Exam Date: 13 Sep, 2020
Nephrology is a study about the normal kidney function and kidney disease, kidney transplantation and the treatment of kidney disease, etc. It covers systemic conditions affecting the kidneys such as diabetes and autoimmune diseases and other systemic problems that occur as a result of the problems of kidney such as hypertension and renal osteodystrophy etc. A physician who has studied about the nephrology programmes, taking additional training and becoming certified in nephrology is called a nephrologist.
Nephrology Course - Highlight
Name of the Course
Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral
Mode of Admission
Entrance and Merit-based
Around INR 10K to 25 Lacs
INR 1 Lakh to 12 Lacs
Top Recruiting Companies
Apollo Hospitals, AIMS, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Wockhardt Hospital, Columbia Asia, Medanta, Indraprastha, Max Hospital
Candidates who are interested to become a Nephrologist are required to study bachelors, masters and doctoral programmes in this field. Nephrology programmes can be studied as a specialization in most of the colleges, universities and candidates are needed to complete a basic course in medicine. Nephrology courses help candidates to choose various specializations under Nephrology programme. Check the eligibility criteria below:
Undergraduate Courses: Candidates must have passed 10+2 with at least 50% marks in aggregate with PCM subjects. Independent entrance tests for UG programmes (MBBS) are Conducted by various state, central and private universities.
Postgraduate Courses: Candidates must hold a degree in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery along with an MD in General Medicine after which, they must have a good score in entrance exams which is held for DM in Nephrology conducted by various state, central and private universities and colleges.
Doctoral Courses: After completing the courses MD in General Medicine, you can apply for DM in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology. The duration of this course is three years. After getting the requisite registration from Medical Council of India (MCI), you can practice as a Nephrologist.
The scope of Nephrology is very vast and wide in India as well as Abroad. Candidates can work in various government/private hospitals. You can also work in Nephro-care centres. Numbers of job opportunities are offered in India. The demand of hospitals or increase in the number of health care centres will directly lead to the demand of doctors of various specializations. So, you can find a number of jobs in this profession. Some of the positions offered to them include:
Dialysis Medical Officer
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The courses of Nephrology are quite diverse and they rope in all the important components of medicine. There are several levels of Nephrology courses to suit the requirements and interests of the candidates who wish to pursue a career in the medicine. Candidates can choose from the plethora of Nephrology courses and select the programme which suits them and their higher goals the best. Some of the most popular courses of Nephrology are given below.
MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery): It is a four and a half year programme with the eligibility criteria of minimum class XII or equivalent class passed with physics, chemistry and biology subjects.
MD in General Medicine: You can apply for an MD (General Medicine) programme after completing the MBBS degree. It is a three years duration course. It is a postgraduate degree in medicine dealing with kidneys and diseases related to it.
Doctor of Medicine (DM) in Nephrology: After completing the postgraduate degree, you can apply for DM in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology. The duration of this course is three years. After getting the required registration from MCI, you can practice as a Nephrologist.
Nephrology Courses Subjects and Syllabus
After studying the subjects at following levels the practitioner must be capable of producing standard. Let’s have look at the subjects taught at different levels
Syllabus of MBBS Course
Gross anatomy, Microanatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Neuroanatomy
Enzymes, Metabolic pathways, Metabolic interrelationships, Food assimilation and nutrition, Hormones, Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology, Biological cell, Biomolecules, Immunology, Environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers
General Physiology, Kidney, Neurophysiology, Yoga, Nerve–Muscle, Blood, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition, Environmental Physiology, Reproduction
Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Forensic Medicine, Toxicology
Microbiology, Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation, Common Tests for Bacterial identification, Parasitology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Mycology, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Collection of Transport of Samples, Host-Parasite relationship, Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Immunity to infection, Immunodiagnosis, Vaccines, Sterilisation and Disinfection, Bacteriology of water and air, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites
General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical
General Pharmacology, Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system, Central nervous system, Autacoids, Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Hormones, Chemotherapy, Miscellaneous
Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Skills I/V, Cannulation, Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion, Bag Mask Ventilation, Attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor
