- Exams: NEET PG
What is Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Gynaecology and Obstetrics (G&O) is a speciality that combines both these branches of healthcare to provide holistic care to women for their reproductive organs, before, during, and after pregnancy. It combines the medical and surgical skills required for a woman’s healthcare during her entire lifecycle.
How are all human beings born? What is the source of life? Yes, it is the uterus and pregnancy. One of the most important organs of any woman’s body, it needs proper care and maintenance to function in the beautiful way that it does.
The uterus has the power to shed blood and to produce life, which makes it all the more necessary to look after it and ensure that it is healthy and strong. This is where gynaecology and obstetrics come in. Gynaecology and Obstetrics deals with the health of the female reproductive organs like the uterus, vagina, ovaries, and breasts. Obstetrics looks after everything concerned with pregnancy, such as childbirth care and postpartum issues.
Mostly, these doctors are referred to as OB/Gyn’s and women visit them for any issues they may face with their reproductive organs. The job of an Gynaecology and Obstetrics is to assess these reproductive organs and provide diagnoses if any. Post that, they must also draft treatment plans for these women to ensure the safety and health of their organs.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Bachelor’s- Interested candidates:
● Must have qualified 10+2 level from a recognized institution.
● Must attain a minimum of 50% aggregate.
Master’s- Interested candidates:
● Must have an MBBS degree.
● Must have achieved a 50% aggregate in MBBS.
● Must have completed the 1-year internship.
All students wishing to pursue MS in Gynaecology and Obstetrics must write NEET to be enrolled in an MBBS programme. After completing the registration procedures for NEET, the students will receive their admit cards, permitting them to write the exam. These NEET scores determine the institution of study for the students. The higher the score in the exam, the better the college. Selections are merit-based.
After the preliminary selections, the students are called for rounds of counselling where they pick their institution of choice from the list of colleges available to them.
After MBBS is completed, the student can apply for an MS in Gynaecology and Obstetrics. For this course, the colleges hold their examinations. NEET scores are also acceptable in certain colleges.
- NEET: The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is handled by the National Testing Agency (NTA). This is the compulsory entrance exam for all students that want to pursue medical or dental courses in India. Entry is provided in government, as well as, private colleges through this test. It contains a set of 180 questions and negative marking is applicable
MS in Gynaecology and Obstetrics:
- AIIMS PG: The All India Institute of Medical Sciences conducts a yearly exam for entrance into the university. This exam is written for admission into any medical or dental course provided by the college.
- JIPMER: The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research provides an entrance examination for admission into all medical courses provided by the institution. Passing this test leads to entry into JIPMER.
- PGET: The Post Graduate Entrance Test is an entrance test for admission into all medical courses in the state of Karnataka and all colleges based in Karnataka. This exam is organized by the Karnataka Examination Authority (KEA).
Scope of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in India and Abroad
There is a marvellous scope in the Gynaecology and Obstetrics field. As with any medical field, this branch is also quick to grow. Many job opportunities are available for Gynaecology and Obstetrics within India and abroad. With the rise of awareness about women’s health and safety, more women are willing to visit Gynaecology and Obstetrics about issues they face, thus creating job opportunities in the sector.
There are various kinds of job profiles within this sector, such as geriatric gynaecology, postnatal care, reconstructive surgery, and pelvic medicine, among a variety of others which widen the scope of this field, in the country and outside.
Course Fees Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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Some of the most important course subjects involved in the Gynaecology and Obstetrics course include:
● Maternal Anatomy and Physiology
● Obstetrics Anaesthesia
● Female Genetive Tract
● Sonar and Infertility Seminar
● Endoscopy in Gynaecology
● Diseases in the Vulva
● Diseases of the Cervix
● Surgical Training
● Labour Techniques and Skills
● Fertility and Infertility
● Normal and Abnormal Puerperium
● Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy etc.
Careers in Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Other than these jobs, there are other career opportunities available, which include:
● General Gynaecologist and Obstetrics
● Sex Educator
● Geriatric Gynaecologist
● Clinical Associates etc.
With the rise of technology and more efficient equipment, the work in the Gynaecology and Obstetrics profession has been made a lot less time-consuming and much easier. There is more awareness and ease of access to these services now, which is leading to growth in the field and more developments.
Some new trends have arisen in the field over the past few years. Delaying the umbilical cord clamping after birth is one of them. The clamping no longer needs to be done immediately after birth. Doctors can wait 30 seconds to a few minutes to cut this cord. Labour procedures are carried out in the water which helps to relieve some of the labour pain.
Cell-free DNA genetic screening is one of the newest ways of screening genetic problems in babies. It is now also possible to insert IUDs immediately after giving birth, as opposed to the previous method of having to wait for a week. Gynaecology and Obstetrics is a fast-growing field and there are many more trends on the rise.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
G&O has a wide variety of job profiles available under its wing. Some of the profiles in this field include:
A gynaecologist works with a female’s reproductive system and organs. They assess and analyze the organs and provide the applicable diagnoses. They also provide treatment plans to the ailments of the uterus, vagina, vulva, cervix, and ovaries.
