- Fees: ₹ 480,000
What is Horticulture
Candidates who are interested in plants, agriculture and technology must opt for horticulture science. For those who are unaware about horticulture science, it is the plant science that incorporates science and aesthetics of plants. The course, horticulture science is the science and art of producing edible vegetables, flowers, fruits, herbs, and ornamental plants, improving and commercializing them.
To make it more clear, Horticulture is a sub-part of agriculture which deals with the development of intensively cultivated food and decorative/ornamental plants. Science and art are used extensively in the development and distribution of crops, mainly vegetables, for consumption by masses. The horticulture crops are diverse; they include vegetables, fruits, decorative plants, etc.
In India, there are primarily two courses available, namely Bachelor in Science in Horticulture and a Diploma in Horticulture. Both the courses are undergraduate courses in Horticulture where B.Sc is of 3-year duration and Diploma is of 2 years. During the courses, students learn and work on cultivation and propagation of different crops scientifically. Read on, to know in more detail about horticulture science course, its scope, how to apply for it and more.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Horticulture
Eligibility Criteria for Horticulture Science
For Horticulture Science Undergraduate Course
Students who seek admission in any one of the Undergraduate courses should have passed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% in aggregate.
For Horticulture Science Post-Graduate Course
Students must have completed any of the UG degrees with a minimum of 60% marks in aggregate. Some of the postgraduate courses also have an interview round after a screening process.
Entrance Exam for Horticulture Science
JEE Main- JEE Main is conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) twice every year. Around 5 lakh students enrol for this national level entrance exam to get admission in different colleges in India and abroad. Candidates must have qualified 10+2 from any recognized board to be eligible for this exam.
Scope of Horticulture in India and Abroad
The scope of horticulture science is immense in both government and private sectors. Every year, new vacancies roll out for officer posts in different state-level offices. These posts are offered in various agricultural departments, state-wise forestry departments, and at different boards like spice, coir etc.
The private sector has also shown interest in this field as many startups have been found in recent times. These companies mainly focus on teaching the farmer about the easy ways of farming and producing crops efficiently.
The industries include private plantation companies, agriculture machinery, equipment manufacturing firms, agricultural product marketing firms, food production, etc. Horticulture science graduates must keep in mind that the scope in this field is immense both in the manufacturing and servicing sectors.
Pursuing a B.Sc degree in horticulture can highly increase the chances of getting a stable job. Another possible way can be doing an MBA after the course is complete and applying the knowledge and founding a startup. There is a gap in this industry that can be easily filled, and one can become successful. Agri-entrepreneurs are in great demand nowadays.
Course Fees Horticulture
|Minimum Fees||Maximum Fees|
- Primer on Horticulture
- Physical Education
- Commercial Floriculture
- Fundamentals of Information Technology
- Applied Mathematics
- Crop Physiology
- Commercial tropical fruit culture
- Nursery Technology of Horticultural Crops
- Commercial tropical vegetable culture
- Principles of Analytical Chemistry
- Principles of Genetics and methods of plant breeding in horticultural crops
- Agricultural Microbiology
- Fundamentals of Agricultural Meteorology
- Principles of Agricultural Economics
- English for Effective Communication
- Commercial temperate vegetable culture
- Forest Resource Management
- Renewable Energy
- Commercial Sub Tropical and Temperate Fruit Culture
- Commercial Production of Spices
- Fundamentals of Soil Science
- Fundamentals of Entomology
- Industrial visit I
- Principles of Plant pathology
- Principles of Biotechnology
- Principles of Seed Production
- Seed production technology of horticultural crop
- Livestock and Poultry Production Management
- Fundamentals of Agribusiness Management
- Farm Power and Machinery
- Applied Statistics
- Fundamentals of Soil
- Surveying and Engineering drawing
- Applied Microbiology
- Weed and Water Management in Horticultural crops
- Ornamental Gardening
- Establishment of Horticultural Estates
- Protected and Precision Horticulture
- Interior scaping
- Hi-Tech Crop Production
- Post-Harvest Technology of Fruits, Vegetables and Spices
- Industrial visit II
- Experiential learning
- Commercial Production of Medicinal and Aromatic crops
- Fundamentals of Nanotechnology
- Applied Plant Biotechnology
- Soft skills for career development
- Waste Management in Horticulture Industry
- Agricultural Marketing
- Pest Management in Horticulture Production Systems
- Nematode Management in Horticultural crops
- Production Economics
- Greenhouse construction
- Principles of processing
- Horticultural Industrial Work Experience
- Diseases of horticultural crops
- Experiential learning
- Industry and Institutional Educational Tour
- Post-harvest technology
- Project Work
- Systematic Horticulture
- Plant Propagation
- Landscaping and Dry fruit
- Ornamental Gardening
- Agriculture Statistics
- Tropical and Subtropical Fruits
- Design of Experiments
- Orchard Management
- Production Technology of cut loose flowers
- Protected Cultivation of Horticulture Crops
- Spices and Plantation Crops
- Production technology of vegetable crops
- Postharvest Technology of Horticultural Crops
- Breeding of Horticulture crops
- Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
- Computer application in Agriculture
- Floriculture and Landscaping
- Breeding of Horticultural crops
M.Sc in horticulture science also has some of the elective courses. You can check for them when you apply for college. These two courses (B.Tech and M.Sc in Horticulture science) comprise of all the basic subject layout of other courses in the article.
