- Fees: ₹ 5,011
- Exams: AIIMS PG
What is Oncology and Radiotherapy
Oncology is the branch of science that deals with the diagnosing of tumours and cancer. While radiotherapy is the procedure given for cancer treatment which is similar to chemotherapy. However, both oncology and radiotherapy are interrelated to each other.
Therefore, study of oncology and radiotherapy is very important to have knowledge about cancer and how it can be treated. Especially when there is an increase in the spread of the disease, and there are fewer doctors to treat the patients.
Oncology and radiotherapy also has various job opportunities once you complete the course. Years back, there were only a few people who wanted to pursue this course, and as a result, there were fewer doctors who knew about cancer.
But now more students are opting for oncology and radiotherapy, and there is an increase of doctors who are well versed in both subjects. This has made patients believe that there is hope in their lives, and they can survive.
There are two levels of the course that you can do in both oncology and Radiotherapy. You can complete your MBBS and go for MD specialization in Oncology or Radiotherapy, or you can complete your DM in oncology and radiotherapy and do your MD in oncology and radiotherapy.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Oncology and Radiotherapy
Oncology and Radiotherapy Eligibility Criteria
For DM in Oncology and Radiotherapy
The candidate to be qualified for the course of the DM in Oncology and Radiotherapy should have completed his/her + 2 in science stream from a well-recognized board.
He/she should also have completed MBBS from a recognized university or college.
For MD in Oncology and Radiotherapy
The candidate must have completed their MBBS or BDS from a well-recognized university
He/she should have the experience of 10 years of experience in practising in the field.
Oncology and Radiotherapy entrance exams
For joining for DM or MD in Oncology and Radiotherapy, the student has to go through the entrance exam. The most common entrance exam for both courses is NEET.
NEET – National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET is an entrance exam which is conducted by NTA for students who wish to pursue undergraduate and postgraduate medical courses in government or private colleges.
AIIMS Entrance exam – another exam for you to be qualified for pursuing your DM or MD in Oncology and Radiotherapy is AIIMS entrance test.
Scope of Oncology and Radiotherapy in India and Abroad
- Once you complete the graduation and post-graduation in oncology and radiotherapy, you can join private or government hospitals. There are a lot of job opportunities in both the private and government sectors. There have been so many researches going on to bring changes in the field of oncology and radiotherapy.
Especially when many cancers are rare and have been developing recently and spreading among people rigorously, there have to be new treatments developed to treat such patients.
More studies have been made in the field of oncology and radiotherapy to understand these different new cancers and prepare for the treatment accordingly.
Course Fees Oncology and Radiotherapy
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The DM and MD courses in oncology and radiotherapy are for a duration of 3 years. Almost all the major universities offer this course and the course has subjects that come under it. These are some of the subjects:
i. Cell cycle pathology
ii. Invasion and Metastasis
iii. Aetiology of cancer
iv. Epidemiology of cancer
v. Principles of cancer management
vi. Pharmacology of Cancer chemotherapy
vii. Clinical Trials in Cancer
viii. Cancer Screening
ix. Imaging techniques of cancer diagnosis management
x. Specialized techniques for Cancer diagnosis and management
xi. Vascular access and drug delivery
xii. Sarcomas of soft tissue and bones
xiii. Benign and malignant mesotheliomas
xiv. Malignant melanoma
xv. Neoplasm of CNS
xvi. Cancers of childhood
xvii. Lymphomas, leukaemia and other haematological syndromes
xviii. AIDS-related Malignancies
xix. Ontological emergencies
xx. Treatment of metastatic cancers
xxi. Molecular Biology of cancer
xxii. Oncogenes and cytogenetics
xxiii. New drugs for cancer treatment
xxiv. Newer approaches for cancer treatment.
xxv. Clinical oncology
xxvi. Radiation physics
xxvii. Diagnostic radiation
xxviii. Cancer epidemiology
xxx. Palliative care
xxxi. Medical oncology including Haemotoncology
xxxii. Simulator and teletherapy machine posting
Careers in Oncology and Radiotherapy
With an increase in the number of cancer patients and rather limited availability of a cure, there is a wide range of career scope for candidates who complete their graduation and post-graduation in oncology and radiotherapy. There is a shortage of doctors who are well qualified in treating the disease.
There are vacancies for well-qualified doctors who can do thorough research in the field and bring new treatments for the disease and once the candidate completes his MD in oncology and radiotherapy can focus on researching various new treatments for cancer.
They can also work as a radiation oncologist and save millions of lives and along with that that they can earn more money.
Both oncology and radiotherapy are interrelated to each other. As you can see, there is a steady rise of people who suffer from cancer and although there has been a lot of research done in the field of cancer, certain types of cancer still have no viable treatment.
But recent studies suggest that there has been a drastic boost in developing new treatments. And these are some of the upcoming trends in the field of oncology and radiotherapy they are:
· Adjuvant Radiation
· Adjuvant therapy
· Ionizing radiation
· Megavoltage x-ray.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
After the completion of the graduation and post-graduation, you can get to either governmental or private hospital and also you can work for NGOs. There is a high demand for well learned and educated doctors in the field of oncology and radiotherapy. These are some of the job profiles related to the course:
An oncologist is responsible for taking care of a person’s health and treatment that has been diagnosed with cancer. He/she treats the patient with chemotherapy.
