning. The various tasks might include preparing patients for the surgery, giving anaesthesia to the patients or helping with patients who need special care. And on-call Anaesthesiologist can expect a call at any time during the day.
Question: Has the B.Sc. Anaesthesia Course in India has been confirmed by the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)?
This varies from college to college and depends on the institute that the student is seeking admission to.
Questions related to Anesthesiology and Pallative Medicine
What is the salary of anesthesiologist in both India and United States?
The salary of anesthesiologist in India is nearly 1 lakh per year and in united states the salary would be around $363,000.Hope this helps you.