- Fees: ₹ 473,400
- Exams: NEET PG
What is Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) are very helpful for people all over the world suffering from physical disabilities and disfigurations. These could be present by birth or could come in the later years, due to sports accidents, injuries, or other such situations. Sometimes, these conditions cannot be cured but, in most cases, these conditions can be improved tremendously, and even completely cured. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) plays a very important role in this regard.
This field of medicine helps people regain different bodily functions they may have lost due to medical conditions or injury. This rehabilitation can be helpful for various functions, such as bowel movement, bladder problems, swallowing issues, any kind of movement or mobility problems, or problems with speech, language, and motor skills.
Unlike some other medical job profiles, where the main aim is to ‘cure’ the patients of the ailments they suffer, physiatrists focus on helping people improve their conditions as much as possible, to help them live as independently as possible and improve their quality of life. They work with the muscles and bones of the patient’s body and create comprehensive treatment plans for each patient.
The main focus of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation is to help the patients complete basic daily tasks on their own, such as bathing, going to the bathroom, getting out of bed, and picking things up among other such actions. Sometimes, the goal is even to restore complete functioning in a particular body part. These goals change depending on the severity of the patient’s condition.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Bachelor’s- Interested candidates:
● Must have qualified 10+2 from a recognized educational board.
● Must secure a minimum of 50% aggregate score.
Master’s in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation- Interested candidates:
● Must have an MBBS degree.
● Must have secured 45-55% aggregate in MBBS.
● Must have completed the 1-year internship.
All students wishing to pursue Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation or any medical courses must write NEET. They must apply for the NEET exam and complete all the procedures to receive their admit card. After receiving this, they can sit for the exam. The NEET scores will determine the level of the institution the student will be admitted to. The higher the score, the better the level. This exam is also completely merit-based.
After the merit-based selection is over, the selected students will be called for counselling based on their ranking. The students will be asked to select their preferred colleges, based on their ranks in NEET. This is the procedure for MBBS students.
To pursue an MD in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation also, NEET has been made compulsory, in government, as well as private colleges. However, some big universities like AIIMS and JIPMER still have their entrance tests and procedures for the selection of suitable candidates.
NEET: The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is organized by the National Testing Agency. It is an entrance examination for all students that wish to pursue medical and dental courses in India, in government, or private colleges. It consists of 180 questions with negative marking.
MD in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Exams
Apart from NEET, some other entrance examinations include:
AIIMS PG: The All India Institute of Medical Sciences Post Graduate entrance test is conducted by the AIIMS Institute for all the students that wish to study medical and dental courses within the college.
JIPMER: The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research entrance test is conducted for all those students that wish to study medicine and dentistry courses at JIPMER Institute.
Scope of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in India and Abroad
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation has a very wide scope, both within and outside the country. It provides an integrated and comprehensive plan in care, treatment, and rehabilitation. It helps in the management and control of neurological, musculoskeletal, and cardio-pulmonary disabilities and functions which can arise at any point in a person’s life.
Several people all over the world are affected by disabilities and injuries, thus widening the scope to even outside the country. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation students are in vast demand to help these people live their lives with dignity and independence.
This field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation is also involved in disability prevention and certification. Several job profiles open up for the students of this course, thus making it a beneficial choice for study. Jobs are offered in the public and private sectors.
Course Fees Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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The course subjects will vary based on the curriculum, but some of the most important of these subjects include:
● Functional and Applied Anatomy
● Physiology of Exercises
● Properties of Tissues
● Pharmacology of PMR Drugs
● Surgical Techniques and Skin Grafting
● Understanding the Processes of PMR
● Epidemiology and Causes of Disability
● Primary Health Care and Community Based Rehabilitation
● Disability Services and Prevention
● Therapies and Processes
● Clinical Training
● Rehabilitation Procedures for Different Disabilities
● Post-Surgical Orthopedics
● Nomenclature and Statistics
● Global Status of PMR etc.