An obstetrician works with women mainly during pregnancy. They provide advice and tips about prepartum and postpartum care and also play a significant role in childbirth. They help deliver babies and perform surgeries when required.
Gynaecological surgeons are specialized in surgical techniques and skills. They have comprehensive knowledge about different surgical equipment and methods. They perform necessary surgeries on different reproductive organs in women.
Reproductive Endocrinologists work specifically with fertility and infertility. They provide fertility treatments such as in-vitro-fertilization (IVF) and egg freezing. They also help with PCOS and other abnormalities in the uterus.
A gynecologic oncologist is a physician that specializes in treating cancerous tissues in the female reproductive organs. They are responsible for performing surgery, prescribing therapy, and medicines.
Gynaecology and Obstetrics have a great demand in the medical field. They are offered positions in the public and private sectors. Some of the top recruiters for the G&O students are:
● Fortis Healthcare
● MAX Healthcare
● Apollo Hospital
● Jaypee Healthcare Ltd
● Government Hospitals
● Schools and Universities
● Indian Council of Medical Research
● Municipal Health Departments
● National Rural Health Mission etc.
The average starting salaries of different job profiles under Gynaecology and Obstetrics are around:
Rs. 10-14 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 9-14 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 9-12 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 15-17 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 4-8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Gynaecology and Obstetrics is a field in medicines that combines two separate branches, i.e, gynaecology, and obstetrics. To excel in the field of G&O, one must possess the skills of a gynaecologist and an obstetrician. Other than good knowledge and skill in the field, some other soft skills required are:
● Listening Skills: An Gynaecologist and Obstetrics must have excellent listening skills. They must be able to listen to the patient’s problems and deal with them effectively. Only if they listen will they be able to identify the sources of all issues and treat them efficiently.
● Empathy: Gynaecology and Obstetrics graduates must also be very empathetic, especially since they work with the reproductive organs and pregnancy, which most women hold very close to their hearts. They must be sensitive and calm to soothe their patients and keep them positive.
● Comfortable Environment generation ability: As the job of an Gynaecology and Obstetrics is a little odd, since they deal with some personal organs and parts of a woman’s body, a sense of humour can go a long way. It helps the patient feel more at ease and creates a comfortable environment. However, one must not cross boundaries in the name of humour. Keep the humour tasteful.
● Problem-Solving: OB/Gyn’s must have good problem-solving skills and attention to detail. They must analyze issues carefully and comprehensively to create suitable treatment plans for the diagnoses.
Course Curriculum for Gynaecology and Obstetrics
The course curriculum for gynaecology and obstetrics includes the theories and practical skills that are required to work in the field. Some of the important subjects that are covered include maternal anatomy, basics of gynaecology, and skills required for OB/Gyns. The curriculum itself will, of course, differ across universities but the main purpose is to develop sufficient knowledge and skill to carry out the job effectively.
Popular Gynaecology and Obstetrics Entrance Exams in India
Popular Gynaecology and Obstetrics Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the main difference between a gynaecologist and an obstetrician?
A gynaecologist works with a woman’s reproductive organs, analyzing the organs and providing diagnoses, as well as, treatment plans. They deal with all reproductive organs such as the uterus, ovaries, vagina, etc. An obstetrician mainly works with pregnancy, prepartum, and postpartum care. They help with childbirth and perform C-sections and other procedures that may be required during pregnancy
Question: Which are some popular Gynaecology and Obstetrics colleges in India?
Some of the best Gynaecology and Obstetrics colleges in India are All India Institute of Medical Sciences (Delhi), Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (Pondicherry), Christian Medical College (Vellore), Kasturba Medical College (Mangalore), and Armed Forces Medical College (Pune), among others.
Question: What are some good colleges for Gynaecology and Obstetrics abroad?
Some good colleges abroad for Gynaecology and Obstetrics are the University of Auckland (Australia), Trinity College Dublin (Ireland), University of Bristol (UK), University of Alberta (Canada), and University of Kent (UK), among others.
Question: How long does one have to study to become a certified OB/GYN?
The student must complete the 5.5 years MBBS degree followed by a 2-3 years MS in Gynaecology and Obstetrics, depending on the university. Once this is completed, the student is a certified OB/GYN. PhD can also be pursued but it is not necessary for certification.
Question: What are the highest-paying professions in G&O?
The highest-paying professions in G&O include gynaecologists, obstetricians, surgeons, endocrinologists, lecturers, and clinical research associates, among several others. G&O in all is a well-paying profession.
Questions related to Gynaecology and Obstetrics
these year Im going to complete bsc microbiology and I want to go for a msc gynaecology and obstetrics course is it possible to get degree?? & i really wanted to do gynaecology so what should I do if it is not possible??
Well gynaecology and obstetrics is a course under Medicine. You won't get a Msc degree in it. You will get a MD or a MS in it and the same reason because of which you can only do that after a mbbs and not after a bsc. If you want to become a gynaecologist then you need to follow the mbbs and then me track to become one.
I hope my answer helps.
All the best.