What is Sanskrit

Sanskrit is derived from the Sanskrit word "saṃskṛta which mean adorned, cultivated and purified". Most scholars refer to Sanskrit as the language of Gods. It is the oldest known language to humankind.

All the vedas and shastras have been originally transcribed in Hindi. Sanskrit is not just the language of Hindu compositions, but it has also been found in Jain and Buddhist scriptures.

It's one of the 22 official languages of the Indian constitution. Sanskrit language is not widely spoken in India, but it is still the ceremonial language, it is the language of two epic granthas "The Ramayan" and "The Mahabharat". Central board of higher secondary education, CBSE recognises Sanskrit as the third language.

The Sanskrit language has originated in the Indo-Aryan region and was widely used in India is also now on the verge of disappearance. Therefore, individuals who are interested in literature can graduate from the Sanskrit language.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Sanskrit

For Undergraduates

  • An applicant must have at least cleared their 10+2 from a recognised state or central board with at least 60% aggregate

  • 45-50% for SC/ST/OBC students.

  • Sanskrit is compulsory in 10+2 for all candidates.


For Postgraduates

  • Applicants must have qualified BA Sanskrit or an equivalent exam with a minimum aggregate of 50%.


For PhD

  • Applicants must have passed MA Sanskrit with an aggregate of 55% marks.

  • An applicant who has an OBC/SC/ST certificate would require a minimum aggregate of 50%.

  • Candidates can apply for JRF till the age of 30.


Entrance exams for Sanskrit Language

There isn't a national level entrance exam or any common entrance test (CET) as of now, the admission process varies from college to college, some college provides admission based on institutional entrance exam while some provide admission based on the candidate's merit of 10+2.

Mostly a student would undergo two rounds for selection -

  • Institutional Test (if any)

  • Personal Interview/ Group Discussion (GD)


The entrance exam for Sanskrit Language for some of the best colleges that provide an undergraduate course in Sanskrit have been listed below:

B.A in the Sanskrit Language - BA Sanskrit is a 3-year long undergraduate programme.

  • Aditi Mahavidyalaya Entrance Exam – This is the entrance exam for BA, B.Com, BSc undergraduate courses for Aditi Mahavidyalaya (an all girl's constituent college for University of Delhi)

  • Burdwan Raj College Entrance Exam – This is the entrance exam for Burdwan Raj College located in Bardhaman, West Bengal. It is a UG entrance exam for B.Sc. (Hons. & General), B.Com (Hons. & General), BA (Hons. & General), BBA (Hons.) and BCA (Hons.).

  • Maulana Azad College Entrance Exam- It's the entrance exam for various UG course provided by Maulana Azad College.


M.A in Sanskrit Language – It is a 2 years long PG program. Apart from graduating BA, some colleges rely on the entrance exam for providing admission to PG level such as

  • TISSNET (NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY TEST) – It is a national level exam conducted by Tata Institute of Social Science to offer admission in its various campuses. The exam is conducted through online mode in January.

  • JNUEE (Jawaharlal Nehru Entrance exam) – It is an entrance exam conducted by NTA to provide admission in PG courses. This exam is held in September through online mode.


PhD in Sanskrit Language – PhD Sanskrit is a 3 year-long doctorate.

  • CVVET (Combined Vidyavaridhi entrance test)  - It is an entrance test conducted by Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Vidyapeeth, New Delhi. It is usually held in May.

  • UGC NET (National Eligibility Test) – It is a national level entrance exam conducted by NTA for Jr Research Fellowship or Assistant professor. It is conducted in September – November.

  • SLET (State Level Eligibility Test) – It is a state-level eligibility test conducted by the NTA for the post of Assistant Professor.


Note – Some colleges avoid this long, tedious process and provide cut-off lists until all the seats are registered, in such colleges applicants can expect a straightforward admission if they have the merit displayed in the cut-off list.

Scope of Sanskrit in India and Abroad

It is an interesting field for those who have an affinity for the Sanskrit language.

India is known for its astrological beliefs and candidates who find astrology amusing can also opt for this undergraduate course. Language is necessary for the evolution of humanity and good communication is always highly sought of, therefore if you want to learn a language other than Hindi and English, one can always go for Sanskrit and preserve the ancient linguistic heritage of India. 