Behavioral Sciences, Health Education, Environment, Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Maternal & Child Health, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases, Important National Health Programmes, Occupational Health, Health Administration, Health Economics, Geriatrics, Counselling
Dermatology and Venereology
Ineffective dermatoses, Infective dermatoses, Infestations, Melanin synthesis, Allergic disorders, Drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema multiforme, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, Epidermopoiesis, Psoriasis, Pathogenesis, Syphilis, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, HIV infection, Dermatological Emergencies
Clinical Pharmacology, Nutritional and metabolic disorders, Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Critical care Medicine, Pain management and palliative care, Medical Psychiatry, Poisonings, Specific environmental and occupational hazards, Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system
Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Basic Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Contraception, Neonatology and Recent Advances
Microbiology in relation to eye, Pathology in relation to eye, Pharmacology in relation to eye, Disorders of the Lid, Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus, Conjunctivitis & Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Trachoma & Other chronic conjunctivitis, Keratitis and corneal ulcers, Corneal ulcer, Scleritis & Episcleritis
Pediatric orthopaedics, Orthopaedic oncology, Management of Trauma, Sports Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedic Neurology, Disorders of Spine, Radiology, Fracture
Oral cavity and oropharynx, Ear, Instruments, Operative Procedures, X-ray
Vital statistics, Growth and development, Nutrition, Immunization, Infectious diseases, Hematology, Respiratory system, Gastrointestinal Tract, Central Nervous System, Cardiovascular system, Genito-Urinary system, Neonatology, Pediatrics Emergencies, Fluid-Electrolyte, Genetics, Behavioral Problems, Pediatrics Surgical Problems, Therapeutics
Behavioural Sciences, Emotion and its application to health, Cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, personality disorders, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders, Depression, Anxiety neurosis, phobia and OCD
Skin, Head and Neck region, Arteries, Veins, Breast, Oesophagus, Stomach and duodenum, Small intestine, Colon and rectum, Appendix, Acute abdomen, Urology
Syllabus of MD in General Medicine
Applied basic science knowledge
Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology
Diseases with reference to General Medicine
Diagnostic investigation and procedures
Recent advances in Medicine
Monitoring seriously ill patients
Ability to carry out research
Counselling patients and relatives
Ward patient management
Ability to teach undergraduate students
OPD patient management
Long and short topic presentations
Ward rounds, case presentations and discussions
PG case presentation skills
Clinico-radiological and clinico-pathological conferences
Syllabus of D.M. Nephrology Syllabus
Normal Structure and Functions of Kidney
Disorders of Body Fluid Volume and Composition
Epidemiology and Risk Factors in Kidney Disease
Evaluation of The Patient with Kidney Disease
Disorders of Kidney Structure and Function
Genetics of Kidney Disease
Hypertension and The Kidney
The Consequences of Advanced Kidney Disease
Conservative Management of Kidney Disease
Dialysis and Extracorporeal Therapies
Global Considerations in Kidney Disease
Challenges in Nephrology
Students completing their graduation, post graduation, and doctorate in Bachelor of Nephrology help them pursue their careers as nephrologist, pediatric nephrologist, transplant nephrologist, urologist, interventional nephrologist and what not to display their outstanding talents. There are ample job opportunities available for freshers and students seeking jobs in the government and private sector. Some of the most lucrative job opportunities are:
Nephrologist: A nephrologist is a type of doctor that specializes in treating diseases of the kidney. Nephrologists have also experts in diseases that specifically affect the kidney, but they’re also very knowledgeable about how kidney disease or dysfunction can affect other parts of your body.
Pediatric Nephrologist: If your child has kidney or urinary tract disease, kidney stones, bladder problems, or high blood pressure, a pediatric nephrologist has the special skills and experience to treat your child. They treat children from infancy through late adolescence and in some centers up to young adulthood.
Transplant Nephrologist: A transplant team carries out the evaluation process for a kidney. The team includes a transplant surgeon, a transplant nephrologist, one or more transplant nurses, a social worker, and a psychiatrist or psychologist.
Urologist: They are medical doctors specialized in treating diseases and maintaining the health of male reproductive organs and urinary tracts in both males and females.
Interventional Nephrologist: They are doing processes such as ultrasound-guided biopsies, placement of stents, declotting arteriovenous fistulas, insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheters,, and even creating AV fistulas for dialysis.
Candidates after pursuing Nephrology courses are provided with a wide variety of career opportunities which are going to be available for them. Some of the profiles are:
Dialysis Medical Officer
Narayana Medical College
Nephrocare Health Services Pvt.Ltd
Apollo BSR Hospital
Panacea Biotec Limited
Max Super Speciality Hospital
Claris Lifesciences Limited
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