Careers in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Apart from these options, there are several other opportunities available to PMR students, some of which include:
● PMR Lecturer
● Epidemiological Analyst
● PMR Researcher
● Physical Therapy Assistant
● Pain Physician
● Rehabilitation Engineer
● Pediatric Physiatrist etc
With the advancement in technology and new machines coming to the forefront, it is safe to say that many new trends will come up for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. New tools and equipment, artificial intelligence, and robotics are easing the work of the physical medicine rehabilitators. There is also more ease of access to these services than before.
Rehabilitators are increasingly working in collaboration with other doctors and specialists, thus providing better and more specialized service and care for their patients. The medical field is ever-growing, and these disabilities will always exist, thus creating a good demand for PMR students. With better medical equipment on the rise, there will be many new trends arising in the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation offers a variety of job profiles under its wing. Both government and private centres offer opportunities to these students. Some of the major opportunities consist of:
They are the head of a civilian, military, or any other medical establishment. They must maintain coordination among all specialists and officers and ensure a smooth process of rehabilitation.
Primary Health Care Attendant
This is mainly a job in the government sector, and their main responsibility is to look after the patients that seek the nearest primary healthcare facilities. This profile usually deals with acute illnesses such as pains and the administration of vaccines.
An interventional physiatrist is specialized in minimally invasive treatments and procedures such as giving injections and outpatient care. They diagnose musculoskeletal injuries and conditions and help the patients physically heal without surgery.
They diagnose physical conditions in patients and develop a comprehensive treatment plan for them. They teach patients about therapeutic exercise techniques and provide massages to stimulate healing. They also keep track of the patient’s progress.
They offer advice on adaptive equipment that can help the patients resume their daily activities. They also inform the patient’s family about the treatment plan and educate them on patient care. They develop physical rehabilitation plans to recover lost skills and movement.
Recruiters in the government and private sector are on the lookout for skilled physical medicine and rehabilitation practitioners. Some of these recruiters include:
● Research and Development firms
● Disease Diagnosis companies
● Medicine Development Labs
● Rehabilitation Centres
● Hospitals and Clinics
● Colleges and Universities
● Sports Companies and Brands
● Healthcare Industry
● Nutritional sector
The average salaries of all Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation practitioners will differ based on the level of experience and the centre of work. However, the range of salaries that can be expected are:
Rs. 4-5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Primary Health Care Attendant
Rs. 3-4 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 5-7 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 2-6 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 2-5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
**The salary figures mentioned anywhere in this article is just for reference purposes. Please treat them as such. Actual salaries may vary depending on respective candidates, employer, job location and numerous other factors.
Required Skillset for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Apart from a very strong knowledge about the workings of the body and experience in the field, physical medicine and rehabilitation workers require some other important skills. A few of these skills include:
● Empathy: The Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation workers must maintain a good balance of empathy and detachedness. They must be empathetic to the patients and try to understand their daily struggles. They must also be polite and treat the patients with care. However, if they get too emotional, it may lead to a feeling of guilt within them, which is not good for the rehabilitator or the patient.
● Communication Skills: Good communication skills are highly required for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation students. They must be effective and efficient in communication and maintain good relations with the patients as well as their team members.
● Teamwork Skills: Teamwork skills are also very important for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. These doctors often work in close contact with one another to help the patients in the best way possible. The doctors must know when to listen to authority and when to take charge, without any ego or personal issues coming in-between.
● Muscle-Power: Muscle-power is also very important in this course as rehabilitators will be working with different parts of their patient’s body, massaging and exercising it. Good stamina and muscle-power are required to help the patient effectively.
Course Curriculum for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
The curriculum addresses the knowledge, attitude, skills, and competencies required to carry out the job of a rehabilitator effectively. Some of the most important subjects covered under the course are general physical medicine and rehabilitation, different therapies and training, and dealing with injuries. The curriculum itself will differ across colleges, but the major aim remains to provide sufficient expertise and training in the field to help people with disabilities and deformities.
Popular Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Entrance Exams in India
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the role of a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physician in treatment?
Once a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physician has diagnosed the issue, they create a comprehensive treatment plan which can either be followed at home or with the help of rehabilitation specialists, depending on the degree of the condition. There are several specialists in this field that deal with rehabilitating different parts of the body. Thus, this physician plays a very important role in rehabilitation.