Course Fees Sanskrit

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
UG
324
B.A.(Hons) in Sanskrit at Nilamani Mahavidyalaya, Balasore
607
B.A. in Sanskrit at JN College, Nehra
4.50 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Sanskrit at Amity University, Noida
72.30 K
B.A.(Hons) in Sanskrit at Indraprastha College for Women, Delhi
PG
2.00 K
M.A. in Sanskrit at Jain Vishva Bharati Institute, Ladnun
1.45 K
M.A. in Sanskrit at Government Laxmaneshwar College, Kharod
6.42 Lakhs
M.A. in Sanskrit at Adamas University, Kolkata
1.40 Lakhs
M.Phil. in Sanskrit at Shyam University, Dausa
DOCTORAL
10.50 K
Ph.D in Sanskrit at Maganlal Thakordas Balmukunddas Arts College, Surat
5.00 K
D.Litt in Sanskrit at National Sanskrit University, Tirupati
4.30 Lakhs
Ph.D in Sanskrit at Seacom Skills University, Birbhum
43.75 K
Ph.D in Sanskrit at Sanchi University of Buddhist Indic Studies, Bhopal
DIPLOMA
2.00 K
Diploma in Sanskrit at Nehru Gram Bharati, Allahabad
350
Diploma in Sanskrit at National Sanskrit University, Tirupati
7.00 K
Diploma in Sanskrit at Shanmugha Arts Science Technology Research and Academy, Thanjavur
13.26 K
Diploma in Sanskrit at Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune

Course Subjects

Sanskrit is an ancient language. It was known to humankind, from a very long ago, therefore, the variety of literary content it provides is humongous.

The course has been specially crafted to lift the pressure off the student's shoulder. The wide course structure covers all parts of Sanskrit. It has been divided into years and semesters for a student's convenience.

The course structure has been roughly discussed below –

  • Classical Sanskrit literature

  • Drama and Grammar

  • Classical Poetry

  • Poetry and Literary criticism

  • Environment

  • Prose and Grammar

  • Vedic literature

  • Indian Social Institutions and Policies

  • History of Vedic literature

  • History of Sanskrit Literature and translation

  • Spoken Sanskrit and Computer Application

  • History of Indian Philosophy

  • Language

  • Dharma and Shastras

  • Spoken Sanskrit and communicative English

  • Sanskrit Grammar

  • Veda Nyay / Vyakaran

  • Indian Ontology and Epistemology

  • Sanskrit and world Literature

  • Indian Epigraphy, Palaeography and Chronology

Careers in Sanskrit

BA in the Sanskrit language opens a plethora of options in a professional career for graduates. One has the freedom to choose journalism and communication to take Sanskrit Patrakarita ahead.

One can also become a Sanskrit Sahityakar. People who are interested in teaching can pursue PG to become lecturers, professors and teachers. Being a translator is another exciting job one can take. Sanskrit news channel is known as Sanskrit Vishwam also gives opportunities to graduates to be news orator. They can also become Acharya and Shastri.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Language fluency enables you to cater to various sectors. Some of the main employers that employ the Sanskrit language undergraduates are as follows: 

Job Profile

Role

Translator

A translator is responsible for translating Sanskrit in English, Hindi or any other language for the individual they are working for.

This domain demands the graduating candidate to be fluent in two to three languages apart from Sanskrit.

Journalist/Content Developer

If you're a content writer, you'll never be sitting idle.

This domain requires one to indulge in developing content in the Sanskrit language as well as reporting and writing news items for newspapers or news channels.

Government School Teacher/Journalist in Government-run news channels

Sanskrit graduates can also look for opportunities in the teaching sector.

They can also work in various government sectors like a news anchor or reporter in DD news.

Writer

Writing gives you the ability to work for yourself independently.

You can write stories, articles and poems in Sanskrit, which can be published for readers in magazines or as a separate publication as a book.

You can also write a script for plays and theatres.