Careers in Horticulture
There are ample job opportunities present in the horticulture science field. Jobs are available in both government and private sectors. Graduates can go on to become officers in government offices either in technical or non-technical staff.
There is a good demand for designers and contractors in the Horticulture industry. These designers are responsible for developing seeds, fertilizers and other products related to the Horticulture industry. A horticulturist can also choose his career as a Professor in any of the institutes.
The work areas in this field can be fieldwork, sales and marketing, irrigation department, Projects, training etc. Salaries are directly derived based on how much experience one holds.
There is an immense demand for Indian origin graduates abroad in the Horticulture Industry.
Horticulture, aka ‘the precision agriculture’ erupted in the early ’90s. This industry targeted Midwestern row crops, such as soybeans, wheat, corn etc. But initially, people only thought this involved big money and manpower.
But the opposite happened; today, Horticulture is practised way more than its inception. This industry is focusing on farmers who have small pieces of land and are unable to grow crops efficiently. The industry focuses on eliminating those problems by coming up with new ideas.
The newest trends show many promising results which means the future of the industry holds good results. Let’s take a look at some of the trends in the field.
Utilizing technology for yield monitoring of fruits and nuts while keeping an on zonal management of crops.
Connectivity through the internet; Internet has shown new ways to grow crops and fruits.
The inception of robots; Using the technology, leaders in the industry use robots to monitor the crops and accordingly cultivate them.
Budding startups; Awareness on the topic of this particular industry has resulted in the foundation of new startups in India. This will help not only the founders of the startup but also the farmers.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Horticulture science: Job Profile and Top Recruiters
Horticulture science has gained some popularity in the past decade in India. This resulted in the opening of new job options in India. Let’s take a look at some of the most popular jobs available in India.
A Horticulturist is responsible for cultivation, propagation, and aim to improve the yield of the crops. The crops are intensively produced plants for human consumption; food and non-food plants. They can work as a therapist, gardener, grower, technical advisors etc.
Technical Assistants are found in every field. They are responsible for the management and keep data. Some specific duties involve supporting other professionals in their work and analyzing the data to produce relevant results.
These professionals are specific to the work field. They are experts in their field of work. They attain this after years of study and experience.
Plantation manager keeps an eye over the plantation facility and prepares plans for cultivation and growing of crops. They gain experience over some time.
Agronomists are known as crop scientists; their duty is to improve food processing and growth by using specific scientific techniques and technology.
Horticulture science: Recruiters
Apart from these top 5 job profiles, there are also many other job options. Recruiters hire students based on their merit list from colleges. Let’s take a look at the top 5 recruiters for horticulture science graduates or postgraduates in India.
Casa Verde Growers
IIFCO Kisan Sanchar Ltd
Sun Valley Landscaping
There are many job options available in the horticulture science field, now let’s take a look at the average salary of top 5 job profiles available.
Average Salary Package
Rs. 5.5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 3 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 20 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Horticulture
Before beginning with the horticulture science course, candidates should possess some of the prerequisites. These skills are required so that one can pursue the course easily and gain maximum knowledge. Some of the skills are listed below:
Excellent management skills
Ability to organize everything systematically
Project management skills
Ability to work in a team
Business awareness and management skills
These skills may seem very unnoticeable, but they are very much required to develop advanced skills that will be taught in the course. The student must also be very eager to study and learn new things. Horticulture science also requires patience as a trait, candidates must keep a check on that.
Course Curriculum for Horticulture
Horticulture science course is related to cultivation and production of different crops on a small scale. Therefore, the course shows students a way of doing this efficiently in small spaces. The crops are grown with precise instruments and techniques. Hence the students must have proper knowledge about what they are going to do.
The curriculum is divided into many different subjects (we will the subject break up later) which help students to develop holistically. Horticulture science course starts from the basics of horticulture and goes to advanced levels accordingly.
