- Exams: INI CET
What is Nephrology
Nephrology is a study about the normal kidney function and kidney disease, kidney transplantation and the treatment of kidney disease, etc. It covers systemic conditions affecting the kidneys such as diabetes and autoimmune diseases and other systemic problems that occur as a result of the problems of kidney such as hypertension and renal osteodystrophy etc. A physician who has studied about the nephrology programmes, taking additional training and becoming certified in nephrology is called a nephrologist.
Nephrology Course - Highlight
Name of the Course
Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral
Mode of Admission
Entrance and Merit-based
Around INR 10K to 25 Lacs
INR 1 Lakh to 12 Lacs
Top Recruiting Companies
Apollo Hospitals, AIMS, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Wockhardt Hospital, Columbia Asia, Medanta, Indraprastha, Max Hospital
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Nephrology
Candidates who are interested to become a Nephrologist are required to study bachelors, masters and doctoral programmes in this field. Nephrology programmes can be studied as a specialization in most of the colleges, universities and candidates are needed to complete a basic course in medicine. Nephrology courses help candidates to choose various specializations under Nephrology programme. Check the eligibility criteria below:
Undergraduate Courses: Candidates must have passed 10+2 with at least 50% marks in aggregate with PCM subjects. Independent entrance tests for UG programmes (MBBS) are Conducted by various state, central and private universities.
Postgraduate Courses: Candidates must hold a degree in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery along with an MD in General Medicine after which, they must have a good score in entrance exams which is held for DM in Nephrology conducted by various state, central and private universities and colleges.
Doctoral Courses: After completing the courses MD in General Medicine, you can apply for DM in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology. The duration of this course is three years. After getting the requisite registration from Medical Council of India (MCI), you can practice as a Nephrologist.
Scope of Nephrology in India and Abroad
The scope of Nephrology is very vast and wide in India as well as Abroad. Candidates can work in various government/private hospitals. You can also work in Nephro-care centres. Numbers of job opportunities are offered in India. The demand of hospitals or increase in the number of health care centres will directly lead to the demand of doctors of various specializations. So, you can find a number of jobs in this profession. Some of the positions offered to them include:
Dialysis Medical Officer
Course Fees Nephrology
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The courses of Nephrology are quite diverse and they rope in all the important components of medicine. There are several levels of Nephrology courses to suit the requirements and interests of the candidates who wish to pursue a career in the medicine. Candidates can choose from the plethora of Nephrology courses and select the programme which suits them and their higher goals the best. Some of the most popular courses of Nephrology are given below.
MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery): It is a four and a half year programme with the eligibility criteria of minimum class XII or equivalent class passed with physics, chemistry and biology subjects.
MD in General Medicine: You can apply for an MD (General Medicine) programme after completing the MBBS degree. It is a three years duration course. It is a postgraduate degree in medicine dealing with kidneys and diseases related to it.
Doctor of Medicine (DM) in Nephrology: After completing the postgraduate degree, you can apply for DM in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology. The duration of this course is three years. After getting the required registration from MCI, you can practice as a Nephrologist.