Question: How long does it take to complete the entire PM&R course?
A student must complete their MBBS training for 5.5 years, followed by MD in PMR for 3 years. They will also be required to complete internships or residency training at the postgraduate level before the course is completely over.
Question: Which is the best college for studying PMR in India?
The best colleges for PMR in India include All India Institute of Medical Science (Delhi), Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (Pondicherry), All India Institute of Physical Medical and Rehabilitation (Mumbai), Christian Medical College (Vellore), and Kerala University of Health Sciences (Kerala), among other institutes.
Question: Which is the best college for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Abroad?
The best colleges abroad for PMR include the University of North Texas (USA), University of South California (USA), University of Ottawa (Canada), McGill University (Canada), University of Birmingham (UK), University of Lancashire (USA), and Harvard Medical (USA), among many others.
Question: What are the most well-paid professions in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation?
There are several well-paying professions under PMR. Some of these include occupational therapists, physiatrists, physical therapists, medical officers, respiratory therapists, speech and language therapists, surgical rehabilitation, etc.
Questions related to Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
whats the procedure to apply MPT in AIIPMR Mumbai - All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Will you help me.
Hope you are doing good!
MPT degree offers specialization in physiotherapy, which includes sports, musculoskeletal physiotherapy, neurology, orthopedics, geriatrics physiotherapy, health promotion, disability rehabilitation, and cardiopulmonary physiotherapy and offers multiple jobs in the health care sector.
Areas of recruitment offering a handsome MPT salary in India include hospitals, nursing homes, sports authorities, physiotherapy consultancies and firms, orthopedic departments, etc. Students can also opt for higher education after MPT graduation for a higher level of experience.
Some steps to apply for MPT at AIIPMR :-
- Download the application form from the official website
- Pay the processing and application fee.
- Place the application form and the fees in an envelope.
- Affix the envelope with a postal stamp
- Write your name, course name, Demand draft or Pay order, and candidate’s contact number.
- Send the envelope through a speed post.
Some Required Documents :-
- Photocopy of Adhaar Card
- SSC or equivalent Board Certificate displaying your DOB.
- 12th Mark-sheets of First to Final year.
- Under Graduation Certificate
- Five recent passport size photographs.
- Migration Certificate and Caste Certificate
- Anti-Ragging declaration form, identity card form, application form
- Physically Handicapped Certificate issued by respective Competent Medical Authority (If Applicable).
- Character certificate from the Institution stating that he/she qualified the exam.
- Nationality Certificate issued by District Magistrate/ Additional District Magistrate/ Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or Photocopy of Valid Passport or Domicile Certificate or Birth Certificate to prove that the candidate is an Indian.
The AIIPMR is popularly known as the All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, located in Mumbai. This institute conducts entrance examinations to offer admission to the candidates in various Bachelor, Masters and Fellowship Course. Those applicants are wishing to get admission in this course from this institute; they can apply on the basis of their eligibility criteria. There are many of the applicants may appear in this institute to complete their aspiring programs.
For more details you can go to the link Below:
All the best!
Hope it will help!
what is the scope of doing md pmr from all india institute of physical medicine and rehabilitation?
Doing MD in PMR can have the following job options ;
* GENERAL PHYSICIAN
* MEDICAL OFFICER
* RURAL MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT
* FELLOW DOCTOR IN PRIVATE FACILITIES
* EPIDEMIOLOGY ANALYST
* DIAGNOSIS AND MEDICATION
etc and there are more but above mentioned are some best you can go for
HOPE IT WOULD HAVE HELPED YOU
ALL THE BEST
What is the scope of doing MD PMR(Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation) from peripheral AIIMS in India??
Doing MD in PMR can have the following job options
- General Physician
- Medical Officer
- Rural Medical correspondent
- Primary Health Care Correspondent
- Fellow doctor in Private facilities
- Diagnosis and Medication
- Physiotherapist in field of sports
- Doctor in Community health care outlets
- Epidemiology analyst
I hope this helps