Students learn about topics like the science of soil, genetics, microbiology, water management, type of fruits, entomology etc. For B.Sc students, the course is divided into 6 semesters, and for Diploma it is 4 semesters, so, there will be a difference in the knowledge acquired by students over time.
Popular Horticulture Entrance Exams in India
Popular Horticulture Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the basic difference between botany and horticulture?
Botany is known as a broad and elaborate field of science of living plants and organisms; from the smallest bacteria to the largest trees. Horticulture, on the other hand, deals only with edibles and ornamental plants.
Question: How many years does it take to become a horticulturist?
It takes a minimum of 4 years to become a horticulturist. There are two options: either you do a diploma (2 years) and then B.Sc (3 Years), it takes a total of 5 years. While on the other hand if you do only B.Tech, it would take you 4 years only.
Question: What are the types of Horticulture?
There are three types of Horticulture, namely;
Question: What is the purpose of Horticulture?
Horticulture is a science which deals with development production and marketing of intensively cultivated food and ornamental plants.
Question: What is Pomology?
Pomology is a field of science which deals with the growing of fruits and flowers.
Questions related to Horticulture
I have completed my Agbsc Hons from private University , i.e Rai technology University dodballapur i have to join for msc horticulture kolar how to join please let me know
If you want to join MSc Horticulture in College of Horticulture, Kolar then its eligibility criteria is passed BSc Agriculture or Horticulture or Hons in the same discipline securing 60% aggregate for UR/EWS/OBC/ UPS, and there is relaxation of 10% for reserved categories of SC/ST/PwD, admission is done through entrance test and you're required to appear for the entrance test named ICAR AIEEA PG regarding this.
how many seats in B sc horticulture department
You haven't mentioned the name of the college you're enquiring about in regards to seat intake of bsc horticulture, as it's not the same for all, you can visit the official website of the concerned college to know more details regarding this, or you can also mention the details below, as from your profile it seems you belong to Tamil Nadu, the colleges offering BSc Horticulture in the state are as follows:
Horticultural College and Research Institute, Periyakulam
Adhiparasakthi Agricultural college, Vellore
Don Bosco College of Agriculture, Vellore
Thanthai Roever Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development, Perambalur
College of Agricultural Technology, Theni
RVS Padmavathy College of Horticulture, Dindigul
Check out our page at https://university.careers360.com/colleges/list-of-horticulture-degree-colleges-in-tamil-nadu to know more details regarding this,
Explore complete details about BSc Horticulture at https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.careers360.com/courses/bsc-in-horticulture/amp
Sir I got 13557 rank in APEAMCET BiPC category.I am ST caste.Is there any chance of getting seat in government agriculture or horticulture colleges?If so say the name?
As cut-offs changes from year to year it is difficult to predict and also, they depends on many factors like
* Number of students appeared in AP EAMCET exam
* Caste Category of the students
* Number of seats available
* Difficulty level of AP EAMCET exam
For your AP EAMCET Rank it is difficult to get B.Sc Agriculture seat in Government Colleges in Andhra Pradesh, so you can try for seat in Private Colleges or can try for Management quota seats in good Colleges.
You can predict Colleges you can get for your AP EAMCET Rank using below mentioned College Predictor Tool
Hope this information was helpful.
which book is best for preparation of UPCATET for bsc horticulture ?
Best books to prepare for UPCATET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Agriculture and Technology Entrance Test) B.Sc Horticulture are Handbook of Horticulture by K L Chadha, Instant Horticulture by S N Gupta, Glaustas Horticulture by P Muthukumar & R Selvakumar, Essence of Horticulture by A R Karale, CD Badgujar and J D Adiga, M S Patil, MCQs in Horticulture by Bharat Singh Hada, Mission Horticulture by Vipesh Garg, Vision Horticulture by Parashuram S Gayakawad and Question Bank of Agriculture by Satyanarayan Gupta.
Make a time table wisely, keeping 1 hour for revision and 1 hour for learning your weak areas, focus on your studies, practice previous years question papers and you can surely succeed.
For further information, please refer to this link:
I got 13280 rank in ap eamcet bipc oc category ews and farmers quota female am I able to get seat in agriculture horticulture food technology fishery science please answer to me
Congratulations you got an decent rank in AP eamcet your reservation will surely help you in allotment.
Here I'm providing some of the college below for your rank in open category
- College of Food Science and Technology, Bapatla
- Yogi Vemana University
- Vignan's Foundation for Science, Technology and Research
- Sun International Institute For Tourism & Management- [SIITAM], Visakhapatnam
Hope this will help you