Nephrology Courses Subjects and Syllabus
After studying the subjects at following levels the practitioner must be capable of producing standard. Let’s have look at the subjects taught at different levels
Syllabus of MBBS Course
Gross anatomy, Microanatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Neuroanatomy
Enzymes, Metabolic pathways, Metabolic interrelationships, Food assimilation and nutrition, Hormones, Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology, Biological cell, Biomolecules, Immunology, Environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers
General Physiology, Kidney, Neurophysiology, Yoga, Nerve–Muscle, Blood, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition, Environmental Physiology, Reproduction
Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Forensic Medicine, Toxicology
Microbiology, Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation, Common Tests for Bacterial identification, Parasitology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Mycology, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Collection of Transport of Samples, Host-Parasite relationship, Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Immunity to infection, Immunodiagnosis, Vaccines, Sterilisation and Disinfection, Bacteriology of water and air, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites
General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical
General Pharmacology, Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system, Central nervous system, Autacoids, Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Hormones, Chemotherapy, Miscellaneous
Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Skills I/V, Cannulation, Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion, Bag Mask Ventilation, Attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor
Behavioral Sciences, Health Education, Environment, Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Maternal & Child Health, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases, Important National Health Programmes, Occupational Health, Health Administration, Health Economics, Geriatrics, Counselling
Dermatology and Venereology
Ineffective dermatoses, Infective dermatoses, Infestations, Melanin synthesis, Allergic disorders, Drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema multiforme, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, Epidermopoiesis, Psoriasis, Pathogenesis, Syphilis, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, HIV infection, Dermatological Emergencies
Clinical Pharmacology, Nutritional and metabolic disorders, Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Critical care Medicine, Pain management and palliative care, Medical Psychiatry, Poisonings, Specific environmental and occupational hazards, Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system
Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Basic Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Contraception, Neonatology and Recent Advances
Microbiology in relation to eye, Pathology in relation to eye, Pharmacology in relation to eye, Disorders of the Lid, Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus, Conjunctivitis & Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Trachoma & Other chronic conjunctivitis, Keratitis and corneal ulcers, Corneal ulcer, Scleritis & Episcleritis
Pediatric orthopaedics, Orthopaedic oncology, Management of Trauma, Sports Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedic Neurology, Disorders of Spine, Radiology, Fracture
Oral cavity and oropharynx, Ear, Instruments, Operative Procedures, X-ray
Vital statistics, Growth and development, Nutrition, Immunization, Infectious diseases, Hematology, Respiratory system, Gastrointestinal Tract, Central Nervous System, Cardiovascular system, Genito-Urinary system, Neonatology, Pediatrics Emergencies, Fluid-Electrolyte, Genetics, Behavioral Problems, Pediatrics Surgical Problems, Therapeutics
Behavioural Sciences, Emotion and its application to health, Cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, personality disorders, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders, Depression, Anxiety neurosis, phobia and OCD
Skin, Head and Neck region, Arteries, Veins, Breast, Oesophagus, Stomach and duodenum, Small intestine, Colon and rectum, Appendix, Acute abdomen, Urology
Syllabus of MD in General Medicine
Applied basic science knowledge
Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology
Diseases with reference to General Medicine
Diagnostic investigation and procedures
Recent advances in Medicine
Monitoring seriously ill patients
Ability to carry out research
Counselling patients and relatives
Ward patient management
Ability to teach undergraduate students
OPD patient management
Long and short topic presentations
Ward rounds, case presentations and discussions
PG case presentation skills
Clinico-radiological and clinico-pathological conferences
Syllabus of D.M. Nephrology Syllabus
Normal Structure and Functions of Kidney
Disorders of Body Fluid Volume and Composition
Epidemiology and Risk Factors in Kidney Disease
Evaluation of The Patient with Kidney Disease
Disorders of Kidney Structure and Function
Genetics of Kidney Disease
Hypertension and The Kidney
The Consequences of Advanced Kidney Disease
Conservative Management of Kidney Disease
Dialysis and Extracorporeal Therapies
Global Considerations in Kidney Disease
Challenges in Nephrology
Careers in Nephrology
Students completing their graduation, post graduation, and doctorate in Bachelor of Nephrology help them pursue their careers as nephrologist, pediatric nephrologist, transplant nephrologist, urologist, interventional nephrologist and what not to display their outstanding talents. There are ample job opportunities available for freshers and students seeking jobs in the government and private sector. Some of the most lucrative job opportunities are:
Nephrologist: A nephrologist is a type of doctor that specializes in treating diseases of the kidney. Nephrologists have also experts in diseases that specifically affect the kidney, but they’re also very knowledgeable about how kidney disease or dysfunction can affect other parts of your body.
Pediatric Nephrologist: If your child has kidney or urinary tract disease, kidney stones, bladder problems, or high blood pressure, a pediatric nephrologist has the special skills and experience to treat your child. They treat children from infancy through late adolescence and in some centers up to young adulthood.
Transplant Nephrologist: A transplant team carries out the evaluation process for a kidney. The team includes a transplant surgeon, a transplant nephrologist, one or more transplant nurses, a social worker, and a psychiatrist or psychologist.
Urologist: They are medical doctors specialized in treating diseases and maintaining the health of male reproductive organs and urinary tracts in both males and females.