Radiation oncologists administer radiation therapy to the patient who suffers from cancer.
A radiotherapist deals with the treatment of cancer patients mainly using the different modalities of radiation.
X-ray technician, also known as X-ray technologist, is the person who is responsible for using the cutting-edge imaging methods to visualize the internal human body.
An Ultrasound Technician or diagnostic medical sonographers are technicians who use ultrasound technology on a wide range of soft tissue procedures.
An MRI technologist uses a magnetic resonance scanner to obtain two- or three-dimensional maps of various tissue types of a patient’s body which are used by physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of pathologies.
CT scan technologist
A CT technologist produces computerized scans of certain sections of a patient’s body. They also perform abdominal scans, gynaecological and obstetric scans.
A radiologist assistant performs advance techniques to know about the disorders. They help the radiologists to perform complex radiology procedures and fluoroscopy.
Radiologic technologists provide support to the radiologist in the processes of diagnosis and imaging.
Oncology and Radiotherapy Top Recruiters
Due to the increase in cancer diseases and decrease in the experts, top recruiters are looking for candidates who are well qualified and have enough experience to work with them. These are some of the top recruiters of oncology and radiotherapy:
· Cancer care point
· Medical recruiters online
· National search associates
· Tyler and company
· Vista Staffing
· Aureus group
· Medical service recruitment board
· Meteors Immigration
· Healthcare Global Enterprises
· HCG oncology
The salary of the job profiles related to oncology and radiotherapy is based on the qualification and the amount of dedication they have towards their work. These are some of the average salary based on job profiles:
Rs 12-24 lakhs per annum
Rs 10-15 lakhs per annum
Rs 2 lakhs per annum
Rs 2 lakhs per annum
Rs 2.7 lakhs per annum
Rs 3.5 lakhs per annum
CT scan technologist
Rs 3 lakhs per annum
Rs 7.6 lakhs per annum
Rs 3 lakhs per annum
Required Skillset for Oncology and Radiotherapy
For doing the course in oncology and radiotherapy, there are certain skill sets required for a candidate, and they are as follows:
Caring personality – The first and the foremost skill required by a candidate is that he/she should have a caring personality. What the patient requires is the care and understanding of the doctor.
Humble attitude – Another skill required by the candidate is the humble attitude. This makes you humbler towards the patients as well.
Excellent communication skills – A skill that every candidate should have is excellent communication skills. The doctor should be able to convey the message he wants to properly only; then the treatment will be possible.
Patience – Another skill you should have is patience. Cancer is one such disease that can come at any time, and the doctor should have the patience to deal with it only then he/she can make the patients understand about the same.
Good managerial skills – The next skill that you should have is the managerial skill. When the patient comes to the doctor, he/she should have good managerial skills to manage the situation in an acceptable way.
Time management skills – The most important skill that a candidate should have is time management. Most of the time, the doctor has to decide and do his work within a certain time because time doesn’t wait for anyone.
Course Curriculum for Oncology and Radiotherapy
Like every course, the course of oncology and radiotherapy has a specific curriculum which helps in understanding the course in detail. The curriculum of the course deals with subjects other than the main subject and helps the candidate to get knowledge of all the subjects that come under the course.
This will help them in getting multiple job opportunities in the field of oncology and radiotherapy.
Popular Oncology and Radiotherapy Entrance Exams in India
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the salary of a radio oncologist?
Salary of the job profile is decided as per the candidate’s qualification and also as per the dedicated hard work of the candidate. The salary of the radiation oncologist is Rs. 18,67,730 per annum.
Question: Who are top recruiters in the field of Oncology and Radiotherapy?
Once the candidate completes his/her course in Oncology and Radiotherapy, the top recruiters are open for hiring the most talented and qualified candidates in their firm. These are some of the top recruiters:
- Cancer care point
- Vista staffing
- Aureus group
- HCG oncology
Question: What are the job profiles of the courses Oncology and Radiotherapy?
After completing the course in oncology and Radiotherapy, the candidate has more job opportunities, and these are some of the job profiles of the course:
· Radiation oncologist
· Ultrasound technician
· MRI Technician
· Radiologist assistant
Question: What is Radiotherapy, and what is its scope?
Radiotherapy or radiation therapy is the treatment given to kill various types of cancers using ionizing radiation. This helps in controlling the malignant cells. It uses high doses of radiation to shrink the tumours. The course of Radiotherapy has a huge career scope. After completing the MD in Radiotherapy, the candidate can go to various areas of oncology services like:
- Treatment planning
- On treatment review and support services
- Palliative care
- Quality management
Question: What is oncology? And what can you pursue after completing the course?
Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer. This can be done as specialization with either DM or MD and complete the course to become an oncologist. There are two subdivisions of oncology medical oncology, radiation oncology, and surgical oncology.