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What is Journalism
Journalism is gathering information, collating it and creating something informative out of it. Apart from these basic roles, a journalist is also required to comment on events being reported but diplomatically, to not influence any reader too strongly.
Journalism and Mass Communication are usually offered together in courses in Journalism. The main courses offered at the Undergraduate level are Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication (BAJMC), Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Journalism, BA in Journalism, Bachelor of Journalism, BA in Convergent Journalism, BA in Journalism and Communication Studies.
At the Post Graduate level, the courses offered are MA in Journalism and Communication, MA in Multimedia and Masters in Journalism and Mass Communication. There are also various diploma courses offered, such as Post Graduate Diploma in Journalism, Post Graduate Diploma in TV and Radio Journalism, and Post Graduate Diploma in Print and Broadcast Journalism.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Journalism
For Undergraduate courses, the eligibility criteria are:
Candidate needs to have completed 10+2 years of education.
Some colleges have the criteria which require candidates to possess good communication, reading and English skills.
Admissions are usually made based on merit or a university-level examination.
For Post Graduate courses, the eligibility criteria are:
Candidates must hold a valid Bachelor's degree from a recognised university or college.
Entrance tests are sometimes required.
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Entrance Exams for Journalism
There are various entrance exams that universities and autonomous colleges usually conduct at their university-levels. Some of the main exams that students have to give to secure admissions in Journalism courses are:
IIMC Entrance Exam- National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts the IIMC entrance exam in online mode. The IIMC entrance exam or IIMC test is held for offering admissions to eligible candidates in postgraduate diploma programmes in many specializations of Journalism across its 6 campuses.
MICAT- Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad conducts MICAT for all the eligible candidates to screen them for the admission process. MICA admission test is held twice a year for admission to 36 PGDM and 180 PGDM-C seats at Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad.
SET – The Symbiosis Entrance Test. This is also a well-known entrance test for admissions to journalism and mass communication courses in the Symbiosis Centre for Mass Communication (SCMC).
JET- Satyajit Ray Film & Television Institute (SRFTI) conducts FTII JET to screen all the eligible candidates for admission. The candidates who qualify the entrance test are offered admission in any of the two participating institutes- Film and Television Institute of India, Pune (FTII, Pune) and Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute, Kolkata (SRFTI).
At PG levels, for Master's Degrees, there are separate examinations conducted by universities and autonomous colleges. They typically test a person's abilities in the following areas:
Media and Communication
Scope of Journalism in India and Abroad
With the increase and advance in technology which led to the broadening of communication networks such as social media, television, newspapers, e-magazines, and radio, the scope and reaches of journalism have also risen. This has caused journalism to also gain a huge, global audience for even the smallest of events. There is coverage of all events worldwide. Broadcasting of news reporting isn't limited to local, regional or national ranges anymore.
When people think of Journalism, they merely picture news reporters and newspaper articles. But that isn't what journalism is limited to. It extends way beyond those realms and brings various opportunities and various paths to follow, in terms of jobs.
While there are basic jobs such as those of reporters and writers in newspapers, there are also several other jobs, and the scope of journalism is thus very wide.
Illustrator, and various other options.
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Course Fees Journalism
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The subjects that are mainly taught in most courses in Journalism and Mass Communication are:
Introduction to Journalism
Introduction to Mass Communication
Media Laws and Indian Constitution
Advertising and Public Relations
History of Journalism, and more
The syllabus for Bachelor's in Journalism and Mass Communication is:
Writing for Media
Socio-Economic & Political Scenario
Introduction to Communication
Basics of Design & Graphics
History of Print & Broadcasting in India
Media Laws & Ethics
Development & Communication
Radio Journalism & Production
Basics of Camera, Lights & Sound
Television Journalism & Production
Media Organisation & Management
Global Media Scenario
Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Journalism provides the following subjects:
History of Communication Media
Indian State and Democratic Polity
Communication and Mass Communication: Concept and Process
Introduction to Journalism
Development Communication and Rural Journalism
Media and Cultural Studies
IT and Online Journalism
Reporting for Print
Media Laws and Ethics
Print Journalism and Production
International Media Scenario
MA in Journalism offers:
English for Communication
There are also courses such as MA in Broadcast Journalism which offers subjects such as:
Introduction to Mass Media and Society
Introduction to Audio- Visual Media
Growth and Development of Media
Broadcast News Production (Radio & TV)
Broadcast Media Technology
Media Analysis and Criticism
Communication Research and Methods
Introduction to Film: Form, Content, Narrative
Broadcast Media Management and Operations
Lifestyle and Travel Journalism
Multimedia Journalism and Content Management
Business and Finance Journalism
There are also other Master's courses such as MA in Journalism and Mass Communication, and MA in Convergent Journalism.