Interventional Nephrologist: They are doing processes such as ultrasound-guided biopsies, placement of stents, declotting arteriovenous fistulas, insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheters,, and even creating AV fistulas for dialysis.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Candidates after pursuing Nephrology courses are provided with a wide variety of career opportunities which are going to be available for them. Some of the profiles are:
Dialysis Medical Officer
Narayana Medical College
Nephrocare Health Services Pvt.Ltd
Apollo BSR Hospital
Panacea Biotec Limited
Max Super Speciality Hospital
Claris Lifesciences Limited
The salary package after completing the degree in nephrology programme will vary depending upon the type of job. A fresh graduate can begin his/her career from a salary package ranging between Rs. 2 to 3 lakhs per annum depending upon the company and the candidate’s skill sets. Candidates having experience and skill set will be on advantage as their package can be set high. While the candidates aspiring for jobs in publishing houses and advertising companies can have attractive packages between Rs 4 lakhs to 5 lakhs per annum. Below are the major job profiles after doing B.A programme with average salary package:
Job Profiles and Salary for Nephrology Graduates
INR 5 to INR 7 Lakh Per Annum
INR 5 to INR 7 Lakh Per Annum
INR 7 to INR 9 Lakh Per Annum
INR 7 to INR 9 Lakh Per Annum
INR 6 to INR 8 Lakh Per Annum
INR 4 to INR 6 Lakh Per Annum
INR 5 to INR 10 Lakh Per Annum
Dialysis Medical Officer
INR 4 to INR 6 Lakh Per Annum
Popular Nephrology Entrance Exams in India
Popular Nephrology Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Questions related to Nephrology
do cardiologists get a salary or a fixed fee for each procedure
The salary varies with the reputation and city in which the hospital is present. Taking about the slasry of cardiologist, it depends upon the popularity and the status of the hospital. Many surgeons charge a high fees for the surgery and treatment while others donot. It depends upon them.
So, in simple words the salary is not at all fixed, it varies from person to person. Many hospitals have their fees structure for every procedure. Surely the fees varies as per the status of the hospital.
Government hospitals have lower fees for the procedure while private have the highest . It directly makes a hole in the pocket of the pateints.
I hope you understand my point.
Thank you and good luck:)
how much is fees structure of DM nephrology at bombay hospital, Mumbai?
Dear candidate the DM Nephrology Course at Bombay Hospital is a full time three years regular Doctorate of Medicine course, approved by Medical Council of India and offered by Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik. The fee structure of this course is around, 22.50 lakhs, and you can accomplish your respective degree from here. Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences offers this DM Nephrology Course as one of the best courses.
Please tell me about DNB Nephrology courses in various hospitals from maharashtra, Gujrat & karnataka ? what is fees structure
Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre (Maharashtra) offers DNB in Nephrology. It's first year DNB fees is approx. 1.25 lakhs.
Dm endocrinology and nephrology which has better scope ?
Saying this would be too difficult as both are great in their respective categories and talking about the scope than also i would say that both remains same. But from students point of view we can say that most students try to get in Endocrinology because it is related to kidney’s root cause rather than only end cause which makes it’s demand a little higher. Hence, now it only depends upon you and your desire that where you have more interest and will make you more comfortable you have to go with that only.
I am MD MEDICINE..i want to do DM..BUT I AM confused to choose between subjects..i am confused between endocrinology , nephrology and oncology..kindly help..i am an average student..endo has too much completition.. so i dnt know what to choose
Since you had already mentioned that you don't want to do endocrinology, my main focus will be comparing nephrology and oncology for you.
Career scope in nephrology: Candidates aspiring to become Nephrologist must possess a 5½ years MBBS degree followed by 2- 3 years M.D. (Medicine) / DNB (Nephrology) course. After attaining the Master's degree candidates have to do D.M. (Nephrology) to specialize in the field of Nephrology.
As a nephrologist you can specialize in pediatric nephrology and adult nephrology. Pediatric nephrology deals with the treatment of kidney diseases in children's. You can find jobs in various government and private hospitals, kidney and dialysis centres, and general medical centres.
The demand for care related to kidney disease and injury is increasing . For a fresher working in a corporate hospital in a big city, starting salary will be 1.5 to 2 lakhs.
Career scope in oncology: Oncology nursing is a great career for nurses who enjoy ongoing relationships with patients and their families. It has its own unique requirements—things that can tax a nurse both professionally and emotionally—but it also offers tremendous rewards. Demand for oncology services is expected to rise rapidly , driven by the aging and growth of the population and improvements in cancer survival rates, at the same time the oncology workforce is aging and retiring in increasing numbers.