- Exams: NEET SS
Degrees offered: B.Sc., D.M., Diploma, M.D., M.P.T., M.Phil., M.S.
Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract and Respiratory Medicine is bothered with the diagnosis and provides treatment to a wide variety of diseases caused in the airway.
If you wish to pursue MD in Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine then it is a 2-year postgraduate degree, and minimum eligibility is MBBS from a recognized board or its equivalent exam. The duration of this course is 2 years. After pursuing the degree in Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, the candidate is hired for the job roles such as Respiratory Therapist, Medical and Health Services Manager, pulmonologist and gets involved with patients in giving them the best treatment.
The minimum eligibility criteria to enter Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine course is to complete their 12th with Physics, Chemistry, Biology along with having a minimum aggregate of 60 per cent marks and above.
The basic eligibility criteria for undergraduates is 12th pass in Science with a minimum aggregate of 60 per cent marks and above.
He/ she should be qualified in 12th from a relevant board and should have passed the entrance exam with the marks that are required to get admission.
The minimum eligibility criteria for postgraduates is an MBBS degree or equivalent degree from a university recognised by the MCI.
He/ she gets the admission after completing the counselling after qualification of the entrance test.
Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine Entrance Exams
Different exams help you to qualify for the Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine course. Below mentioned are some of the exams that you're required to appear for:
PGIMER Entrance Exam (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research)- PGIMER is a national level entrance test that is conducted twice a year to give admission in various PG courses in the medical field.
NEET PG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) for Post Graduates- NEET (PG) is an examination for qualifying and ranking held for students who wish to study various postgraduate Doctorate of Medicine, and diploma courses, in government and private medical colleges in the country.
CMC Vellore PG - CMC Vellore is a Christian Medical College situated in Vellore which is a renowned college. The entrance exam is conducted every year for students to get admission in PG courses in the medical field.
JIPMER PG - JIPMER is a university level entrance exam. It provides admission in undergraduate and postgraduate medical and paramedical courses. It offers admission to MBBS seats of the university and its affiliated courses. The candidates get admitted to JIPMER, Puducherry and JIPMER, Karaikal campuses.
AIIMS PG (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) for Post Graduates – AIIMS PG is conducted by AIIMS for admission in MD, MS, DM, M. Ch, and MDS. This exam is organised twice in a year to fill seats for PG courses in AIIMS at New Delhi, Bhopal, Bhubaneshwar, Jodhpur, Patna, Raipur and Rishikesh.
The above mentioned are some of the examinations which you have to appear for to get admission for the PG courses in the medical field.
The Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine course is beneficial to train pulmonary physicians, physician-scientists, cell biology, etc. Pulmonology and also respiratory medicine is a rapidly emerging field in India and Abroad. In the view of growing urbanisation, air pollution and smoking are on the rise and so are the respiratory ailments on the rise.
Certain issues further give rise to the need for trained pulmonologists, in the country. They are required to have core knowledge about everything related to Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine.
With a degree in Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine the individuals are hired as Respiratory Therapist, Pulmonary Function Technologist, etc. depending on the knowledge that they acquire. The candidates are hired in top job areas such as Government Hospitals, and Military Services.
The scope of this Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine in both India and Abroad is tremendous depending on the scores that you have obtained and where you wish to work in future.
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The subjects and syllabus for both Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine differ which is mentioned below:
Some of the subjects in Pulmonology include:
● General Medicine
Some of the subjects in Respiratory Medicine include:
● Iatrogenic disease
● Pulmonary Vascular Disease
● Respiratory Failure
● Respiratory Diseases and Pregnancy
● Treatment Modalities and Prevention Measures
● Further Areas relevant to respiratory medicine
● Eosinophilic Diseases
If the person is interested in doing a career in Pulmonary Medicine, then he/she may opt a wide range for careers in both Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine.
After completing MD in Pulmonary Medicine, the candidate has both the opportunities to work in the public or private sector.
They can be hired as doctors in hospitals or lecturers in medical colleges. The candidates who wish to or are willing to do research work related to the heart, can also do the same and become scientists in Pulmonary Medicine.
Respiratory Medicine Specialists are in great demand across the world, owing to the increasing rate among the modern population of respiratory diseases like asthma, pneumonia, and influenza conditions which include shortness of breath.
There are various career opportunities in Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine:
Junior Research Scientist
Since the COVID-19 outbreak, the rapid onset of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is seen in the patients. Various diseases are doing the rounds since the COVID-19 outbreak, which is going to be more dangerous in the coming days.
