Degrees offered: B.Sc., D.M., Diploma, M.Sc., P.G.D, Ph.D

What is Nephrology

Nephrology is a study about the normal kidney function and kidney disease, kidney transplantation and the treatment of kidney disease, etc. It covers systemic conditions affecting the kidneys such as diabetes and autoimmune diseases and other systemic problems that occur as a result of the problems of kidney such as hypertension and renal osteodystrophy etc. A physician who has studied about the nephrology programmes, taking additional training and becoming certified in nephrology is called a nephrologist.

Nephrology Course - Highlight

Name of the Course




Programme Offered

Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral

Examination type

Semester wise

Mode of Admission

Entrance and Merit-based

Course Fee

Around INR 10K to 25 Lacs

Average Package

INR 1 Lakh to 12 Lacs

Top Recruiting Companies

Apollo Hospitals, AIMS, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Wockhardt Hospital, Columbia Asia, Medanta, Indraprastha, Max Hospital

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Nephrology

Candidates who are interested to become a Nephrologist are required to study bachelors, masters and doctoral programmes in this field. Nephrology programmes can be studied as a specialization in most of the colleges, universities and candidates are needed to complete a basic course in medicine. Nephrology courses help candidates to choose various specializations under Nephrology programme. Check the eligibility criteria below:

Undergraduate Courses: Candidates must have passed 10+2 with at least 50% marks in aggregate with PCM subjects. Independent entrance tests for UG programmes (MBBS) are Conducted by various state, central and private universities.

Postgraduate Courses: Candidates must hold a degree in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery along with an MD in General Medicine after which, they must have a good score in entrance exams which is held for DM in Nephrology conducted by various state, central and private universities and colleges.

Doctoral Courses: After completing the courses MD in General Medicine, you can apply for DM in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology. The duration of this course is three years. After getting the requisite registration from Medical Council of India (MCI), you can practice as a Nephrologist.

Scope of Nephrology in India and Abroad

The scope of Nephrology is very vast and wide in India as well as Abroad. Candidates can work in various government/private hospitals. You can also work in Nephro-care centres. Numbers of job opportunities are offered in India. The demand of hospitals or increase in the number of health care centres will directly lead to the demand of doctors of various specializations. So, you can find a number of jobs in this profession. Some of the positions offered to them include:

  • Nephrologists

  • Pediatric Nephrologist

  • Surgeon

  • Transplant Nephrologist

  • Nephrology Specialist

  • Urologist

  • Intervention Nephrologist

  • Dialysis Medical Officer

  • Consultants

  • Professor

Course Fees Nephrology

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
24.12 K
B.Sc. in Nephrology at Global Open University, Dimapur
Data not available
4.50 Lakhs
B.Sc. in Nephrology at Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore
Data not available
34.10 K
P.G.D in Nephrology at CU Shah University, Surendranagar
2.38 K
M.Sc. in Nephrology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi
1.40 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Nephrology at RIMT University, Gobindgarh
67.00 K
M.Sc. in Nephrology at Gujarat University of Transplantation Sciences, Ahmedabad
5.54 Lakhs
D.M. in Nephrology at Christian Medical College, Vellore
6.78 K
D.M. in Nephrology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi
1.59 Crores
D.M. in Nephrology at MGM Medical College, Aurangabad
5.68 Lakhs
D.M. in Nephrology at Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram
32.00 K
Diploma in Nephrology at Adesh University, Bathinda
33.00 K
Diploma in Nephrology at Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad
1.32 Lakhs
Diploma in Nephrology at Adesh University, Bathinda
33.00 K
Diploma in Nephrology at Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad

Course Subjects

The courses of Nephrology are quite diverse and they rope in all the important components of medicine. There are several levels of Nephrology courses to suit the requirements and interests of the candidates who wish to pursue a career in the medicine. Candidates can choose from the plethora of Nephrology courses and select the programme which suits them and their higher goals the best. Some of the most popular courses of Nephrology are given below. 

Bachelor Courses:

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery): It is a four and a half year programme with the eligibility criteria of minimum class XII or equivalent class passed with physics, chemistry and biology subjects.

Master Courses:

MD in General Medicine: You can apply for an MD (General Medicine) programme after completing the MBBS degree. It is a three years duration course. It is a postgraduate degree in medicine dealing with kidneys and diseases related to it. 

Doctoral Courses:

Doctor of Medicine (DM) in Nephrology: After completing the postgraduate degree, you can apply for DM in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology. The duration of this course is three years. After getting the required registration from MCI, you can practice as a Nephrologist.

Nephrology Courses Subjects and Syllabus

After studying the subjects at following levels the practitioner must be capable of producing standard. Let’s have look at the subjects taught at different levels

Syllabus of MBBS Course






Gross anatomy, Microanatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Neuroanatomy


Enzymes, Metabolic pathways, Metabolic interrelationships, Food assimilation and nutrition, Hormones, Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology, Biological cell, Biomolecules, Immunology, Environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers


General Physiology, Kidney, Neurophysiology, Yoga, Nerve–Muscle, Blood, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition, Environmental Physiology, Reproduction


Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Forensic Medicine, Toxicology


Microbiology, Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation, Common Tests for Bacterial identification, Parasitology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Mycology, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Collection of Transport of Samples, Host-Parasite relationship, Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Immunity to infection, Immunodiagnosis, Vaccines, Sterilisation and Disinfection, Bacteriology of water and air, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites


General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical


General Pharmacology, Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system, Central nervous system, Autacoids, Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Hormones, Chemotherapy, Miscellaneous



Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Skills I/V, Cannulation, Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion, Bag Mask Ventilation, Attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor

Community Medicine

Behavioral Sciences, Health Education, Environment, Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Maternal & Child Health, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases, Important National Health Programmes, Occupational Health, Health Administration, Health Economics, Geriatrics, Counselling

Dermatology and Venereology

Ineffective dermatoses, Infective dermatoses, Infestations, Melanin synthesis, Allergic disorders, Drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema multiforme, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, Epidermopoiesis, Psoriasis, Pathogenesis, Syphilis, Gonococcal and Nongonococcal infections, HIV infection, Dermatological Emergencies


Clinical Pharmacology, Nutritional and metabolic disorders, Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Critical care Medicine, Pain management and palliative care, Medical Psychiatry, Poisonings, Specific environmental and occupational hazards, Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Basic Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Contraception, Neonatology and Recent Advances


Microbiology in relation to eye, Pathology in relation to eye, Pharmacology in relation to eye, Disorders of the Lid, Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus, Conjunctivitis & Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Trachoma & Other chronic conjunctivitis, Keratitis and corneal ulcers, Corneal ulcer, Scleritis & Episcleritis


Pediatric orthopaedics, Orthopaedic oncology, Management of Trauma, Sports Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedic Neurology, Disorders of Spine, Radiology, Fracture


Oral cavity and oropharynx, Ear, Instruments, Operative Procedures, X-ray


Vital statistics, Growth and development, Nutrition, Immunization, Infectious diseases, Hematology, Respiratory system, Gastrointestinal Tract, Central Nervous System, Cardiovascular system, Genito-Urinary system, Neonatology, Pediatrics Emergencies, Fluid-Electrolyte, Genetics, Behavioral Problems, Pediatrics Surgical Problems, Therapeutics


Behavioural Sciences, Emotion and its application to health, Cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, personality disorders, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders, Depression, Anxiety neurosis, phobia and OCD


Skin, Head and Neck region, Arteries, Veins, Breast, Oesophagus, Stomach and duodenum, Small intestine, Colon and rectum, Appendix, Acute abdomen, Urology

Syllabus of MD in General Medicine 

Semester 1

Semester 2

Applied basic science knowledge

Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology

Diseases with reference to General Medicine

Diagnostic investigation and procedures

Recent advances in Medicine


Semester 3

Semester 4

Monitoring seriously ill patients

Ability to carry out research

Counselling patients and relatives

Ward patient management

Ability to teach undergraduate students

OPD patient management

Semester 5

Semester 6

Long and short topic presentations

Journal conferences

Ward rounds, case presentations and discussions

PG case presentation skills

Clinico-radiological and clinico-pathological conferences

Research review

Syllabus of D.M. Nephrology Syllabus

Normal Structure and Functions of Kidney

Disorders of Body Fluid Volume and Composition

Epidemiology and Risk Factors in Kidney Disease

Evaluation of The Patient with Kidney Disease

Disorders of Kidney Structure and Function

Genetics of Kidney Disease

Hypertension and The Kidney

The Consequences of Advanced Kidney Disease

Conservative Management of Kidney Disease

Dialysis and Extracorporeal Therapies

Kidney Transplantation

Pediatric Nephrology

Global Considerations in Kidney Disease

Challenges in Nephrology

Careers in Nephrology

Students completing their graduation, post graduation, and doctorate  in Bachelor of Nephrology help them pursue their careers as nephrologist, pediatric nephrologist, transplant nephrologist, urologist, interventional nephrologist and what not to display their outstanding talents. There are ample job opportunities available for freshers and students seeking jobs in the government and private sector. Some of the most lucrative job opportunities are:

Nephrologist: A nephrologist is a type of doctor that specializes in treating diseases of the kidney. Nephrologists have also experts in diseases that specifically affect the kidney, but they’re also very knowledgeable about how kidney disease or dysfunction can affect other parts of your body.

Pediatric Nephrologist: If your child has kidney or urinary tract disease, kidney stones, bladder problems, or high blood pressure, a pediatric nephrologist has the special skills and experience to treat your child. They treat children from infancy through late adolescence and in some centers up to young adulthood.

Transplant Nephrologist: A transplant team carries out the evaluation process for a kidney. The team includes a transplant surgeon, a transplant nephrologist, one or more transplant nurses, a social worker, and a psychiatrist or psychologist.

Urologist: They are medical doctors specialized in treating diseases and maintaining the health of male reproductive organs and urinary tracts in both males and females.

Interventional Nephrologist: They are doing processes such as ultrasound-guided biopsies, placement of stents, declotting arteriovenous fistulas, insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheters,, and even creating AV fistulas for dialysis.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Candidates after pursuing Nephrology courses are provided with a wide variety of career opportunities which are going to be available for them. Some of the profiles are:

  • Nephrologists

  • Pediatric Nephrologist

  • Surgeon

  • Transplant Nephrologist

  • Nephrology Specialist

  • Urologist

  • Intervention Nephrologist

  • Dialysis Medical Officer

  • Consultants

  • Professor

Working Area:

  • Research centres

  • Kidney centres

  • Organizations

  • Rehabilitation Centres

  • Dialysis centres

  • Medical centres

  • Hospitals

  • Colleges


  • Narayana Medical College

  • Nephrocare Health Services Pvt.Ltd

  • Apollo BSR Hospital

  • Panacea Biotec Limited

  • Max Super Speciality Hospital

  • Claris Lifesciences Limited

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