Private School/College Teacher

Teaching is one of the noblest and empowering job. In this, a teacher has to teach the Sanskrit language to school or college level students.

There is a high demand for teachers in the private sector, but the candidate has to get a B.Ed. Degree before starting their career.

 

Top Recruiters for Sanskrit Language

  • Guru Vidya Niketan

  • Swami Vivekananda Institute of Management

  • Delhi Public School

  • Maitri Charitable Trust

  • Yashmay Adventure India

  • Lionbridge Technologies

  • Banaras Hindu University

  • Delhi School of Excellence

  • Urban Pro.com

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya

Average Salary

Job Profile

Average Salary 

Translator

Rs. 1.5 - 3 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Journalist/Content writer

Rs. 1.8 – 4 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Government School Teacher/Journalist in Government-run news channels

Rs. 2-4 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Writer

Rs. 1.5 - 3 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Private School/College Teacher

Rs. 1.2- 2.5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Required Skillset for Sanskrit

Skills are the talent and exceptions that you acquire over some time. It shows your expertise in your field of job. An employer doesn't know you personally, but the skills you mention in your resume helps them examine you.

Skills can be both basic life skills and professional skills, and both of them allow you to perform your work duties.

There are several key types of skills: important for a Bachelors of Arts in Sanskrit Language, and some of them have been listed below.

  • Creativity: Thinking outside of the box segregates you from the rest of the crowd. Especially in the field of language creativity can be a real asset.

  • Communication Skills: Having a degree in the linguistic field demands exceptional communication skills. You've pit 3 years of academic career, therefore, it should show that you can speak to the mind and your heart. Communicating with your boss and clients/customers skilfully can help you in worrisome situations.

  • Writing: Linguistic jobs involve writing. If not a master at writing one should at least have a basic writing skill. It skills should be gained and must be put on your resume.

  • Foreign Languages: Being bilingual can be a boon for you and to be a good translator you must know a handful of languages, if not too many at least three languages. Even if a role or company doesn't need a bilingual employee, they may find it impressive.

Course Curriculum for Sanskrit

BA in Sanskrit language is a 3-year long undergraduate programme. The course has been divided into 6 semesters. The curriculum mainly focuses on the overall development of a student in terms of understanding the context and history of this long-known language.

The course is widely distributed into Prose, Poetry, Grammar And History.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question: Can a student who completed his graduation in literature qualify the CAT exam?

Answer :

Yes, a graduate from any stream or college can qualify the CAT exam. The criteria are not the course you take but the minimum aggregate marks. 

Question: What are the available career opportunities for me if I graduate with BA in Sanskrit language?

Answer :

BA Sanskrit can be hired for positions such as:

  • Sanskrit Proofreading
  • Teacher
  • Customer Service Associate
  • Sales Coordinator
  • Interpreter (from one language to other)
  • Content Writer - Editor (Sanskrit)
  • Sanskrit Translator
  • Part-Time tutor – Sanskrit
  • Assistant Professor – Sanskrit

Question: Are these courses available by distance mode?

Answer :

Yes, various colleges provide distance learning or weekend courses.

Question: What is the best career option after doing BA Hons in Sanskrit?

Answer :

After doing graduation from Sanskrit language, one can pursue PG in the same followed by PHD Sanskrit. This will open the doors for you to become a highly sought professor or you can also become a researcher and research and analyse old Vedic texts.

Question: Can Sanskrit language graduates have a career in foreign countries?

Answer :

It might seem astonishing to you, but Germany has about 16 universities that teach Sanskrit and therefore if you're better than the rest you can have a career there.

Questions related to Sanskrit

Showing 71 out of 71 Questions
7 Views

what is best bams and bsc? is bams Occur only in Hindi or Sanskrit ?

Palak kumari 2nd Jun, 2021

Hey aspirant,


As far as I know and will advice you that you should opt only that career option in which you are comfortable and interested. As of course you won't like to waste your precious time in studying something in which you are not interested. And also even salary is inter connected with your interest. It's but obvious that if you are interested in something then you would give your best in it and can do a lot better whereas if you are not interested in your subject then you would just study for the sake of a degree but that won't help you in professional life so ya, that's totally upon you.