Careers in Journalism
The field of Journalism is ever-expanding. What with the social activism, the riots all around the world, growths, developments, political changes and everything else that keeps happening, the work of a person in this field doesn't end. There are endless opportunities with no limit to what one can do. From being on television as a reporter, bringing news to people live, one could also work as a print journalist, bringing more detailed news to people, after the event has already occurred. There are also options where people can go beyond just words, they can use photography, cartoons and other illustrations to express or depict a story. Some people edit these stories and make them perfectly suited to the basic style of a newspaper.
Apart from this, some people work behind the scenes on TV news channels, such as production managers, researchers, and newscast directors, among others. In conclusion, this boundless field has given rise to many greats over the years, and it will continue to do so. With endless possibilities, increasing popularity, this field is expanding even more than before and is creating a better environment for us to live in by making us aware of global citizens.
5G Networks – It is said that in this and the coming year, 5G networks will be set up and ready to be used. This will make network connections faster and more efficient, and this will allow the field of journalism and media to get information to people even faster than before, and even to the remotest corners of the world ultimately.
AI-Driven Technologies – These technologies such as automatic translation, transcription and speech-to-text (and vice versa) services will make things easier of the viewers and audience, thus increasing the market and customer bases as it will all be more convenient.
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Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
A reporter writes and delivers news, stories and events to people, via broadcast, print, radio or internet. This job involves gathering and authenticating facts, following up on leads and investigating them, and writing or delivering news to the audience through any other medium.
The job of an editor includes reading, re-reading, analysing news reports or articles, and pin-pointing any errors to correct them.
The basic framework and layout of the newspaper or magazine are also determined and decided by the editor.
Reporters and correspondents have similar jobs, but one of the main differences is that a correspondent mainly works with print media.
This involves working with newspapers, magazines, or any online publication platform. Under this job, people are usually assigned topics to write about, and they can also pitch topics to the editor of the publication.
This relates mainly to controversial and/or political topics. The job of an investigative journalist is to bring out the real truth, expose any lies, corruptions etc.
Top Recruiters in Journalism
The Times Group
India Today Group
All India Radio (AIR)
Balaji Telefilms Ltd.
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Required Skillset for Journalism
This field requires and demands skills without which one will be rendered helpless in certain situations. These skills are necessary to help one be a better, more truthful journalist.
General Awareness – Any individual working in the field of journalism is required to have thorough general awareness. This is because being aware of anything and everything happening around one, helps to identify potential news-worthy situations (politically/socially/culturally, etc.). It also helps one remain informed about all events and situations, and it could also help resolve issues in those situations.
Keen Observer– This is another important skill because being a keen observer helps spot the tiniest details in any given situation that another person might have missed. These details help paint a verbal picture of the situation being reported, more effectively.
Language Fluency – This skill is a must for anyone who chooses to work in this field because journalism is a lot about communication, both written and verbal, and teamwork. If one is not fluent in conversing, s/he will face difficulties in successfully and effectively communicating a point or decision.
Confidence – Whether it is while writing or speaking, confidence is imperative. In both aspects of communication, confidence is seen and recognised as soon as one begins conversing. It is important to be confident while speaking, because viewers and co-workers want to listen to somebody who knows exactly what s/he is saying and believes in it.
While writing too, the level of confidence is evident from the writing style, selection of words etc. To make any feature/report/article power-packed and hard-hitting, it is important to show confidence.