With the new and young talents stepping the medical field, there is a lot more that is going to come in the coming days. There is a long way to go. Below mentioned are some of the upcoming topics:
● COPD and COVID-19
● Thrombosis in COVID-19
● Lung Cancer
● Sleep Medicine
● Other Pulmonary Medicines
● Pulmonary Vascular Diseases
The above mentioned are some of the topics, which are going to be updated further. This topic needs to be learned by the candidates to get better at it
There are different job profiles in Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine depending on the skills and the job profile you want to apply for. Some of the top job positions in this field are Respiratory Therapist, Health Services Manager, Pulmonary Function Technologist, etc. The job profile that you wish to apply for requires a lot of studies, skill set, and also you should be well versed in the said profile. Some of the job profiles are mentioned below:
Pulmonary Function Technologist
They have to run tests on patients with suspected disorders such as lung disease, or any other disease related to the respiratory tract. They have to work with other medical staff to evaluate patients and give them the treatment accordingly.
They are an integral part of the multidisciplinary NICU care team and they also have to respond to the all high - risk deliveries and those who need respiratory assistance upon delivery.
Medical & Health Services Manager
The main responsibility of healthcare managers is to look after an environment that will provide necessary and quality health care at maximum profit. They decide on how the budgets should be designed, order and receive supplies for the hospital, administer payroll and benefits, and also distribute regular communications.
Some of the above mentioned are the high job profiles in the medical field.
Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine Top Recruiters
Some of the job recruiters are as follows:
Medical Colleges & Universities
The salary package differs from one job profile to another. The salary that is being paid is based on the overall performance given by the candidate. The average starting salary is Rs 4 to 14 Lakhs. Below mentioned is the list of salary package according to the job profile:
Rs. 4 to 15 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 6 to 9 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 3 to 5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Junior Research Scientist
Rs. 5 to 7 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
The above mentioned is the salary package depending on the job profile that you're hired for.
The required skill set required by a pulmonologist or a respiratory therapist is communication skills, compassion, detail-oriented, etc. Some of the skills that are required are mentioned as below:
Communication skills - They need to have excellent communication skills to communicate with the patients efficiently.
Compassion - Patients who are sick or injured who are in extreme pain or distress need the treatment and with that, they have to be very careful. The pulmonologists must treat their patients and their families with compassion and understanding.
Detail-oriented - Patients are required to receive the correct treatment and medications. They must accurately monitor and record various pieces of information related to patient care.
Patience - They may have to work for long hours with patients who need special care which needs a lot of patience.
Problem-solving skills – A Pulmonologist’s main job is to evaluate the patient's symptoms and administer the appropriate treatment. They need to do this quickly if a patient’s life is at risk.
Pulmonology deals with the study of prevention, cause, and treatment of problems in the lungs and its related areas. During the course, the candidates learn about diagnostics and treatments. Respiratory medicine deals with the study of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and disorders related to the respiratory tract.
The Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine courses teach the candidates about the latest technologies and methodologies used in the treatment of diseases and disorders.
The technical skills needed to assist physicians in managing the surgery. The courses make the candidate confident and well versed with the skills that are required in the future for their job hirings.
Exam Date: 03 Jun, 2023 - 05 Jun, 2023
Exam Date: 09 Sep, 2023
In the current world situation of a pandemic where hundreds of thousands of people are dying, and many more will continue to unless proper care is provided to them. Thus, making the job of a pulmonologist quite essential right now and continue to due to the long-time effects of COVID, leading to the world in need of more and more pulmonologists.
The basic eligibility criteria for undergraduates is 12th pass in Science with a minimum aggregate of 60 per cent marks and above. He/ she should be qualified in 12th from a relevant board and should have passed the entrance exam with the marks that are required to get admission.
Respiratory medicine is bothered with the diagnosis and treatment of a wide variety of diseases of the airway and lungs, their linings and blood vessels, and the muscles and nerves required for breathing.
No, you cannot pursue Pulmonology if you're from Arts or Commerce background, as the basic requirement 12th pass in Science stream. Pulmonary rehabilitation is a program which is designed for people who fight with chronic lung diseases like COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. It allows them to be as active as possible as they were before. The main objective of Pulmonary rehab is to improve quality of life and to decrease respiratory symptoms and complications.
To become a pulmonologist, you must complete a 2-year program from a recognised college with the required marks and also should have passed all the examinations.
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