Now, coming to your second question, as per the information , bams is in either english Or sanskrit medium. It varies from universities to universities.


Hope it helps.

7 Views

I am graduate from B. A. Sanskrit. I have read both Hindi and Sanskrit all 3 years. Also I have done B. Sc. Maths. Im doing B. Ed. with B. A. Degree.Am I still eligible for TGT Maths or I am only eligible for TGT Hindi and Sanskrit?particularly asking about tgt maths eligibility as b. ed is from ba

Soham sengupta 20th May, 2021

Hello Student

You have not mentioned your question  state you belong to. Qualification for trained graduate teachers of any subject is is in which subject of graduation you have done and a B.Ed has been completed with that respective course of study. As you have done your Bed with BA qualification with Sanskrit and Hindi then you you are eligible for  apply for the teachers of Sanskrit only. There is no question of applying for trained graduate teachers for the subject of mathematics.

Hope this helps.

58 Views

compare the Sanskrit epic and the Sanskrit drama

Subhrajit Mukherjee 10th May, 2021

The main Sanskrit epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, provide a large amount of data in the form of Sanskrit a little later than Vedic prose, and close to the classical Sanskrit language. There is considerably more evidence for transitive nouns and adjectives in epics than in Vedic prose, but compared to Rigveda, transitive nouns and adjectives are even less common and show less morphological variety. Again, statistical analysis shows that there is a clear correlation between transitivity and prediction.


Sanskrit drama is the fundamental basis of Indian theater and the success of today's Indian theater depends solely on it. The Sanskrit drama flourished in all its glory under the patronage of the court and the aristocracy until the 12th century, when the Muslim intrusion changed the Sanskrit scene. The glory of the Sanskrit drama became a thing of the past in the period of decline when it gradually divorced from the stage. But it still has relevance in popular theater today. The genuine development of the Sanskrit drama has in the true sense ceased, except that its few elements are still in practice. Modern Indian theater is under the great influence of Western philosophy, which neglected the traditional Sanskrit dramatic tradition. However, we cannot deny the importance of the Sanskrit dramatic tradition in the development of Indian theater.

I hope this answer helps. All the very best for your future endeavors!

98 Views

compare the sanskrit epic and the sanskrit drama/play in about 200 words

Souhrid Sarkar 2nd May, 2021
Hello,

Here is the answer to your query :

The major Sanskrit epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, provide a large body of data in a form of Sanskrit slightly later than Vedic Prose, and close to the Classical sanskrit language. There is considerably more evidence for transitive nouns and ad jectives in the epics than in Vedic Prose, but compared with the Rigveda transitive nouns and adjectives are still less common, and show less morphological variety. Again, sta tistical analysis shows that there is a clear correlation between transitivity and predi cation.

The Sanskrit drama is the ultimate foundation of Indian theatre and the success of present indian theatre is solely dependent on it. The Sanskrit drama flourished in its glory under the patronage of the court and the aristocracy till the 12th century when the Mohammedan intrusion shifted the Sanskrit stage. The glory of Sanskrit drama became a thing of the past in the period of decline when it was divorced gradually from the stage. But still it has relevance in folk theatre at present. The genuine development of Sanskrit drama is ceased down in true sense except its few elements are in still practice. Modern Indian theatre is under the great influence of Western philosophy which neglected the traditional Sanskrit drama tradition. Nevertheless, we cannot deny the importance of Sanskrit drama tradition in the development of Indian theatre.

Hope it helps
Thank you !!!
13 Views

what courses are there if I want to study sanskrit in 11th and 12th and what are the colleges available

Manidipa Kundu Student Expert 21st Apr, 2021

hi,

Generally as per old curriculum sanskrit is fall in arts stream, students who have taken arts might select history, geography, political science, english , nutrition , sociology , economics etc. so it also depends on the institute and how many options they have, faculty and infrastructure availability. generally students have to select 6 papers includes english and another language paper.\

follow our article at below link to know about sanskrit medium school of Maharastra:

https://school.careers360.com/schools/sanskrit-medium-schools-in-maharashtra

so I suggest you to contact with school authority to know in details.

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