Some other important skills include Alertness, Self-motivation, Creativity, and the ability to work on strict deadlines.
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Course Curriculum for Journalism
Bachelor's and Bachelor of Arts in Journalism/ Journalism and Mass Communication are 3-year long, undergraduate courses. The number of semesters/trimesters that they are divided into usually differ.
Master's in Journalism and Mass Communication and other PG Master's courses are 2 years long.
The aim of these courses is basically to create more aware end alert minds. They provide detailed information and knowledge on journalistic and reporting methods, and ethical journalism along with ethics in all countries. The aim is to shape the minds of students in ways that they understand the mechanics of our world, and they learn how to be ethical, moral and honest.
Popular Journalism Entrance Exams in India
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: Does Journalism have enough options and scope?
Yes, journalism is a vast and varied field with endless scope and opportunities. As the world goes on with its events and happening each day, so does journalism. There are always new options being created in this field, too. Opportunities can be in various areas, also such as print, broadcast, digital etc.
Question: What are the best colleges for courses in Journalism?
The colleges that offer the best courses in Journalism are:
1. Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media, Bangalore
2. Symbiosis Institute of Media and Communication, Pune
3. Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi
4. Christ College, Bangalore
Question: What is the difference between Journalism and Mass Communication?
Journalism and mass communication are both very similar. The main difference is that journalism requires a lot of fieldwork; it includes and focuses on reporting and writing. Mass Communication, on the other hand, focuses on the technicalities of all these processes.
Question: Does journalism always involve being on tv and reporting?
No, journalism is a lot more than reporting. It involves writing for newspapers, magazines and other online publications, as a print journalist or as a feature writer. It could also involve being an editor for certain publications.
There are also people in this field who tell stories through images clicked by the, (photojournalists), and others who depict situations through cartoons and other illustrations.
Question: Can I do internships along with these UG courses in Journalism and Mass Communication?
Yes. A major part of these journalism and mass communication courses lies in internships. They allow and mandate internships in different semesters, which helps students learn more through the practical use of knowledge.
Questions related to Journalism
best collage for studying journalism?
I am a female/non-eng candidate from OBC-NC category. I have very bad acad records, i scored 8.8CGPA in 10th, 67%in 12th, 60% in grads & 71% in post grad diploma with 9 mnth work ex in Journalism/PR. Any chances of getting a call from IIM ABC for me? what minimum percentile do i need to aim for ABC?
can i do MA Political Science after BA Journalism
Hope you are doing well !
The MA Political Science eligibility criteria are as follows: Bachelor's degree in any stream preferably Arts and Humanities . Minimum marks required vary from 45% to 55% in graduation and may vary for different universities. The minimum pass percentage is higher for non-humanities courses.. so you are eligible ,go for it .
Hope it helps you !
Is journalism a good job ,(financially?
Yes journalism can be a very good opportunity financially and professional. The average salary package which a student can earn after completing Journalism course can be 2 lacs per year. With the ongoing increasing experience the highest salary package can reach 5 or 6 lacs per annum. mentioned below are the name of the job opportunities which a student can do after completing Journalism course:
- Public Relation Manager
- News Reporter
- Editor of news
- Content Development Manager
sir mujhe journalism me jana hai to mujhe kya karna chahiye . abhi mai 12th pass kiya hu
Hope you are doing great. There are numerous bachelor's degree programmes, as well as diploma and certificate programmes, for those who want to pursue a career in journalism. Many universities, including IPU CET, IIMC Entrance Exam, and others, have their own entrance exams for journalism programmes after the 12th grade. Numerous colleges in India are currently providing the Journalism Diploma Courses to numerous deserving students.
There are top colleges offering the course and some of them are:
- IIMC, Delhi
- St. Xaviers College, Mumbai
- Amity School of Communication, Noida
- Mahatma Gandhi University, Meghalaya
- Times School of Journalism
- National School of Journalism, Bangalore
- Indian Institute of Journalism & New Media, Karnataka
- Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh Aligarh
- India Today Media Institute, Noida
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